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EPD and Sale

EPD and Sale BookDefinitions All EPD data and references to it presented in this publication are based upon data provided by the American Angus Association as of February 21, 2018. EPD data is updated weekly by the American Angus Association and additional weight ratio data, ultrasound ratio data and genomic data from individuals that sell in this sale, their parents and their progeny will impact the EPD data for that animal. Current EPD data for individual animals can always be accessed online at www.angus.org. EXPECTED PROGENY DIFFERENCE (EPD), is the prediction of how future progeny of each animal are expected to perform relative to the progeny of other animals listed in the database. EPDs are expressed in units of measure for the trait, plus or minus. Interim EPDs may appear on young animals when their performance has yet to be incorporated into the American Angus Association National Cattle Evaluation (NCE) procedures. This EPD will be preceded by an “I”, and may or may not include the animal’s own performance record for a particular trait, depending on its availability, appropriate contemporary grouping, or data edits needed for NCE. EPDs are enhanced by genomic profiles generated by Zoetis. $Value Indexes, are multi-trait selection indexes, expressed in dollars per head, to assist beef producers by adding simplicity to genetic selection decisions. The $Value is an estimate of how future progeny of each sire are expected to perform, on average, compared to progeny of other sires in the database if the sires were randomly mated to cows and if calves were exposed to the same environment. PRODUCTION • CALVING EASE DIRECT (CED), is expressed as a difference in percentage of unassisted births, with a higher value indicating greater calving ease in first-calf heifers. It predicts the average difference in ease with which a sire’s calves will be born when he is bred to first-calf heifers. • BIRTH WEIGHT EPD (BW EPD), expressed in pounds, is a predictor of a sire’s ability to transmit birth weight to his progeny compared to that of other sires. • WEANING WEIGHT EPD (WW EPD), expressed in pounds, is a predictor of a sire’s ability to transmit weaning growth to his progeny compared to that of other sires. • YEARLING WEIGHT EPD (YW EPD), expressed in pounds, is a predictor of a sire’s ability to transmit yearling growth to his progeny compared to that of other sires. • RESIDUAL AVERAGE DAILY GAIN (RADG), expressed in pounds per day, is a predictor of a sire’s genetic ability for postweaning gain in future progeny compared to that of other sires, given a constant amount of feed consumed. • YEARLING HEIGHT EPD (YH), is a predictor of a sire’s ability to transmit yearling height, expressed in inches, compared to the that of other sires. • SCROTAL CIRCUMFERENCE EPD (SC), expressed in centimeters, is a predictor of the difference in transmitting ability for scrotal size compared to that of other sires. • DOCILITY (DOC), is expressed as a difference in yearling cattle temperament, with a higher value indicating more favorable docility. It predicts the average difference of progeny from a sire in comparison with another sire’s calves. In herds where temperament problems are not an issue, this expected difference would not be realized. MATERNAL • MATERNAL MILK EPD (MILK), is a predictor of a sire’s genetic merit for milk and mothering ability as expressed in his daughters compared to daughters of other sires. In other words, it is that part of a calf’s weaning weight attributed to milk and mothering ability. • COW ENERGY VALUE ($EN), expressed in dollars savings per cow per year, assesses differences in cow energy requirements as an expected dollar savings difference in daughters of sires. A larger value is more favorable when comparing two animals (more dollars saved on feed energy expenses). Components for computing the cow $EN savings difference include lactation energy requirements and energy costs associated with differences in mature cow size. CARCASS • CARCASS WEIGHT EPD (CW), expressed in pounds is a predictor of the differences in hot carcass weight of a sire’s progeny compared to progeny of other sires. • MARBLING EPD (MARB), expressed as a fraction of the difference in USDA marbling score of a sire’s progeny compared to progeny of other sires. • RIBEYE AREA EPD (RE), expressed in square inches, is a predictor of the difference in ribeye area of a sire’s progeny compared to progeny of other sires. • FAT THICKNESS EPD (FAT), expressed in inches, is a predictor of the differences in external fat thickness at the 12th rib (as measured between the 12th and 13th ribs) of a sire’s progeny compared to progeny of other sires. $VALUE INDEXES $Value indexes are multi-trait selection indexes, expressed in dollars per head, to assist beef producers by adding simplicity to genetic selection decisions. The $Value is an estimate of how future progeny of each sire are expected to perform, on average, compared to progeny of other sires in the database if the sires were randomly mated to cows and if calves were exposed to the same environment. • WEANED CALF VALUE ($W), an index value expressed in dollars per head, is the expected average difference in future progeny performance for preweaning merit. $W includes both revenue and cost adjustments associated with differences in birth weight, weaning direct growth, maternal milk, and mature cow size. • FEEDLOT VALUE ($F), an index value expressed in dollars per head, is the expected average difference in future progeny performance for postweaning merit compared to progeny of other sires. • GRID VALUE ($G), an index value expressed in dollars per head, is the expected average difference in future progeny performance for carcass grid merit compared to progeny of other sires. • BEEF VALUE ($B), an index value expressed in dollars per head, is the expected average difference in future progeny performance for postweaning and carcass value compared to progeny of other sires. OTHER CATALOG ABBREVIATIONS/NOTATIONS Pathfinder ® animals are indicated by the pound (#) sign proceeding the name or registration number. Embryo transplants are indicated by the plus (+) sign proceeding the name or registration number. For more information on how to use this information in your breeding program, visit the American Angus Association website www.angus.org Page 18

Lone Star Angus Bulls 51 LONE STAR LIBERTY L667 || SELLS AS LOT 51. LONE STAR LIBERTY L667 Birth Date: 09/20/16 Bull 18866359 Tattoo: L667 A A R Ten X 7008 S A Mytty In Focus V A R DISCOVERY 2240 A A R Lady Kelton 5551 17262835 Sitz Upward 307R Deer Valley Rita 0308 G A R Objective 2345 Connealy Consensus 7229 Connealy Consensus LONE STAR 7229 BELLE 3064 Blue Lilly of Conanga 16 17855742 S S Objective T510 0T26 Lonestar Objectivebelle E926 Lonre Star E161 Belle E506 CED BW EPD WW EPD YW EPD SC EPD CEM EPD +7 0.35 +1.7 0.55 +68 0.48 +125 0.44 +1.07 0.5 +10 0.32 45% 60% 10% 4% 30% 30% MILK EPD $EN CW EPD MARB EPD RE EPD FAT EPD +21 0.33 -5.99 +43 0.43 +0.96 0.4 +0.45 0.39 -0.013 0.37 70% 55% 30% 10% 55% 20% $Wean $Feedlot $Grid $Beef Calving Ease Growth Carcass +66.06 +87.88 +48.32 +145.87 10% 5% 10% 15% **** ***** ***** Act BW Adj WW Adj YW Adj SC ADG Gain Ratio RE Ratio %IMF Ratio 90 663 1180 37.2 2.73 114 119 114 CED 63 BW 51 WW 13 YW 37 DMI 95 YH 56 SC 4 DOC 93 HP 12 CEM 34 MILK 19 MW 84 MH 86 CW 32 MARB 18 RE 89 FAT 43 TEND 58 V A R DISCOVERY 2240 || SIRE OF LOT 51. Lone Star Liberty L667 is a Discovery son and one of the most impressive bulls we have raised at Lone Star Angus. A maternal brother, L532, was the leadoff bull last year. Their dam, 3064 is a Consensus daughter out of a great full sister to Lone Star Advantage E753, has emerged as one of the outstanding donors in the breed. This bull possesses all the traits we strive for in our program. Calving ease EPDs CED +7 and Birth Weight +1.7 Growth EPDs WW +67 Top 10% and YW +125 Top 4% Carcass Merit EPDs Marb +.97 Top 10%. His performance data is equally impressive. WW Ratio 108, YW Ratio 120, Feed Test Ratio 114, IMF Ratio 114 and RE Ratio 119. Page 19

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