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Judo In Montenegro

Judo In Montenegro/Božidar Markuš

A famous Montenengrin

A famous Montenengrin journalist, Boro Šoć, wrote the article printed in “Pobjeda” in February 1962, entitled “Boxing and Judo School Opened in Cetinje”, which reads as follows: “On February 19, a boxing and judo school was opened in Cetinje, organized by the Boxing Club “Lovćen” and assisted by the Youth Sport Centre. It is the first school of this kind in our Republic. The courses in the school will last six months. The opening ceremony was held in the big gym of the Association “Partizan”. After the welcoming speech given by Rajko Milošević, the school administrator Radomir Popović talked about the future of the school and boxing in general. The audience was then presented with the curriculum and the information about the beginning of the courses at school. In a short programme which was accompanied by traditional urban music, some of the elements of boxing and judo sports were presented. Savo Jovićević has been designated for the position of the expert head of school. Beside him, Ljubo Martinović, Puśo Bastać and Danilo Kozina have been appointed as expert teachers. Apart from expert subjects, which take up most of the curriculum, the school will feature courses in other subjects as well (the history of physical education in Montenegro, ethics, hygiene, youth in social organisations etc.). Dr Niko S. Martinović, Stanislav Paunić, Marko Radović, Vlado Nikolić and Radomir Popović have been appointed as lecturers for these courses. Additionally, some of the current topics will be lectured by the members of the Youth Committee of People’s Youth. The school has attracted great interest among the youth of Cetinje. According to the data we have obtained from its administration, 252 students have applied to attend. The administration has also added that they expect the number of students to go down for various reasons, but that they still expected a great number of them to regularly attend and graduate from the school. Classes at school will be held three times a week (on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays). Each class will last 90 minutes and will be divided into four parts. The preparatory part of the class will last 10 minutes. This part involves warming up by doing certain exercises and 22

performing some elements of sport games. In the first and the main part of the class (30 minutes), students will be lectured about certain topics, which will be explained in more detail by using the helping aids in the second part of the class (30 minutes). In the final part of the class (15 minutes), individual and group exercises will be performed (strengthdeveloping exercises etc.). All the students will be grouped into three age groups. The first group will be composed of students aged 12-14, whereas the second and third one will include students aged 14-16 and 16-18 respectively. The first part of the syllabus will deal with the history and the importance of boxing and judo, the position of legs, torso and arms, support and ready stance etc.”. In the judo school, on ordinary mats and without the necessary equipment, the expert teacher Puśo Bastać demonstrated some of the holds which we today define as jiu jitsu. The school was actually a preparation for the seminar for judo instructors. The Management Committee of the Judo Union of Yugoslavia: the president, dr Tomislav Kronja, the general secretary Aleksandar Grujić, the technical secretary major Veselin Marić and members članovi Svetislav- Es Ivanović, Radoš Jovanović, Vladimir Albanda, Konstantin Momirović and Stanislav Iršić, reached the decision to entrust the coaching at the Seminar for Instructors to the federal coach, Svetozar- Draža Mihajlović. At that time, Mihajlović was the professional coach of the Youth Judo and Sambo Club “Slavija” from Novi Sad and the holder of third Dan black belt. The Judo Union of Yugoslavia soon sent 15 judo mats, 30 kimonos, a great number of belts and some literature to Cetinje. The preparation activities for the organisation of the seminar were underway and measures were taken to successfully carry out the seminar for judo instructors. The invitations were sent out to every Organisation for Physical Culture in Montenegro. It was planned that the members who successfully go through the seminar start clubs in various towns of Montenegro and start training others. Afterwards, at the republic level, a Union would be formed to monitor and direct the development of judo sport on the whole territory of Montenegro. 23

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