The CCFU 2017 Annual Report - Final

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Pastore Draolega, curator at the Madi Community Museum, with the UNESCO-inscribed o’di lyre

Welcome…

Page

From our Board Chair and Executive Director 2

2017: changing contexts, activities and prospects:

a. Promoting a ‘Culture in Development’ approach 3

b. Cultural rights, governance and managing diversity 6

c. Cultural heritage preservation and development 10

The year at CCFU 13

Latest publications 15

11 years of CCFU in figures 16

A word of appreciation 17

1


A word from…

Our Board Chair

We all like to develop and transform our lives and

societies for the better. However the dominant

development-model that permeates and influences

our ways of thinking, living, doing and relating,

treats our cultures and values as, at best, an

exploitable resource, or at worst, an impediment to

“modernisation”. Consequently the progress of each

successive generation is measured by how far it has

culturally distanced itself from its roots including the

umbilical or mother tongues. This is one way in which

African creativity, knowledge and value systems have

been stunted. By the same token, the doors have

opened wider to the generation and veneration of

cultural, spiritual, political, technological and business

“copycats” that pass for

“role models”, “success

stories” and “benchmarks”

in our country.

It is against this background

that the spirit and scope of

CCFU’s activities deserve

the applause and support

of all “cultural activists” and other partners as a vital

contribution not just to “culture-in-development”

but to the deeper process of cultural restitution and

epistemic justice.

Prof. Luutu Mukasa

Our Executive Director

It is when the right to culture is restricted or denied

that the true value of culture isappreciated. Despite

the drive for economic empowerment, the Cross-

Cultural Foundation of Uganda has encountered many

communities across the country that consistently

express anxiety about the loss of their cultural heritage

for various reasons. Indigenous minority communities

are for instance constantly struggling for recognition

of their cultural identity and the restoration of their

dignity amidst oppression and marginalisation.

In 2017, we however witnessed the spirited

protection of ancestral land, demands for access to

traditional knowledge, cultural spaces and cultural

expressionsthrough language, social and religious

practices by large and small communities alike –all

challenging Ugandans’ widespread

opinion that culture is irrelevant

in the current context. Changing

perceptions requires concerted

efforts and partnerships and

solidarity at national and

international levels therefore

remains an essential mode of

operation for civil society and

heritage - focused organisations.

This report illustrates how the Foundation has

contributed to preserving Uganda’s diverse cultural

heritage in collaboration with its different partners

and associates.

Emily Drani

2


2017: changing contexts,

activities and prospects

a. Promoting a “Culture in

Development” approach

3


ÂÂThe programme context

An appreciation of culture and its contribution to

development is becoming more evident, nationally

and beyond. States across the globe have ratified legal

instruments to protect their natural, built and intangible

cultural heritage, to promote cultural expressions and

cultural diversity, and to protect biosphere reserves.

The Sustainable Development Goals make explicit

reference to the role of culture in development.

Uganda’s Constitution recognises “cultural and

customary values that are consistent with the fundamental

human rights and freedoms, human dignity and

democracy…which may be developed and incorporated

in all aspects of Ugandan life”. In spite of this, Ugandans’

common understanding of culture often remains

narrowly focused on music, the performing arts,

traditional food and dress, art and crafts and on a

few cultural sites, all of which contribute visibly to

cultural tourism and employment. The contribution

of cultural values, systems, knowledge and resource

persons to social cohesion and nation building are

rarely explored. The link with education and moral

upbringing, peaceful co-existence, a sense of belonging

and dignity, creativity and wealth creation are similarly

overlooked.

ÂÂCCFU’s interventions

The Foundation’s mission and strategies are premised

on the conviction that the positive aspects of culture

can contribute to social transformation and sustainable

development. In 2006, CCFU conceived the notion of

a ‘Culture in Development’ approach and has since

refined this approach to respond to issues arising

in the local context such as managing cultural

diversity, cultural controversies linked to cultural

rights vs. human and women’s rights, and a deeper

understanding of intangible cultural heritage.

The Foundation utilises its training guides to address

questions raised by diverse stakeholders regarding the

link between culture and development. CCFU also

offers tailor-made training to support development

CCFU therefore seeks to contribute to a

better understanding of culture’s contribution

to development through research and capacity

building. This reflects the limited literature and

experience available from development partners

on integrating culture in development thinking

and practice. In 2017, CCFU produced a case

study entitled: “In the Name of Conservation –

The eviction of the Batwa from Semuliki Forest”,

examining the consequences of advancing a

conservation agenda which is oblivious to cultural

heritage.

This study, the 24 th produced by CCFU to date,

describes the consequences of evicting the Batwa

community in Bundibugyo from the forest, the

negative impact this had on their livelihood and

cultural heritage, and the policy vacuum that made

this possible.

4


partners integrate culture in development practice

by reviewing their strategic plans, existing development

programmes and approaches. In 2017, CCFU

for instance worked with the Alur Kingdom to better

define and design strategies to address elements of

culture in their strategic plan. A Culture in Development

training course for development practitioners is

planned for 2018.

Working with the Alur Kingdom to review

its Strategic Plan

ÂÂReflections and prospects

Since its inception in 2006, CCFU has noted an

increase in the numbers, activities and visibility of

heritage-focused organisations in Uganda, ranging

from local cultural associations and community

museums to cultural centres and other cultural

organisations. While this reflects the desire and an

enhanced confidence in promoting culture, there is a

persistent lack of technical expertise in heritage

development, management and promotion. CCFU

intends to continue using knowledge generated from

its research and activities to provide a basis for

capacity building, influencing perceptions on the

relevance of culture, and influencing the integration of

cultural heritage in relevant national development

policies and programmes. Other interventions to

promote heritage education in secondary school and

in universities in Uganda are presented in the other

sections of this report.

To fully harness cultural resources, CCFU will continue

to campaign for a well-financed and fully-fledged State

organ to foster technical and financial investment

in heritage education, heritage infrastructure

development, preservation of buildings of historical

and cultural significance, cultural tourism, and the

promotion of cultural rights for all people in Uganda.

5


. Cultural rights, governance and

managing diversity

6


ÂÂThe programme context

Although Uganda has ratified international Conventions

that provide for the recognition of cultural rights, little

has been done to ensure their realisation. Cultural

rights rarely feature on the national agenda, as

reflected in the very limited commitments made in the

national budget towards the cultural sector and the

lack of a dedicated ministry for culture to drive this

agenda. Few Ugandans are conversant with cultural

rights and the transmission of the cultural practices,

norms and values continues to be affected by various

factors, such as certain religion creeds that demonise

culture, the HIV/AIDs crisis and civil strife that have

claimed the adults who are the gatekeepers of cultural

information, and western-type education that views

culture and traditional practices as backward.

Uganda nevertheless hosted the 3 rd East African

JAMAFEST Festival in 2017 and showcased its rich

cultural diversity to the world. The main focus was on

culture and the creative industries and CCFU delivered

a paper to reflect on progress made to promote

indigenous knowledge in traditional medicine. 2017

also witnessed increased participation of Uganda’s

diverse kingdoms and other cultural institutions in

highlighting the relevance of culture in modern times

by organising cultural galas, celebrating traditional

cultural events and participating in delivering poverty

reduction projects in their communities.

ÂÂCCFU’s interventions

Throughout the year, CCFU has been actively

promoting the cultural rights of Ugandans, with a focus

on women and youth, and on indigenous minority

groups.

Women and cultural rights: Culture has often been

blamed as the cause for women’s rights violation. In

partnership with Diakonia, CCFU conducted a research

effort in Gulu, Kitgum and Lamwo districts to establish

the existence of culturally-defined rights of women

among the Acholi and to explore their potential to

empower women and girls. The research revealed the

existence of a wealth of avenues for the protection

and promotion of women’s and girls’ rights, including

women’s rights to a violence-free environment, their

authority over economic production, and their voice

to contribute to decision making in both public and

private spheres. Three chiefdoms, in partnership with

CCFU, are now piloting initiatives to use such rights

to promote women’s and girls’ empowerment. To

guide this effort, CCFU supported the community to

develop two booklets: a Cultural Leaders’ Handbook

on promoting women’s rights as defined by Acholi

culture and a practical reference handbook for women

and girls on their culturally-defined rights.

Indigenous Minority Groups (IMGs) and their oral

history: CCFU supported various efforts to promote

the cultural rights of IMGs, who are among Uganda’s

most marginalised communities. To operate in a

Bishop Ochola from the Acholi Religious Leaders Peace Initiative at the launch of the CCFU report on

women’s rights and Acholi culture

7


The Batwa delegation at the advocacy meeting with district leaders in Bundibugyo

coordinated manner, the IMGs in the Rwenzori and

Karamoja regions were supported to create platforms

through which they will engage with the majority

communities, as well as local and national governments

on various cultural rights issues. In Bundibugyo district,

policy makers and implementers, as well as

representatives from the Batwa community came

together and the former made concrete commitments

to address the deficit in the realisation of human

rights, especially of the Batwa. CCFU also prompted

the establishment of a National Coalition for the

Rights of Indigenous Minority Groups. With support

from Minority Rights Group, the

coalition has supported a policy

dialogue between IMG representatives

and Members of Parliament. A press

statement calling upon government to

respect the rights of IMGs and a

commitment by the Equal Opportunities

Commission to uphold these was made.

As part of the efforts to preserve the

heritage of the IMGs, CCFU also

produced and disseminated various

materials on the oral history of the

Batwa. It is currently supporting the

documentation of the history of the

Ngokutio and Lendu people in

Northern and North-Western Uganda.

Youth and women cultural entrepreneurship projects:

Can culture help realise rights by bringing food on

the table? In 2017, 5 experimental groups of youth

and of women from IMGs were supported to enrich

their culture-related enterprises. Improved incomes

from crafts, traditional music and dance have enabled

young people to re-consider their views about culture

and how it can contribute to sustainable economic

development.

The Rwebisengo Widows’ Cultural Association in their craft shop

8


Culture and Governance:

Culture plays a role in achieving

sustainable development.

This is the case in the latest

priority for Uganda’s economy,

the oil and gas sector. CCFU,

in partnership with ActionAid

Uganda, supported Bunyoro-

Kitara Kingdom, Ker Kwaro

Acholi and Alur Kingdom to

develop guidelines for their

engagement with oil extractive

companies, in order to protect

the cultural heritage of the

concerned communities. These

guidelines were launched by the

prime ministers of the three

institutions, in the presence

of Ministry of Energy and

Oil Company officials. Other

cultural institutions have been supported in various

ways to strengthen their governance structures, such

as the Madi Chiefdom, whose leaders have been

assisted to develop a clan leaders’ charter.

Mainstreaming cultural rights: After the support

The Prime Ministers of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom, Ker Kwaro Acholi and

Alur Kingdom launch the guidelines by cultural institutions for oil and

gas companies

provided to a number of human rights organisations

to build their capacity in appreciating cultural rights

and incorporating them in their practice, some

organisations have progressed in this respect, as

established during the post training follow-ups

conducted in 2017.

ÂÂReflections

Despite challenges in promoting poorly appreciated

cultural rights, some progress is being made and, with

the necessary political will, more can be achieved.

This would however depend on changing Ugandans’

perceptions and to emphasise the need to embrace

cultural rights as a lever for sustainable development.

Targeting young people to embrace their cultural

heritage and embedding this in both formal and nonformal

education is also required. At the national level,

linking culture to entrepreneurship and national socioeconomic

development is needed, requiring individuals,

communities, cultural institutions and government to

pull their efforts together. It is our collective duty to

bring this to fruition.

9


c. Cultural heritage preservation

and development

10


ÂÂThe programme context

Although the preservation and promotion of Uganda’s

cultural heritage is supported by various legal

instruments, our cultural and natural heritage is under

threat. Historic buildings are replaced with shopping

malls; natural forests are replaced with farms; swamps

are reclaimed; cultural sites are encroachment upon

and rarely documented. Policy guidelines are lacking,

and development initiatives are seldom preceded with

a social and cultural heritage impact assessment, so

risk mitigation measures are not in place. Financial

support from government and other sources towards

the preservation and promotion of culture continues

to be insufficient, in spite of the urgent work that

needs to be undertaken to preserve our heritage. In

addition, the transmission of indigenous knowledge

and skills is challenged by the introduction of formal

education at the expense of non-formal mechanisms.

ÂÂCCFU’s interventions

Given this context, CCFU works with youth and

community museums to defend their cultural heritage,

while spearheading the protection of our built heritage.

Heritage Education: in 2017 71 teachers and other

resource persons from Mpigi, Kabarole, Moroto,

Napak and Masaka were trained to support secondary

school cultural heritage clubs. This brought the number

of clubs to 130 in various parts of Uganda. Young

people were involved in two competitions: the

National Youth Cultural Heritage Competition, whose

theme this year was to illustrate their traditional

dances, with the best entries used for the 2018

Heritage Calendar. An International African Cultural

Heritage Competition also electronically brought

together members of school heritage clubs in Uganda,

Sierra Leone and Zimbabwe who produced short

videos to highlight their most interesting club activities.

An awarding ceremony was held to award the 13

winners of the national competition and the 2 winners

of the international contest. To promote intangible

cultural heritage (ICH) education in Uganda’s

universities, CCFU started work in partnership with

Kyambogo University, Kabale University, Uganda

Martyrs’ University, and the Islamic University in

Uganda to develop a course on ICH and sustainable

development.

CCFU Board chair Prof. Luutu Mukasa hands over a certificate to the overall winner of the National Youth

Heritage Competition, Bridget Ategeka from Rubaga Girls’ Secondary School

11


Nyamarunda historical site handed over to Bunyoro

Kitara Kingdom officials

Protecting our built heritage: In 2017, CCFU pursued

work with the Kampala Capital City Authority to

develop a draft Ordinance to protect historic buildings

in the city; information materials and plaques for the

Luke and Katherine Wards of Mengo Hospital and Ham

Mukasa House in Mengo were developed and unveiled

to the public. CCFU also took part in campaigns to

safeguard the Uganda National Cultural Centre,

commonly known as the National Theatre. Planning

for the protection and promotion of a heritage site

near Kampala, the home of Sir Apollo Kaggwa, the

famous 19 th century political leader and ethnographer,

was also undertaken. Elsewhere, CCFU supported

the Kalisizo urban authority, which passed a bye-law

to protect the Namagoma Forest. The tomb of King

Kyebambe III in Nyamarunda, which CCFU supported

the Greater Kibaale District Heritage Development

Committee to renovate, was handed over to Bunyoro

Kitara Kingdom and its Prime Minister pledged to

maintain the site.

Community Museums: CCFU continued to host the

Uganda Community Museums Association coordinator

and provided technical support to the Association’s

regional exhibitions in Fort Portal and Iganga. A CCFU

volunteer also helped several museums to improve on

their presentation and management.

H.E the Ambassador of

Ireland, Donal Cronin,

the CCFU Executive

Director and H.E. the

High Commissioner of

the United Kingdom,

Peter West, unveil the

information board at

Mengo Hospital

ÂÂReflections

Our cultural heritage remains at great risk of

disappearing. A listing mechanism to protect historical

sites and buildings is urgently needed and the capacity

of all organisations involved in this field, including

Community Museums must be strengthened. This

underlines the prerequisite for a centralised wellresourced

government entity – a Ministry of Culture

– to protect our national cultural and natural heritage,

as well as the long term necessity to involve young

people in promoting cultural heritage, as the primary

target of sociocultural (r)evolutions and as Uganda’s

upcoming policy makers and implementers.

12


The year at CCFU

ÂÂThe context

2017 proved to be a challenging year for NGOs in

Uganda. The global context militated against donor

support for Ugandan organisations as the richer

nations became increasingly introspective. The “NGO

climate” was also marked by increasingly strict

regulations imposed by Government on civil society

organisations active in the country, while muzzling

advocacy work on governance and human rights by

closing down or intimidating several NGOs.

ÂÂOur national and international linkages

In this context, working with others assumes its full

importance. Throughout 2017, CCFU has continued

to embrace its national and international partnerships.

Through its membership of the National NGO Forum

and of the Human Rights Network, the Foundation

participated in defending the essential civic space that

is the hallmark of a developing, democratic society and

will continue to do so.

CCFU is accredited to the UNESCO Intergovernmental

Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible

Cultural Heritage (ICH). We attended the 12 th session

of the Committee in South Korea, presented a paper

on traditional medicine and participated in the ICH

NGO Forum symposium on this occasion.

CCFU is also a member of the International National

Trusts Organisation (INTO). INTO made CCFU’s

presence at the 17 th International Conference of

National Trusts in Indonesia possible. This was an

eye-opening and engaging event, at which CCFU

made presentations on its work with youth and with

indigenous minorities.

Delegates at the 17th International Conference of National Trusts, Indonesia

13


ÂÂThe CCFU Board of Trustees

Our Board of Trustees continued to provide very

valuable technical and advisory assistance to the

Foundation throughout the year. It currently consists

of Prof. Luutu Mukasa (Chair), Ms. Regina Bafaki, Ms.

Rose Agoi, Ms. Grace Aulo, Ms. Rosie Agoi, Mr. Thomas

Okoth Nyalulu, Mr. Cato Lund and Emily Drani as

Secretary.

ÂÂThe CCFU team

After 11 years of dedicated and appreciated service,

CCFU was sad to see its Finance and Administration

Officer, Petwa Oselle leave the Foundation. We

welcomed Haddijah Luwedde, another experienced

finance officer, who joined our team to replace her.

CCFU was privileged this year to host Beatrice

McDermott, a volunteer to support our cultural

heritage programmes. At CCFU, Beatrice was

instrumental in supporting the Foundation’s work with

community museums, providing technical assistance to

their management for visibility and sustainability.

We look forward to future partnerships with interested

and qualified individuals who wish to contribute to the

promotion of culture and development.

The CCFU team at the Foundation offices, January 2018

14


Our most recent publications

Throughout the year, CCFU continued to produce

publications to sustain its agenda and illustrate various

aspects of Culture in Development. These are available

at our offices and through our website.

And a DVD:

15


11 years of CCFU in figures

2600+ students in over 130 school heritage clubs

supported by CCFU in Uganda

260 Patrons of school cultural heritage clubs trained

54 Kampala’s historical buildings and sites on an

annotated map produced by CCFU

34 Districts where CCFU is working

25 Indigenous minority groups working with CCFU on issues of

promoting their cultural rights

21 Community museums supported by CCFU, some as

coordinating hubs for the Heritage Education Programme

20 Human rights organisations trained in incorporating

cultural rights aspects in their work

15 Cultural institutions in Uganda partnered with

CCFU to promote a culture in governance agenda

10 Years of active participation in the International

Conferences of National Trusts

5 Cultural entrepreneurship groups (women and

youth) supported and growing their revolving fund

16


Bridget Ategeka’s winning entry for the 2017 National Youth Heritage Competition

A Word of appreciation

In the past year, CCFU was engaged in a growing

number of activities both locally and internationally.

We would like to thank all our friends and partners

for supporting us.

We particularly thank secondary schools on the

Heritage Education Programme, community museums

across the country and historical buildings owners,

our government counterparts, leaders of cultural

institutions, indigenous groups and other committed

individuals, the media, service providers, other

ministries and agencies, and many others. We look

forward to continuing our interaction with all of you

in 2018.

We are grateful to our board of trustees has continued

to support us with time and insights.

Special thanks go to the International National

Trusts Organisation (INTO) for playing a central

role in making our joint crowdfunding appeal with

the National Trust of Zimbabwe and the Monuments

and Relics Commission of Sierra Leone a success and

therefore engaging youth in the three countries in a

first international African cultural heritage competition

(see p. 11).

The UNESCO intangible heritage section has shown

its confidence in CCFU to undertake several initiatives

to contribute to the preparation of training and other

materials for UNESCO’s capacity building programme.

In 2017 CCFU received financial support amounting

to U.shs. 783 million. These funds were provided by

• Action Aid Uganda

• Arcus Foundation

• Bread for the World / Protestant Development

Services

• Diakonia

The Fund for Global Human Rights

The International National Trusts Organisation

(INTO)

• Irish Aid

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and

Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) – ICH section

• A crowdfunding effort led by the INTO Secretariat

We thank all our supporters for making our work

possible in the course of 2017 and look forward to

continued partnerships in the coming year.

17


Off Bativa Rd, Makerere,

P.O. Box 25517, Kampala, Uganda

Tel. +256 (0) 393294675/7

ccfu@crossculturalfoundation.or.ug

www.crossculturalfoundation.or.ug

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Accredited to

UNESCO inter-Governmental Committee for the

Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage

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