Volume XLIV, Issue 10 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 27 - April 2, 2018
It can bring back good memories or bad
memories. It is powerful in that way, there is
nothing else like it.
- See page 23
Photograph by Heather Snowdon
Fun at the DC
Photograph by Conner McTague
Photograph by Kaatje Henrick
See Land Where We Stand stories, pages 17-20
Illustration by William McGinn
2 The Chronicle March 27 - April 2, 2018 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Campus
DC journalism students look at Durham College and UOIT,
and beyond, by the numbers and with their cameras
Photograph by Heather Snowdon
An old STAT camera, used to take photos of images to translate to print, at the UOIT campus in downtown Oshawa.
Follow the Chronicle
A new recycling and waste bin at the DC campus in Oshawa.
Photograph by Claudia Latino
Community chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 27 - April 2, 2018 The Chronicle 3
New mall coming near campus
mall to open
doors in 2020
and Aly Beach
Shoppers will have a new mall to
explore in Oshawa in late 2020 –
and it will be handy for students on
the main campus of Durham College
and the University of Ontario
Institute of Technology.
RioCan, in partnership with
Tribute Communities, is developing
an 839,000 square foot mall at
the southwest corner at Winchester
Road and Simcoe Street, off the
new Highway 407 extension.
The mall is meant to be a tourist
attraction to bring in people from
around Durham Region, says mayor
“It’s a gateway to the city of Oshawa,”
he says, adding he’s “really
proud to say that they’re moving
earth up there as we speak.”
The mall has been in the planning
stages for a long time.
Seven years ago, RioCan approached
Henry to propose the
large, outdoor shopping mall as
part of the residential development
in the Windfields Farm land.
Although the mall will be
Oshawa mayor John Henry.
The RioCan construction site at Simcoe and Winchester, where the company plans to build a new outdoor mall.
839,000 sq. ft., the total project is
estimated to be 1.5 million sq. ft.,
according to RioCan’s website.
Photograph by Aly Beach
There will be 868 additional
residential units built on Windfields
Henry says the houses surrounding
the mall will provide an ‘already-there’
The mall will be useful to local
households, since there will be
stores that Henry says shoppers
normally normally have to drive
to, but area residents will be able
Although he doesn’t know all of
the businesses coming to the mall,
he can confirm a bank will be one
of the tenants.
The mall will serve a rapidly developing
part of the city and region.
RioCan estimates that by 2022,
there will be a three per cent increase
in population in the 20 kilometres
surrounding the development.
The company also estimates by
2022, there will be a 13.7 per cent
increase in household income in
this area, with the average income
Robert Bedic, senior planner
for the city, says the mall will be
comparable to Oshawa’s Harmony
Shopping Centre and the CF Shops
at Don Mills. He says stores will
be along Simcoe Street and other
shops will be behind those.
“The proposed development
is intended to create a pedestrian-oriented
street-fronting commercial uses,
enhanced streetscape and on-street
parking along the new Windfields
Farm Drive,” says Bedic.
Kyle Benham, the director of
economic development at the City
of Oshawa, says the development
will create 350 to 500 permanent
jobs. Job opportunities will be focused
on youth. He says, “we use
that as their first sort of entry point
into the workforce.”
The mall development is
comparable to the size of about 10
Photograph by Aly Beach
Home Depot stores, he says.
The size of the development was
scaled back a bit because of changes
in the market, Benham says. There
will be 12 to 20 stores in the new
outdoor mall, he says.
Mayor John Henry says this mall
will be an “economic engine” for
“It’s not just about the shopping
experience, it’s about universities,
it’s about Durham College. When
you look at this city, we’re making
pick-up trucks here again. This city
is in a renaissance like never before.
This is only going to add to this
great success in the community,”
“What’s important about this
project is that when it’s finished,
it’s going to employ a lot of young
The completion date is set for
winter 2020, though Henry says
some of the development will be
open before then.
Youth unemployment drops in Oshawa
Youth unemployment in Oshawa
Unemployment for people between
the ages 19 to 24 has dropped
to 7.7 per cent. It was 16 per cent
just this October.
John Aker, an Oshawa regional
and city councillor, announced the
findings at a City Council meeting
The drop is attributed to a national
downward trend as well as
the $614 million in building permits
Oshawa issued in 2017, Aker
About 15 major building projects
have been started in Oshawa
like the student housing apartment
on Simcoe Street near the north
campus of Durham College and the
University of Ontario Institute of
Technology, Aker says.
“The economy is firing on all
cylinders,” Aker says. “We got to
Aker is optimistic the trend will
continue downward despite the
decrease being attributed to shortterm
jobs because General Motors
(GM) is planning on adding another
“We have one shift working
what’s called scheduled overtime,
which means six days a week,”
Aker says. “They’re (GM) hiring
for a second shift.”
“They’re currently producing
30,000 a year on one shift,” Aker
says. “They want to produce
60,000 trucks in total.”
There have been rumours going
around about GM’s commitment to
staying in Oshawa, but Aker isn’t
He says GM factories in the
United States will be temporarily
shutting down for equipment updates,
leaving Oshawa to pick up
“One will go down, retool, start
building trucks. The other will go
down, retool, start building trucks,”
Aker says. “So, we’ll build the
trucks here for them.”
“We’re their backup,” Aker says.
Production will pick up for 11
months to a year, giving GM in
Oshawa an opportunity to prove
itself, Aker says.
“Someone could say that at the
end of two years we may not be
building trucks, but I think we’re
going to be,” Aker says.
With the Canadian dollar dropping
to 76 cents, and according to
Aker, on its way to 65 cents, it’ll be
cheaper to build trucks in Canada
compared to the U.S.
“What we build will be unbelievably
cheap for them,” Aker says.
GM added two new trucks,
Chevrolet Silverado and GMC Sierra,
to its assembly line in February,
Aker says, but the automaker
decided not to do so with any fanfare.
“When General Motors started
building trucks here there was
no announcement, there was no
opening,” Aker says. “They don’t
want to offend the president of the
Oshawa mayor John Henry says
the drop in youth unemployment
can be attributed to the progress
that’s been made to increase jobs
The Oshawa Centre (OC) remodelling
added 1,000 jobs alone,
Henry says youth employment
was what he ran on for his campaign.
He wanted to make it easier
for businesses to come to Oshawa
in order to create jobs.
“The companies that were coming
out here to establish themselves
didn’t go through the red tape and
delays so that you could attract
great opportunities,” Henry says.
While the remodelling of the OC
was a success, what’s really going to
make a difference is the redevelopment
of downtown, he says.
“We’ve capitalized on that and
we’re very forward thinking and
that’s paid off,” Henry says.
4 The Chronicle March 27 - April 2, 2018 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca
PUBLISHER: Greg Murphy
EDITOR-IN-CHIEF: Brian Legree
AD MANAGER: Dawn Salter
‘With the provincial election coming
up this summer, it brings up
the same problem we have every
election in Canada: actually voting.
Canada should adopt new voting
practices like automatic registration,
information sessions and
weekend polling to increase voter
Canadians tend not to have a
strong turnout when it comes to
voting day, the exception being the
last federal election when 68.5 per
cent showed up to the polls, which
was the highest voter turnout has
been since 1993.
Recent trends look a lot gloomier.
Since 2000, voter turnout has
constantly sat below 65 per cent of
registered voters. And those statistics
were from registered voters in
Canada, they don’t account for the
eligible voters who haven’t registered.
Other democratic countries, like
Sweden and Australia, have much
higher voter turnouts. Australia’s
2016 election had a 91 per cent
In order to combat low poll turnouts,
these countries have adopted
policies like automatic registration
and weekend polling.
In Sweden, once you become of
age, you are automatically registered
to vote. There’s no application
process or verification required.
The government already has all
the data required to automatically
register voters so by taking it out
of the citizens’ hands, the barrier
from voting is removed.
This approach works. Sweden
had an 82 per cent turnout of all
eligible voters rather than Canada’s
68.5 per cent of just registered voters.
Canada could easily do the same
and should, especially if it could
mean a fairer representation of
Canadians on voting day.
Twenty-three per cent of eligible
voters in Canada who didn’t cast a
ballot in the 2015 federal election
said they were too busy to make a
trip to the voting station.
Part of the problem is voting
always takes place on a weekday,
while people work.
Canada should hold voting on
weekends rather than during the
work week. It would give people
a greater opportunity to get to
the polling stations because more
people are off during the weekend
or have decreased work hours.
Countries like Austria, Belgium,
France, Germany, India and New
Zealand all hold voting on weekends
and experience higher voter
turnout than Canada.
While automatic registration
and weekend polling would make
voting more accessible to eligible
voters, Canada should also follow
Sweden in holding informational
According to Statistics Canada,
Cartoon by Cassidy McMullen
We should introduce new voting practices
32 per cent of registered voters who
didn’t vote said they didn’t vote because
they weren’t interested in politics.
This is one of the same reasons
for Canada has lower turnout for
provincial and municipal elections
as compared to federal elections.
In Sweden, they hand out a guide
on political parties to voters, including
what levels of government
control what. Spaces in public libraries
are also opened up to offer
democratic information, education
A disinterest in politics comes
from a lack of knowledge. If voters
understood the importance and
impact of provincial and municipal
government on their lives, they
would be more compelled to vote.
Canada should adopt the same
practice of holding information sessions
on upcoming elections in public
spaces, like libraries, post-secondary
institutions, as well as high
schools for the students who have
turned 18 just in time for elections.
Low voter turnout in elections
means elected officials don’t necessarily
represent the will of the
people. If only 68.5 per cent of
registered voters vote, that means
31.5 per cent of that population
never put their voice in.
That could have been enough
to change the results of the federal
election to the Progressive Conservative
party’s favour in 2015.
If Canada wants a fairly represented
government, we need to
change our approach to voting.
Ontario has an online campaign
around registration but that’s not
going to help much if voter turnout
itself is low.
If Canada wants more people at
the polls, policies like automatic
registration, weekend voting and
information sessions need to be
EDITORS: Austin Andru, Allison Beach, Cameron
Black-Araujo, Michael Bromby, Emily Brooks, Alex
Clelland, John Cook, Tiago De Oliveira, Shana Fillatrau,
Kaatje Henrick, Kirsten Jerry, Claudia Latino,
William McGinn, Cassidy McMullen, Conner Mc-
Tague, Pierre Sanz, Heather Snowdon, Shanelle
Somers,Kayano Waite, Tracy Wright
The Chronicle is published by the Durham College School of Media, Art
and Design, 2000 Simcoe Street North, Oshawa, Ontario L1H 7L7, 721-
2000 Ext. 3068, as a training vehicle for students enrolled in Journalism and
Advertising courses and as a campus news medium. Opinions expressed
are not necessarily those of the college administration or the board of governors.
The Chronicle is a member of the Ontario Community Newspapers
MEDIA REPS: Madison Anger, Kevin Baybayan,
Erin Bourne, Hayden Briltz, Rachel Budd, Brendan
Cane, Shannon Gill, Matthew Hiscock, Nathaniel
Houseley, Samuel Huard, Emily Johnston, Sawyer
Kemp, Reema Khoury, Desirea Lewis, Rob
Macdougall, Adam Mayhew, Kathleen Menheere,
Tayler Michaelson, Thomas Pecker, Hailey Russo,
Lady Supa, Jalisa Sterling-Flemmings, Tamara
Talhouk, Alex Thompson, Chris Traianovski
PRODUCTION ARTISTS: Swarnika Ahuja, Bailey
Ashton, Elliott Bradshaw, James Critch-Heyes,
Elisabeth Dugas, Melinda Ernst, Kurtis Grant, Chad
Macdonald, Matthew Meraw, Kaitlyn Millard,
Sofia Mingram, Mary Richardson, Singh Sandhu,
Publisher: Greg Murphy Editor-In-Chief: Brian Legree Features editor: Teresa Goff Ad Manager: Dawn Salter
Advertising Production Manager: Kevan F. Drinkwalter Photography Editor: Al Fournier Technical Production: Keir Broadfoot
chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 27 - April 2, 2018 The Chronicle 5
The Chronicle and campus experts answer
your questions on student-related issues.
The Durham College Chronicle
has put together its first advice column
aimed at helping students in
areas in which they had questions.
The idea was pitched by journalism
students Heather Snowdon,
Tracy Wright and William
During a pop-up in Vendor’s
Alley, the Chronicle received several
inquiries from DC students
about life and schoolwork.
The Chronicle took these questions
to have them answered by
professionals in the field on the
school campus, as well as a journalism
how to be successful and 'Concentration
about study spaces in school
that aren’t loud.
The Chronicle sought out responses.
Nicky Patel, Student Academic
Learning Services (SALS) director,
If you are having difficulty in a
course and need help, you should
explain the situation to your professor
immediately, talk to your
student advisor, work with your
classmates, form a homework
group, access SALS staff, get a
peer tutor, use SALS online, or
Google videos for additional supports.
It is important to take action
and not wait for the situation to
improve on its own.
Melissa Bosomworth, Durham
College Wellness Coach, says:
Each study space is identified
by the noise level you can expect
to encounter. There are four different
types of spaces and students
are asked to ensure they keep their
volume within the limits of the
space. You can find space identified
as silent noise, low noise,
moderate noise and high noise.
This helps you choose space that
is appropriate for group work, occasionally
whispering to a peer
beside you or complete silence.
One trick I often used as a student
is to keep earplugs in my bag so I
could soften the noises around me
to help me focus. You can find see
different study locations on campus
Durham College Journalism
My advice would be to work
hard and not procrastinate. Student
Academic Learning Services
(SALS), can give further assistance.
SALS is a bit of a walk from Durham
College and UOIT, and going
to the building can seem like an extra
chore. However, SALS is very
beneficial for being able to concentrate.
They have beanbag chairs,
tables, and in the SSB, there’s a
Tim Hortons. To be successful,
choose a course that matches the
real and true you, preferably something
you may have some prior experience
in. It would also be good
to find out what time of day you
like to work. Some of us try to
work during the day when at night
it’s more preferable, and vice versa.
Achieving success can be tiring
but in the end the time and stress
will be worth it. Never give up.
'Test Stressed' asks: What
is the best way to study for final
tests/exams? I’m having
trouble keeping my thoughts
Nicky Patel, SALS Director,
The best way to study for exams
and final tests is to go to classes,
keep up with your readings, make
careful notes and review them
several times so you are fully prepared
for your exams or tests when
they come. The time to study and
review is not just before you have
Cramming is not the best way
to study. You will experience more
stress and forget more. Another
strategy is to answer the questions
at the end of each chapter and ask
for clarification when you don’t
If you are having trouble keeping
your thoughts organized, it
may be a good idea to plan and
prioritize, beginning with a list of
the “must do tasks”. The Coaching
Centre also has peer coaches
and staff who can help you with
time management and staying on
Durham College Journalism
Everyone has a time and place
they feel they can concentrate best.
Find out when and where that is.
My parents always say a clean
room keeps anxiety down. Having
a clean room may be a chore,
but it keeps your thoughts organized.
You won’t worry you’ll lose
something. If you would rather
work here at Durham College and
UOIT, I would suggest visiting
SALS. It’s usually quiet, letting you
do your work on your own terms
without distractions you can’t control.
If you feel you need to keep
your thoughts organized better, get
a calendar board if you don’t have
one and write down a list of your
final tests/exams, in order of either
the hardest to easiest or nearest
due to farthest due. Having a
list written down and knowing you
only have to do a fraction of what’s
on the list for now can clear things
up and keep your thoughts focused
on less different things. Having
your assignments in a conspicuous
calendar ties your thoughts up in
a bow, and allows you to not have
to worry that there’s something
'Carrying a Conscience'
wonders: When the hardest
thing and the right thing are
the same, what do I do?
Melissa Bosomworth, Durham
College Wellness Coach, says:
One of the greatest challenges
can be doing the right thing when
it is hard. Always maintain your
values and integrity when addressing
these difficult choices while
taking into account the impact of
your decision on others. There are
many things to weigh before acting.
Sometimes it can be easier
when you talk it out with a trusted
friend or a Wellness Coach. They
can help you see different perspectives
and uncover the truth about
why your decision is so difficult so
you can then address that truth
and be authentic to yourself.
Durham College Journalism
My advice to you would be
to take your time doing the right
thing. Although it may be the most
difficult, don’t let that keep you
from doing what is right. Your
problems may be sorted out if you
had a third party to talk to, such
as a responsible parent, a caring
therapist or a comforting friend.
It loosens the tension. Also, if
you’re struggling with telling the
truth or feel something needs to
be told in the world, chances are
the other students feel what you’re
going through. Stress about doing
something hard is something everyone
feels, especially at the start
of a project.
Here’s a quote from A League
of their Own: “It’s supposed to
be hard. If it wasn’t hard, everyone
would do it. The hard is what
makes it great.”
Accomplishing hard things is
6 The Chronicle March 27 - April 2, 2018 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Campus
Convocation approaching at Durham, UOIT
Tiago de Oliveira and
Enthusiastic and ready to graduate.
Upwards of 2,500 students are expected
to graduate from Durham
College at the Tribute Communities
Centre during three days of
ceremonies starting on June 11.
Some students are nervous and
some are excited but all are anticipating
Picking gown sizes, deciding
on graduation photos, double
checking your bank account to
make sure you have $15.00 to
spare on grad photos and staying
on top of homework, is all part of
Last year’s spring convocation
had approximately 1,950
graduates, says Angela Werner,
an executive assistant at Strategic
Enrolment Services. The fall 2017
convocation was smaller with
approximately 500 graduates attending.
Graduates may bring as many
guests as they want and there is no
need to buy tickets.
A team of eight DC employees
work on planning convocation for
DC and they have 100 event staff
who also works to make sure the
convocation runs smoothly and as
DC students each pay a fee of
$35.50 for graduation and convocation
and this is normally done in
first year. The fee is taken out of
each student’s tuition.
However, students who have
any outstanding fees or other
Prom night can be expensive,
which is why Oshawa city councillor
Rick Kerr, members of the
Durham Regional Police Services
(DRPS) and the Oshawa Centre
have begun a Suits for Youth program.
Kerr talked about the program
at a city council meeting March
19. The event takes place in mid-
April at the Oshawa Centre. Kerr
says he brought it up at this council
meeting because this week
kicks off the donation campaign
for the initiative. People who want
to donate can give suits, ties, shoes
Kerr says Suits for Youth is a
modelled after the annual Gowns
for Girls program which began in
2014, organized by DRPS Const.
Joylene MacNeil. In Gowns for
Girls, girls who can’t afford the
items needed for their prom can
get them for free and afford to
attend a milestone in their lives.
The first event saw 75 girls come
in 2014 and by 2016 the number
had grown to 500 girls, according
to a March 2017 media report.
Kerr says Suits for Youth goes
two steps further because it’s
non-gendered, meaning if a female
wants to wear a suit to prom
and take her partner, she can. The
second reason is because the suits
don’t have to be returned and the
debts associated with the college
cannot apply to graduate until the
student meets all financial obligations
set by the school.
Original convocation ceremonies
were held on campus but
are now held at the Tribute Communities
Centre to accommodate
the number of graduates and
guests. An American Sign Language
(ASL) interpreter has also
been implemented into DC’s convocation
to accommodate everyone.
While Durham College, which
marked its 50th anniversary in
2017, has been having convocations
for more than four decades,
this will be UOIT’s 15th convocation.
Kristen Boujos, manager of
scheduling and convocation at the
University of Ontario Institute of
Technology (UOIT) says, “years
Photograph by Austin Andru
Durham College and UOIT's convocation will be held at the Tribute Communities Centre.
youths can wear them to job interviews.
“It really helps to set young
people off on the correct path in
life and in a successful manner,”
At the same council meeting,
regional and city councillor John
Aker talked about employment
numbers released monthly by
Statistics Canada. The unemployment
rate in the city of Oshawa
dropped to 4.8 per cent in February,
he said. After years of struggles
with the 15-24 age demographic
which at one time had an
unemployment rate in the mid-20
per cent range, the number has
and years ago they held convocation
at the north location.”
UOIT’s convocation ceremonies
are also held at the Tribute
Communities Centre. Boujos is
one of many workers at UOIT
who plan convocation and make it
possible for graduates.
UOIT’s convocation is held
over two days. Their first convocation
ceremony is Thursday,
June 7 at 9:30 with the Faculty of
Energy Systems and Nuclear Science
graduates, followed by the
Faculty of Engineering and Applied
Science. At 2 p.m. the Faculty
of Business and Information
and Technology graduates and
then the Faculty of Science graduates
take the stage.
On Friday June 8 at 9:30 a.m.
the Faculty of Education begins
the ceremony followed by the
Faculty of Social Science and Humanities.
At 2 p.m. the Faculty of Health
Sciences will complete UOIT’s
Durham’s June 11 convocation
will start with the School of Continuing
Education, the School of
Interdisciplinary Studies and the
School of Justice and Emergency
The second day of convocation
is June 12 with the School of
Media, Art and Design at 10 a.m.
followed by the School of Skilled
Trades, Apprenticeships and Renewable
At 2:30 p.m. the Centre for
Food and the School of Science,
Engineering and Technology will
On June 13, the final day of
convocation begins. At 10 a.m. the
School of Health and Community
Services will kick start the day, followed
by the School fo Business,
IT and Management, which starts
at 2:30 p.m. Each section is expected
to run for two hours.
Durham students expecting to
graduate this year must apply to
do so even if they do not intend to
go to convocation. The deadline
to apply is April 22.
Suits for Youth becomes Oshawa's latest initative
City councillor Rick Kerr talks about Suits for Youth to Chronicle reporters.
Photograph by Heather Snowdon
now dropped to 7.7 per cent.
Kerr says Suits for Youth is
initially aimed at high school students
in Oshawa, but if it’s successful,
the program will expand
to other parts of Durham Region.
It will also not just be for single
events, such as a prom, either, he
says. It will be a year-round initiative
which allows Oshawa youths
to pick up a suit even if they just
need it for a job interview in the
“We don’t anticipate much
during the year, but if the suits are
there, why not (keep them available)?”,
Donations can be made at any
police station in Oshawa, as well
as guest services at the Oshawa
The program was organized
by Kerr, Const. Sean McConnell,
Const. Rudy Ferrera and Craig
Walsh of the Oshawa Centre, the
latter of whom donated the space
which will be used for the event.
Kerr is optimistic, but also
curious about the event, but it’s
why they’re keeping Suits for
Youth Oshawa-centric for the first
“We’re not really sure how the
first year is going to go,” he says.
The response they receive in the
first year will determine their
course of action in the future.
Members of the youth demographic
(18-24) approve of the
Josh Bayne, 21, from the Kitchener-Waterloo
area, wishes initiatives
like this were around during
his time in high school.
“It’s perfect. Not everybody
can afford to go out and drop
hundreds of dollars on suits or suit
rentals. The more resources for
children the better,” he says.
Campus chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 27 - April 2, 2018 The Chronicle 7
A bit of everything from everywhere
“Culture is important to everyone
because we need to remember who
we are and where we came from,”
said Tony White, an Ojibwa drummer
who played at the Mother Languages
Day event on campus last
Mother Language Day is celebrated
every year at Durham
College to recognize the cultural
diversity on campus.
“I think it’s important to include
this event because it’s a place
where international students can
come and celebrate their place of
birth and celebrate themselves,”
said Aida Malekoltojari, the international
student advisor at Durham
Mother Language Day trails
back to 1952. Bangladesh students
were shot by Dhaka police on February
21st for promoting their language.
Mother Language Day started
as a way to educate about cultural
In 1999, February 21st was declared
International Mother Language
Day by the United Nations
Educational Scientific and Cultural
“There are a lot of politics involved
in making of cultures and
countries, and it’s important that
we look for more context when we
hear about it on the news,” said
Malekoltojari. “We need to look at
the how and why. Why is a country
like this? How did it become?”
But the word ‘culture’ has a deeper
meaning than just someone’s
heritage, according Malekoltojari.
She says the word has been flattened
and we need to find the deeper
meaning of the word.
“The way we eat, the way we
speak, the way we greet people.
There are so many other meanings
of culture,” said Malekoltojari.
Culture is much more than what
we see, according to Elaine Popp,
vice-president of Academics, in
a recent interview about the importance
“I think culture means a lot of
things, like how we perceive each
other,” said Popp.
She says there are a variety of
ways to express respect in different
“In some cultures, making eye
contact is disrespectful. But in
some, making eye contact if you
don’t make eye contact, they’ll
think your disrespectful,” said
Photograph by Kaatje Henrick
The band All Across Nations at the Mother Language Day celebration at Durham College.
Popp. “In Canada, we shake
hands as a way of greeting, but in
some cultures, any kind of physical
touching is disrespectful.”
Shikha Bhavesh Shah is an international
student from Mumbai,
She believes the word culture
“Spending happy and positive
days with loved ones, while engaged
in dance and song,” said
I think culture
means a lot of
things, how we
Her community celebrates nine
days of festivities called Paryushan.
It is held to worship their Lord
During the festivities her community
fasts, living off of nothing
but boiled water for nine days.
Shah is pure vegetarian and
comes from the religion of Jainism,
which follows a strict dietary rule.
One of the rules is she cannot eat
potatoes, onions, and garlic in food
“On the first day I started, I
could barely order the cheese pizza
from the Marketplace. It took a lot
of time to get accustomed with the
different kinds of food,” said Shah.
There are 1,400 international
students from 61 different countries
at Durham College, according to
“Here at the college we strive to
expand its cultural diversity,” she
said. “It’s important to recognize all
different cultures so we can improve
our own by blending them.”
DC students off to Kenya
and Michael Bromby
Durham College students and faculty
are headed to Africa as part of
a new global initiative put together
by the college and international
Two students and two faculty
members from DC are scheduled
to travel from Oshawa to Kenya
May 27 to June 16. Once they arrive,
they will create a documentary
about how Canadian colleges
are working with Kenyan institutions
to strengthen teaching and
Katie Boone is DC’s international
project manager who
helped organize this global experience.
Durham is partnered
with College and Institutes Canada
(CICan) which will help provide
funding for the trip.
Durham is offering an international
bursary which will help
students pay for the trip.
“It will be a jointly-funded effort
through Durham and CICan,
which it will also be complemented
by a Durham College international
bursary,” says Boone.
Greg Murphy, dean for the
school of Media Art and Design
at Durham, says the college was
asked to be a part of this because
the institution is capable of handling
“Right across the country, College
and Institutes Canada, recognize
students and faculty to be very
capable in this area,” says Murphy.
According to Boone, the college
wants to have these students be an
example to future graduates to see
what they can accomplish during
their time at DC.
Second year journalism student
Shanelle Somers and second year
Digital Video Production student
Fraser Cuviello, are excited and
ready to gain hands on learning
experience on this trip.
“This will be an opportunity
of a lifetime. I’m excited to learn
about their culture, but I’m nervous
about the food,” he says. “The
opportunity has me running and
gunning. They have us on really
tight deadlines, they prepare us
to know our stuff for shooting in a
“I am looking forward to develop
my broadcasting skills as I’m on the
web and print side. Those skills I
think are really good to have and
to be a well-rounded journalist,”
The experience the school provides
is essential to land a job after
“Challenging our own perspectives,
our own biases by integrating
and working within another culture
are key components of the professional
development of anyone in the
21st century,” says Boone.
Elaine Popp, DC’s vice-president
of academic hopes the college’s
focus on internationalization will
bring hands-on student learning
through diverse cultures.
“Studying abroad provides students
with the opportunity to learn
new cultures, potentially learning
new languages, becoming familiar
with the different traditions, and
ways of doing things,” she says.
According to Popp, a post-secondary
trip to a different country
will give students the ability to
apply new ideas in their future careers.
“You don’t get to be exposed to
the same perspectives if you stay in
the same place,” she says. “Students
won’t get to experience the different
cultures, the ways of seeing things,
the ways of believing, attitudes,
even the food experience.”
Currently, part of DC’s internationalization
and global engagement
plan is to incorporate general
elective courses into internationalization.
“One of our academic plans is
to continue internationalization
and global engagement initiatives.
We want to increase international
learning on campus,” says Popp.
DC’s plan is to increase studying
They have students in the
Community Integration through
Co-operative Education program
travelling to China to complete
internships for their program.
The school is working to recruit
Photograph by Kaatje Henrick
Katie Boone, manager of international projects at DC.
international students from more
Currently, Durham has 1,400
students from 61 different countries.
Murphy describes the Kenyan
opportunity for Durham students
and faculty in three words. “It’s
‘fricken’ awesome,” he says.
8 The Chronicle March 27 - April 2, 2018 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Community
Clarington's the apple of my eye
“I used to take my grandkids with
me to the family farm when it was
time to clean out the mill, I would
let my grandsons take all the extra
apple leftovers and feed the cows
and they loved it,” says Joe Van-
Beek, a man who worked for the
Geissbergers at their family farm
for over 30 years.
The Geissbergers are no strangers
to Oshawa, they have had
their feet planted here since 1925,
when grandpa - Hans Geissberger
came to Canada. Hans Geissberger
and his wife Emma came from Argos,
Switzerland. Right away, they
bought a dairy farm and started a
family in Clarington.
Grandpa Geissberger was a
dairyman but on their property was
a small apple orchard. He started
to collect the apples off the trees,
even off the ground and began to
make something out of them.
“No matter what the apples
looked like, we would pick them up
and use them to make the cider,”
says Gord Geissberger, a grandson
of Hans Sr. “Grandpa never
let anything go to waste.”
But Grandpa Geissberger
couldn’t do it on his own. A cousin
of the family helped out, Max Hebeisen.
He was a cousin of Hans
Geissberger Jr., the son of Hans.
Max was also the brains behind the
first ever cider mill. Hebeisen was a
craftsman from Switzerland, handy
in all mechanics and wood working.
He had designed the family’s
first-ever cider mill out of wood
“We would use mother’s tea
cloths as a strainer for the apples,”
says Garry Geissberger, another
grandson of Hans Sr.
“That’s how we did it back then,
but it’s a completely different system
now as it was when we were
little,” says Gord.
The grandsons now run the
family farm after their grandfather
who passed in 1992 and
their father’s death in 2006. Since
their father’s death, they’ve had to
upgrade machines, keep up with
health regulations and change the
ways of cider making.
In 2012, the family upgraded the
mill to a more modern and energy
A day in the life of cider making
changed completely when they
“Farmers used to come from
far and wide to have their apples
pressed in our machine,” says Garry.
One farmer used to come from
two and half hours away. The first
day he would come drop off the
apples then drive home. He would
come back the next day and pick up
the cider, says Gord. Now with the
new mobile cider mill, Garry and
Gord can travel to the farms and
Family and friends of the Geissbergers, who work on the farm, enjoy cider made in Clarington.
press their apples and have cider
ready for the farmers in less than
“What we now produce in one
day is what we use to produce in 3
or 4 days,” says Garry.
Even with upgrade to the mobile
mill, their days are long and tiring.
“Our days would consist of 10-14
hour days, from travelling to setting
up, to cleaning up. It wasn’t easy,”
Garry and Gord travel all across
Ontario. They visit farms ranging
from Kingston, all the way to Port
“It’s a lot of work, you think it
would be easy, just to pull in the
machine and then start pressing but
there’s a lot more steps than that,”
It takes about two hours to set up,
which includes: meeting the farmers,
figuring out where to put the
mill, and seeing where the tractor
can fit to bring in the apples.
Finding the right place to put the
mill is very important because you
need to be aware of where the waste
is going, says Gord.
“We were at the Brooklin fair
one year, and we were pressing
apples for families to watch and
learn. We had thought we had put
it in the right spot, but it turns out
our waste was going straight to the
dog show down the hill,” says Garry,
as he chuckles.
The next step is making the
cider, which usually takes about
Before putting apples in the mill,
the mill needs to be sanitized. Once
the mill is sanitized, the apples can
start the process of being pressed.
The steps of the mill:
The apples are washed through
Then dumped into the shredder
The softened apple pieces are
then sent through a tube and
dumped in the presser
They use a rack which is used
in the presser to squish the apple
The cider is then heated for abut
10-15 seconds in the heat pasteurizer
to ensure its 100 per cent safe
The cider is then packaged in a
bag and box style to ensure longer
lasting shelf life
After the product is finished and
the day is over, it’s time to clean up.
Cleaning up is another job which
takes about two more hours. The
mill needs to be sanitized and
washed down and the waste needs
to be disposed. Usually the farmers
use the leftovers to feed the animals
on the farm, or it gets used for compost.
“You think your day is over, but
after cleaning up, you have the trip
home, and you cross your fingers
that you don’t break down,” says
The new mobile mill was an upgrade
for the Geissbergers.
The first cider mill was made
from wood and steel, which worked
back then but overtime wood can
trap bacteria which can cause
people to become ill. The mobile
mill was an upgrade because it was
safer, better for the economy, and
a more energy efficient machine.
“The old mill that we used made
the same tasting cider, but the cider
would only have a shelf life of 14
days unless you freeze it,” says
Now using the mobile mill, the
cider we make has a shelf life of
three months once it’s opened,
and a one-year shelf life when unopened,
The mobile mill is also better for
the economy because it reduces the
number of greenhouse gases.
Using the older mill, the only
other option to keeping the apple
cider fresh is to freeze it or keep it
refrigerated, which uses electricity.
“The third main reason behind
greenhouse gases is electricity,”
says Gord, who learned that information
when they were upgrading their
Now with the new mill, the apple
cider has a shelf life long enough so
freezing or refrigeration of the cider
We usually produce about 120,000
litres of cider a season.
The new ‘bag and box’ routine
is also better for the environment
because the bags
and boxes are FSG approved.
FSG is a company that partners
with organizations to improve the
sustainability of the world’s natural
resources. They make sure the environment
stays healthy and lives
“Everything is FSG approved
with our bag and box routine and
it saves the environment, so it’s a
win for everybody,” says Garry.
The new cider mill makes accessibility
a lot easier for the brothers.
“We can now travel with the mobile
cider mill to make it easier for
farmers who live far away,” says
Garry. The old cider mill was stationary,
it was not so easy to roll
“I remember when the season
was over, and we had to roll it away
till next season. We had to lift up
the one side and put pipes under it,
Photograph supplied by Geissberger family
so we could roll the mill, but even
then, we had run from back to front
putting the pipe underneath to keep
it rolling,” says Gord.
“It was a pain in the butt,” says
Another bonus to the upgrade
was the speed of the machine, says
Gord. “We can produce three times
the amount of cider in one day as
we could with the older mill,” explains
Although with the new mill, we
only need three guys working the
machine at all times. This was upsetting
because we had a bunch of
guys working with us before, says
“We had our friends from high
school, who are now retired, helping
us with the older mill,” says
Gord. “The older mill needed at
least six guys working it at one time,
and it was like a family, they loved
VanBeek, a long-time friend of
the Geissbergers says, ““I loved
working the presser because I could
do whatever I wanted up there.”
With the mobile cider mill, the
brothers are able to work all year
“We usually produce about
120,000 litres of cider a season,”
With the old mill, the season
use to run from September to
December, but now the brothers
have constant access to the mill.
“It gets a little slower during January,
February but overall it’s all
year long and it gets quite busy in
October,” says Garry.
The family has been producing
cider for over 40 years and are still
creating new ideas.
“You couldn’t ask for kinder,
more honest people to work with,”
says VanBeek. “And as it goes for
grandpa Geissberger, he was one
What started as a backyard
hobby for a small family has turned
into something successful, environmentally
friendly and delicious.
Community chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 27 - April 2, 2018 The Chronicle 9
Four GO stations
coming to Durham
and Conner McTague
“This is a project I’ve worked
on since I’ve been in office,” says
Oshawa mayor John Henry.
“The traffic has always been a
problem at the GO station.”
Everyday at the Oshawa station
you’ll find a packed parking
lot, and hordes of commuters
running from to their cars to beat
traffic. “Everybody is in a hurry
to leave that station and it’s kind of
a nightmare,” said Henry.
The additional 160 spaces added
to the overflow lot has only put
a bandaid on the growing congestion
of commuters within the Durham
“If I was to go downtown tomorrow
morning and I had an 8
o’clock meeting,” said Henry. “I’d
have to be in the parking lot by
6:30 to get a parking space.”
However, in 2024, Oshawa will
not only have more parking spaces,
it’ll have three GO stations, and
two more stations that will pass
into Courtice and Bowmanville in
the largest infrastructure project
in Ontario’s history.
This expansion would see four
new GO stations added in Durham.
In Oshawa, the stations will
be at Thornton Road and at Ritson
Road, in place of the former
Knob Hill Farms grocery store,
which has been vacant for years.
“The foundry that was there
(before Knob Hill Farms) had a
significant part of the history of
Ontario,” said Henry.
But Henry is happy that it is
going to good use.
“When you can repurpose a
piece of property to move people
effectively, it makes a lot of
sense.”The other stations will be
at Courtice Road in Courtice and
Martin Road in Bowmanville.
Scott Money, Metrolinx’s
Transit Media Relations and
Issues specialist, says, “Metrolinx
is also expanding Lakeshore
East GO train service in Durham
Region to help manage congestion
and get more people moving
throughout the region.”
Stations in these areas have
been long awaited, especially in
Bowmanville. “The first news that
Bowmanville had for a train going
to Toronto was at the turn of last
century,” said Clarington mayor
Adrian Foster. “This is over a
hundred years in the making.”
“The Region of Durham is
supportive of this project. We see
the extension of GO Transit service
to Bowmanville as a good
news story,” says Tania Laverty,
Manager of Communications for
the Municipality of Durham. “We
are actively participating in this
Metrolinx initiative; it is a strategic
priority for the region.”
With Metrolinx projecting the
population of Durham Region
to grow by 90 per cent by 2041,
through 2011 Statistics Canada
census and the 2017 Growth Plan
for the Greater Golden Horseshoe,
the expansion becomes almost
necessary to provide proper
Dan Hoffman, real estate
agent for REMAX, says, “With
my experiences living and selling
in the Rouge (Hill). I would say at
least half of my clients move into
our area because of the GO train
“I have found that if you are
within walking distance to the
GO or a subway line that adds at
least $50,000 in value,” says Hoffman.
The project is expected to be
complete in 2024. This timeline
allows implementation of consultation,
planning and design, procurement
and construction of the
Part of this planning will involve
an initiative by Metrolinx to
make the trains more eco-friendly.
GO Transit has a goal to electrify
the trains on the Lakeshore
East line as part of the expansion.
“Electrification of the GO network
remains a top priority."
"This will bring substantial
benefits in terms of reducing
both transit operation costs and
environmental impacts,” said
Electrification and track
improvements may pave way for
rapid transit throughout the province,
something Canada lacks
compared to Europe, which has
high speed trains that connect
commuters throughout the continent.
For example, a Thalys
train can reach maximum speeds
of 320 km/h and transport travellers
from Paris, France to Brussels,
Belgium in just over an hour.
For comparison, it currently
takes an hour and three minutes
for commuters to go from Oshawa
GO to Union Station while travelling
at about 50 km/h.
Kathryn McGarry, Ontario’s
Minister of Transportation says,
“We’re continuing to move forward
on various ways to electrify
the service.”McGarry says they
are considering other ideas for
electrification of the rails, including
the use of a hydrogen fuel cell.
“It is a very exciting venture,” she
said. “There’s a lot of excitement
with the technology.”
“We recognize the need to do
more for climate change and reduce
congestion,” says McGarry.
“And also to promote innovation
and to develop new economic
opportunities in the GTHA when
it comes to green infrastructure.”
The Ontario Government led
by former premier, Dalton Mc-
Guinty, announced the MoveOntario2020
project on June 5, 2007,
which would fund 52 projects to
improve transit throughout Ontario,
starting in 2008 with the
goal of it being in place and fully
functional by 2020.
The plan fell under the umbrella
of Metrolinx’s project called
The Big Move, a regional transportation
The provincial government
promised to cover two-thirds of
the cost, about 11.5 of the projected
$17.5 billion cost, with the
federal government covering the
remaining six billion.
Metrolinx also forecast what
impact The Big Move would have
on the GTHA (City of Hamilton,
Toronto and the Halton, Peel and
Durham Region’s) once it’s in
place. With the plan, by 2031, 81
per cent of the GTHA would be
within 2 km of transit, compared
to 47 per cent without. The average
commuting time per person
would be 109 minutes per day
without the RTP, but with it, it
will be just 77 minutes per day.
It will have a positive environmental
impact, too. Metrolinx’s
2008 numbers showed the average
person contributed 2.4 tonnes
of transportation greenhouse gas
emissions. With the RTP, this
number will drop to 1.7 tonnes,
saving approximately 10,000
pounds of greenhouse emissions
Infrastructure includes a new
rail bridge over Highway 401,
Victoria Street, Champlain Avenue
and the proposed Consumers
Drive expansion in Whitby,
which began as early as 2009.
A Canadian Pacific rail corridor
expansion, three grade separations,
14 bridge expansions and
nine level crossing modifications
will also be included as part of the
These plans also included the
expansion of the Lakeshore East
Line, which currently runs from
Union Station in Downtown Toronto
to Oshawa GO Station.
GO Transit is already beginning
to feel the growth of the
Region, as the entire Lakeshore
East line had more than 1.1 million
boardings in October 2017,
up 2 per cent from October 2016,
Money says.The ultimate goal of
the expansion is to provide allday,
15-minute, two-way travel
between Oshawa and Union station.
The service will run seven
days a week, according to a presentation
released by Metrolinx’s
Chief Capital Officer, Peter Zuk.
A lot of work had to be done
between the City of Oshawa and
Clarington, Bowmanville’s mayor
says. “There’s a significant
amount of work that was done.”
“There was a lot of discussion
with the province about what the
benefits of doing this were,” said
McGarry, transport minister
says, “We decided to do some
more spending on transit to improve
the competitiveness of Ontario’s
communities, enhance productivity
and reduce time spent in
traffic and congestion.”
McGarry says it makes sense to
expand the rail lines because the
population of the GTHA is growing
by more than 100 thousand a
This expansion might not have
seen the light had another party
been in office (at the Provincial
level), says Foster.
“Whatever leadership is in the
PC party, their history has been to
not support infrastructure spending
in the province and they have
continued to vote against the investments,”
“Both opposition parties (PC
and NDP) to-date have not supported
a platform that has infrastructure
in it and has routinely
voted against the budget in the
last four years that contain the investments
for infrastructure planning.”
If the expansion goes according
to plan, Durham Region and
the GTHA will see new, improved
transit, connecting people to more
jobs, helping the economy grow
There’s many high density
developments near the proposed
Bowmanville station that will support
an increased population from
the new station.
It’s a much needed expansion
for a population which continues
to grow. “By 2024-25, much of
the GO rail system, including
the Lakeshore East line will be
dramatically improved, providing
new travel choices to Durham
residents,” says Money, Metrolinx’s
media relations specialist.
“There will be more stops
along the line, bringing more
transit options to Oshawa, Whitby,
Ajax, Pickering, Scarborough,
central Toronto and neighbouring
communities,” says Money.
“By avoiding highway traffic,
customers can be more confident
that they’ll get to where they need
to be, when they need to be.”
“We know we are accommodating
a wonderful municipality
that is really growing and thriving,”
Because of the work, both
finished and ongoing, between
Metrolinx, the Ontario Government,
MTO and the leadership
authority within Durham Region,
residents will see a long-awaited
GO Transit expansion in the
coming years, allowing them to
be more connected with their
communities, as well as the rest of
10 The Chronicle March 27 - April 2, 2018 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Community
Responding to human
This is part two of a three-part series on
human trafficking in Durham. Part three
will appear in Issue 11.
and Shanelle Somers
Human trafficking is an issue in
the Durham Region, but there are
organizations out there that are
trying to help. Whether it’s helping
girls become less vulnerable,
spreading awareness or providing
survivors with a safe place to sleep,
these organizations, more specifically,
these people are spending their
time doing what they can to help
present and future victims.
Cathy Tollefson is the executive
director of Global Family Canada.
Daughter Project Canada is
the anti-sexual exploitation arm of
The Daughter Project is an organization
for the “prevention,
intervention shelter and restoration
for young Canadian girls at
risk of sex trafficking and sexual
Global Family started in 2007
and two and half-years-ago, Global
Family started to help girls in Canada.
Before they raised money to
send to eight different countries to
help them end sexual exploitation
Tollefson says they realized, “it
wasn’t just about raising money to
send overseas, it was about addressing
the issue here.”
At first, it was just about raising
awareness, she says. They let the
public know trafficking is an issue
A woman being branded by her trafficker.
in Canada, then they started their
“We believe that the greatest effort
for prevention, is local people
reaching the local girls of their
community,” says Tollefson.
If local volunteers recognize the
issue and want to help, Daughter
Project partners with them to find
solutions in their community.
“Prevention will always be the
main focus of what we do because
we would much rather these atrocities
never happen,” says Tollefson.
Tollefson raises awareness
through social media, speaking
engagements and finding volunteers
to create programs in their
Cathy Tollefson, executive director of the Daughter Project Canada.
Tollefson says the root issue is
self-esteem, so they create girls club
to promote female empowerment.
“The number one things that
makes a girl vulnerable is low-value
and low self-esteem,” she says.
Daughter Project provides the
volunteers a curriculum which
includes building character, overcoming
obstacles, becoming a
woman and looking to the future.
Tollefson says, “If you want to
reach the girls in your community,
we want to do all that we can
to help you be successful at that.”
According to her, the average age
a girl gets trafficked is 12 to 14. She
encourages the volunteers to begin
mentoring girls at the age of eight.
That is also why the Daughter
Project wants to create an intervention
shelter for young girls.
There are three different types
of shelters: short-term emergency,
long-term restorative, and transitional.
The Daughter Project is planning
to build a “first-stage, emergency
shelter,” where girls who were just
taken from their captor can reside.
Global Family have opened 12 shelters
around the world. The latest
one opened in California.
In ten years, the organization
hopes to have at least one shelter
in every country they are involved
in. That way they can have prevention,
intervention and restoration in
Photograph by Shanelle Somers
Photo arranged by Shana Fillatrau
always be the
main focus of
what we do.
every place where they assist.
Tollefson went to the new shelter
in California, and after she
left, she was asked by the Global
Family founders to begin looking
into what a shelter would look like
in Canada. So, for the last year, she
has been working to open a shelter
At the moment, there isn’t a shelter
that is open to helping young
girls, since children 15-years-old
or younger would be referred to
the Children’s Aid Society and
they would not be allowed to stay
in a shelter. “Which sounds great,
but when it’s not the kind of care
designed to help young victims of
this kind of trauma, it’s not really
meeting the need of what they
need,” she says.
Tollefson says the Ontario government
is open to the idea of an
intervention shelter for minors and
that in Canada, according to statistics,
it’s going to take seven to ten
times for a girl to finally leave her
Therefore, Tollefson believes it’s
important for these girls to have
trained professionals who know
how to deal with the trauma that
A girl might have been rescued
after a month and the best thing
Community chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 27 - April 2, 2018 The Chronicle 11
trafficking in Durham
for her would be to get back to
her family, though another girl
might have been exploited for two
years and may be addicted to drugs
and alcohol. This girl would need
a long-term home. The Daughter
Project would work with each girl
to decide what’s best for her and
what her next step should be.
“We recognize that every girl,
every story will be different,” says
Tollefson who explains she doesn’t
know how long it will take, but The
Daughter Project are planning to
open the shelter in the GTA.
SafeHope Home is a long-term
home helping human-trafficking
victims reintegrate themselves into
SafeHope Home is a two-part
program. There is a day program
and a residence program. The girls
staying in the program are required
to participate in both. Six girls in
total participate in the program.
These girls are aged 16 to 29.
The day program is from 10-4,
and was started in May of last year.
There girls learn about self-esteem,
budgeting, and boundaries.
They do online learning, as well
as more fun activities, like horseback
riding. Volunteers are able to
come in. These volunteers teach the
girls activities like sewing.
There’s also a tattoo artist who
“un-brands” the girls by covering
up previous tattoos.
Girls are usually given tattoos
of their pimp’s name or a barcode.
The tattoo is put on a visible area
like the wrist or the neck.
After about nine months to a
year, the girls will enter the second
stage. This is when they will be
trained for the workforce, learning
After the girls are finished their
day program at 4 p.m., they then
go to their residence. The residential
aspect of Safe Hope opened in
A majority of the girls are on
Ontario Works (OW) or Ontario
Disability Support Program.
Since they have an income of
their own, they are taught to budget
their money and pay for their own
SafeHope Home adopted the
program of the SA Foundation.
The SA Foundation’s executive
director is a trafficking survivor.
According to the SA Foundation
website, “The SA Foundation is a
global non-profit organization that
provides long-term recovery and
development programs for women
and children who have been affected
by human trafficking and sexual
Dena is the program director at
SafeHope Home. She doesn’t want
her last name published for the safety
of the girls.
Dena gets all of the referrals.
Referrals are welcome from anywhere,
She interviews the girls several
times and decide if they are suitable
for the program. She also
books any appointments the girls
SafeHope Home also works with
Catholic Family services to provide
the girls trauma therapy.
Dena says it takes three to seven
years for the girls to be able to reintegrate
themselves into society.
Some of the girls have addictions
they need to get through as well.
If this is the case, the SafeHope
Home works with Pinewood to get
the girls the help they need.
In terms of Durham’s part in human
trafficking, Dena says Durham
is vulnerable to traffickers
because of the highway, the many
hotels between Oshawa and Pickering,
as well as the proximity to
In order to help the problem,
Dena says, “be very, very aware
of the signs. There are so many
signs, especially people with young
daughters in the 11, 12, 13-year-old
age range ... talk to them. Don’t
pretend it’s not happening.”
Dena says some of the signs are
expensive gifts, new friends they
Photograph arranged by Shana Fillatrau
'Boyfrienders' are much different from boyfriends. They walk the halls of Durham public schools looking for easy recruits.
Girls are usually given tattoos of
their pimp's name or a barcode.
haven’t met or a new boyfriend.
“I think a young girl is susceptible
to it. It doesn’t matter if
you come from a two-parent household
or a one-parent family home
or what your income is, I don’t
think that that has anything to do
with it. Not from what I see and
what I’ve seen,” she says.
According to Dena, most human-trafficking
victims have been
sexually abused before they were
What you can do to help? Dena
says, “Parents need to talk to their
kids about this, because it’s happening
and it’s a huge business.”
The common theme between
both organizations - human trafficking
is happening in Durham,
and it needs to be talked about for
any change to be made. Parents,
teachers, relatives and teenagers
need to know about it in order to be
protected. There is a way to prevent
it and there is a way out.
Photograph arranged by Shanelle Somers
The hands of 13-year-olds and 14-year-olds bringing awareness to the issue of human trafficking in Durham Region.
12 The Chronicle March 27 - April 2, 2018 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Community
art studio for all
Driving down Simcoe St. S., you
might have noticed two rockers
sitting outside a store called The
LivingRoom. Some might assume
it’s a furniture store, but if you
ever take the time to go in, you’ll
find something very different.
The LivingRoom is a community
art studio. People come to
make art, attend workshops, performances
and meet new people
says founder and executive director
of The LivingRoom, Mary
“We’re a part of something
called the Art Hive movement,”
Krohnert says. “We believe in
creating safe places where people
can come and share art for free in
the service of community development
and personal well-being.”
The LivingRoom started as a
collage group. Krohnert ran the
group in the back of a restaurant
in 2013. After a year, she got a
grant and opened The Living-
Room as a registered non-forprofit
in Nov. of 2014.
“As an artist, I have always
used art to heal, to express myself,
to connect with other people, so
at one point of my life I thought
that meant I would become an art
therapist,” Krohnert says. That’s
what led her to go to school and
become an art therapist, but the
work environment wasn’t for her.
“I found I didn’t fit into any
traditional, clinical settings. I’ve
been an artist for so long, that it
just didn’t feel right being in an
office all day,” Kronhert says.
She also found herself questioning
why everyone didn’t know
the skills that she had learned.
She thought people should know
how to take care of themselves
and express themselves through
art, Kronhert says.
“I start looking at a way to
combine art making and community
engagement and I discovered
the Art Hive movement.”
The Art Hive movement connects
community art studios
across Canada and throughout
the world. Together they push
forward the idea everyone is an
artist, making art is human behaviour
and by providing spaces
to create art strengthens communities.
The goal of the Art Hive movement
is to ‘create multiple opportunities
for dialogue, skill sharing,
and art making between people
of differing socio-economic backgrounds,
ages, cultures and abilities’,
the Art Hive website says.
Kronhert studied at Concordia
University under the founder of
the Art Hive movement, Dr. Janis
Timm-Bottos, to learn how to
create an art hive and to how to
“It was like this is it,” Kronhert
says. “Something where I could
still be any artist and I could be
with people in the community.”
The impact The LivingRoom
has had on Simcoe Street so far
has been positive. It has created
an economic impact on the local
business by providing foot traffic
to the mainly store front area
bring in more customers, Kronhert
“Since we’ve moved here, it’s
the first period where the stores
across the road there have been
constantly rented out,” Kronhert
says. “For a long time, apparently,
they had been closed and empty.”
The Livingroom has an Art
Shop that let’s community members
buy and sell art.
The impact isn’t just economic
either. It has an impact on community
members, according to
Kronhert. Not only do they get to
The LivingRoom, located on Simcoe St. S. by Memorial Park in Oshawa.
Mary Kronhert, the founder and executive director of the LivingRoom.
work in a studio with art supplies
at a pay-what-you-can rate, they
can also participate in workshops,
put on a workshop themselves and
branch out to meet new people in
Ceth Legere has been coming
to The LivingRoom as a regular
visitor since it first started. Legere
also volunteers at The Living-
Room occasionally to wash paint
brushes and clean up.
Thanks to the Art Shop at The
LivingRoom, Legere has been
able to sell artwork and branch
out online and attend their fundraising
events like Handmade
with Heart that the The Living-
Room puts on.
“It’s like the best place in Oshawa,”
Legere says. “It’s really safe
and understanding… we keep
this place a safe place, but we also
keep it really open and really honest
and communitive, it’s never
a judgement space, it’s always to
support the person that’s in the
Aside from that, Legere has
been given a space to be able to
feel safe and push past her social
Photograph by Cassidy McMullen
anxiety to make friends.
“It just feels like such a safe
space you can just talk to anyone
and have it be fine,” Legere says.
Liam Ward has been coming
to The LivingRoom with his
Mom since the beginning of 2017.
“It really helps me get into my
artistic side,” Ward says. “I, like,
walk back and forth and just look
at things and sometimes I figure
out stuff to put together.”
Ward uses his time at The
LivingRoom to make all sorts
of art, like plan Dungeons and
Dragons games and resurface
“You can do anything here,
even if you just wanted to sit down,
have a cup of, like, coffee and do
some school work they would be
perfectly fine with that, it’s just a
place for, like, community.”
Ward has been out of school
for the last two years because of
complications with scoliosis surgery
where hardwire was inserted
to straighten out and reinforce his
spine. He’s hoping to start going
to school again, even if it’s just one
class a week. For now, The LivingRoom
gives him a place to go
and do something.
“It’s a huge relief to come here,
I love it. It's a place where I can
relax and focus on something
other than my health issues for
once and I’ve made a lot of friends
here.” Ward says.
Ward has also started teaching
Dungeons and Dragons workshops
every last Sunday of the
month to introduce beginners to
the game and to teach them to become
dungeon masters, the person
who makes the quest and runs
“We used to come here once
a week but now we’re coming
as often as we can,” Ward says.
“I am disappointed this place is
closed two days of the week.”
Kathleen Finley has been coming
to The LivingRoom for a year
and a half now. She was living in
transitional housing nearby and
was out walking when she found
“It’s a place of comfort,” Finley
say. “The experience is really
Photograph by Cassidy McMullen
what you wanted it to be.”
Finley took a few months to
get used to the space. She started
off by going a couple times over
a couple months, but now she’s a
“This place is for, you know,
to find their own inner artist but
also to connect to people and get
dialogue going and build relationships,”
Finley says. “That was
very unique and I thought, I can’t
believe a place like this exists.”
Finley says it’s helped her tap
into her creativity. “A lot of it is
play for me, in a very different
way, in a creative way, so it taught
me it was okay to do that and to
be self-nurturing,” says Finley.
Finley loves nature and working
with the earth. In the summer
time, she works in the community
garden behind The LivingRoom.
“When I first found out they
had a yard, I jumped on board,”
She’s also known around The
LivingRoom as the yarn bomber.
She covered the portion of sidewalk
across the street with yarn
and experiments with different
The LivingRoom is run completely
on donations, grants and
fundraising events. Their fee is a
pay-what-you-can to use the space
and most of the art supplies. They
also offer workshops for free or at
a low cost to cover supplies.
“Every penny counts, every
dollar counts,” Kronhert says.
The LivingRoom has set up a
Patreon for online donations.
They also take donations of
art supplies and other essentials.
Some things they’re always in
need of is any type of glue, glitter,
dish soap, coffee and coffee whitener.
Fans of making art from found
things like broken chairs and
clothing, they like donations of
unusual things like fence posts or
“What the LivingRoom really
needs, is you,” Kronhert says.
“We want to meet you. Even
if you’re nervous, you have something
to offer to your community.”
Community chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 27 - April 2, 2018 The Chronicle 13
The modernization of libraries
“Libraries have always been about
giving people access to information
and access to knowledge, so
because of technology,” says Tracy
Munusami, Manager of Service
Excellence at the Oshawa Public
Library, “The way that access has
changed- it’s not through books
anymore, a lot of its online,”
This is one of many ways libraries
have modernized to keep up
and stay relevant in today’s society.
Other ways include adding maker
spaces, offering workshops and increasing
Libraries have always been a hub
for the communities they serve, but
in recent years they have changed
from the nostalgic libraries you remember
as a kid to digitized, modernized
Like many public services, such
as hospitals and schools, libraries
have had to modernize and digitize
through the Internet. This has
revolutionized the way libraries
run, from the collection catalogue
to the services they offer, to the
actual job of working at a library.
“The job has changed from just
using maybe a couple of tools like
a library catalogue in an index to
find information, to knowing all
the different places information
could be and knowing how to use
all that different technology to access
it,” says Susan Pratt, program
coordinator of the Librarian and
Information program at Durham
Many libraries, including the
Oshawa Public Library and Whitby
Public Library, have made their
catalogue available for sign out
online or offer services that would
allow the user to download content
from the Internet with their library
cards. From e-books and audio
books to magazine subscriptions,
to movie streaming services, many
libraries have made it all digital.
With the digitization of libraries,
residents don’t even need to leave
the house to use services if they
have Internet and a library card.
“Everyone lives really busy lives
so having our books, our music
and movies, and audio books and
magazines available online makes
it more accessible for people so they
don’t have to come in,” says Munusami.
While the Internet has encouraged
libraries to offer more online
services, it has also changed one of
the notable services libraries were
known to provide: research. Libraries
used to be a primary source for
researching whatever you needed.
Through the advancements in
the Internet and open data, one
can now research wherever and
“Maybe 10 years ago, 15 years
ago, 20 years ago, whatever, there
were certain places you looked
for information. You’d look in the
book catalogue to find books and
you’d look in a periodic index to
find journal articles and that was
it. Now there’s so many more places
students have to look for information,”
However, not all library workers
agree researching purely on
the Internet is the best way to find
information.“I do think a lot of
people will just go onto Google
right now and just type in a regular
generic search and kind of go
with whatever they get. Whereas if
you came into the library, library
staff could actually help you drill
down that information and try to
find you more specific details or
broaden your search even more
and give you more information
that maybe you weren’t aware of,”
says Jennifer Green, Manager of
Collections Support at the Oshawa
Because fewer people seem to be
using the library for research, they
have had to change their programs
“When I started there were a lot
more reference, in-house use type
of sources. And now our reference
collection, our reference budget is
much smaller because the Internet
is…serving that role that the
print reference used to serve,” says
Donna Bolton-Steele, Reference
Department Head who has been
working at the Whitby Public Library
for 17 years.
Libraries have changed from
a place of research to a place of
recreation. Many libraries now
offer many programs or other
services that aren’t just books or
reading. Both Oshawa Public Library
and Whitby Public Library
offer computer workshops, 3D
printing, Wi-Fi hotspots and children’s
programs, such as story time.
They also both have variations of
a maker space, which is a crafting
area for both traditional crafts and
“We do a lot more programming
than we once did, recognizing our
role is not just the stuff and material
on our shelves, it’s what people do
with the stuff and how they come
together that makes it most valuable,”
According to Munusami, from
the Oshawa Public Library, children’s
programming is very popular
and the library offers many
different services and programs
She attributes the success of these
programs to two things: the nostalgia
parents feel for libraries and
the fact that modern libraries offer
a safe place for children to learn
however they want.
“There’s a variety of different
ways to learn different things and
I think that’s the biggest thing for
kids- is to have that ability to pick
and choose how they receive information,”
If library programming has
changed, does that mean their
content has also changed? While
libraries now offer various ways
of consuming content, from audio
books to DVDs. Both Steele-Bolton
from the Whitby Public Library
and Green from the Oshawa Public
Library agree that clients will always
have their favourites despite
“We definitely have people here
who like what they read. They’ll
pick a specific author and if they
like them, they will want to read
everything that the author has written,”
Green acknowledges the various
reading trends over the years,
listing the Twilight series and Fifty
Shades of Grey as examples. Right
now, a genre known as “Domestic
Thrillers” are popular and, according
to Green, are inspired by
Gillian Flynn’s Gone Girl. Graphic
novels have also seen a significant
increase in demand. However,
there is one fan base that hasn’t
changed that much, according to
Green. “Mystery readers are very
particular in the books they want to
take out. They know all the different
series that they have, they like
their authors and they know what
the authors are coming out with
other books,” says Green.
To be a great community space,
a library must be accessible. Public
libraries must adhere to Accessibility
for Ontarians with Disabilities
Act (AODA) standards which
make sure services are accessible
for people with disabilities. “Accessible
customer service is good customer
service,” says Steele-Bolton
Both Oshawa and Whitby Public
Libraries offer various accessibility
services including large print
books, computers with screen readers,
audio books. The Whitby Public
Library offers JAWS, a popular
screen reader, adjustable desks and
walkers or wheelchairs clients can
Photographs by Aly Beach
(From left) Tracy Munusami, manager of service excellence and Jennifer Green, manager of collections support, from the Oshawa
The inside of the Oshawa Public Library (left) and the Whitby Public Library.
Photographs by Aly Beach
use in the library if needed.
“When we’re designing our
spaces, we have accessibility in
mind. We’re always upgrading,”
The Oshawa Library has recently
completed renovations to make
the library itself more accessible.
“The library was built in 1954.
Back then there weren’t any legislations
or policies in place for buildings
to be accessible so we’re updating
that now,” says Munusami.
Libraries act as hubs for the
community they are part of. They
offer residents a safe, warm place
to spend time for little to no money.
But like everything else with libraries,
the idea of being community
hubs has been updated.
“I think a lot of people used the
library before to meet friends, as
a local meeting place for group
studies…But I think now more
people are coming here to just
kind of relax and they will just sit
around, they’ll read a book, read a
magazine…” says Green from the
Oshawa Public Library.
In Whitby, Steele-Bolton says,
“The focus is less on the collections
and more on the people we serve.”
“The library is a place where
people come together, it’s really
important. Especially in a busy
commuter place where there isn’t
that time to meet your neighbours,”
Munusami from the Oshawa
Public Library notes that libraries
acting as community spaces is important
as it helps support members
of the community that may be socially
“A lot of the interactions that
customers have with the staff are
for socialization. They’re not to
ask about information. I mean they
do, but a lot of the time it’s to ask
about their day or to have someone
to connect with because not everyone
has that social network,” says
The best way to support your
local library is to use it. Whether
you need to research or you’re just
looking to hangout in a cool place
with free Wi-Fi, your local library
has something for everyone.
“Our role is not just the stuff and
material on our shelves, it’s what
people do with the stuff and how they
come together that makes it most valuable,”
14 The Chronicle March 27 - April 2, 2018 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca
chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 27 - April 2, 2018 The Chronicle 15
16 The Chronicle March 27 - April 2, 2018 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca
Community chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 27 - April 2, 2018 The Chronicle 17
Soldiers marching in Oshawa (left) and the old Oshawa Armoury (right).
Photos from The Thomas Bouckley Collection, The Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa.
The R.S. McLaughlin Armoury
The land where we stand is the traditional
territory of the Mississauga's of
Scugog Island First Nations. Uncovering
the hidden stories about the land our community
is built on, is what the Chronicle's
new feature series, the Land Where We
Stand, is about.
Tiago de Oliveira
It’s the eleventh day of September.
The year is 1971. A parade of soldiers
come marching down Simcoe
Street in Oshawa. They are part of
a hundred-man Guard of Honour
from the Ontario Regiment sent to
show respect to the Honorary Colonel,
Robert Samuel McLaughlin.
It is his 100th birthday.
McLaughlin received the salute
while the parade passed his
home, Parkwood Estate. Ontario’s
Lieutenant-Governor at the time,
W. Ross MacDonald, read a
birthday greeting to McLaughlin
from Queen Elizabeth II as several
military commanders in attendance
People think of Oshawa as an
autoworker's town. The rich heritage
of Oshawa is best explored
through the historical sites built
around the city. The R. S. Mc-
Laughlin Armoury on Simcoe is
a gateway to understanding the
vast complexity of the community's
Oshawa’s industrial reputation
is slowly being replaced with a
richer cultural background, according
to Jeremy Neal Blowers,
the executive director of the Ontario
“As that industrial footprint
has been shrinking, the city has
really both on the community
level and in the highest levels of
political leadership has really put
an emphasis on culture, and heritage,”
said Blowers, who believes
the city of Oshawa is currently going
through a renaissance period.
The armoury's namesake and
founder of General Motors Canada,
Colonel McLaughlin, was
not just a successful capitalist but,
along with his family, has deep
roots in philanthropic works that
entrenched his legacy in Canadian
The McLaughlin Armoury
boasts a proud history. As a heritage
site, it is part of several of Oshawa's
milestone moments as a city,
and the Ontario Regiment calls
the armoury home.
R. S. McLaughlin was made
Honorary Lieutenant-Colonel of
the Ontario Regiment on November
1, 1920. He held that position
until 1931 when he was made
Many soldiers had begun using
the affectionate nickname, “Colonel
“It was actually because of
his efforts we were able to stay
alive during the Great Depression,”
said Sara Jago, among her
responsibilities she manages reception
at the Ontario Regiment
Jago said the regiment has
been able to persist to this day due
“Unlike the ivory tower elitist
sort of thing, if you look at the way
the McLaughlins lived, they were
always in the community and always
giving,” said Blowers, sitting
in his antique office chair at the
Ontario Regiment Museum.
“Their house was open to so
many people in the community…
The officers of Camp X would
often come there on weekends and
use his billiard room. Have some
drinks and cigars on the house,”
By 1967, McLaughlin had become
the longest serving colonel
in Canadian history.
McLaughlin was also given
the highest Canadian honour, the
Companion of the Order of Canada
“Not many Canadians are recipients
of it and how you get that
is for exceptional and extraordinary
service within your community,”
said Jago, as she delivered a
tour of McLaughlin’s section at
the museum. “It’s one of the highest
civilian awards, if not the highest.”
Situated on Simcoe and Richmond
Street, the armoury is a
mass of brick, layered on stone
foundation. The armoury is large,
and with its imposing figure looks
more like a castle, standing out in
the downtown landscape.
The Oshawa Armoury opened
in 1914. Sam Hughes, the Minister
of Militia and Defence from 1911
to 1916, accelerated construction
efforts due to the threat of World
When Oshawa was first designated
as a city in March of 1924,
Oshawa Mayor W. J. Trick gave a
speech outside the hall of the Oshawa
Bands marched in the street
and there was a 25-gun salute.
Later that evening, a dance was
held inside to commemorate the
In the same year, a war memorial
to commemorate those who
had fallen in the Great War was
unveiled in what is now known as
Memorial Park in Oshawa.
To this day, members of the
Ontario Regiment, as well as war
veterans, congregate at the R. S.
McLaughlin Armoury as part of
the Remembrance Day tradition.
“We’ve gone many times over
the years and you wouldn’t get
the turnout that you get now. But
since the Afghanistan war, that’s
had a major impact on the civilians
for the army.
They just cheer,” said Warrant
Officer David Mountenay who
served in the Ontario Regiment
and now works at the Ontario
Mountenay has fond memories
of the Remembrance Day parade
route and the lives he touched
through his service.
He met a little girl on the way
to Memorial Park.
“The mother brought her over
to me and she said, ‘She wanted to
thank a soldier,’ It makes me cry.
She gave this to me and she had
written, ‘Thank you,’” Mountenay
The regiment has seen fighting
in both world wars as well as
deployment in Afghanistan. The
regiment was an infantry battalion
up until the second World War
when it was designated as the 11th
Canadian Armoured Regiment.
“We were one of the first in the
second World War regiments that
went armour,” said Mountenay.
However, according to Mountenay
the government in typical
fashion hadn’t actually purchased
the tanks after designating the
regiment as “armoured.”
“R.S McLaughlin was good
friends with General Worthington…
McLaughlin had the
dough,” said Mountenay.
Someone had to buy tanks for
the newly designated armoured
division, but the government
wasn’t spending a lot of money at
“They went to the U.S. and
bought a trainload of these (Renault
tanks) for training at Camp
The stories of the soldiers from
the Ontario Regiment and those
from Oshawa are well documented
in war diaries. What follows
is an account of fighting on
the frontlines in France from July
Pte. W.M. Johnson, No. 1.
Lewis Gunner, went with his crew
up the gully in the slag heap, and
swept the top of the same. He
fired all his pans, and got more,
and although two of his men were
wounded, he kept the enemy at
bay on the slag heap, and when his
ammunition was running out, and
men were being killed and wounded,
he withdrew, fighting and covering
the posts as he withdrew. He
brought in his Lewis Gun, thoroughly
exhausted, but full of fight.
Now forty-six years after the
death of McLaughlin, it is difficult
to go anywhere in Oshawa without
recognizing his legacy, and the
impact he had on the community.
“Even in the past decade, a lot
of special events are held at the armoury,”
Blowers said. As the director
of the regiment’s museum,
his responsibilities are to oversee
the preservation of Durham’s military
history. “The armoury is
on the parade route for a certain
reason, for reviewing the troops or
saluting the flag. Civic events are
there as well as military events…
It has always been a focal point…
It’s right there on Simcoe street,
right in the heart of the old center
The armoury and the history
behind it stands testament to the
fact that Oshawa is far more than
a town where cars are made.
Follow us @DCUOITChronicle and
use #landwherewestand to join the conversation,
ask questions or send us more
18 The Chronicle March 27 - April 2, 2018 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Community
Windfields, a majestic farm
The land where we stand is the traditional
territory of the Mississaugas of
Scugog Island First Nation. Uncovering
the hidden stories about the land our community
is built on is what the Chronicle's
new feature series, the Land Where We
Stand, is about.
It’s 1966 in Yorkville. The community
is small, the central shops
are buzzing, and the live band is
playing at the theatre. Families
are skating at the rink downtown
and Don Mills Shopping Centre
has just opened. Amidst this quaint
little community stands a majestic
A swish, swish, swish sounds as
she runs into the lush field. Two
little girls follow behind. It’s a Saturday
The sounds of horses emerge.
A slow creak of the door sounds
as it opens and Marleen Keenan
and her friends are in awe of what
stands before them.
A race horse. Many race horses.
This is the land of E.P. Taylor
and Windfields Farm.
Between 1966 and now, the land
where E.P. Taylor’s famous horse
Northern Dancer raced across the
fields has been developed.
What stands there now is a
growing subdivision community,
two post-secondary campuses and
slated plans for a new shopping
This is the northern end of the
city and the gateway to the 407
ETR Highway and residential,
academic and retail development
has changed this landscape.
Most people at Durham College
know E.P. Taylor’s as a campus pub
but the businessman, entrepreneur
and philanthropist Edward Plunkett
‘E.P.’ Taylor is known for his
contributions to the horse racing
He owned Canada’s largest
thoroughbred farm and turned
his 1500-acre property into the National
Stud Farm after purchasing
the land from automobile titan R.S.
McLaughlin, founder of General
The farm was later named
Stretching long from Rossland
Rd. N. to Winchester Rd. in Brooklin,
Ont., and wide from Simcoe
Rd. to Thornton Rd. Oshawa,
Windfields Farm was home to
famous race horses.
Multiple stables, farm houses,
and a race track stood on the land
at Windfields Farm. The land here
was used to train horses.
A race horse named Northern
Dancer grazed the fields of both
the E.P. Taylor Estate at Bayview
Avenue in North York and Windfields
Farm in Oshawa.
The E.P. Taylor Estate stables
is where Marleen Keenan and her
friends stood in awe of the race
horse back in 1966.
“We’d cut through the property
on our way home from school and
run through the fields of the estate
hoping to catch a glimpse of the
race horses,” says Keenan, who was
eight at the time.
Northern Dancer became a
world historical figure after winning
the Kentucky Derby in 1964
and later passed away in 1990.
The Canadian Horse Racing
Hall of Fame online has an entire
tab devoted to Northern Dancer.
Linda Rainey of the Canadian
Horse Racing Hall of Fame says
the tab on the website was put up in
honour of Northern Dancer’s 50th
anniversary in 2014.
In the Kentucky Derby, every
horse entered can be tracked back
to Northern Dancer, says Rainey
who goes on to say Northern Dancer
was not only a great horse but
“I have a fond memory driving
with my parents by the farm
and my father pointed out that’s
where Northern Dancer lived,”
says Rainey. “It was just a magical
Author Muriel Lennox’s book
Northern Dancer: The Legend
and His Legacy, says, “He transcended
horse racing, and truly
captured the hearts of all of Canadians
as they followed his relatively
short race career – 18 races in
Lennox says Northern Dancer
overcame early rejection and
physical immaturity to make history
while gallantly capturing the
Kentucky Derby (the world’s most
famous race) and the Queen’s Plate.
Northern Dancer became one of
the most successful stallions whose
influence still dominates.
Aside from the rich history in
horse racing, the Taylor family was
also instrumental in the entrainment
of the royal family during
their visits to Canada.
Today, the Queen stays at the
Royal York downtown Toronto on
Front St. but in the past, Keenan’s
grandmother and mother lined
Leslie St. in North York waiting to
get a glimpse of Queen Elizabeth
II and other royal family members
entering Taylor’s estate.
Taylor’s elite status in the business
world and race horsing business
allowed him access to the royal
family. But that success has begun
to fade into history. By the 1960s,
subdivision development was beginning
to intrude into the land of
the Bayview estate as North York
was looking to develop on the estate
E.P. Taylor and his wife decided
to sell for 13.7 million and Morenish
Land Developments Ltd. began
I have a fond memory...
it was just a magical place.
One of the last remaining stables at Windfields Farm.
development. The estate itself was
has been preserved and houses the
Canadian Film Centre.
Most of the horse breeding and
development then moved to Oshawa
at Windfields Farm and soon
development companies began to
encroach on that land too.
A Tribute subdivision community
was built on a portion of the
land north of Conlin Rd. in the early
2000s. Many of the subdivision
streets were named after the race
horses bred on Windfield Farms.
Names like Seabiscuit, Winlord,
Pilgrim, Secretariat, and Northern
Dancer all anchor each street as
you drive through the subdivision.
After E.P Taylor’s death in 1989,
the farm was left in the hands of
Taylor’s son Charles.
Charles eventually made the
decision to sell 250-acres of the
property to Gary Polonsky, former
Durham College president.
In an Oshawa This Week article
from 2004, Gary Polonsky says
the process took several years to
acquire the first 150- acres due to
the complicated legal nature of E.P.
Overall it took 12 years of relationship
building, which Polonsky
says turned into a friendship with
The Oshawa This Week article
says Polonsky had estimated as
much as 300-acres may become
available for purchase.
Today, DC and UOIT own more
than 800-acres of the Windfields
farm land which includes the stables
and famous race horse grave
Many Oshawa residents became
upset when pictures emerged of the
Windfields Farm land owned by
UOIT in 2012. Northern Dancers’
grave had been forgotten.
Weeds had taken over and the
buildings were decaying.
Jennifer Weymark, the archivist
for the Oshawa Museum says,
“Many people were upset with state
the grave site was in and they were
upset with the city even though the
city did not own the land.”
UOIT released a statement to
the public on its university website
“The University of Ontario Institute
of Technology (UOIT), as part
of its commitment to proactively
preserve historic components of
Windfields Farm in Oshawa, is
Photograph by Shanelle Somers
working with the City of Oshawa,
Heritage Oshawa and the Windfields
Community Group (WCG)
to ensure stewardship of the property,”
says the UOIT website.
Today, the grave sites have
been preserved along with the
old farmhouse, stable, and barn
on the land. However, the land
is hard to find and is not publicly
What’s left of the farm, is now
tucked away behind private property
and no trespassing signs.
As land from Windfields Farm
was sold off to academics and subdivision
building, another portion
of the farm property is now owned
by developer, RIOCAN.
A quick Google search of
Windfields Farm will bring you to
the big plans for the property as
the second search result.
RIOCAN plans to build a
massive regional retail site.
The site will accommodate up
to 1.5 million square foot in retail
space which equals 26 football
It’s 2018 in Oshawa. The community
is large, road expansion is
changing the landscape, development
is creeping closer, the race
track is demolished.
“Oshawa has grown and
changed so much since I worked
there,” says Marleen in her cottage
home up north.
But back in Oshawa is a piece
of history forgotten.
All is quiet. And all is hidden
behind a private property sign.
This is the land where we stand.
Follow us @DCUOITChronicle
and use #landwherewestand to join the
conversation, ask questions or send us
Community chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 27 - April 2, 2018 The Chronicle 19
How RMG shaped art
culture in Oshawa
The land where we stand is the traditional
territory of the Mississaugas of
Scugog Island First Nation. Uncovering
the hidden stories about the land
our community is built on is what the
Chronicle's new feature series, the Land
Where We Stand, is about.
The Robert McLaughlin Gallery
(RMG) has the biggest artistic
contribution to the Durham Region
for over 50 years. Its sole purpose
as an artistic hub in Durham
Region is to connect, explore and
engage the community through
contemporary and modern Canadian
Founded in 1967 by Ewart
McLaughlin, grandson of Robert
McLaughlin, and wife Margaret
(painter Alexandra Luke), RMG’s
goal from its opening day has been
to showcase local talent and build
a gallery of formidable Canadian
RMG is host to many famous
Canadian art pieces, but also
showcases various exhibits featuring
local indigenous artists acknowledging
its traditional land of
the Mississaugas of Scugog Island
First Nation. Sonya Jones, the associate
curator for the gallery, says
RMG puts forth constant effort
to involve local First Nation communities
in exhibits and events,
because cultural exposure is key.
“They were here first. That’s
why before we open any public
event we do a lands claim, acknowledging
the land of the Mississaugas.
That’s so key to everything,”
Jones says. “They were
here first and they need to feel
that we are acknowledging them
as a key component of our community
In 1952, Alexandra Luke, a
painter from Oshawa, organized
an exhibition of abstract Canadian
art that opened in Oshawa
at Adelaide House in October.
The collection had the distinction
of being the first exhibition of abstract
painting to be assembled in
Canada, by Canadian artists, on a
national scale devoted exclusively
to this art form.
She continued to donate money
to the gallery and works from her
own collection. Until died in 1967
from ovarian cancer, the year
RMG officially opened,
Before her involvement in creating
what we know as the gallery
today, Luke was born in Montreal
in 1901. She attended Columbia
Hospital for Women and graduated
as a nurse in 1924. This added
to her art style and would help
influence the abstract expressionism
movement she became apart
of during World War II, where
artists such as Pablo Picasso and
Jackson Pollock became prominent
abstract artists. Shortly after,
she returned to Oshawa where
her Montreal-native family had
its roots. She married Clarence
Ewart McLaughlin, grandson of
Robert McLaughlin, in 1928.
Following the exhibition organized
by Luke in 1952, Simpson’s
Department Stores (now
popularly known as Hudson’s Bay)
sponsored an abstract art exhibit
in Toronto, Canada, titled Abstracts
at Home. At the time, seven
artists participated: Alexandra
Luke, Jack Bush, Oscar Cahén,
Tom Hodgson, Ray Mead, Kazuo
Nakamura, and William Ronald.
They decided to collaborate and
work together as a newly founded
artistic group. After holding their
first meeting in Oshawa with four
other new members, the Painters
Eleven was formed.
The first public exhibition
showcasing work by the Painters
Eleven was held in February 1954
at the Roberts Gallery in Toronto.
The appeal of this group’s artistic
style was in the fact that none of
them held similar styles or vision
in abstract artistry. Instead, they
collaborated their different styles
into unique paintings.
Luke’s involvement in the abstract
and her exposure to different artistic
styles during her time with the
Painters Eleven was what shaped
the gallery itself. As a major donor
giving both money and art pieces
to the gallery, Luke was one of the
biggest contributors and has her
own section of the gallery dedicated
in her name. The concept
of collaborating unique styles into
one whole is what made RMG the
place it is today, bringing different
cultures and communities together
into one large showcase of Canadian
The uniqueness of different
Outside the Robert McLaughlin Gallery in Oshawa.
paintings is still reflected in the
gallery’s community collaboration
today. RMG shares a similar
vision of collaborating different
artistic styles into its gallery. The
key aim for RMG is to not only incorporate
different art forms and
styles in the gallery, but different
cultures in various showcases in
the area. Jones says that local artists
across Ontario are the reason
RMG is the gallery it is today.
“We have changed in many
ways over the years. Now, we have
a collection of 4,600 art works,”
Jones says. “We show local artists.
[RMG] was started by local
artists to open an Oshawa-based
gallery. Local artists gave us financial
support. They founded us,
and our past and present is shaped
Over the years, the gallery itself
has gone through many changes
in the community. In 1987,
and $5.4 million expansion was
Photograph by Alex Clelland
commissioned to give RMG the
space to meet the growing needs
and changes of the community
“Over the years, we have fostered
our history in different ways
and expanded our audience to include
national artists to give our
community a different perspective.
But at the end of the day,
the thing that has shaped us and
made us who we are is the artists.
We wouldn’t be who we are without
artists,” says Jones. For those
who wish to learn more about the
gallery, RMG hosts its monthly
“RMG Fridays” event on the first
Friday of every month, and the
gallery currently has an exhibition
on Alexandra Luke going on
until January 2018.
Follow us @DCUOITChronicle and
use #landwherewestand to join the conversation,
ask questions or send us more
Courtesy of The Robert McLaughlin Gallery Archive
Courtesy of The Robert McLaughlin Gallery Archive
Courtesy of The Robert McLaughlin Gallery Archive
Ewart McLaughlin, husband of painter
Alexandra Luke and a founder of the RMG.
The Painters Eleven, an abstract painting group from 1952 that
helped shaped the RMG to what it is today.
Alexandra Luke, a member of the Painters
Eleven and founder of the RMG.
20 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 27 - April 2, 2018 The Chronicle Community
From factory to UOIT: 61 Charles Street
The land where we stand is the traditional
territory of the Mississaugas of
Scugog Island First Nation. Uncovering
the hidden stories about the land our community
is built on is what the Chronicle's
new feature series, the Land Where We
Stand, is about.
At lunchtime inside 61 Charles
Street, one of UOIT’s buildings in
downtown Oshawa, students cluster
around glossy beige tables and
window-side couches. They sip coffee
while they work on assignments,
or chat with friends about whatever
they’ve been watching on Netflix.
Inside the same building, more
than 100 years ago, a different
band of people would have eaten
lunches and made conversation
with friends—underwear factory
The history of the building at 61
Charles Street is rich and varied,
and reflects a broader history of the
city and its downtown core.
By the end of the 1800’s, Oshawa
had begun to establish itself as a
local industrial hub.The city had
its fair share of powerful industrial
tenants by the start of the twentieth
In 1903, 61 Charles Street became
home to a factory owned by
a Canadian manufacturing giant—
the T. Eaton Company. Like many
other buildings in Oshawa’s downtown,
it was originally constructed
for industrial purposes, in sharp
contrast to the current, repurposed
facility UOIT operates today.
At the time the first workers were
brought into the building, the T.
Eaton Company was quickly becoming
Canada’s leading department
store. Eaton’s operated the
building as a textile factory, manufacturing
mainly ladies’ clothing
items, including bras and undergarments.
Women made up most of the
work force at Eaton’s underwear
factory, which operated until 1917,
according to historical records.
That year, it was sold to the William
Millichamp’s Oriental Textile
Company to serve as a space
to manufacture fabrics for automobiles.
By this time in history, General
Motors had become a permanent
feature of the local economy. 61
Charles St. was no exception and
many of their fabrics went toward
manufacturing seats for the company.
As recent as December 2017,
UOIT has fostered partnerships
with General Motors, so the trend
of collaboration continues even
After just one year of operations
An archival image of 61 Charles Street, combined with a current picture.
under the Oriental Textile Company,
a fire tore through the building,
completely decimating the interior.
Historical records show the
blaze occurring in April of 1918.
Undeterred, Millichamp rebuilt
the factory and, by 1921, had
achieved moderate success.
By the early 1930’s, Oshawa had
begun to feel the effects of the nation-wide
Oriental Textiles Company fell
victim to the economic crisis, and
ceased operations at 61 Charles St.
in 1934. The building began to represent
the economic decline of the
area, and Oriental’s former workers
felt the burn of unemployment
which had scorched the nation.
The building remained vacant
for some time following the closure
of Oriental. It was bought and
sold a handful of times to various
enterprises, each with little success.
In 1939, for instance, the building
at 61 Charles St. was purchased
by a Pennsylvania-based company
that manufactured glass bottles—
Knox Glass Company. According
to records, Knox operated
the company for just over a year,
manufacturing “a number of wine,
soda, vinegar, sauce and mayonnaise
The company’s supply of bottles
quickly surpassed demand for
them, and the property was sold
to the Dominion Glass Company,
who “continued to sell the existing
stock of bottles until 1942.”
When Canada entered the
Second World War, General Motors
Canada halted regular production
at its factories, instead they
manufactured war vehicles to assist
the Allied forces overseas. Oshawa
had become an integral part of the
Canadian war effort.
As the war raged on, 61 Charles
St. was purchased by General
Motors. The facility played a role
in making parts for General Motors
vehicles such as the Otter armoured
When the war ended, General
Motors was ready to sell off wartime
assets like 61 Charles St.
In 1946, on the precipice of the
post-war economic boom, Alger
Press Limited opened a printing
and bookbinding company in the
Alger would be the longest tenant
of the building, operating there
even think it was
in the same area.
Photograph by John Cook
Materials printed in the new,
so-called “Alger Press Building”
included local newspapers, periodicals,
textbooks, and novels.
Margaret Leach began working
for Alger Press starting in 1980.
She found work in the packing
department of Alger Press’ downtown
facility. She says work was
steady, but labour-intensive.
“The men did all the heavy lifting…
Women did the packing and
made sure everything was ready to
be shipped out,” said Leach.
After a long run in the Charles
Street building, Alger Press declared
bankruptcy in 1993, stopping
the presses for good.
A variety of factors contributed
to Alger’s demise including
changing technology, increased
free trade with the United States
and a serious economic recession.
For the remainder of the 1990’s,
61 Charles St. was used mostly for
miscellaneous storage, and gave
the appearance of an abandoned
In 2006, Oshawa city council
agreed to designate the “Alger
Press Building” as a class-A Oshawa
heritage site, which provides
legal protection from it being torn
UOIT agreed to purchase the
building in 2009 as part of their
plan to expand the downtown
campus. An expansive renovation
process took place over the following
The current building at 61
Charles St. is a fully functioning,
three-story educational complex,
with classrooms, study spaces, a
student services centre, and a library
dedicated to social science
and humanities. It first opened to
students in 2010, but had a grand
opening ceremony in March 2011.
Importantly, UOIT retained
much of the building’s historical
charm during the renovation process.
Critically, the looming metal
smokestack at the East side of the
building was also retained. In 2011,
Joe Stokes, a representative of the
university, said there was talks of
restoring the smokestack at a later
Leach got a chance to see the
new Alger Press building this year,
and was blown away by the transformation.
“Everything looks so clean,” she
said. “The floors used to be covered
in sawdust and scrap papers.
I hardly recognize it anymore.
You wouldn’t even think it was in
the same area,” said Leach of the
sweeping changes to the exterior.
The old service elevator, which
was raised and lowered by manually
pulling levers, is the site of the
modern student services offices.
The main entrance for students and
visitors was once the side door for
the factory’s top brass and foremen.
According to Leach, the old
Alger Press building had a large
basement, used mostly for storage.
However, during UOIT’s restoration
of the building, the basement
was rendered inaccessible, and
no longer exists on the building’s
“Good,” said Leach. “I never
liked it down there anyway.”
UOIT’s building at 61 Charles
St. is vastly different from previous
iterations of the structure. Although
similar in appearance, the clientele
utilizing the space has dramatically
It had always served its purpose
as a factory—a centre for manufacturing
It still serves mostly the same
purpose today. Just instead of
underwear and newspapers, modern
production chiefly yields highly-skilled
university graduates and
From underwear to undergrads,
61 Charles St. remains an important
part of downtown Oshawa’s industrial
history, and a part of our
Follow us @DCUOITChronicle and
use #landwherewestand to join the conversation,
ask questions or send us more
Campus chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 27 - April 2, 2018 The Chronicle 21
Do you know the signs of pernicious anemia?
“I started taking meals up to my room because
I didn’t want to eat in front of people,”
says Teresa Avvampato, a professor at Durham
College who woke up with Bell’s Palsy
at the age of 19.
Avvampato was in the first year of Health
and Sciences at Western University. She was
living a normal student life. She worked at the
local bar as a bartender, she had a boyfriend
and many friends.
“I remember being out the night before
in my home town,” says Avvampato. “I had
said something to my mom about my mouth
not working right, and she just blew it off.”
The following morning Avvampato woke
up with no feeling in half of her face. It wasn’t
until she had showered and was applying
make-up that she noticed her mouth was
slightly off center.
She says it was like when you go to the
dentist and half your mouth is frozen. “When
I smiled, only half my face would move,” says
When she noticed something wasn’t right,
she called her boyfriend to come look. She
opened up the door and just by the look on
his face, she could tell something wasn’t right.
During the trip to the hospital, the doctors
had told her it was Bell’s Palsy.
Bell’s Palsy occurs because the nerve in the
facial structure, called cranial nerve seven,
expands and presses up against the brain,
leading it to block all movement in the face.
“Being in university with only half your
face working is a hard thing to do,” says Avvampato.
“I was trying to live my day- to daylife
like I usually would. But it was really hard
because half my face wasn’t working. Being a
bartender was extremely hard because I had
to constantly smile and talk to people which
I couldn’t do properly.”
Pernicious anemia occurs when the body has a lack of vitamin B12.
Avvampato was one of the lucky ones, so
she thought. The Bell’s Palsy only lasted three
weeks then her face returned to its original
state, but that’s when she noticed something
else. “I had lost all feelings in my hands and
they went completely numb,” says Avvampato.
“I went to the hospital and they told me
nothing was wrong.”
Avvampato was diagnosed with pernicious
anemia just after the Bell’s Palsy.
Pernicious anemia is when the body has
a lack of vitamin B12 because the lining in
the stomach is unable to absorb the vitamin.
Vitamin B12 produces red blood cells for
Illustration by Kaatje Henrick
the body. Bodies absorb B12 by eating foods
such as poultry, shellfish and dairy products.
Avvampato’s lack of vitamin B12 is controlled
by monthly B12 shots to her leg. Although
it just reduces the effects of the anemia.
It doesn’t stop it. “When I get tired,
my eye will start to droop a little bit and my
hands and feet go kind of numb,” says Avvampato.
When we become tired, our brains
need to work harder to stay awake and to
concentrate. But in Avvampato’s case, her
brain needs to work extra hard to make sure
her body is keeping up with her movements.
“When we’re walking, we don’t pay attention
to our feet, our feet just pick themselves
up on their own, but when Teresa gets tired,
she has to use all her concentration to pick
up her feet, and to focus on where her feet
are stepping,” says Laura Maybury, her office
mate, and a professor of the School of
Health and Community Services at Durham
“My son bought one of those hover boards
and I nearly killed myself on it, that’s not
something you want to do when you have
impaired balance,” says Avvampato.
Avvampato will live with pernicious anemia
for the rest of her life, but she stays quite
positive about it.
“It really only affects me when I start to
get tired, and when I play sports,” says Avvampato.
Avvampato tries to continue to be the active
person she used to be.
“I wish I could play hockey and soccer the
way I could before, but I just have to be more
cautious about what I do,” says Avvampato.
“I can’t make it go away, so I just stay positive
with what I have.”
If she could take one thing out of her life
experience with pernicious anemia and Bell’s
Palsy, it would be to listen to her patients.
Avvampato is now the Occupational
Therapist professor at Durham College. She
teachers her students to listen to patients even
when they’re not making sense, or having
trouble explaining their symptoms.
She remembers her trip to the hospital
quite well. “They had no idea what was
wrong with me, they sent me home and a
year later, I had pernicious anemia,” says
While walking through the halls of Durham
College, students would never know
the mysterious past of Teresa Avvampato,
the professor who woke up when she was 19
having no idea that pernicious anemia was
going to affect the rest of her life.
Students use their creativity for marketing competition
Put your “creative, innovative and business
minds into practical use” with the Durham
College Marketing Competition (DCMC).
The 15th annual DCMC is open to Marketing
and Entrepreneurship students and
will include original products, prototypes,
marketing plans, product pitches and presentations.The
event is not unlike CBC’s
Dragon Den, which visited Durham in late
February. Registration ends March 29.
“Every student has something to offer and
deserves a real chance at making a change
in this world,” says event coordinator Althea
Grant in a letter.
The DCMC is coordinated and planned
by marketing management students. This
year’s event has been organized by Peter
Abolarin, Althea Grant, Brad Short, Imina
Edbiri, Krista Holder and Sarah Tracey.
According to Grant, students come out of
the competition with “a sense of pride and a
better understanding of marketing.”
There will be a theme for participants
to follow, and they must submit a plan that
outlines the team’s product/service, their
target market and competition, how and
where they will distribute, their marketing
communications strategy, the action plan
and the financial side of their plan. In the
competition, participants must prepare a
20-minute presentation of their product and
a marketing plan. They are evaluated on the
product, marketing plan and how well they
present the information. Teams will present
four times to four different panels. After the
presentation, there will be a 10-minute question-and-answer
session with judges.
Judges will have $70,000 of pretend money
to invest with the maximum per team being
$40,000. The team that receives the most
money wins the competition.
Grant says 2018’s DCMC will be great
practice for Durham’s entry in the Ontario
Marketing Competition 2019. Registration
ends March 29th. The DCMC takes place
April 3 from 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. at Durham College
followed by a banquet for participants.
Contact email@example.com for
more information and to sign up.
22 The Chronicle March 27 - April 2, 2018 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca
Jordy...a balancing actress
“Do you know the difference between
a pizza and a Canadian
actor? A pizza can feed a whole
family,” says Jordan Todosey, an
actress living in Oshawa.
If you grew up watching Life
with Derek or Degrassi: The Next
Generation, Jordan (Jordy) Todosey,
23, is a name you might
remember. However, you may not
have known she lived in Oshawa.
She enjoyed growing up on the big
screen, but she says the industry is
a tough place to come of age.
Todosey has lived in North
Oshawa her entire life, but began
acting when she was eight- yearsold.
She loves living in Oshawa
because it has a lot of forest. She
likes to skateboard and do outdoor
sports and says her favourite thing
about living in Oshawa is the different
places to explore.
“When I was very young, I was
the nature explorer type of girl
who liked digging in the creek in
my backyard,” says Todosey. “Also
just being able to walk down the
street and find a forest to go explore.”
When Todosey was eight-yearsold
she pursued acting by having
her mother Terri get an agent
through Actra in Toronto. Her
first acting job was at nine, as a
girl scout in the Disney movie The
Pacifier. However, her mom says
it was her daughter’s persistence
which launched her into acting.
“She was fascinated by the
whole concept,” says her mother.
“We looked at different agents in
Toronto but it was her persistence,
Todosey starred as Lizzie in Life
with Derek, and played a transgender
character, Adam Torres, in
Degrassi. However, the industry is
changing. This has impacted the
roles she gets. Todosey says there
are more opportunities for people
from different industries to transfer
into an acting career. For example,
Rebecca Romijn, a sport illustrated
model who played “Mystique”
in the early X-men films, and
Cara Delevingne, a former model
“The biggest thing right now is
the social media platforms,” says
Todosey “For a model to transfer
into acting now is not uncommon.”
When it comes to choosing
a role to play, Todosey looks for
something out of the ordinary.
However, Todosey says a lot of the
roles are based on nudity and sexuality.
She says this is something
many child actors who grow up
on the big screen have a hard time
adjusting to. This has also been a
struggle of her own because many
of the roles she is offered have at
least one scene with nudity.
Todosey calls the industry “a
man’s world,” because of the different
pressure put on women
compared to men, especially when
it comes to being naked on screen.
“I am just not ready to have
my grandparents see me naked on
screen,” she says.
Todosey has struggled with selfesteem
in the industry because of
the pressure they put on actors.
She has seen many people struggle
with body image and she says it
brought her to a dark place in her
life, and she has seen it with many
other female actors.
“It’s not a big deal to have tits
out, and it’s normal to see a girl
orgasiming (on screen),” says Todosey.
“Little things like this have a
subconscious effect on the way we
perceive ourselves and others.”
In 2011, Todosey won a Gemini,
a Golden Sheaf, Peabody and
was nominated for a prime-time
Emmy award for her role as Adam
Torres in Degrassi. While, winning
these awards was an accomplishment,
Todosey says being an artist
in Canada can leave you “starving,”
which is why she now finds
balance with yoga.
Photograph by Michael Bromby
(From left to right) Terri Todosey, Jordan Todosey, Dylan Donnelly. Terri is Jordan's mom and Dylan is Jordan's boyfriend.
Photograph by Michael Bromby
Todosey is also a yoga instructor, and used yoga to help overcome past troubles in her life.
Todosey says yoga allowed her
to feel free during a rough point in
“I had issues with my body image,
I was suffering with an eating
disorder and dabbling into dark
things,” says Todosey “Slowly
through meditation and yoga, I literally
did a complete turnaround.”
Todosey has worked with Power
Yoga Canada for over a year and
has trained to become a certified
teacher. She teaches every Tuesday
at 6a.m. and 9a.m.
Lisa Reid is a fire fighter from
Vaughn who attended a recent
9a.m. class and says she left feeling
“It was challenging, it was open
and gave me an opportunity to
try a couple things that I wouldn’t
have normally tried,” says Reid. “I
felt like I could not be judged by
the environment in the room.”
Dylan Donnelly has been dating
Todosey for just under a year,
and says one of his favourite memories
is practicing yoga with her.
“I took her to see a waterfall,
we brought the guitar, did some
sketchy yoga right at the edge of
the waterfall and my heart was
beating,” says Donnelly.
Todosey plans to keep auditioning
to get her next big role, but until
then she will keep teaching yoga
She says her boyfriend changed
her life for the better when she met
him. She is excited for their future
“I fell in love with him but it
was also me falling in love with
myself again,” says Todosey.
Entertainment chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 27 - April 2, 2018 The Chronicle 23
A reel name change
The Music Business’s annual event,
the Reel music festival, is changing
its name this year to Oshawa’s music
“We want to make it more inclusive,”
Kyle Wilton, a student in
the Music Business program says.
“That’s the real goal.”
This isn’t the first time the festival
has had a name change either. The
festival has been rebranded over the
eighteen years it has been running,
according to Tony Sutherland, an
MBM professor who runs the event
with the students.
When Sutherland first started
teaching in the then Entertainment
business administrative program,
they already had an annual event
put on by students but it wasn’t like
the Oshawa Music Week.
“One year from the next, the event
would have been anything from put
on a play, do a press conference, do a
record release, it could have been any
number of things,” Sutherland says.
“I was really ambitious and really
naïve when I first came,” Sutherland
says. “So we booked bands,
we booked venues from Pickering to
Peterborough, I kid you not.”
“It was crazy, it was amazing. The
students rose to the occasion,” Sutherland
says. “They just killed it.”
It was a week-long event, similarly
structured to the current music week,
with live local bands, multiple venues
and student run.
“We’d throw parties on Sundays
just to celebrate we had done this
and I think on Mondays no one
was ready to come to class … or do
anything for the next week,” says
Originally the event was called
Durham Music and Film expo
(DMFX) before it was changed to
Rock ’n’ Reel says Sutherland.
In 2002, along with the music
showcases, they had film components
too. Guest speakers, like makeup
artists gave talks, short film critics
by industry members and 24-hour
“I wanted students to understand
that the two were related and they
can leave here, use the same skills
in music as they can in films,” Sutherland
In the early 2000’s, the program
went through some changes itself.
The program started to focus more
on the music industry side of entertainment.
“It was so exciting, students were
so excited and I think a big part of
it at that time too was many of the
students were interested in the music
industry,” Sutherland says. “Students
really wanted to hear about the
music industry and we had a couple
of profs here that were really excited
about music industry.”
“It’s a sexy business,” he says.
In 2007, the then Entertainment
Business Administration program
was renamed the Music Business
Administration program. Despite
being the music business program
now, they still kept the film components
to the festival.
In 2010, the name was changed
to the Reel Music festival because
some felt Rock ’n’ Reel wasn’t inclusive
enough of other genres of music.
“What we were running into
with Rock ‘n’ Reel is that some
students felt alienated,” Sutherland
says. “When you use the word rock,
you tend to, you know when people
identify themselves, if they are a jazz
artist they are not a rock artist or if
they’re a hip hop artist they are not
a rock artist. So we thought, let’s rebrand
The Music Business students held
a contest for the community to pick
a new name and logo for the event.
They had around 25 submissions for
the name and eight submissions for
the logo. In the end, the Reel Music
Festival won out.
The name came with a few problems.
After they did the rebranding,
they found out that an American
Brand had the same name. So, if you
googled the Reel Music Festival, the
American link would come up first.
The program and event has also
moved away from having film components,
so including the reel just
didn’t make sense anymore.
The students picked up on this,
and when they came to Sutherland
about ideas for the festival this year,
Sutherland says, they suggested a
“The students asked me ‘Why not
change it to something local? Maybe
something like Durham Music Festival?
Oshawa Music Week?’” Sutherland
The idea was inspired by the Toronto
music event, Canadian Music
Week, says Sutherland. They decided
to make it Oshawa Music week
because “we’re in Oshawa after all.”
The program is hoping to get the
City of Oshawa on board with the
event since they’ve rebranded.
“We want to start to partner with
the city itself,” Kyle Wilton, a student
in the Music Business program says.
With the name change, Wilton says,
that they can better reach the community
Sutherland says Oshawa is rebuilding,
and they want to be a part
“There’s lots of stuff here in their
Culture and Heritage Plan and the
arts is a big part of it, music is a big
part of it. So we want to be a big part
of what they are doing and we want
them to know we are here to help
them move that forward,” Sutherland
Along with the rebranding, students
have added in new events like
international music, which will take
place on the Oshawa campus in The
Pit and an award show.
DC graduates managing the sound of music
“It was a day before my birthday, in
my grade twelve year that I got accepted
into the program. It was one
of the best moments of my life,” says
Matthew Layne, a 2017 graduate of
the Music Business Management
(MBM) program at Durham College.
At that time, Layne did not
know how the program would help
him become successful in the music
This program has seen many
graduates advance in the music
industry. Music Business Administration
(MBA) is a two-year diploma
that teaches students about
networking and planning. Music
Business Management (MBM) is a
three-year advanced diploma that
helps students learn about how to
manage events and artists within
Both programs only accept 72 students
per year but there is a wait list
of hundreds of applicants waiting to
enter, according to Marni Thornton,
the program coordinator. Thornton
is passionate about music because she
says it can help people get through
tough times in their lives.
“It can bring back good memories
or bad memories. It is powerful in
that way, there is nothing else like
it,” says Thornton.
Thornton began teaching in the
MBM program in 2006, but before
this she worked for Factor for 20
years. Factor Canada is a non-profit
organization which provides funding
to artists and distributors. Thornton
says other professors in the program
have also had experience in the industry,
which benefits the students.
For example, professor Greg Jarvis
has helped manage artists such as
David Bowie, Dolly Parton and
Students in the program are
taught about each part of the industry
including networking, management,
This teaches the students about
each aspect to get them prepared
for the industry. Jennifer Archibald,
a second-year student in the MBM
program, says the professors are fantastic.
“If you need a connection, if
you’re looking for someone’s name
that you need, they are always there
to help you,” says Archibald.
Archibald grew up in Halifax,
Nova Scotia, and studied biology at
Dalhousie University. She received
her degree but realized it was not the
career for her.
Photograph by Michael Bromby
Marni Thornton, Music Business Management program
A Reel Music Festival event poster from 2012.
Growing up, her parents would
play music throughout their home,
and she slowly grew into music. She
decided to consider the music industry
but not as a musician. She looked
at different schools but Durham College
“There is not a whole lot of programs
in the country that are specifically
about the business part of
it,” says Archibald. “I’m really interested
in the business and behind
the scenes, Durham College was my
Each year, the MBM program
hosts a festival. This year, the name
was changed to Oshawa Music
Week. This event focuses on local
artists in Durham Region and gives
them a platform to showcase their
own music. The professors allow the
students to do a lot of the work in
preparations for the event while providing
insight and advice. Archibald
nominated herself to be the Marketing
and Advertising director and her
class chose to vote her into the role.
“I was able to bring in my past
education experience and apply
it to the marketing position,” says
For students working the event, it is
critical to their learning to work this
event. However, in the third-year of
the MBM program they must complete
a co-op placement which has
landed many students a job. Samantha
Mcneilly graduated from the
MBM program in 2016 and says it
launched her into the best career.
“I got my internship, which I got
my job through,” says Mcneilly.
Mcneilly works as a music supervisor
at Supergroup Branding in
Toronto but she is originally from
Oshawa. She says Durham College
helped her network and gain knowledge
of how the industry works.
She says networking is essential to
the success in the industry, and it is
important to maintain relationships
with students from your class.
She says the program is family-oriented
and you gain close friendships
which carry on in life.
“I have some of the teachers on
Facebook, I communicate with my
classmates, I am actually engaged to
one of my classmates,” says Mcneilly.
Matthew Layne got accepted into
the program a day before his birthday
while he was in grade 12.
He never knew he would be managing
artists such as Crown Lands
and Hot Lips. In 2017, Layne graduated
from the MBM program and
he says his success is because of the
experience he received from the program.
Photograph by Manjula Selvarajah
“If you take the opportunities that
are thrown at you and make good
connections with people it will help
you out,” says Layne. “The MBM
program will help you if you put in
Layne says this program offers
hands-on experience compared
to other music business programs
in Canada. He says the professors
have life experience in the industry
which helps students to understand
the industry. Layne says one of the
best parts of the program is the support
he received from professors and
classmates as he entered a dark time
in his life.
“I received so much support from
the MBM program, I was getting
emails from the professors and text
messages from classmates,” says Layne.
“The emotional support has been
Mcneilly and Layne are only two
of the graduates who found success.
One graduate is working with the
Canadian Country Music Awards,
while another manages pop star
The MBM is a competitive program
by taking in 72 students each
year to the program, but it has built
the reputation as one of the best
music programs in Ontario.
“The MBM program is one of the
best in Canada, if not the best,” says
Thornton says she is proud to
make a difference through teaching
“I just like being able to hopefully
make a difference in their career
path, and help them know what they
need to know,” says Thornton.
24 The Chronicle March 27 - April 2, 2018 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca
chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 27 - April 2, 2018 The Chronicle 25
Photograph by Cameron Black-Araujo
The Michigan Wolverines played the Ohio State Buckeyes in November, which drew more than 100,000 fans at Michigan Stadium.
Canadian athletes benefit from NCAA
south of the
This is part one of a two-part series
on relationship between Canadian and
American college athletics. Part two will
appear in Issue 11.
The vibe around Louisville, Kentucky
is the same as it is every year
when their local university’s basketball
team brings in a nationally regarded,
Tense, electric, on-edge.
University of Louisville forward,
Adel Deng, lays the ball
into the University of North Carolina
basket and the 21,210 packed
into the KFC Yum! Center erupt
as they cut the deficit to seven.
The crowd remains standing
as North Carolina’s, Joel Berry II,
carries the ball into Louisville territory
with 3:51 remaining, seeing
nothing but white from the crowd
and hearing nothing but “DE-
North Carolina works the ball
around for the full 30-second shot
clock and Luke Maye heaves one
up from three-point range as the
shot clock expires…
The ball finds its way through
the hoop and regains the Tar
Heels ten-point lead with just over
three minutes remaining as the
Cardinal faithful begin to head
for the exits.
Despite dropping a huge home
game to a top-15 team in the
country and Michael Jordan’s
alma mater, it’s difficult to consider
Louisville a loser on this night.
The school’s basketball arena
was just about at max capacity,
22, 000, which holds more than
any NBA arena. Just about every
Louisville fan in attendance was
also rocking white Louisville gear
as they hosted their always rowdy
and annual, “white-out” game,
which sees campus bookstores
push out as much white apparel as
Meanwhile, a sell-out for a
Durham Lords basketball game
would consist of 1,000 people,
something many students on campus
have never seen.
The main differences between
the top U.S. programs to
the top ones in Canada comes
down to the funding. Not only do
schools put all their athletic profits
back into athletic facilities and
other athletic costs such as travel,
they also all receive funding
from the NCAA, who generated
995.9-million in revenue in 2016,
according to Google. Most of that
revenue comes from a 14-year
contract with CBS and Turner
Broadcast to televise the NCAA’s
Division I Men’s Basketball Tournament
(March Madness) worth
Just about every top Division-I
program, no matter the sport, will
travel on an airplane to at least
one event throughout the year
while Canadian teams typically
won’t unless they’re attending a
national championship. If Canadian
university athletic programs
racked in over $100-million, like
28 universities in the U.S. did in
2015-2016, they would travel luxuriously
Canadians choose to play collegiate
athletics in the U.S. for
many different reasons, but funding,
money and competition seem
to be the main attraction. The
top level of NCAA will put you
against the top competition, at the
top schools with the top facilities.
Not only do they provide these
perks, they also provide far more
varsity teams than Canada. It’s
easy to see why some Canadian
athletes may be tempted, but why
is it so important that the top
athletes compete in U.S. and not
Canadian female track-star
Lanny Marchant ran track at the
University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
for five years until 2007
when she returned to the University
of Ottawa. She couldn’t compete
in Canada because she was
ineligible at that point but it did
open her eyes to college athletics
on both sides of the border. Like
most other athletes who attend a
Division-I university from Canada,
it was the scholarship that
“I’m one of seven kids so to get
school paid for was a huge bonus,”
said Marchant in an interview
Marchant says small Division-I
schools like hers at the time would
compare to some Canadian institutions
with high-quality facilities
like Western, Guelph and Ottawa.
She also noted a lot of the top
American athletic programs have
facilities on par with the four major
professional sporting leagues
in America (NHL, MLB, NFL,
“I feel like the Canadian system
has stepped up in general,”
added Marchant. “But for a while
they weren’t close to any of the big
On par and maybe even beyond…
On November 25th, 2017,
The University of Michigan Wolverines
hosted The Ohio State
University Buckeyes in a football
game that is considered by many
as the biggest rivalry in all of
sports at Michigan Stadium. The
game marked the teams 280th
consecutive home game with over
100,000 fans in attendance (team
plays about 6-8 home games a
year) while not one NFL game in
2017 reached that number.
More so, the 16 biggest football
stadiums in America all belong to
colleges teams, or a stadium that
plays exclusively college games,
while the Los Angeles Rams
currently share one of those 16
stadiums with the University of
Southern California (USC) until
their new home is built.
USC students, fans and alumni
also had the privilege of watching
a young O.J. Simpson tear up that
same gridiron in sunny Los Angeles
through the 1967 and 1968
Other hall-of-famers in their
respective sports and considered
a few of the best all-time, Michael
Jordan and Randy Johnson, both
played in the NCAA, just like almost
every other American playing
professional sports in North
At the end of the day, it’s even
harder to get Canada excited
about it’s college athletics when
the best the country has to offer
is taking advantage of a better
system south of the border. While
students don’t mind getting into
games free in Canada or at worst
paying $25 for national championship
games such as the Vanier
Cup, they don’t have the ability to
watch future professional sports
stars’ day in and day out.
There are three levels to the
NCAA. Division I, Division II
and Division III.
And then there’s Junior College
(JUCO), also known as community
2015 National League MVP
Bryce Harper (MLB), 2015 NFL
MVP Cam Newton, baseball
legend Jackie Robinson and Blue
Jays favourite, Jose Bautista. All
four were JUCO athletes at one
Even some of their lower levels
of college athletics are producing
Even Minnesota Timberwolves
star, Jimmy Butler (NBA), played
JUCO before moving onto a big
time basketball university, Marquette
University, where a $100
ticket to a big game would be no
Tell a Canadian that Americans
pay over $100 for a college
basketball ticket and they may not
Find a college basketball hotbed
and that same $100 ticket
looks dirt cheap, like in Durham,
North Carolina, home of
the Duke University Blue Devils
The average price for a Blue
Devils regular season home game
in 2013 was $409, according to
Forbes, with their rivalry game
against North Carolina going for
an astronomical average price of
$1,728 that same year. It would
have cost more money to attend
this regular season college hoops
game than it would have to attend
a World Series baseball game that
Not only do many of the top
events go for this price each year
and draw in massive crowds, overall
through the three levels of the
NCAA there are 1,117 schools
compared to 56 in U-Sports.
How can Canada compete
26 The Chronicle March 27- April 2, 2018 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Sports
The women's soccer team placed fourth in the OUA championships in 2017.
Photograph courtesy of UOIT Athletics
UOIT athletics enjoys solid year
Tracy Wright and
UOIT athletics enjoyed a solid
2017-2018 season and finished on
a strong note, as members of the
badminton team advanced to the
“All in all great season on the
fields and on the courts,” says Scott
Barker, UOIT athletic director.
The men’s hockey team made
it to the playoffs but was swept by
Concordia in the first round. This
is the second time they have made
it to playoffs and had their season
end in Quebec.
The Ridgebacks, however, were
excited to announce the recruitment
of two new members to the
men’s hockey team.
Jake Bricknell and Austin Eastman
of the Aurora Tigers have
committed to playing for UOIT
for next season.
Barker says from a performance
standpoint all of the teams had
their moments. He says winning
championships is obviously the goal
of any team and program. But having
those milestones in goals that
you can accomplish as a team are
He also says the student enthusiasm
from the stands this year was
“The student-athletes really
gravitate to that,” says Barker.
The men’s and women’s curling
team also had a similar story as
the men’s hockey team making it
to the Ontario University Athletics
(OUA) playdowns before being
The men’s team finished its season
with an overall record of 3-6
and the women’s team finished 2-9.
The women’s soccer team, however,
turned things around for the
Ridgebacks by placing fourth at
the OUA championships, hosted
by UOIT at the Oshawa Civic.
The women ended their soccer
The Ridgebacks also turned
heads with their badminton team.
They have quickly become a dominant
force in the OUA.
In their second year of existence,
the Ridgebacks have set high records
and won the OUA provincial
championship in February.
Sheng Chen, Zhiyi Chen and
Wil Hausenblas competed in the
the 2018 Yonex Canadian National
in Laval, Quebec March 10-11, the
first time UOIT was represented
at a national level in badminton.
The three players representing
UOIT had positive results competing
in the singles and men’s doubles
In men’s singles, freshman Hausenblas
reached the round of 16 in
the main flight, but was injured in
his final match, forcing him to default
and end his tournament.
In round one, Hausenblas defeated
Philip Choi (Waterloo) 21-
12, 21-17. In round two, he went on
to defeat Olivier D'Amours (Laval)
Chen also participated in the
men’s singles competition, but lost
his opening round match to Montreal’s
Anthony Nguyen 13-21, 13-
21. In the consolation round, Chen
easily defeated Jonathan Chang
(Western) 21-8, 21-13. Chen’s final
match was in the second round of
consolation where he played Samuel
Doucet (Laval). In this match
he got off to a very quick start but
as the match progressed, was not
able to keep up the pace and by
the third game, was visibly fatigued
making a number unforced
errors and eventually lost 21-19,
Chen also paired with his brother
Sheng Chen in the men’s doubles
event. Despite falling behind in the
first set of the opening round, the
duo rebounded to beat Kael Boucher
and Samuel Doucet (Laval)
14-21, 21-16, 21-19.
In the round of 16, they squared
off against Western's top doubles
team of Jack Hall (OUA MVP) and
Sean McGowan. In what coach
Wayne King described as “our
team's best match of the year,” the
pair lost 21-16, 21-17.
Barker says UOIT tries to recruit
not only exceptional athletes but
exceptional students as well.
“You want a student-athlete that
can compete at a high level, that
can handle the pressure of going
to school and the transition into
Not a one-year wonder,” says
Ridgeback athletes succeeded
this year by having high academic
Barker says UOIT has student-athletes
academically and being recognized
provincially and nationally
for academic efforts.
Barker says they also believe it
is good to give back to the community.
The Ridgebacks leadership team
initiated ways to give back to charity.
The Ridgebacks do that by
coaching minor hockey and soccer,
spending the day at Grandview
Children’s Centre and helping out
in the community.
“Having the chance to give back
as role models is something we take
pride in,” says Barker.
Just as Ridgeback athletes believe
it is important to give back to the
community, UOIT also believes
it’s important to give back to their
Photograph courtesy of UOIT Athletics
The 'Backs men's hockey team made the playoffs in 2017-18.
athletes; recognizing their athletic
accomplishments at the UOIT athletic
banquet March 29.
Barker says it’s a great night of
“This year we have a special
night where we are connecting
back with alumni and trying to
bring more alumni back to the
event where we have a Ridgeback
ceremony,” says Barker.
Alumni athletes are also eligible
to purchase a ring commemorating
their time spent as a Ridgeback.
The athletic banquet will be held
at the Regent Theatre.
Overall, the Ridgebacks believe
they have had a successful season.
“All of our teams were very competitive,
we have had lots of success,”
Sports chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 27 - April 2, 2018 The Chronicle 27
Pre-Service Firefighting wins Justice Cup
Late in the school year can be a
stressful time for both professors
and students, but members of the
School of Justice and Emergency
Services (SOJES) were able to put
their stress aside, for at least one
night, to compete in the sixth annual
Justice Games at the Campus
Recreation and Wellness Centre.
The event, which began in
2013, was created by the Jason
Vassell, manager of SOJES. It
has grown to six events from three
since its inaugural year. This
year’s events included three-point
shooting, push-ups, shuttle run,
arm wrestling and tug of war contests,
as well as a ball hockey tournament.
The Dean of the School of
Justice and Emergency Services,
Stephanie Ball, praised Vassell for
his organization of the event and
how the planning has evolved over
the years. “He (Vassell) did the
first year all on his own and since
then he’s developed a committee,”
she said. “So we now have a committee
of alumni, faculty and students
who help put it together.”
The original concept of the
games was to have members of
different disciplinaries in SOJES
get together and have a night of
fun and meet colleagues.
The 2018 version of the event
saw nine programs participate.
The most first and second place
finishes was crowned the Justice
Games winners and received the
Last years winners, PFET, successfully
defended its title, as they
accumulated 13 points from all
In the process they became
the second program to repeat as
champions in the games’ short
history, after the PSI program
won it in both 2015 and 2016. PFP
finished as the runner-up.
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28 The Chronicle March 27 - April 2, 2018 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca