Writing skills The fine motor skills required in writing involve good hand-eye coordination. These skills can be developed through various pencil activities as follows: Guide for parents and teachers Child-Friendly Educational Concept Your child wants to write and has the ability to do so even at an early age. The following is a checklist of activities that are required before the child can write correctly: I Can Write 3b Scribbling Colouring Channeling Tracing Drawing continuous lines of wavy and zig zag patterns. Shading using different colours. Guide the child to colour horizontal, vertical and oblique lines or bars. The drawing of circles should be taught later. Ensure that the child colour within the boundaries given. Requires drawing a line between two boundaries. Tracing requires joining lines between adjacent points. Sitting position Ensure that the size of the chair and table is appropriate for the size of the child in order that she can sit comfortably. Book placement The book to be used should be placed at an appropriate angle to make writing easy. Holding of pencil Show the child the correct way to hold the pencil. The best way is to use the thumb, forefinger and middle finger. Tone and strength of the muscles Both the tone and strength of the muscles should be balanced when writing. Hand-eye coordination The position and movement of the hand that is used for writing should be controlled within the boundaries provided. Coordinated hand movements The movement and support provided by the shoulders, arms, wrists and fingers should be balanced. Speed of writing The speed of writing should be moderate— not too fast nor too slow while learning writing. Stability of writing The movement of the hand and fingers should be stable—not shaky. Copying Copying involves writing or drawing the given letter or pattern. Kinesthetic sensitivity Input from the joints, muscles and skin should be utilized optimally for refinement of the writing skills.