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06032018 - Charge any Fulani man with AK-47 to court—BUHARI


Vanguard, TUESDAY, MARCH 6, 2018—30 :Vanguard News :@vanguardnews :@vanguardnews NEWS HOTLINES: 08052867023, 08052867058 DACCIMA urges FG to reopen importation. Warri Port By Jimitota Onoyume WARRI—DELTA State Association of Chambers of Commerce Industry, Mines and Agriculture, DACCIMA, has urged the Federal Government to reopen the Warri Port, saying it will help reduce challenges of unemployment in the Niger Delta and resolve the problem of militancy. Making the appeal in Warri while honouring some prominent businessmen in the state for their role in sustaining the economy of the state, the state Chairman of DACCIMA, Chief Emma Avworo said Federal Government should come up with policies to encourage growth of the private sector, adding that the sector had been a major player in keeping the economy alive. According to him, “we recognise the contribution By Festus Ahon & Samuel Oyadongha GOVERNOR Seriake Dickson of Bayelsa State and his Delta State counterpart, Dr. Ifeanyi Okowa, have felicitated with former President, Chief Olusegun Obasanjo, on his 81st birthday. Governor Dickson, in a statement by his Chief Press Secretary, Francis Agbo, prayed God to grant the elder statesman long life as well as good health so that “we can continue to tap from his fountain of knowledge and experience.” Thanking the former President for sparing time out of his tight schedule to visit Bayelsa State recently, to commission legacy projects, Dickson said clocking 81 years calls for celebration. His words: “On behalf of the government and the grateful people of Bayelsa State, I warmly felicitate of our sons and we know the economy has been very bad in the last few years. We are recognising these businessmen for being able to withstand the economic challenges. “We are also honouring them for creating employment. Despite the lull in the economy of Warri, most of the employment in Warri is from the private sector. “Our challenge is that the Federal Government that is supposed to provide the enabling environment is not helping so much. “I want to start with the Warri Port; if this port was opened, you can imagine how many persons will be employed there. We depend on Lagos for “That is why we are honouring our businessmen for being able to survive this year.” He assured that this year, DACCIMA will revive its trade fair that had been moribund, noting that it will not be a fair for herbalists. Those honoured were Professor John Obodo, Emmanuel Ukeredi, Pastor Stanley Nwoye and others. NEW NATIONALISTS: From left— Elder Adegbolagun; Mr. Yinka Quadri; Board Chairman, Elder Paul Erinne; Mrs Folusho Makanjuola- Oyenuga; Bola Onabanjo, and Shuwa Ali, all of New Nigeria Nationalists, NNN, at a briefing on the group's trek from Lagos to Abuja, in Lagos. Let Isoko produce Delta South Senator, Omoyibo begs Ijaw, Itsekiri By Ochuko Akuopha OLEH—AHEAD of the 2019 general election, business mogul, Engr. Daniel Omoyibo, has urged the Ijaw and Itsekiri ethnic nationalities to give room to the Isoko nation to produce the next senator to represent Delta South senatorial district. Speaking with newsmen at Oleh, Isoko South Local Government Area, Delta with you on your 81st birthday anniversary.” Okowa On his part, Okowa, in a statement by Chief Press Secretary, Mr. Charles Aniagwu, described Obasanjo as a patriotic Nigerian, whose unrelenting service to the country is unequalled. Okowa said: “He is a committed leader and a man of courage, whose gargantuan contributions towards the development, stability and growth of the country is legendary. “On the occasion of your 81st birthday anniversary on March 5, I write to heartily rejoice with you and your family on behalf of the government and people of Delta State. “In the 81 years of a life of outstanding accomplishments and great personal fulfilment, you have not only served our nation at the highest levels with an uncommon sense State, Omoyibo said: “Our Ijaw and Itsekiri brothers should allow justice and equity to prevail this time around, as to do otherwise will be both oppressive and against the spirit of good neighbourliness.” Saying that it was the turn of the lsoko nation to Dickson, Okowa celebrate OBJ at 81 of patriotism and unwavering dedication, you have also ensured peace and unity of our nation when you fought in the war front to keep Nigeria one. “Till date, you have continued to give yourself in the service of our fatherland through your nationalistic ideals.” Lists achievements He said the legacies of the former Nigerian leader at various times in key infrastructure, economic reforms, banking consolidation, pension reforms as well as revitalisation of the telecoms industry were the hallmarks of his administration. “I join your family, friends and well-wishers to thank Almighty God for your life and to pray that He continues to bless you with robust health and imbue you with His guidance, protection and provision,” he added. produce the senator for the district, he argued that “since1999, Isoko has done only one term in the senate—from 1999 to 2003— when Senator Stella Omu served as Chief Whip at the Senate. “Thereafter, Senator James Manager, an Ijaw, took over and has done four consecutive tenures till date. “On the other hand, our other neighbour in the senatorial district, the Itsekiri, has done two terms as governor through Dr Emmanuel Uduaghan and as such should naturally allow the Isoko to pick the senatorial ticket this time around. “The Isoko nation, as a major oil-producing ethnic nationality, deserves to be treated fairly in the allocation of political offices and mega projects within the senatorial district. “In addition, Isoko’s population is more within the district despite the fact that a large chunk of our people are ceded to Sagbama Local Government Area of Bayelsa State and Ndokwa East Local Government Area of Delta State.” Omoyibo reiterated that the Isoko nation is blessed with an array of eminentlyqualified and experienced hands, who can fit into the senatorial slot. Delta APC strong enough to unseat PDP— Eyube By Jimoh Babatunde MR. Kennedy Eyube, a chieftain of All Progressives Congress, APC, in Okpe Local Government Area of Delta State, has said APC is stronger, united and determined to unseat Peoples Democratic Party, PDP, at the next general election. Eyube, who spoke yesterday when he hosted APC ward chairmen in Okpe, Uvwie and Sapele Local Government areas of the state at his residence in Okpe, commended the By Egufe Yafugborhi PORT HARCOURT— TOWARDS attaining the national policy of one functional primary health care centre per ward, the United Nations Children Fund, UNICEF, in conjunction with the Rivers State Government has concluded a second round of capacity building to close resource gaps among primary health care personnel. Dr. Abe Eghe, Health Specialist, Rivers Field Office, said the global health agency was moved to “pay peculiar attention to support primary health care development initiatives in Rivers because of the chairmen for their continued support and commitment to the growth and development of APC in their respective councils. He said: “You have shown an uncommon patriotism and absolute loyalty to the party, which is same across the state. With this, there is the possibility that APC will produce the next governor of Delta State in 2019.” He urged the ward chairmen to remain steadfast and continue to promote the positive agenda of the state APC toward the forthcoming general election. UNICEF, Rivers target functional health centre per ward state’s receptiveness and commitment to improvement insights.” Dr. Isaac Opurum, Director, Community Health Service, Rivers State Primary Health Care Management Board, said the training of 80 primary health workers so far was to ensure that health workers develop capacity and the right mentality for multiple tasks. He said: “The ultimate goal is to have a one-stop standard facilities for integrated service delivery, starting from the common immunisation to antenatal care, delivery, HIV/ AIDS, malaria, family planning, post-natal care and nutrition among others, in primary health care facilities.” HOSTCOM wants pipeline surveillance contract By Fredrick Okopie in the Petroleum Industry Governance Bill, PIGB, should be addressed. THE Host HOSTCOM reminded Communities of government to Nigeria, HOSTCOM, immediately actualise the has urged the Federal 10 percent equity Government to give the surveillance job of oil facilities in the Niger Delta region to it, as the participation and to implement the 16-point agenda of the region. According to them, the representative of all oil Federal Government and gas-producing should urgently communities. “restructure our country to In a communiqué by its promote peace and National Chairman, Dr. accelerated development. Benjamin Tamaranebi, “The Federal after a general assembly Government should in Yenagoa, Bayelsa State, HOSTCOM called release licences for modular refineries to end on the Federal fuel scarcity and increase Government to award the surveillance contract to prices of petroleum products in Nigeria. the oil-producing “Government should communities body to bring peace and stoppage to pipeline vandalisation. It added that Host Communities Trust Fund revitalise Gas Flare Penalty Fund, while HOSTCOM should be allowed to make input to the Senate on Trust Fund Bill.”

Vanguard, TUESDAY, MARCH 6, 2018 — 31 Financial inclusion lessons from Ghana (1) IWAS in Ghana recently to undertake a study on financial inclusion commissioned by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. I did extensive field work, interviewing key stakeholders such as officials of the Bank of Ghana, leading commercial bankers, TELCOs and microfinance operators. It was my good fortune to be hosted by my friend H. E. Muhammadu Bawumia, a renowned Oxfordeducated economist and Vice- President of the Republic of Ghana, who is also principal anchor for the Ghana financial inclusion agenda. By financial inclusion we mean the provision of financial services to socially and economically marginalised and excluded segments of the population. It entails provision of bank and other financial services to as broad a spectrum of the population as is possible in a manner that empowers them economically while enabling access to the lifeblood of credit and other financial services. Ghana is a medium-sized West African country and a regional member-country of the ECOWAS regional economic community. With a landmass of 239,567 km2, Ghana has a population of 27 million, with a nominal GDP of US$45.5 billion and a per capita income of US$1,607. Ghana fairs reasonably well in terms of human development, with a HDI of 0.579 and a medium Gini Coefficient estimated at 42.8 percent. The country, like many others on the continent, went through periods of instability, turbulence and military dictatorship before returning multi-party democracy in 1992. Ghanaian political traditions stand out in West Africa by the absence of large-scale ethno-sectarian conflict, unlike us in Nigeria. At independence in 1957 – the first in colonial Africa — Ghana was one of the most prosperous countries in the developing world. The economy was dependent largely on agriculture and mining, particularly cocoa, gold and bauxite. A combination of poor leadership and weak economic governance plunged the country into crisis. In the eighties, Ghana became the poster-child for economic reform under the tutelage of the IMF and the World Bank. Although the impact of these reforms remains open to debate, there is no doubt that they set the country on the straight and narrow path of more prudent macro-economic management. More recently, the country discovered oil in commercial countries. Unlike their neighbour Nigeria, Ghanaian leaders are anxious to avoid the so-called “oil curse” and to ensure that the benefits accruable are spread throughout all sections of society. After slippages in 2016, the economy has seen growth averaging 3.5% in 2017. However, the country’s external debt burden The number of active mobile money agents has also risen from 20,722 in 2014 to 107,415, demonstrating the employmentcreation value of financial inclusion is reaching rather unsustainable levels, having risen from US$29.2 billion in 2016 to US$31.7 billion in 2017, amounting to a whopping 68.1.% of total GDP. Headline inflation still hovers above single digit, but has eased from 12% to 11 percent. The central bank’s monetary policy rate (MPR) currently stands at 21%, posing a major challenge to bank borrowing. Following the famous 2007 currency redenomination exercise by the Bank of the Ghana, the cedi was almost at parity with the US dollar, although it has inched downwards to the present US$1/GhC 4.52. Thanks to improvements in global oil prices, external reserves have increased from US$4.9 billion in 2016 to US$5.9 billion in 2017, representing 3.4 months of imports. After presidential elections in 2016, the National Patriotic Party, NPP, won with a significant margin. In January 2017, a new administration was sworn into power with Nana Dankwa Akufo- Addo as president. The administration’s principal policy thrust is to diversify the economy, pursue industrial development and reduce the country’s dependence on external aid for its development financing. The prospects for the country remain positive, given the likelihood that global oil prices could continue to improve, with a strong outlook for gold and cocoa. In the late 1980s, the Ghanaian authorities instituted a number of banking reforms to ensure a more robust banking environment. The banks were required to ensure a certain minimum requirement in terms of capitalisation, with some restraints placed on single-obligor limits for commercial banking credit. In the 1990s, further changes were made to upgrade the quality of the banks. The number of banks expanded from three to more than a dozen. Today, there are some 29 commercial banks in Ghana. They include several subsidiaries of Nigerian banks, notably First Bank, Access Bank, Fidelity, Guaranty Trust Bank, Stanbic IBTC, UBA and Zenith. According to available data, licensed banks in Ghana have risen in number from 28 in 2014 to 33 in 2016 while branches rose from 967 in 2014 to 1,341 in 2016. Microfinance institutions rose from 503 in 2014 to 564 in number. The number of active mobile money agents has also risen from 20,722 in 2014 to 107,415, demonstrating the employment-creation value of financial inclusion. The number of ATMs also rose from 923 in 2014 to 1,928 in 2016. Non-bank financial institutions, on the other hand, have improved only marginally from 60 in 2014 to 64 in 2016. The matrix of institutional infrastructure underpinning the Ghanaian payments system aims to enhance ease and speed of transactions by business agents, government, banks, traders and other business entities. The overall objectives, according to the Bank of Ghana, are to develop an integrated electronic payment infrastructure that will enhance interoperability of payment and securities infrastructures while containing risks in payment, clearing and settlement systems while deepening financial intermediation and enhancing overall efficiencies in the financial system. In 2008, the Bank of Ghana, BoG, issued branchless banking regulations and guidelines to enable commercial banks leverage digital technologies in the financial inclusion space. But those guidelines limited the role played by mobile network operators, MNOs. Subsequently, Ghana signed the Maya Declaration in 2012 while joining the Better Than Cash Alliance, BTCA, in 2014. By so doing, the authorities were demonstrating a firm commitment to digital financial inclusion. To help manage the growing digital financial services sector, which grew from an estimated 150,000 active users in 2011 to more than 4 million in 2015, the central bank released new guidelines governing e-money issuers and the use of agents in financial services. Ghana currently has 38 million mobile subscribers, which amounts to 130% telephony penetration. The Middle East : Hot bed of problems THE Middle East is the most geopolitically sensitive area of the world, with a population comprising of mostly poor people, and considerable wealth in the hands of few. To meet its demands for workforce, the area engages in the import of poor workers mainly from India, Bangladesh and Nigeria Sadat crossed the Red Sea in the Yom Kippur war and shook Israel to its roots. Israel was attacked by a coalition of nearly all Arab States. The Israelis took out the air forces of Egypt, Iraq and Jordan, but not Syria, although Israel expanded its territory to include the Golan Heights. A central policy plank of Iran is the destruction of Israel. No nation belonging to the United Nations, UN, should be able to say that. To say it, is to reject the very precepts of the UN and such nations should not be in the UN. The territory of Israel has been growing since its creation in 1948, mainly by land captured in the innumerable wars the Arab and Palestinians fought against Israel. There is no doubt that some land will have to be relinquished by Israel in order to eventuate the two-state solution - a Palestinian State and an Israeli State living peaceably together. It is unconscionable that over 1 million Palestinians have been living in refugee camps in Jordan for the past 40-50 years. There are other refugee camps dotted around Israel. These camps are a fertile ground for radicalism and steps should be taken to return Palestinians to the State of Palestine in Gaza and the West Bank. But this can only be done if the Palestinians themselves abjure their oft-repeated doctrine of the destruction of the State of Israel. The Oslo Accords was an excellent compromise that even Shimon Peres, the former President of Israel welcomed. The Arabs must first acknowledge that Israel is here to stay and is going nowhere. The Israelis must equally accept that the Palestine issue is in their interest to solve. The Palestinians are going nowhere else, since the Gaza strip and the West Bank have been generally accepted as Palestinian territory. Let's start there and build institutions and Government offices that accept this reality. I know the Palestinians, like the Jews claim, want to return to Israel and Jerusalem. There are claims by the Palestinians especially in the North of Israel, In Poland, the Germans built a wall to keep the Jews under control though the Jews were the most productive people in the Germany. They made them wear tags regardless of their status in Haifa, etc. that the land belongs to them. At present, I can see no prospect of return of this land to the Palestinians. Even so, in Haifa there are large sections of the town that is wholly settled by Palestinians as indeed there are parts of Tel Aviv and Jerusalem. The last movement of millions of people based on religion was the settlement of Muslims in Pakistan and Bangladesh and the Hindus in India. Millions died, millions lost land, property and there is still the festering question of Kashmir which might one day be the cause of a nuclear war between India and Pakistan. Presently, tensions persist and one day may blow over into a no win war for all sides. B u t international leaders should be able to wade into these conflicts in India, Pakistan, Israel, Palestine, etc. and work out some solutions. The status quo is no solution and cannot persist. Americans and Israelis should be wary and careful about walls. The Germans had used walls in their purification and extermination exercise against the Jews and we know the consequences of that. After the war, East and West Germany was divided by walls as was Berlin itself. Two American Presidents made memorable speeches: President John Kennedy and President Reagan. The most famous words of President Kennedy were uttered in Berlin when he declared in front of the Berlin wall: "ich bin ein Berliner", meaning "I am a Berliner" thus dramatically drawing attention to the divided city. Twenty years later President Reagan, also in front of the same wall thundered "Gorbachev, Tear Down This Wall!". That cry was the beginning of the end of the Soviet Union. We are building a world more interconnected than ever before. If the US is so worried about immigrants why do they not apply modern technique and implant a tracker on every immigrant so they will follow their every movement. The economic argument of immigration is untenable. Australia, the 13 colonies in the US were prison camps. The US has no claim to the Americas as they too were immigrants who came, according to their stories and value system, to a land of opportunity where anyone can achieve anything. No one came with degrees or competence to help build the United States. I know Jews do not like anyone being compared with the monstrous Hitler, but events in the States have strong parallel to what Hitler did. The alt-right were marching and chanting: "The Jews will not replace us", "Blood and tears;" carrying lights and sticks burning with fire, just like the Ku Klas Klan, KKK, used to do before burning blacks in the South. In Poland, the Germans built a wall to keep the Jews under control though the Jews were the most productive people in the Germany. They made them wear tags regardless of their status. In Israel today, they are building walls to keep the Palestinians behind the walls. Trump wants to build a wall to stop Mexicans from coming into the US, Mexicans he dubbed as convicts, rapists and murderers, while he called the Haitians "Aid carriers and drug pushers", then referred to African countries and other third world countries as "Shithole countries". Now he has blamed nearly all murders and drug pushers on immigrants. I do not think one should waste ink writing about a clearly unbalanced President, a serial abuser of women, a misogynist, and someone with numerous "Lies of misspeaks" except to say that he and Hitler have one thing in common - they are hateful and would cause war. Trump, however, is the most dangerous man since Hitler. Continues Online @www. C M YK