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Volume XLIV, Issue 10 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 27 - April 2, 2018

It can bring back good memories or bad

memories. It is powerful in that way, there is

nothing else like it.

- See page 23

Suiting up

Oshawa youth

page 6

Photograph by Heather Snowdon

Fun at the DC

Justice Games

page 27

Celebrating Mother

Language Day

page 7

Photograph by Conner McTague

Photograph by Kaatje Henrick

See Land Where We Stand stories, pages 17-20

Illustration by William McGinn

2 The Chronicle March 27 - April 2, 2018 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Campus


of the


DC journalism students look at Durham College and UOIT,

and beyond, by the numbers and with their cameras

Photograph by Heather Snowdon

An old STAT camera, used to take photos of images to translate to print, at the UOIT campus in downtown Oshawa.

The old

and the

new at


Follow the Chronicle

on Twitter


A new recycling and waste bin at the DC campus in Oshawa.

Photograph by Claudia Latino

Community chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 27 - April 2, 2018 The Chronicle 3

New mall coming near campus


mall to open

doors in 2020

Shana Fillatrau

and Aly Beach

The Chronicle

Shoppers will have a new mall to

explore in Oshawa in late 2020 –

and it will be handy for students on

the main campus of Durham College

and the University of Ontario

Institute of Technology.

RioCan, in partnership with

Tribute Communities, is developing

an 839,000 square foot mall at

the southwest corner at Winchester

Road and Simcoe Street, off the

new Highway 407 extension.

The mall is meant to be a tourist

attraction to bring in people from

around Durham Region, says mayor

John Henry.

“It’s a gateway to the city of Oshawa,”

he says, adding he’s “really

proud to say that they’re moving

earth up there as we speak.”

The mall has been in the planning

stages for a long time.

Seven years ago, RioCan approached

Henry to propose the

large, outdoor shopping mall as

part of the residential development

in the Windfields Farm land.

Although the mall will be

Oshawa mayor John Henry.

The RioCan construction site at Simcoe and Winchester, where the company plans to build a new outdoor mall.

839,000 sq. ft., the total project is

estimated to be 1.5 million sq. ft.,

according to RioCan’s website.

Photograph by Aly Beach

There will be 868 additional

residential units built on Windfields

Farm lands.

Henry says the houses surrounding

the mall will provide an ‘already-there’

customer base.

The mall will be useful to local

households, since there will be

stores that Henry says shoppers

normally normally have to drive

to, but area residents will be able

to walk.

Although he doesn’t know all of

the businesses coming to the mall,

he can confirm a bank will be one

of the tenants.

The mall will serve a rapidly developing

part of the city and region.

RioCan estimates that by 2022,

there will be a three per cent increase

in population in the 20 kilometres

surrounding the development.

The company also estimates by

2022, there will be a 13.7 per cent

increase in household income in

this area, with the average income

becoming $112,109.

Robert Bedic, senior planner

for the city, says the mall will be

comparable to Oshawa’s Harmony

Shopping Centre and the CF Shops

at Don Mills. He says stores will

be along Simcoe Street and other

shops will be behind those.

“The proposed development

is intended to create a pedestrian-oriented

environment with

street-fronting commercial uses,

enhanced streetscape and on-street

parking along the new Windfields

Farm Drive,” says Bedic.

Kyle Benham, the director of

economic development at the City

of Oshawa, says the development

will create 350 to 500 permanent

jobs. Job opportunities will be focused

on youth. He says, “we use

that as their first sort of entry point

into the workforce.”

The mall development is

comparable to the size of about 10

Photograph by Aly Beach

Home Depot stores, he says.

The size of the development was

scaled back a bit because of changes

in the market, Benham says. There

will be 12 to 20 stores in the new

outdoor mall, he says.

Mayor John Henry says this mall

will be an “economic engine” for

the city.

“It’s not just about the shopping

experience, it’s about universities,

it’s about Durham College. When

you look at this city, we’re making

pick-up trucks here again. This city

is in a renaissance like never before.

This is only going to add to this

great success in the community,”

says Henry.

“What’s important about this

project is that when it’s finished,

it’s going to employ a lot of young


The completion date is set for

winter 2020, though Henry says

some of the development will be

open before then.

Youth unemployment drops in Oshawa

Cassidy McMullen

The Chronicle

Youth unemployment in Oshawa

has dropped.

Unemployment for people between

the ages 19 to 24 has dropped

to 7.7 per cent. It was 16 per cent

just this October.

John Aker, an Oshawa regional

and city councillor, announced the

findings at a City Council meeting

March 19.

The drop is attributed to a national

downward trend as well as

the $614 million in building permits

Oshawa issued in 2017, Aker


About 15 major building projects

have been started in Oshawa

like the student housing apartment

on Simcoe Street near the north

campus of Durham College and the

University of Ontario Institute of

Technology, Aker says.

“The economy is firing on all

cylinders,” Aker says. “We got to

keep driving.”

Aker is optimistic the trend will

continue downward despite the

decrease being attributed to shortterm

jobs because General Motors

(GM) is planning on adding another


“We have one shift working

what’s called scheduled overtime,

which means six days a week,”

Aker says. “They’re (GM) hiring

for a second shift.”

“They’re currently producing

30,000 a year on one shift,” Aker

says. “They want to produce

60,000 trucks in total.”

There have been rumours going

around about GM’s commitment to

staying in Oshawa, but Aker isn’t


He says GM factories in the

United States will be temporarily

shutting down for equipment updates,

leaving Oshawa to pick up

the slack.

“One will go down, retool, start

building trucks. The other will go

down, retool, start building trucks,”

Aker says. “So, we’ll build the

trucks here for them.”

“We’re their backup,” Aker says.

Production will pick up for 11

months to a year, giving GM in

Oshawa an opportunity to prove

itself, Aker says.

“Someone could say that at the

end of two years we may not be

building trucks, but I think we’re

going to be,” Aker says.

With the Canadian dollar dropping

to 76 cents, and according to

Aker, on its way to 65 cents, it’ll be

cheaper to build trucks in Canada

compared to the U.S.

“What we build will be unbelievably

cheap for them,” Aker says.

GM added two new trucks,

Chevrolet Silverado and GMC Sierra,

to its assembly line in February,

Aker says, but the automaker

decided not to do so with any fanfare.

“When General Motors started

building trucks here there was

no announcement, there was no

opening,” Aker says. “They don’t

want to offend the president of the

United States.”

Oshawa mayor John Henry says

the drop in youth unemployment

can be attributed to the progress

that’s been made to increase jobs

in Oshawa.

The Oshawa Centre (OC) remodelling

added 1,000 jobs alone,

Henry says.

Henry says youth employment

was what he ran on for his campaign.

He wanted to make it easier

for businesses to come to Oshawa

in order to create jobs.

“The companies that were coming

out here to establish themselves

didn’t go through the red tape and

delays so that you could attract

great opportunities,” Henry says.

While the remodelling of the OC

was a success, what’s really going to

make a difference is the redevelopment

of downtown, he says.

“We’ve capitalized on that and

we’re very forward thinking and

that’s paid off,” Henry says.

4 The Chronicle March 27 - April 2, 2018 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca

PUBLISHER: Greg Murphy


AD MANAGER: Dawn Salter



NEWSROOM: brian.legree@durhamcollege.ca

ADVERTISING: dawn.salter@durhamcollege.ca

‘With the provincial election coming

up this summer, it brings up

the same problem we have every

election in Canada: actually voting.

Canada should adopt new voting

practices like automatic registration,

information sessions and

weekend polling to increase voter


Canadians tend not to have a

strong turnout when it comes to

voting day, the exception being the

last federal election when 68.5 per

cent showed up to the polls, which

was the highest voter turnout has

been since 1993.

Recent trends look a lot gloomier.

Since 2000, voter turnout has

constantly sat below 65 per cent of

registered voters. And those statistics

were from registered voters in

Canada, they don’t account for the

eligible voters who haven’t registered.

Other democratic countries, like

Sweden and Australia, have much

higher voter turnouts. Australia’s

2016 election had a 91 per cent


In order to combat low poll turnouts,

these countries have adopted

policies like automatic registration

and weekend polling.

In Sweden, once you become of

age, you are automatically registered

to vote. There’s no application

process or verification required.

The government already has all

the data required to automatically

register voters so by taking it out

of the citizens’ hands, the barrier

from voting is removed.

This approach works. Sweden

had an 82 per cent turnout of all

eligible voters rather than Canada’s

68.5 per cent of just registered voters.

Canada could easily do the same

and should, especially if it could

mean a fairer representation of

Canadians on voting day.

Twenty-three per cent of eligible

voters in Canada who didn’t cast a

ballot in the 2015 federal election

said they were too busy to make a

trip to the voting station.

Part of the problem is voting

always takes place on a weekday,

while people work.

Canada should hold voting on

weekends rather than during the

work week. It would give people

a greater opportunity to get to

the polling stations because more

people are off during the weekend

or have decreased work hours.

Countries like Austria, Belgium,

France, Germany, India and New

Zealand all hold voting on weekends

and experience higher voter

turnout than Canada.

While automatic registration

and weekend polling would make

voting more accessible to eligible

voters, Canada should also follow

Sweden in holding informational


According to Statistics Canada,

Cartoon by Cassidy McMullen

We should introduce new voting practices

32 per cent of registered voters who

didn’t vote said they didn’t vote because

they weren’t interested in politics.

This is one of the same reasons

for Canada has lower turnout for

provincial and municipal elections

as compared to federal elections.

In Sweden, they hand out a guide

on political parties to voters, including

what levels of government

control what. Spaces in public libraries

are also opened up to offer

democratic information, education

and dialogue.

A disinterest in politics comes

from a lack of knowledge. If voters

understood the importance and

impact of provincial and municipal

government on their lives, they

would be more compelled to vote.

Canada should adopt the same

practice of holding information sessions

on upcoming elections in public

spaces, like libraries, post-secondary

institutions, as well as high

schools for the students who have

turned 18 just in time for elections.

Low voter turnout in elections

means elected officials don’t necessarily

represent the will of the

people. If only 68.5 per cent of

registered voters vote, that means

31.5 per cent of that population

never put their voice in.

That could have been enough

to change the results of the federal

election to the Progressive Conservative

party’s favour in 2015.

If Canada wants a fairly represented

government, we need to

change our approach to voting.

Ontario has an online campaign

around registration but that’s not

going to help much if voter turnout

itself is low.

If Canada wants more people at

the polls, policies like automatic

registration, weekend voting and

information sessions need to be


Cassidy McMullen

EDITORS: Austin Andru, Allison Beach, Cameron

Black-Araujo, Michael Bromby, Emily Brooks, Alex

Clelland, John Cook, Tiago De Oliveira, Shana Fillatrau,

Kaatje Henrick, Kirsten Jerry, Claudia Latino,

William McGinn, Cassidy McMullen, Conner Mc-

Tague, Pierre Sanz, Heather Snowdon, Shanelle

Somers,Kayano Waite, Tracy Wright

The Chronicle is published by the Durham College School of Media, Art

and Design, 2000 Simcoe Street North, Oshawa, Ontario L1H 7L7, 721-

2000 Ext. 3068, as a training vehicle for students enrolled in Journalism and

Advertising courses and as a campus news medium. Opinions expressed

are not necessarily those of the college administration or the board of governors.

The Chronicle is a member of the Ontario Community Newspapers


MEDIA REPS: Madison Anger, Kevin Baybayan,

Erin Bourne, Hayden Briltz, Rachel Budd, Brendan

Cane, Shannon Gill, Matthew Hiscock, Nathaniel

Houseley, Samuel Huard, Emily Johnston, Sawyer

Kemp, Reema Khoury, Desirea Lewis, Rob

Macdougall, Adam Mayhew, Kathleen Menheere,

Tayler Michaelson, Thomas Pecker, Hailey Russo,

Lady Supa, Jalisa Sterling-Flemmings, Tamara

Talhouk, Alex Thompson, Chris Traianovski

PRODUCTION ARTISTS: Swarnika Ahuja, Bailey

Ashton, Elliott Bradshaw, James Critch-Heyes,

Elisabeth Dugas, Melinda Ernst, Kurtis Grant, Chad

Macdonald, Matthew Meraw, Kaitlyn Millard,

Sofia Mingram, Mary Richardson, Singh Sandhu,

Greg Varty

Publisher: Greg Murphy Editor-In-Chief: Brian Legree Features editor: Teresa Goff Ad Manager: Dawn Salter

Advertising Production Manager: Kevan F. Drinkwalter Photography Editor: Al Fournier Technical Production: Keir Broadfoot

chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 27 - April 2, 2018 The Chronicle 5



about exams,

study space

and troubled


Sound Advice

offers ideas

and solutions

Sound Advice

The Chronicle and campus experts answer

your questions on student-related issues.

The Durham College Chronicle

has put together its first advice column

aimed at helping students in

areas in which they had questions.

The idea was pitched by journalism

students Heather Snowdon,

Tracy Wright and William


During a pop-up in Vendor’s

Alley, the Chronicle received several

inquiries from DC students

about life and schoolwork.

The Chronicle took these questions

to have them answered by

professionals in the field on the

school campus, as well as a journalism


'Straightforward' asked

how to be successful and 'Concentration

Searcher' asked

about study spaces in school

that aren’t loud.

The Chronicle sought out responses.

Nicky Patel, Student Academic

Learning Services (SALS) director,


If you are having difficulty in a

course and need help, you should

explain the situation to your professor

immediately, talk to your

student advisor, work with your

classmates, form a homework

group, access SALS staff, get a

peer tutor, use SALS online, or

Google videos for additional supports.

It is important to take action

and not wait for the situation to

improve on its own.

Melissa Bosomworth, Durham

College Wellness Coach, says:

Each study space is identified

by the noise level you can expect

to encounter. There are four different

types of spaces and students

are asked to ensure they keep their

volume within the limits of the

space. You can find space identified

as silent noise, low noise,

moderate noise and high noise.

This helps you choose space that

is appropriate for group work, occasionally

whispering to a peer

beside you or complete silence.

One trick I often used as a student

is to keep earplugs in my bag so I

could soften the noises around me

to help me focus. You can find see

different study locations on campus

at https://durhamcollege.


study-spaces .

Durham College Journalism

Student says:

My advice would be to work

hard and not procrastinate. Student

Academic Learning Services

(SALS), can give further assistance.

SALS is a bit of a walk from Durham

College and UOIT, and going

to the building can seem like an extra

chore. However, SALS is very

beneficial for being able to concentrate.

They have beanbag chairs,

tables, and in the SSB, there’s a

Tim Hortons. To be successful,

choose a course that matches the

real and true you, preferably something

you may have some prior experience

in. It would also be good

to find out what time of day you

like to work. Some of us try to

work during the day when at night

it’s more preferable, and vice versa.

Achieving success can be tiring

but in the end the time and stress

will be worth it. Never give up.

'Test Stressed' asks: What

is the best way to study for final

tests/exams? I’m having

trouble keeping my thoughts


Nicky Patel, SALS Director,


The best way to study for exams

and final tests is to go to classes,

keep up with your readings, make

careful notes and review them

several times so you are fully prepared

for your exams or tests when

they come. The time to study and

review is not just before you have


Cramming is not the best way

to study. You will experience more

stress and forget more. Another

strategy is to answer the questions

at the end of each chapter and ask

for clarification when you don’t


If you are having trouble keeping

your thoughts organized, it

may be a good idea to plan and

prioritize, beginning with a list of

the “must do tasks”. The Coaching

Centre also has peer coaches

and staff who can help you with

time management and staying on


Durham College Journalism

Student says:

Everyone has a time and place

they feel they can concentrate best.

Find out when and where that is.

My parents always say a clean

room keeps anxiety down. Having

a clean room may be a chore,

but it keeps your thoughts organized.

You won’t worry you’ll lose

something. If you would rather

work here at Durham College and

UOIT, I would suggest visiting

SALS. It’s usually quiet, letting you

do your work on your own terms

without distractions you can’t control.

If you feel you need to keep

your thoughts organized better, get

a calendar board if you don’t have

one and write down a list of your

final tests/exams, in order of either

the hardest to easiest or nearest

due to farthest due. Having a

list written down and knowing you

only have to do a fraction of what’s

on the list for now can clear things

up and keep your thoughts focused

on less different things. Having

your assignments in a conspicuous

calendar ties your thoughts up in

a bow, and allows you to not have

to worry that there’s something

you’re forgetting.

'Carrying a Conscience'

wonders: When the hardest

thing and the right thing are

the same, what do I do?

Melissa Bosomworth, Durham

College Wellness Coach, says:

One of the greatest challenges

can be doing the right thing when

it is hard. Always maintain your

values and integrity when addressing

these difficult choices while

taking into account the impact of

your decision on others. There are

many things to weigh before acting.

Sometimes it can be easier

when you talk it out with a trusted

friend or a Wellness Coach. They

can help you see different perspectives

and uncover the truth about

why your decision is so difficult so

you can then address that truth

and be authentic to yourself.

Durham College Journalism

Student says:

My advice to you would be

to take your time doing the right

thing. Although it may be the most

difficult, don’t let that keep you

from doing what is right. Your

problems may be sorted out if you

had a third party to talk to, such

as a responsible parent, a caring

therapist or a comforting friend.

It loosens the tension. Also, if

you’re struggling with telling the

truth or feel something needs to

be told in the world, chances are

the other students feel what you’re

going through. Stress about doing

something hard is something everyone

feels, especially at the start

of a project.

Here’s a quote from A League

of their Own: “It’s supposed to

be hard. If it wasn’t hard, everyone

would do it. The hard is what

makes it great.”

Accomplishing hard things is


6 The Chronicle March 27 - April 2, 2018 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Campus

Convocation approaching at Durham, UOIT

Austin Andru,

Tiago de Oliveira and

Heather Snowdon

The Chronicle

Enthusiastic and ready to graduate.

Upwards of 2,500 students are expected

to graduate from Durham

College at the Tribute Communities

Centre during three days of

ceremonies starting on June 11.

Some students are nervous and

some are excited but all are anticipating

the future.

Picking gown sizes, deciding

on graduation photos, double

checking your bank account to

make sure you have $15.00 to

spare on grad photos and staying

on top of homework, is all part of


Last year’s spring convocation

had approximately 1,950

graduates, says Angela Werner,

an executive assistant at Strategic

Enrolment Services. The fall 2017

convocation was smaller with

approximately 500 graduates attending.

Graduates may bring as many

guests as they want and there is no

need to buy tickets.

A team of eight DC employees

work on planning convocation for

DC and they have 100 event staff

who also works to make sure the

convocation runs smoothly and as


DC students each pay a fee of

$35.50 for graduation and convocation

and this is normally done in

first year. The fee is taken out of

each student’s tuition.

However, students who have

any outstanding fees or other

Conner McTague

The Chronicle

Prom night can be expensive,

which is why Oshawa city councillor

Rick Kerr, members of the

Durham Regional Police Services

(DRPS) and the Oshawa Centre

have begun a Suits for Youth program.

Kerr talked about the program

at a city council meeting March

19. The event takes place in mid-

April at the Oshawa Centre. Kerr

says he brought it up at this council

meeting because this week

kicks off the donation campaign

for the initiative. People who want

to donate can give suits, ties, shoes

and pants.

Kerr says Suits for Youth is a

modelled after the annual Gowns

for Girls program which began in

2014, organized by DRPS Const.

Joylene MacNeil. In Gowns for

Girls, girls who can’t afford the

items needed for their prom can

get them for free and afford to

attend a milestone in their lives.

The first event saw 75 girls come

in 2014 and by 2016 the number

had grown to 500 girls, according

to a March 2017 media report.

Kerr says Suits for Youth goes

two steps further because it’s

non-gendered, meaning if a female

wants to wear a suit to prom

and take her partner, she can. The

second reason is because the suits

don’t have to be returned and the

debts associated with the college

cannot apply to graduate until the

student meets all financial obligations

set by the school.

Original convocation ceremonies

were held on campus but

are now held at the Tribute Communities

Centre to accommodate

the number of graduates and

guests. An American Sign Language

(ASL) interpreter has also

been implemented into DC’s convocation

to accommodate everyone.

While Durham College, which

marked its 50th anniversary in

2017, has been having convocations

for more than four decades,

this will be UOIT’s 15th convocation.

Kristen Boujos, manager of

scheduling and convocation at the

University of Ontario Institute of

Technology (UOIT) says, “years

Photograph by Austin Andru

Durham College and UOIT's convocation will be held at the Tribute Communities Centre.

youths can wear them to job interviews.

“It really helps to set young

people off on the correct path in

life and in a successful manner,”

he says.

At the same council meeting,

regional and city councillor John

Aker talked about employment

numbers released monthly by

Statistics Canada. The unemployment

rate in the city of Oshawa

dropped to 4.8 per cent in February,

he said. After years of struggles

with the 15-24 age demographic

which at one time had an

unemployment rate in the mid-20

per cent range, the number has

and years ago they held convocation

at the north location.”

UOIT’s convocation ceremonies

are also held at the Tribute

Communities Centre. Boujos is

one of many workers at UOIT

who plan convocation and make it

possible for graduates.

UOIT’s convocation is held

over two days. Their first convocation

ceremony is Thursday,

June 7 at 9:30 with the Faculty of

Energy Systems and Nuclear Science

graduates, followed by the

Faculty of Engineering and Applied

Science. At 2 p.m. the Faculty

of Business and Information

and Technology graduates and

then the Faculty of Science graduates

take the stage.

On Friday June 8 at 9:30 a.m.

the Faculty of Education begins

the ceremony followed by the

Faculty of Social Science and Humanities.

At 2 p.m. the Faculty of Health

Sciences will complete UOIT’s

spring convocation.

Durham’s June 11 convocation

will start with the School of Continuing

Education, the School of

Interdisciplinary Studies and the

School of Justice and Emergency


The second day of convocation

is June 12 with the School of

Media, Art and Design at 10 a.m.

followed by the School of Skilled

Trades, Apprenticeships and Renewable


At 2:30 p.m. the Centre for

Food and the School of Science,

Engineering and Technology will


On June 13, the final day of

convocation begins. At 10 a.m. the

School of Health and Community

Services will kick start the day, followed

by the School fo Business,

IT and Management, which starts

at 2:30 p.m. Each section is expected

to run for two hours.

Durham students expecting to

graduate this year must apply to

do so even if they do not intend to

go to convocation. The deadline

to apply is April 22.

Suits for Youth becomes Oshawa's latest initative

City councillor Rick Kerr talks about Suits for Youth to Chronicle reporters.

Photograph by Heather Snowdon

now dropped to 7.7 per cent.

Kerr says Suits for Youth is

initially aimed at high school students

in Oshawa, but if it’s successful,

the program will expand

to other parts of Durham Region.

It will also not just be for single

events, such as a prom, either, he

says. It will be a year-round initiative

which allows Oshawa youths

to pick up a suit even if they just

need it for a job interview in the

summer months.

“We don’t anticipate much

during the year, but if the suits are

there, why not (keep them available)?”,

says Kerr.

Donations can be made at any

police station in Oshawa, as well

as guest services at the Oshawa


The program was organized

by Kerr, Const. Sean McConnell,

Const. Rudy Ferrera and Craig

Walsh of the Oshawa Centre, the

latter of whom donated the space

which will be used for the event.

Kerr is optimistic, but also

curious about the event, but it’s

why they’re keeping Suits for

Youth Oshawa-centric for the first


“We’re not really sure how the

first year is going to go,” he says.

The response they receive in the

first year will determine their

course of action in the future.

Members of the youth demographic

(18-24) approve of the


Josh Bayne, 21, from the Kitchener-Waterloo

area, wishes initiatives

like this were around during

his time in high school.

“It’s perfect. Not everybody

can afford to go out and drop

hundreds of dollars on suits or suit

rentals. The more resources for

children the better,” he says.

Campus chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 27 - April 2, 2018 The Chronicle 7

A bit of everything from everywhere

Kaatje Henrick

The Chronicle

“Culture is important to everyone

because we need to remember who

we are and where we came from,”

said Tony White, an Ojibwa drummer

who played at the Mother Languages

Day event on campus last


Mother Language Day is celebrated

every year at Durham

College to recognize the cultural

diversity on campus.

“I think it’s important to include

this event because it’s a place

where international students can

come and celebrate their place of

birth and celebrate themselves,”

said Aida Malekoltojari, the international

student advisor at Durham


Mother Language Day trails

back to 1952. Bangladesh students

were shot by Dhaka police on February

21st for promoting their language.

Mother Language Day started

as a way to educate about cultural


In 1999, February 21st was declared

International Mother Language

Day by the United Nations

Educational Scientific and Cultural


“There are a lot of politics involved

in making of cultures and

countries, and it’s important that

we look for more context when we

hear about it on the news,” said

Malekoltojari. “We need to look at

the how and why. Why is a country

like this? How did it become?”

But the word ‘culture’ has a deeper

meaning than just someone’s

heritage, according Malekoltojari.

She says the word has been flattened

and we need to find the deeper

meaning of the word.

“The way we eat, the way we

speak, the way we greet people.

There are so many other meanings

of culture,” said Malekoltojari.

Culture is much more than what

we see, according to Elaine Popp,

vice-president of Academics, in

a recent interview about the importance

of internationalization

in schools.

“I think culture means a lot of

things, like how we perceive each

other,” said Popp.

She says there are a variety of

ways to express respect in different


“In some cultures, making eye

contact is disrespectful. But in

some, making eye contact if you

don’t make eye contact, they’ll

think your disrespectful,” said

Photograph by Kaatje Henrick

The band All Across Nations at the Mother Language Day celebration at Durham College.

Popp. “In Canada, we shake

hands as a way of greeting, but in

some cultures, any kind of physical

touching is disrespectful.”

Shikha Bhavesh Shah is an international

student from Mumbai,


She believes the word culture

means celebration.

“Spending happy and positive

days with loved ones, while engaged

in dance and song,” said

I think culture

means a lot of

things, how we

perceive each



Her community celebrates nine

days of festivities called Paryushan.

It is held to worship their Lord


During the festivities her community

fasts, living off of nothing

but boiled water for nine days.

Shah is pure vegetarian and

comes from the religion of Jainism,

which follows a strict dietary rule.

One of the rules is she cannot eat

potatoes, onions, and garlic in food


“On the first day I started, I

could barely order the cheese pizza

from the Marketplace. It took a lot

of time to get accustomed with the

different kinds of food,” said Shah.

There are 1,400 international

students from 61 different countries

at Durham College, according to


“Here at the college we strive to

expand its cultural diversity,” she

said. “It’s important to recognize all

different cultures so we can improve

our own by blending them.”

DC students off to Kenya

Kaatje Henrick,

Claudia Latino,

and Michael Bromby

The Chronicle

Durham College students and faculty

are headed to Africa as part of

a new global initiative put together

by the college and international


Two students and two faculty

members from DC are scheduled

to travel from Oshawa to Kenya

May 27 to June 16. Once they arrive,

they will create a documentary

about how Canadian colleges

are working with Kenyan institutions

to strengthen teaching and


Katie Boone is DC’s international

project manager who

helped organize this global experience.

Durham is partnered

with College and Institutes Canada

(CICan) which will help provide

funding for the trip.

Durham is offering an international

bursary which will help

students pay for the trip.

“It will be a jointly-funded effort

through Durham and CICan,

which it will also be complemented

by a Durham College international

bursary,” says Boone.

Greg Murphy, dean for the

school of Media Art and Design

at Durham, says the college was

asked to be a part of this because

the institution is capable of handling

the work.

“Right across the country, College

and Institutes Canada, recognize

students and faculty to be very

capable in this area,” says Murphy.

According to Boone, the college

wants to have these students be an

example to future graduates to see

what they can accomplish during

their time at DC.

Second year journalism student

Shanelle Somers and second year

Digital Video Production student

Fraser Cuviello, are excited and

ready to gain hands on learning

experience on this trip.

“This will be an opportunity

of a lifetime. I’m excited to learn

about their culture, but I’m nervous

about the food,” he says. “The

opportunity has me running and

gunning. They have us on really

tight deadlines, they prepare us

to know our stuff for shooting in a

different culture.”

“I am looking forward to develop

my broadcasting skills as I’m on the

web and print side. Those skills I

think are really good to have and

to be a well-rounded journalist,”

says Somers.

The experience the school provides

is essential to land a job after

they graduate.

“Challenging our own perspectives,

our own biases by integrating

and working within another culture

are key components of the professional

development of anyone in the

21st century,” says Boone.

Elaine Popp, DC’s vice-president

of academic hopes the college’s

focus on internationalization will

bring hands-on student learning

through diverse cultures.

“Studying abroad provides students

with the opportunity to learn

new cultures, potentially learning

new languages, becoming familiar

with the different traditions, and

ways of doing things,” she says.

According to Popp, a post-secondary

trip to a different country

will give students the ability to

apply new ideas in their future careers.

“You don’t get to be exposed to

the same perspectives if you stay in

the same place,” she says. “Students

won’t get to experience the different

cultures, the ways of seeing things,

the ways of believing, attitudes,

even the food experience.”

Currently, part of DC’s internationalization

and global engagement

plan is to incorporate general

elective courses into internationalization.

“One of our academic plans is

to continue internationalization

and global engagement initiatives.

We want to increase international

learning on campus,” says Popp.

DC’s plan is to increase studying

abroad opportunities.

They have students in the

Community Integration through

Co-operative Education program

travelling to China to complete

internships for their program.

The school is working to recruit

Photograph by Kaatje Henrick

Katie Boone, manager of international projects at DC.

international students from more

diverse countries.

Currently, Durham has 1,400

students from 61 different countries.

Murphy describes the Kenyan

opportunity for Durham students

and faculty in three words. “It’s

‘fricken’ awesome,” he says.

8 The Chronicle March 27 - April 2, 2018 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Community

Clarington's the apple of my eye


take fresh


to cider

Kaatje Henrick

The Chronicle

“I used to take my grandkids with

me to the family farm when it was

time to clean out the mill, I would

let my grandsons take all the extra

apple leftovers and feed the cows

and they loved it,” says Joe Van-

Beek, a man who worked for the

Geissbergers at their family farm

for over 30 years.

The Geissbergers are no strangers

to Oshawa, they have had

their feet planted here since 1925,

when grandpa - Hans Geissberger

came to Canada. Hans Geissberger

and his wife Emma came from Argos,

Switzerland. Right away, they

bought a dairy farm and started a

family in Clarington.

Grandpa Geissberger was a

dairyman but on their property was

a small apple orchard. He started

to collect the apples off the trees,

even off the ground and began to

make something out of them.

“No matter what the apples

looked like, we would pick them up

and use them to make the cider,”

says Gord Geissberger, a grandson

of Hans Sr. “Grandpa never

let anything go to waste.”

But Grandpa Geissberger

couldn’t do it on his own. A cousin

of the family helped out, Max Hebeisen.

He was a cousin of Hans

Geissberger Jr., the son of Hans.

Max was also the brains behind the

first ever cider mill. Hebeisen was a

craftsman from Switzerland, handy

in all mechanics and wood working.

He had designed the family’s

first-ever cider mill out of wood

and steel.

“We would use mother’s tea

cloths as a strainer for the apples,”

says Garry Geissberger, another

grandson of Hans Sr.

“That’s how we did it back then,

but it’s a completely different system

now as it was when we were

little,” says Gord.

The grandsons now run the

family farm after their grandfather

who passed in 1992 and

their father’s death in 2006. Since

their father’s death, they’ve had to

upgrade machines, keep up with

health regulations and change the

ways of cider making.

In 2012, the family upgraded the

mill to a more modern and energy

sufficient mill.

A day in the life of cider making

changed completely when they


“Farmers used to come from

far and wide to have their apples

pressed in our machine,” says Garry.

One farmer used to come from

two and half hours away. The first

day he would come drop off the

apples then drive home. He would

come back the next day and pick up

the cider, says Gord. Now with the

new mobile cider mill, Garry and

Gord can travel to the farms and

Family and friends of the Geissbergers, who work on the farm, enjoy cider made in Clarington.

press their apples and have cider

ready for the farmers in less than


“What we now produce in one

day is what we use to produce in 3

or 4 days,” says Garry.

Even with upgrade to the mobile

mill, their days are long and tiring.

“Our days would consist of 10-14

hour days, from travelling to setting

up, to cleaning up. It wasn’t easy,”

says Garry.

Garry and Gord travel all across

Ontario. They visit farms ranging

from Kingston, all the way to Port


“It’s a lot of work, you think it

would be easy, just to pull in the

machine and then start pressing but

there’s a lot more steps than that,”

says Gord.

It takes about two hours to set up,

which includes: meeting the farmers,

figuring out where to put the

mill, and seeing where the tractor

can fit to bring in the apples.

Finding the right place to put the

mill is very important because you

need to be aware of where the waste

is going, says Gord.

“We were at the Brooklin fair

one year, and we were pressing

apples for families to watch and

learn. We had thought we had put

it in the right spot, but it turns out

our waste was going straight to the

dog show down the hill,” says Garry,

as he chuckles.

The next step is making the

cider, which usually takes about

six hours.

Before putting apples in the mill,

the mill needs to be sanitized. Once

the mill is sanitized, the apples can

start the process of being pressed.

The steps of the mill:

The apples are washed through

an elevator

Then dumped into the shredder

The softened apple pieces are

then sent through a tube and

dumped in the presser

They use a rack which is used

in the presser to squish the apple


The cider is then heated for abut

10-15 seconds in the heat pasteurizer

to ensure its 100 per cent safe

The cider is then packaged in a

bag and box style to ensure longer

lasting shelf life

After the product is finished and

the day is over, it’s time to clean up.

Cleaning up is another job which

takes about two more hours. The

mill needs to be sanitized and

washed down and the waste needs

to be disposed. Usually the farmers

use the leftovers to feed the animals

on the farm, or it gets used for compost.

“You think your day is over, but

after cleaning up, you have the trip

home, and you cross your fingers

that you don’t break down,” says


The new mobile mill was an upgrade

for the Geissbergers.

The first cider mill was made

from wood and steel, which worked

back then but overtime wood can

trap bacteria which can cause

people to become ill. The mobile

mill was an upgrade because it was

safer, better for the economy, and

a more energy efficient machine.

“The old mill that we used made

the same tasting cider, but the cider

would only have a shelf life of 14

days unless you freeze it,” says


Now using the mobile mill, the

cider we make has a shelf life of

three months once it’s opened,

and a one-year shelf life when unopened,

says Gord.

The mobile mill is also better for

the economy because it reduces the

number of greenhouse gases.

Using the older mill, the only

other option to keeping the apple

cider fresh is to freeze it or keep it

refrigerated, which uses electricity.

“The third main reason behind

greenhouse gases is electricity,”

says Gord, who learned that information

from environmentalists

when they were upgrading their


Now with the new mill, the apple

cider has a shelf life long enough so

freezing or refrigeration of the cider

isn’t necessary.

We usually produce about 120,000

litres of cider a season.

The new ‘bag and box’ routine

is also better for the environment

because the bags

and boxes are FSG approved.

FSG is a company that partners

with organizations to improve the

sustainability of the world’s natural

resources. They make sure the environment

stays healthy and lives


“Everything is FSG approved

with our bag and box routine and

it saves the environment, so it’s a

win for everybody,” says Garry.

The new cider mill makes accessibility

a lot easier for the brothers.

“We can now travel with the mobile

cider mill to make it easier for

farmers who live far away,” says

Garry. The old cider mill was stationary,

it was not so easy to roll


“I remember when the season

was over, and we had to roll it away

till next season. We had to lift up

the one side and put pipes under it,

Photograph supplied by Geissberger family

so we could roll the mill, but even

then, we had run from back to front

putting the pipe underneath to keep

it rolling,” says Gord.

“It was a pain in the butt,” says


Another bonus to the upgrade

was the speed of the machine, says

Gord. “We can produce three times

the amount of cider in one day as

we could with the older mill,” explains


Although with the new mill, we

only need three guys working the

machine at all times. This was upsetting

because we had a bunch of

guys working with us before, says


“We had our friends from high

school, who are now retired, helping

us with the older mill,” says

Gord. “The older mill needed at

least six guys working it at one time,

and it was like a family, they loved


VanBeek, a long-time friend of

the Geissbergers says, ““I loved

working the presser because I could

do whatever I wanted up there.”

With the mobile cider mill, the

brothers are able to work all year


“We usually produce about

120,000 litres of cider a season,”

says Garry.

With the old mill, the season

use to run from September to

December, but now the brothers

have constant access to the mill.

“It gets a little slower during January,

February but overall it’s all

year long and it gets quite busy in

October,” says Garry.

The family has been producing

cider for over 40 years and are still

creating new ideas.

“You couldn’t ask for kinder,

more honest people to work with,”

says VanBeek. “And as it goes for

grandpa Geissberger, he was one

good soul.”

What started as a backyard

hobby for a small family has turned

into something successful, environmentally

friendly and delicious.

Community chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 27 - April 2, 2018 The Chronicle 9

Four GO stations

coming to Durham

Austin Andru

and Conner McTague

The Chronicle

“This is a project I’ve worked

on since I’ve been in office,” says

Oshawa mayor John Henry.

“The traffic has always been a

problem at the GO station.”

Everyday at the Oshawa station

you’ll find a packed parking

lot, and hordes of commuters

running from to their cars to beat

traffic. “Everybody is in a hurry

to leave that station and it’s kind of

a nightmare,” said Henry.

The additional 160 spaces added

to the overflow lot has only put

a bandaid on the growing congestion

of commuters within the Durham


“If I was to go downtown tomorrow

morning and I had an 8

o’clock meeting,” said Henry. “I’d

have to be in the parking lot by

6:30 to get a parking space.”

However, in 2024, Oshawa will

not only have more parking spaces,

it’ll have three GO stations, and

two more stations that will pass

into Courtice and Bowmanville in

the largest infrastructure project

in Ontario’s history.

This expansion would see four

new GO stations added in Durham.

In Oshawa, the stations will

be at Thornton Road and at Ritson

Road, in place of the former

Knob Hill Farms grocery store,

which has been vacant for years.

“The foundry that was there

(before Knob Hill Farms) had a

significant part of the history of

Ontario,” said Henry.

But Henry is happy that it is

going to good use.

“When you can repurpose a

piece of property to move people

effectively, it makes a lot of

sense.”The other stations will be

at Courtice Road in Courtice and

Martin Road in Bowmanville.

Scott Money, Metrolinx’s

Transit Media Relations and

Issues specialist, says, “Metrolinx

is also expanding Lakeshore

East GO train service in Durham

Region to help manage congestion

and get more people moving

throughout the region.”

Stations in these areas have

been long awaited, especially in

Bowmanville. “The first news that

Bowmanville had for a train going

to Toronto was at the turn of last

century,” said Clarington mayor

Adrian Foster. “This is over a

hundred years in the making.”

“The Region of Durham is

supportive of this project. We see

the extension of GO Transit service

to Bowmanville as a good

news story,” says Tania Laverty,

Manager of Communications for

the Municipality of Durham. “We

are actively participating in this

Metrolinx initiative; it is a strategic

priority for the region.”

With Metrolinx projecting the

population of Durham Region

to grow by 90 per cent by 2041,

through 2011 Statistics Canada

census and the 2017 Growth Plan

for the Greater Golden Horseshoe,

the expansion becomes almost

necessary to provide proper

public transit.

Dan Hoffman, real estate

agent for REMAX, says, “With

my experiences living and selling

in the Rouge (Hill). I would say at

least half of my clients move into

our area because of the GO train

access downtown.”

“I have found that if you are

within walking distance to the

GO or a subway line that adds at

least $50,000 in value,” says Hoffman.

The project is expected to be

complete in 2024. This timeline

allows implementation of consultation,

planning and design, procurement

and construction of the


Part of this planning will involve

an initiative by Metrolinx to

make the trains more eco-friendly.

GO Transit has a goal to electrify

the trains on the Lakeshore

East line as part of the expansion.

“Electrification of the GO network

remains a top priority."

"This will bring substantial

benefits in terms of reducing

both transit operation costs and

environmental impacts,” said


Electrification and track

improvements may pave way for

rapid transit throughout the province,

something Canada lacks

compared to Europe, which has

high speed trains that connect

commuters throughout the continent.

For example, a Thalys

train can reach maximum speeds

of 320 km/h and transport travellers

from Paris, France to Brussels,

Belgium in just over an hour.

For comparison, it currently

takes an hour and three minutes

for commuters to go from Oshawa

GO to Union Station while travelling

at about 50 km/h.

Kathryn McGarry, Ontario’s

Minister of Transportation says,

“We’re continuing to move forward

on various ways to electrify

the service.”McGarry says they

are considering other ideas for

electrification of the rails, including

the use of a hydrogen fuel cell.

“It is a very exciting venture,” she

said. “There’s a lot of excitement

with the technology.”

“We recognize the need to do

more for climate change and reduce

congestion,” says McGarry.

“And also to promote innovation

and to develop new economic

opportunities in the GTHA when

it comes to green infrastructure.”

The Ontario Government led

by former premier, Dalton Mc-

Guinty, announced the MoveOntario2020

project on June 5, 2007,

which would fund 52 projects to

improve transit throughout Ontario,

starting in 2008 with the

goal of it being in place and fully

functional by 2020.

The plan fell under the umbrella

of Metrolinx’s project called

The Big Move, a regional transportation

plan (RTP).

The provincial government

promised to cover two-thirds of

the cost, about 11.5 of the projected

$17.5 billion cost, with the

federal government covering the

remaining six billion.

Metrolinx also forecast what

impact The Big Move would have

on the GTHA (City of Hamilton,

Toronto and the Halton, Peel and

Durham Region’s) once it’s in

place. With the plan, by 2031, 81

per cent of the GTHA would be

within 2 km of transit, compared

to 47 per cent without. The average

commuting time per person

would be 109 minutes per day

without the RTP, but with it, it

will be just 77 minutes per day.

It will have a positive environmental

impact, too. Metrolinx’s

2008 numbers showed the average

person contributed 2.4 tonnes

of transportation greenhouse gas

emissions. With the RTP, this

number will drop to 1.7 tonnes,

saving approximately 10,000

pounds of greenhouse emissions

per person.

Infrastructure includes a new

rail bridge over Highway 401,

Victoria Street, Champlain Avenue

and the proposed Consumers

Drive expansion in Whitby,

which began as early as 2009.

A Canadian Pacific rail corridor

expansion, three grade separations,

14 bridge expansions and

nine level crossing modifications

will also be included as part of the

infrastructure overhaul.

These plans also included the

expansion of the Lakeshore East

Line, which currently runs from

Union Station in Downtown Toronto

to Oshawa GO Station.

GO Transit is already beginning

to feel the growth of the

Region, as the entire Lakeshore

East line had more than 1.1 million

boardings in October 2017,

up 2 per cent from October 2016,

Money says.The ultimate goal of

the expansion is to provide allday,

15-minute, two-way travel

between Oshawa and Union station.

The service will run seven

days a week, according to a presentation

released by Metrolinx’s

Chief Capital Officer, Peter Zuk.

A lot of work had to be done

between the City of Oshawa and

Clarington, Bowmanville’s mayor

says. “There’s a significant

amount of work that was done.”

“There was a lot of discussion

with the province about what the

benefits of doing this were,” said

mayor Foster.

McGarry, transport minister

says, “We decided to do some

more spending on transit to improve

the competitiveness of Ontario’s

communities, enhance productivity

and reduce time spent in

traffic and congestion.”

McGarry says it makes sense to

expand the rail lines because the

population of the GTHA is growing

by more than 100 thousand a


This expansion might not have

seen the light had another party

been in office (at the Provincial

level), says Foster.

“Whatever leadership is in the

PC party, their history has been to

not support infrastructure spending

in the province and they have

continued to vote against the investments,”

said McGarry.

“Both opposition parties (PC

and NDP) to-date have not supported

a platform that has infrastructure

in it and has routinely

voted against the budget in the

last four years that contain the investments

for infrastructure planning.”

If the expansion goes according

to plan, Durham Region and

the GTHA will see new, improved

transit, connecting people to more

jobs, helping the economy grow


There’s many high density

developments near the proposed

Bowmanville station that will support

an increased population from

the new station.

It’s a much needed expansion

for a population which continues

to grow. “By 2024-25, much of

the GO rail system, including

the Lakeshore East line will be

dramatically improved, providing

new travel choices to Durham

residents,” says Money, Metrolinx’s

media relations specialist.

“There will be more stops

along the line, bringing more

transit options to Oshawa, Whitby,

Ajax, Pickering, Scarborough,

central Toronto and neighbouring

communities,” says Money.

“By avoiding highway traffic,

customers can be more confident

that they’ll get to where they need

to be, when they need to be.”

“We know we are accommodating

a wonderful municipality

that is really growing and thriving,”

says McGarry.

Because of the work, both

finished and ongoing, between

Metrolinx, the Ontario Government,

MTO and the leadership

authority within Durham Region,

residents will see a long-awaited

GO Transit expansion in the

coming years, allowing them to

be more connected with their

communities, as well as the rest of


10 The Chronicle March 27 - April 2, 2018 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Community

Responding to human

This is part two of a three-part series on

human trafficking in Durham. Part three

will appear in Issue 11.



help assist


Shana Fillatrau

and Shanelle Somers

The Chronicle

Human trafficking is an issue in

the Durham Region, but there are

organizations out there that are

trying to help. Whether it’s helping

girls become less vulnerable,

spreading awareness or providing

survivors with a safe place to sleep,

these organizations, more specifically,

these people are spending their

time doing what they can to help

present and future victims.

Cathy Tollefson is the executive

director of Global Family Canada.

Daughter Project Canada is

the anti-sexual exploitation arm of

the organization.

The Daughter Project is an organization

for the “prevention,

intervention shelter and restoration

for young Canadian girls at

risk of sex trafficking and sexual


Global Family started in 2007

and two and half-years-ago, Global

Family started to help girls in Canada.

Before they raised money to

send to eight different countries to

help them end sexual exploitation


Tollefson says they realized, “it

wasn’t just about raising money to

send overseas, it was about addressing

the issue here.”

At first, it was just about raising

awareness, she says. They let the

public know trafficking is an issue

A woman being branded by her trafficker.

in Canada, then they started their

prevention model.

“We believe that the greatest effort

for prevention, is local people

reaching the local girls of their

community,” says Tollefson.

If local volunteers recognize the

issue and want to help, Daughter

Project partners with them to find

solutions in their community.

“Prevention will always be the

main focus of what we do because

we would much rather these atrocities

never happen,” says Tollefson.

Tollefson raises awareness

through social media, speaking

engagements and finding volunteers

to create programs in their


Cathy Tollefson, executive director of the Daughter Project Canada.

Tollefson says the root issue is

self-esteem, so they create girls club

to promote female empowerment.

“The number one things that

makes a girl vulnerable is low-value

and low self-esteem,” she says.

Daughter Project provides the

volunteers a curriculum which

includes building character, overcoming

obstacles, becoming a

woman and looking to the future.

Tollefson says, “If you want to

reach the girls in your community,

we want to do all that we can

to help you be successful at that.”

According to her, the average age

a girl gets trafficked is 12 to 14. She

encourages the volunteers to begin

mentoring girls at the age of eight.

That is also why the Daughter

Project wants to create an intervention

shelter for young girls.

There are three different types

of shelters: short-term emergency,

long-term restorative, and transitional.

The Daughter Project is planning

to build a “first-stage, emergency

shelter,” where girls who were just

taken from their captor can reside.

Global Family have opened 12 shelters

around the world. The latest

one opened in California.

In ten years, the organization

hopes to have at least one shelter

in every country they are involved

in. That way they can have prevention,

intervention and restoration in

Photograph by Shanelle Somers

Photo arranged by Shana Fillatrau

Prevention will

always be the

main focus of

what we do.

every place where they assist.

Tollefson went to the new shelter

in California, and after she

left, she was asked by the Global

Family founders to begin looking

into what a shelter would look like

in Canada. So, for the last year, she

has been working to open a shelter

for minors.

At the moment, there isn’t a shelter

that is open to helping young

girls, since children 15-years-old

or younger would be referred to

the Children’s Aid Society and

they would not be allowed to stay

in a shelter. “Which sounds great,

but when it’s not the kind of care

designed to help young victims of

this kind of trauma, it’s not really

meeting the need of what they

need,” she says.

Tollefson says the Ontario government

is open to the idea of an

intervention shelter for minors and

that in Canada, according to statistics,

it’s going to take seven to ten

times for a girl to finally leave her


Therefore, Tollefson believes it’s

important for these girls to have

trained professionals who know

how to deal with the trauma that

they’ve faced.

A girl might have been rescued

after a month and the best thing

Community chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 27 - April 2, 2018 The Chronicle 11

trafficking in Durham

for her would be to get back to

her family, though another girl

might have been exploited for two

years and may be addicted to drugs

and alcohol. This girl would need

a long-term home. The Daughter

Project would work with each girl

to decide what’s best for her and

what her next step should be.

“We recognize that every girl,

every story will be different,” says

Tollefson who explains she doesn’t

know how long it will take, but The

Daughter Project are planning to

open the shelter in the GTA.

SafeHope Home is a long-term

home helping human-trafficking

victims reintegrate themselves into


SafeHope Home is a two-part

program. There is a day program

and a residence program. The girls

staying in the program are required

to participate in both. Six girls in

total participate in the program.

These girls are aged 16 to 29.

The day program is from 10-4,

and was started in May of last year.

There girls learn about self-esteem,

budgeting, and boundaries.

They do online learning, as well

as more fun activities, like horseback

riding. Volunteers are able to

come in. These volunteers teach the

girls activities like sewing.

There’s also a tattoo artist who

“un-brands” the girls by covering

up previous tattoos.

Girls are usually given tattoos

of their pimp’s name or a barcode.

The tattoo is put on a visible area

like the wrist or the neck.

After about nine months to a

year, the girls will enter the second

stage. This is when they will be

trained for the workforce, learning

job skills.

After the girls are finished their

day program at 4 p.m., they then

go to their residence. The residential

aspect of Safe Hope opened in


A majority of the girls are on

Ontario Works (OW) or Ontario

Disability Support Program.

Since they have an income of

their own, they are taught to budget

their money and pay for their own


SafeHope Home adopted the

program of the SA Foundation.

The SA Foundation’s executive

director is a trafficking survivor.

According to the SA Foundation

website, “The SA Foundation is a

global non-profit organization that

provides long-term recovery and

development programs for women

and children who have been affected

by human trafficking and sexual


Dena is the program director at

SafeHope Home. She doesn’t want

her last name published for the safety

of the girls.

Dena gets all of the referrals.

Referrals are welcome from anywhere,

Dena says.

She interviews the girls several

times and decide if they are suitable

for the program. She also

books any appointments the girls

may need.

SafeHope Home also works with

Catholic Family services to provide

the girls trauma therapy.

Dena says it takes three to seven

years for the girls to be able to reintegrate

themselves into society.

Some of the girls have addictions

they need to get through as well.

If this is the case, the SafeHope

Home works with Pinewood to get

the girls the help they need.

In terms of Durham’s part in human

trafficking, Dena says Durham

is vulnerable to traffickers

because of the highway, the many

hotels between Oshawa and Pickering,

as well as the proximity to


In order to help the problem,

Dena says, “be very, very aware

of the signs. There are so many

signs, especially people with young

daughters in the 11, 12, 13-year-old

age range ... talk to them. Don’t

pretend it’s not happening.”

Dena says some of the signs are

expensive gifts, new friends they

Photograph arranged by Shana Fillatrau

'Boyfrienders' are much different from boyfriends. They walk the halls of Durham public schools looking for easy recruits.

Girls are usually given tattoos of

their pimp's name or a barcode.

haven’t met or a new boyfriend.

“I think a young girl is susceptible

to it. It doesn’t matter if

you come from a two-parent household

or a one-parent family home

or what your income is, I don’t

think that that has anything to do

with it. Not from what I see and

what I’ve seen,” she says.

According to Dena, most human-trafficking

victims have been

sexually abused before they were


What you can do to help? Dena

says, “Parents need to talk to their

kids about this, because it’s happening

and it’s a huge business.”

The common theme between

both organizations - human trafficking

is happening in Durham,

and it needs to be talked about for

any change to be made. Parents,

teachers, relatives and teenagers

need to know about it in order to be

protected. There is a way to prevent

it and there is a way out.

Photograph arranged by Shanelle Somers

The hands of 13-year-olds and 14-year-olds bringing awareness to the issue of human trafficking in Durham Region.

12 The Chronicle March 27 - April 2, 2018 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Community

The LivingRoom:

A community

art studio for all

Cassidy McMullen

The Chronicle

Driving down Simcoe St. S., you

might have noticed two rockers

sitting outside a store called The

LivingRoom. Some might assume

it’s a furniture store, but if you

ever take the time to go in, you’ll

find something very different.

The LivingRoom is a community

art studio. People come to

make art, attend workshops, performances

and meet new people

says founder and executive director

of The LivingRoom, Mary


“We’re a part of something

called the Art Hive movement,”

Krohnert says. “We believe in

creating safe places where people

can come and share art for free in

the service of community development

and personal well-being.”

The LivingRoom started as a

collage group. Krohnert ran the

group in the back of a restaurant

in 2013. After a year, she got a

grant and opened The Living-

Room as a registered non-forprofit

in Nov. of 2014.

“As an artist, I have always

used art to heal, to express myself,

to connect with other people, so

at one point of my life I thought

that meant I would become an art

therapist,” Krohnert says. That’s

what led her to go to school and

become an art therapist, but the

work environment wasn’t for her.

“I found I didn’t fit into any

traditional, clinical settings. I’ve

been an artist for so long, that it

just didn’t feel right being in an

office all day,” Kronhert says.

She also found herself questioning

why everyone didn’t know

the skills that she had learned.

She thought people should know

how to take care of themselves

and express themselves through

art, Kronhert says.

“I start looking at a way to

combine art making and community

engagement and I discovered

the Art Hive movement.”

Kronhert says.

The Art Hive movement connects

community art studios

across Canada and throughout

the world. Together they push

forward the idea everyone is an

artist, making art is human behaviour

and by providing spaces

to create art strengthens communities.

The goal of the Art Hive movement

is to ‘create multiple opportunities

for dialogue, skill sharing,

and art making between people

of differing socio-economic backgrounds,

ages, cultures and abilities’,

the Art Hive website says.

Kronhert studied at Concordia

University under the founder of

the Art Hive movement, Dr. Janis

Timm-Bottos, to learn how to

create an art hive and to how to

maintain them.

“It was like this is it,” Kronhert

says. “Something where I could

still be any artist and I could be

with people in the community.”

The impact The LivingRoom

has had on Simcoe Street so far

has been positive. It has created

an economic impact on the local

business by providing foot traffic

to the mainly store front area

bring in more customers, Kronhert


“Since we’ve moved here, it’s

the first period where the stores

across the road there have been

constantly rented out,” Kronhert

says. “For a long time, apparently,

they had been closed and empty.”

The Livingroom has an Art

Shop that let’s community members

buy and sell art.

The impact isn’t just economic

either. It has an impact on community

members, according to

Kronhert. Not only do they get to

The LivingRoom, located on Simcoe St. S. by Memorial Park in Oshawa.

Mary Kronhert, the founder and executive director of the LivingRoom.

work in a studio with art supplies

at a pay-what-you-can rate, they

can also participate in workshops,

put on a workshop themselves and

branch out to meet new people in

their community.

Ceth Legere has been coming

to The LivingRoom as a regular

visitor since it first started. Legere

also volunteers at The Living-

Room occasionally to wash paint

brushes and clean up.

Thanks to the Art Shop at The

LivingRoom, Legere has been

able to sell artwork and branch

out online and attend their fundraising

events like Handmade

with Heart that the The Living-

Room puts on.

“It’s like the best place in Oshawa,”

Legere says. “It’s really safe

and understanding… we keep

this place a safe place, but we also

keep it really open and really honest

and communitive, it’s never

a judgement space, it’s always to

support the person that’s in the


Aside from that, Legere has

been given a space to be able to

feel safe and push past her social

Photograph by Cassidy McMullen

anxiety to make friends.

“It just feels like such a safe

space you can just talk to anyone

and have it be fine,” Legere says.

Liam Ward has been coming

to The LivingRoom with his

Mom since the beginning of 2017.

“It really helps me get into my

artistic side,” Ward says. “I, like,

walk back and forth and just look

at things and sometimes I figure

out stuff to put together.”

Ward uses his time at The

LivingRoom to make all sorts

of art, like plan Dungeons and

Dragons games and resurface

Nerf guns.

“You can do anything here,

even if you just wanted to sit down,

have a cup of, like, coffee and do

some school work they would be

perfectly fine with that, it’s just a

place for, like, community.”

Ward has been out of school

for the last two years because of

complications with scoliosis surgery

where hardwire was inserted

to straighten out and reinforce his

spine. He’s hoping to start going

to school again, even if it’s just one

class a week. For now, The LivingRoom

gives him a place to go

and do something.

“It’s a huge relief to come here,

I love it. It's a place where I can

relax and focus on something

other than my health issues for

once and I’ve made a lot of friends

here.” Ward says.

Ward has also started teaching

Dungeons and Dragons workshops

every last Sunday of the

month to introduce beginners to

the game and to teach them to become

dungeon masters, the person

who makes the quest and runs

the game.

“We used to come here once

a week but now we’re coming

as often as we can,” Ward says.

“I am disappointed this place is

closed two days of the week.”

Kathleen Finley has been coming

to The LivingRoom for a year

and a half now. She was living in

transitional housing nearby and

was out walking when she found

the LivingRoom.

“It’s a place of comfort,” Finley

say. “The experience is really

Photograph by Cassidy McMullen

what you wanted it to be.”

Finley took a few months to

get used to the space. She started

off by going a couple times over

a couple months, but now she’s a


“This place is for, you know,

to find their own inner artist but

also to connect to people and get

dialogue going and build relationships,”

Finley says. “That was

very unique and I thought, I can’t

believe a place like this exists.”

Finley says it’s helped her tap

into her creativity. “A lot of it is

play for me, in a very different

way, in a creative way, so it taught

me it was okay to do that and to

be self-nurturing,” says Finley.

Finley loves nature and working

with the earth. In the summer

time, she works in the community

garden behind The LivingRoom.

“When I first found out they

had a yard, I jumped on board,”

Finley says.

She’s also known around The

LivingRoom as the yarn bomber.

She covered the portion of sidewalk

across the street with yarn

and experiments with different


The LivingRoom is run completely

on donations, grants and

fundraising events. Their fee is a

pay-what-you-can to use the space

and most of the art supplies. They

also offer workshops for free or at

a low cost to cover supplies.

“Every penny counts, every

dollar counts,” Kronhert says.

The LivingRoom has set up a

Patreon for online donations.

They also take donations of

art supplies and other essentials.

Some things they’re always in

need of is any type of glue, glitter,

dish soap, coffee and coffee whitener.

Fans of making art from found

things like broken chairs and

clothing, they like donations of

unusual things like fence posts or

old windows.

“What the LivingRoom really

needs, is you,” Kronhert says.

“We want to meet you. Even

if you’re nervous, you have something

to offer to your community.”

Community chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 27 - April 2, 2018 The Chronicle 13

The modernization of libraries

Aly Beach

The Chronicle

“Libraries have always been about

giving people access to information

and access to knowledge, so

because of technology,” says Tracy

Munusami, Manager of Service

Excellence at the Oshawa Public

Library, “The way that access has

changed- it’s not through books

anymore, a lot of its online,”

This is one of many ways libraries

have modernized to keep up

and stay relevant in today’s society.

Other ways include adding maker

spaces, offering workshops and increasing

digital content.

Libraries have always been a hub

for the communities they serve, but

in recent years they have changed

from the nostalgic libraries you remember

as a kid to digitized, modernized

community spaces.

Like many public services, such

as hospitals and schools, libraries

have had to modernize and digitize

through the Internet. This has

revolutionized the way libraries

run, from the collection catalogue

to the services they offer, to the

actual job of working at a library.

“The job has changed from just

using maybe a couple of tools like

a library catalogue in an index to

find information, to knowing all

the different places information

could be and knowing how to use

all that different technology to access

it,” says Susan Pratt, program

coordinator of the Librarian and

Information program at Durham


Many libraries, including the

Oshawa Public Library and Whitby

Public Library, have made their

catalogue available for sign out

online or offer services that would

allow the user to download content

from the Internet with their library

cards. From e-books and audio

books to magazine subscriptions,

to movie streaming services, many

libraries have made it all digital.

With the digitization of libraries,

residents don’t even need to leave

the house to use services if they

have Internet and a library card.

“Everyone lives really busy lives

so having our books, our music

and movies, and audio books and

magazines available online makes

it more accessible for people so they

don’t have to come in,” says Munusami.

While the Internet has encouraged

libraries to offer more online

services, it has also changed one of

the notable services libraries were

known to provide: research. Libraries

used to be a primary source for

researching whatever you needed.

Through the advancements in

the Internet and open data, one

can now research wherever and


“Maybe 10 years ago, 15 years

ago, 20 years ago, whatever, there

were certain places you looked

for information. You’d look in the

book catalogue to find books and

you’d look in a periodic index to

find journal articles and that was

it. Now there’s so many more places

students have to look for information,”

says Pratt.

However, not all library workers

agree researching purely on

the Internet is the best way to find

information.“I do think a lot of

people will just go onto Google

right now and just type in a regular

generic search and kind of go

with whatever they get. Whereas if

you came into the library, library

staff could actually help you drill

down that information and try to

find you more specific details or

broaden your search even more

and give you more information

that maybe you weren’t aware of,”

says Jennifer Green, Manager of

Collections Support at the Oshawa

Public Library.

Because fewer people seem to be

using the library for research, they

have had to change their programs

and collections.

“When I started there were a lot

more reference, in-house use type

of sources. And now our reference

collection, our reference budget is

much smaller because the Internet

is…serving that role that the

print reference used to serve,” says

Donna Bolton-Steele, Reference

Department Head who has been

working at the Whitby Public Library

for 17 years.

Libraries have changed from

a place of research to a place of

recreation. Many libraries now

offer many programs or other

services that aren’t just books or

reading. Both Oshawa Public Library

and Whitby Public Library

offer computer workshops, 3D

printing, Wi-Fi hotspots and children’s

programs, such as story time.

They also both have variations of

a maker space, which is a crafting

area for both traditional crafts and


“We do a lot more programming

than we once did, recognizing our

role is not just the stuff and material

on our shelves, it’s what people do

with the stuff and how they come

together that makes it most valuable,”

says Bolton-Steel.

According to Munusami, from

the Oshawa Public Library, children’s

programming is very popular

and the library offers many

different services and programs

for children.

She attributes the success of these

programs to two things: the nostalgia

parents feel for libraries and

the fact that modern libraries offer

a safe place for children to learn

however they want.

“There’s a variety of different

ways to learn different things and

I think that’s the biggest thing for

kids- is to have that ability to pick

and choose how they receive information,”

says Munusami.

If library programming has

changed, does that mean their

content has also changed? While

libraries now offer various ways

of consuming content, from audio

books to DVDs. Both Steele-Bolton

from the Whitby Public Library

and Green from the Oshawa Public

Library agree that clients will always

have their favourites despite

the trends.

“We definitely have people here

who like what they read. They’ll

pick a specific author and if they

like them, they will want to read

everything that the author has written,”

says Green.

Green acknowledges the various

reading trends over the years,

listing the Twilight series and Fifty

Shades of Grey as examples. Right

now, a genre known as “Domestic

Thrillers” are popular and, according

to Green, are inspired by

Gillian Flynn’s Gone Girl. Graphic

novels have also seen a significant

increase in demand. However,

there is one fan base that hasn’t

changed that much, according to

Green. “Mystery readers are very

particular in the books they want to

take out. They know all the different

series that they have, they like

their authors and they know what

the authors are coming out with

other books,” says Green.

To be a great community space,

a library must be accessible. Public

libraries must adhere to Accessibility

for Ontarians with Disabilities

Act (AODA) standards which

make sure services are accessible

for people with disabilities. “Accessible

customer service is good customer

service,” says Steele-Bolton

Both Oshawa and Whitby Public

Libraries offer various accessibility

services including large print

books, computers with screen readers,

audio books. The Whitby Public

Library offers JAWS, a popular

screen reader, adjustable desks and

walkers or wheelchairs clients can

Photographs by Aly Beach

(From left) Tracy Munusami, manager of service excellence and Jennifer Green, manager of collections support, from the Oshawa

Public Library.

The inside of the Oshawa Public Library (left) and the Whitby Public Library.

Photographs by Aly Beach

use in the library if needed.

“When we’re designing our

spaces, we have accessibility in

mind. We’re always upgrading,”

says Steele-Bolton.

The Oshawa Library has recently

completed renovations to make

the library itself more accessible.

“The library was built in 1954.

Back then there weren’t any legislations

or policies in place for buildings

to be accessible so we’re updating

that now,” says Munusami.

Libraries act as hubs for the

community they are part of. They

offer residents a safe, warm place

to spend time for little to no money.

But like everything else with libraries,

the idea of being community

hubs has been updated.

“I think a lot of people used the

library before to meet friends, as

a local meeting place for group

studies…But I think now more

people are coming here to just

kind of relax and they will just sit

around, they’ll read a book, read a

magazine…” says Green from the

Oshawa Public Library.

In Whitby, Steele-Bolton says,

“The focus is less on the collections

and more on the people we serve.”

“The library is a place where

people come together, it’s really

important. Especially in a busy

commuter place where there isn’t

that time to meet your neighbours,”

says Steele-Bolton.

Munusami from the Oshawa

Public Library notes that libraries

acting as community spaces is important

as it helps support members

of the community that may be socially


“A lot of the interactions that

customers have with the staff are

for socialization. They’re not to

ask about information. I mean they

do, but a lot of the time it’s to ask

about their day or to have someone

to connect with because not everyone

has that social network,” says


The best way to support your

local library is to use it. Whether

you need to research or you’re just

looking to hangout in a cool place

with free Wi-Fi, your local library

has something for everyone.

“Our role is not just the stuff and

material on our shelves, it’s what

people do with the stuff and how they

come together that makes it most valuable,”

says Steele-Bolton.

14 The Chronicle March 27 - April 2, 2018 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca

chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 27 - April 2, 2018 The Chronicle 15

16 The Chronicle March 27 - April 2, 2018 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca

Community chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 27 - April 2, 2018 The Chronicle 17

Soldiers marching in Oshawa (left) and the old Oshawa Armoury (right).

Photos from The Thomas Bouckley Collection, The Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa.

The R.S. McLaughlin Armoury

The land where we stand is the traditional

territory of the Mississauga's of

Scugog Island First Nations. Uncovering

the hidden stories about the land our community

is built on, is what the Chronicle's

new feature series, the Land Where We

Stand, is about.

Tiago de Oliveira

The Chronicle

It’s the eleventh day of September.

The year is 1971. A parade of soldiers

come marching down Simcoe

Street in Oshawa. They are part of

a hundred-man Guard of Honour

from the Ontario Regiment sent to

show respect to the Honorary Colonel,

Robert Samuel McLaughlin.

It is his 100th birthday.

McLaughlin received the salute

while the parade passed his

home, Parkwood Estate. Ontario’s

Lieutenant-Governor at the time,

W. Ross MacDonald, read a

birthday greeting to McLaughlin

from Queen Elizabeth II as several

military commanders in attendance

looked on.

People think of Oshawa as an

autoworker's town. The rich heritage

of Oshawa is best explored

through the historical sites built

around the city. The R. S. Mc-

Laughlin Armoury on Simcoe is

a gateway to understanding the

vast complexity of the community's


Oshawa’s industrial reputation

is slowly being replaced with a

richer cultural background, according

to Jeremy Neal Blowers,

the executive director of the Ontario

Regiment Museum.

“As that industrial footprint

has been shrinking, the city has

really both on the community

level and in the highest levels of

political leadership has really put

an emphasis on culture, and heritage,”

said Blowers, who believes

the city of Oshawa is currently going

through a renaissance period.

The armoury's namesake and

founder of General Motors Canada,

Colonel McLaughlin, was

not just a successful capitalist but,

along with his family, has deep

roots in philanthropic works that

entrenched his legacy in Canadian

military tradition.

The McLaughlin Armoury

boasts a proud history. As a heritage

site, it is part of several of Oshawa's

milestone moments as a city,

and the Ontario Regiment calls

the armoury home.

R. S. McLaughlin was made

Honorary Lieutenant-Colonel of

the Ontario Regiment on November

1, 1920. He held that position

until 1931 when he was made

Honorary Colonel.

Many soldiers had begun using

the affectionate nickname, “Colonel


“It was actually because of

his efforts we were able to stay

alive during the Great Depression,”

said Sara Jago, among her

responsibilities she manages reception

at the Ontario Regiment


Jago said the regiment has

been able to persist to this day due

to McLaughlin.

“Unlike the ivory tower elitist

sort of thing, if you look at the way

the McLaughlins lived, they were

always in the community and always

giving,” said Blowers, sitting

in his antique office chair at the

Ontario Regiment Museum.

“Their house was open to so

many people in the community…

The officers of Camp X would

often come there on weekends and

use his billiard room. Have some

drinks and cigars on the house,”

said Blowers.

By 1967, McLaughlin had become

the longest serving colonel

in Canadian history.

McLaughlin was also given

the highest Canadian honour, the

Companion of the Order of Canada


“Not many Canadians are recipients

of it and how you get that

is for exceptional and extraordinary

service within your community,”

said Jago, as she delivered a

tour of McLaughlin’s section at

the museum. “It’s one of the highest

civilian awards, if not the highest.”

Situated on Simcoe and Richmond

Street, the armoury is a

mass of brick, layered on stone

foundation. The armoury is large,

and with its imposing figure looks

more like a castle, standing out in

the downtown landscape.

The Oshawa Armoury opened

in 1914. Sam Hughes, the Minister

of Militia and Defence from 1911

to 1916, accelerated construction

efforts due to the threat of World

War I.

When Oshawa was first designated

as a city in March of 1924,

Oshawa Mayor W. J. Trick gave a

speech outside the hall of the Oshawa


Bands marched in the street

and there was a 25-gun salute.

Later that evening, a dance was

held inside to commemorate the


In the same year, a war memorial

to commemorate those who

had fallen in the Great War was

unveiled in what is now known as

Memorial Park in Oshawa.

To this day, members of the

Ontario Regiment, as well as war

veterans, congregate at the R. S.

McLaughlin Armoury as part of

the Remembrance Day tradition.

“We’ve gone many times over

the years and you wouldn’t get

the turnout that you get now. But

since the Afghanistan war, that’s

had a major impact on the civilians

for the army.

They just cheer,” said Warrant

Officer David Mountenay who

served in the Ontario Regiment

and now works at the Ontario

Regiment Museum.

Mountenay has fond memories

of the Remembrance Day parade

route and the lives he touched

through his service.

He met a little girl on the way

to Memorial Park.

“The mother brought her over

to me and she said, ‘She wanted to

thank a soldier,’ It makes me cry.

She gave this to me and she had

written, ‘Thank you,’” Mountenay


The regiment has seen fighting

in both world wars as well as

deployment in Afghanistan. The

regiment was an infantry battalion

up until the second World War

when it was designated as the 11th

Canadian Armoured Regiment.

“We were one of the first in the

second World War regiments that

went armour,” said Mountenay.

However, according to Mountenay

the government in typical

fashion hadn’t actually purchased

the tanks after designating the

regiment as “armoured.”

“R.S McLaughlin was good

friends with General Worthington…

McLaughlin had the

dough,” said Mountenay.

Someone had to buy tanks for

the newly designated armoured

division, but the government

wasn’t spending a lot of money at

the time.

“They went to the U.S. and

bought a trainload of these (Renault

tanks) for training at Camp


The stories of the soldiers from

the Ontario Regiment and those

from Oshawa are well documented

in war diaries. What follows

is an account of fighting on

the frontlines in France from July

23, 1917:

Pte. W.M. Johnson, No. 1.

Lewis Gunner, went with his crew

up the gully in the slag heap, and

swept the top of the same. He

fired all his pans, and got more,

and although two of his men were

wounded, he kept the enemy at

bay on the slag heap, and when his

ammunition was running out, and

men were being killed and wounded,

he withdrew, fighting and covering

the posts as he withdrew. He

brought in his Lewis Gun, thoroughly

exhausted, but full of fight.

Now forty-six years after the

death of McLaughlin, it is difficult

to go anywhere in Oshawa without

recognizing his legacy, and the

impact he had on the community.

“Even in the past decade, a lot

of special events are held at the armoury,”

Blowers said. As the director

of the regiment’s museum,

his responsibilities are to oversee

the preservation of Durham’s military

history. “The armoury is

on the parade route for a certain

reason, for reviewing the troops or

saluting the flag. Civic events are

there as well as military events…

It has always been a focal point…

It’s right there on Simcoe street,

right in the heart of the old center

of town.”

The armoury and the history

behind it stands testament to the

fact that Oshawa is far more than

a town where cars are made.

Follow us @DCUOITChronicle and

use #landwherewestand to join the conversation,

ask questions or send us more


18 The Chronicle March 27 - April 2, 2018 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Community

Windfields, a majestic farm

The land where we stand is the traditional

territory of the Mississaugas of

Scugog Island First Nation. Uncovering

the hidden stories about the land our community

is built on is what the Chronicle's

new feature series, the Land Where We

Stand, is about.

Shanelle Somers

The Chronicle

It’s 1966 in Yorkville. The community

is small, the central shops

are buzzing, and the live band is

playing at the theatre. Families

are skating at the rink downtown

and Don Mills Shopping Centre

has just opened. Amidst this quaint

little community stands a majestic


A swish, swish, swish sounds as

she runs into the lush field. Two

little girls follow behind. It’s a Saturday


The sounds of horses emerge.

A slow creak of the door sounds

as it opens and Marleen Keenan

and her friends are in awe of what

stands before them.

A race horse. Many race horses.

This is the land of E.P. Taylor

and Windfields Farm.

Between 1966 and now, the land

where E.P. Taylor’s famous horse

Northern Dancer raced across the

fields has been developed.

What stands there now is a

growing subdivision community,

two post-secondary campuses and

slated plans for a new shopping


This is the northern end of the

city and the gateway to the 407

ETR Highway and residential,

academic and retail development

has changed this landscape.

Most people at Durham College

know E.P. Taylor’s as a campus pub

but the businessman, entrepreneur

and philanthropist Edward Plunkett

‘E.P.’ Taylor is known for his

contributions to the horse racing


He owned Canada’s largest

thoroughbred farm and turned

his 1500-acre property into the National

Stud Farm after purchasing

the land from automobile titan R.S.

McLaughlin, founder of General

Motors Canada.

The farm was later named

Windfields Farm.

Stretching long from Rossland

Rd. N. to Winchester Rd. in Brooklin,

Ont., and wide from Simcoe

Rd. to Thornton Rd. Oshawa,

Windfields Farm was home to

famous race horses.

Multiple stables, farm houses,

and a race track stood on the land

at Windfields Farm. The land here

was used to train horses.

A race horse named Northern

Dancer grazed the fields of both

the E.P. Taylor Estate at Bayview

Avenue in North York and Windfields

Farm in Oshawa.

The E.P. Taylor Estate stables

is where Marleen Keenan and her

friends stood in awe of the race

horse back in 1966.

“We’d cut through the property

on our way home from school and

run through the fields of the estate

hoping to catch a glimpse of the

race horses,” says Keenan, who was

eight at the time.

Northern Dancer became a

world historical figure after winning

the Kentucky Derby in 1964

and later passed away in 1990.

The Canadian Horse Racing

Hall of Fame online has an entire

tab devoted to Northern Dancer.

Linda Rainey of the Canadian

Horse Racing Hall of Fame says

the tab on the website was put up in

honour of Northern Dancer’s 50th

anniversary in 2014.

In the Kentucky Derby, every

horse entered can be tracked back

to Northern Dancer, says Rainey

who goes on to say Northern Dancer

was not only a great horse but

a superstar.

“I have a fond memory driving

with my parents by the farm

and my father pointed out that’s

where Northern Dancer lived,”

says Rainey. “It was just a magical


Author Muriel Lennox’s book

Northern Dancer: The Legend

and His Legacy, says, “He transcended

horse racing, and truly

captured the hearts of all of Canadians

as they followed his relatively

short race career – 18 races in

15 months.”

Lennox says Northern Dancer

overcame early rejection and

physical immaturity to make history

while gallantly capturing the

Kentucky Derby (the world’s most

famous race) and the Queen’s Plate.

Northern Dancer became one of

the most successful stallions whose

influence still dominates.

Aside from the rich history in

horse racing, the Taylor family was

also instrumental in the entrainment

of the royal family during

their visits to Canada.

Today, the Queen stays at the

Royal York downtown Toronto on

Front St. but in the past, Keenan’s

grandmother and mother lined

Leslie St. in North York waiting to

get a glimpse of Queen Elizabeth

II and other royal family members

entering Taylor’s estate.

Taylor’s elite status in the business

world and race horsing business

allowed him access to the royal

family. But that success has begun

to fade into history. By the 1960s,

subdivision development was beginning

to intrude into the land of

the Bayview estate as North York

was looking to develop on the estate


E.P. Taylor and his wife decided

to sell for 13.7 million and Morenish

Land Developments Ltd. began

I have a fond memory...

it was just a magical place.

One of the last remaining stables at Windfields Farm.

development. The estate itself was

has been preserved and houses the

Canadian Film Centre.

Most of the horse breeding and

development then moved to Oshawa

at Windfields Farm and soon

development companies began to

encroach on that land too.

A Tribute subdivision community

was built on a portion of the

land north of Conlin Rd. in the early

2000s. Many of the subdivision

streets were named after the race

horses bred on Windfield Farms.

Names like Seabiscuit, Winlord,

Pilgrim, Secretariat, and Northern

Dancer all anchor each street as

you drive through the subdivision.

After E.P Taylor’s death in 1989,

the farm was left in the hands of

Taylor’s son Charles.

Charles eventually made the

decision to sell 250-acres of the

property to Gary Polonsky, former

Durham College president.

In an Oshawa This Week article

from 2004, Gary Polonsky says

the process took several years to

acquire the first 150- acres due to

the complicated legal nature of E.P.

Taylor’s will.

Overall it took 12 years of relationship

building, which Polonsky

says turned into a friendship with

Charles Taylor.

The Oshawa This Week article

says Polonsky had estimated as

much as 300-acres may become

available for purchase.

Today, DC and UOIT own more

than 800-acres of the Windfields

farm land which includes the stables

and famous race horse grave


Many Oshawa residents became

upset when pictures emerged of the

Windfields Farm land owned by

UOIT in 2012. Northern Dancers’

grave had been forgotten.

Weeds had taken over and the

buildings were decaying.

Jennifer Weymark, the archivist

for the Oshawa Museum says,

“Many people were upset with state

the grave site was in and they were

upset with the city even though the

city did not own the land.”

UOIT released a statement to

the public on its university website

in 2014.

“The University of Ontario Institute

of Technology (UOIT), as part

of its commitment to proactively

preserve historic components of

the former

Windfields Farm in Oshawa, is

Photograph by Shanelle Somers

working with the City of Oshawa,

Heritage Oshawa and the Windfields

Community Group (WCG)

to ensure stewardship of the property,”

says the UOIT website.

Today, the grave sites have

been preserved along with the

old farmhouse, stable, and barn

on the land. However, the land

is hard to find and is not publicly


What’s left of the farm, is now

tucked away behind private property

and no trespassing signs.

As land from Windfields Farm

was sold off to academics and subdivision

building, another portion

of the farm property is now owned

by developer, RIOCAN.

A quick Google search of

Windfields Farm will bring you to

the big plans for the property as

the second search result.

RIOCAN plans to build a

massive regional retail site.

The site will accommodate up

to 1.5 million square foot in retail

space which equals 26 football


It’s 2018 in Oshawa. The community

is large, road expansion is

changing the landscape, development

is creeping closer, the race

track is demolished.

“Oshawa has grown and

changed so much since I worked

there,” says Marleen in her cottage

home up north.

But back in Oshawa is a piece

of history forgotten.

All is quiet. And all is hidden

behind a private property sign.

This is the land where we stand.

Follow us @DCUOITChronicle

and use #landwherewestand to join the

conversation, ask questions or send us

more information.

Community chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 27 - April 2, 2018 The Chronicle 19

How RMG shaped art

culture in Oshawa

The land where we stand is the traditional

territory of the Mississaugas of

Scugog Island First Nation. Uncovering

the hidden stories about the land

our community is built on is what the

Chronicle's new feature series, the Land

Where We Stand, is about.

Alex Clelland

The Chronicle

The Robert McLaughlin Gallery

(RMG) has the biggest artistic

contribution to the Durham Region

for over 50 years. Its sole purpose

as an artistic hub in Durham

Region is to connect, explore and

engage the community through

contemporary and modern Canadian


Founded in 1967 by Ewart

McLaughlin, grandson of Robert

McLaughlin, and wife Margaret

(painter Alexandra Luke), RMG’s

goal from its opening day has been

to showcase local talent and build

a gallery of formidable Canadian


RMG is host to many famous

Canadian art pieces, but also

showcases various exhibits featuring

local indigenous artists acknowledging

its traditional land of

the Mississaugas of Scugog Island

First Nation. Sonya Jones, the associate

curator for the gallery, says

RMG puts forth constant effort

to involve local First Nation communities

in exhibits and events,

because cultural exposure is key.

“They were here first. That’s

why before we open any public

event we do a lands claim, acknowledging

the land of the Mississaugas.

That’s so key to everything,”

Jones says. “They were

here first and they need to feel

that we are acknowledging them

as a key component of our community

and culture.”

In 1952, Alexandra Luke, a

painter from Oshawa, organized

an exhibition of abstract Canadian

art that opened in Oshawa

at Adelaide House in October.

The collection had the distinction

of being the first exhibition of abstract

painting to be assembled in

Canada, by Canadian artists, on a

national scale devoted exclusively

to this art form.

She continued to donate money

to the gallery and works from her

own collection. Until died in 1967

from ovarian cancer, the year

RMG officially opened,

Before her involvement in creating

what we know as the gallery

today, Luke was born in Montreal

in 1901. She attended Columbia

Hospital for Women and graduated

as a nurse in 1924. This added

to her art style and would help

influence the abstract expressionism

movement she became apart

of during World War II, where

artists such as Pablo Picasso and

Jackson Pollock became prominent

abstract artists. Shortly after,

she returned to Oshawa where

her Montreal-native family had

its roots. She married Clarence

Ewart McLaughlin, grandson of

Robert McLaughlin, in 1928.

Following the exhibition organized

by Luke in 1952, Simpson’s

Department Stores (now

popularly known as Hudson’s Bay)

sponsored an abstract art exhibit

in Toronto, Canada, titled Abstracts

at Home. At the time, seven

artists participated: Alexandra

Luke, Jack Bush, Oscar Cahén,

Tom Hodgson, Ray Mead, Kazuo

Nakamura, and William Ronald.

They decided to collaborate and

work together as a newly founded

artistic group. After holding their

first meeting in Oshawa with four

other new members, the Painters

Eleven was formed.

The first public exhibition

showcasing work by the Painters

Eleven was held in February 1954

at the Roberts Gallery in Toronto.

The appeal of this group’s artistic

style was in the fact that none of

them held similar styles or vision

in abstract artistry. Instead, they

collaborated their different styles

into unique paintings.

Luke’s involvement in the abstract

expressionism movement

and her exposure to different artistic

styles during her time with the

Painters Eleven was what shaped

the gallery itself. As a major donor

giving both money and art pieces

to the gallery, Luke was one of the

biggest contributors and has her

own section of the gallery dedicated

in her name. The concept

of collaborating unique styles into

one whole is what made RMG the

place it is today, bringing different

cultures and communities together

into one large showcase of Canadian


The uniqueness of different

Outside the Robert McLaughlin Gallery in Oshawa.

paintings is still reflected in the

gallery’s community collaboration

today. RMG shares a similar

vision of collaborating different

artistic styles into its gallery. The

key aim for RMG is to not only incorporate

different art forms and

styles in the gallery, but different

cultures in various showcases in

the area. Jones says that local artists

across Ontario are the reason

RMG is the gallery it is today.

“We have changed in many

ways over the years. Now, we have

a collection of 4,600 art works,”

Jones says. “We show local artists.

[RMG] was started by local

artists to open an Oshawa-based

gallery. Local artists gave us financial

support. They founded us,

and our past and present is shaped

by that.”

Over the years, the gallery itself

has gone through many changes

in the community. In 1987,

and $5.4 million expansion was

Photograph by Alex Clelland

commissioned to give RMG the

space to meet the growing needs

and changes of the community


“Over the years, we have fostered

our history in different ways

and expanded our audience to include

national artists to give our

community a different perspective.

But at the end of the day,

the thing that has shaped us and

made us who we are is the artists.

We wouldn’t be who we are without

artists,” says Jones. For those

who wish to learn more about the

gallery, RMG hosts its monthly

“RMG Fridays” event on the first

Friday of every month, and the

gallery currently has an exhibition

on Alexandra Luke going on

until January 2018.

Follow us @DCUOITChronicle and

use #landwherewestand to join the conversation,

ask questions or send us more


Courtesy of The Robert McLaughlin Gallery Archive

Courtesy of The Robert McLaughlin Gallery Archive

Courtesy of The Robert McLaughlin Gallery Archive

Ewart McLaughlin, husband of painter

Alexandra Luke and a founder of the RMG.

The Painters Eleven, an abstract painting group from 1952 that

helped shaped the RMG to what it is today.

Alexandra Luke, a member of the Painters

Eleven and founder of the RMG.

20 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 27 - April 2, 2018 The Chronicle Community

From factory to UOIT: 61 Charles Street

The land where we stand is the traditional

territory of the Mississaugas of

Scugog Island First Nation. Uncovering

the hidden stories about the land our community

is built on is what the Chronicle's

new feature series, the Land Where We

Stand, is about.

John Cook

The Chronicle

At lunchtime inside 61 Charles

Street, one of UOIT’s buildings in

downtown Oshawa, students cluster

around glossy beige tables and

window-side couches. They sip coffee

while they work on assignments,

or chat with friends about whatever

they’ve been watching on Netflix.

Inside the same building, more

than 100 years ago, a different

band of people would have eaten

lunches and made conversation

with friends—underwear factory


The history of the building at 61

Charles Street is rich and varied,

and reflects a broader history of the

city and its downtown core.

By the end of the 1800’s, Oshawa

had begun to establish itself as a

local industrial hub.The city had

its fair share of powerful industrial

tenants by the start of the twentieth


In 1903, 61 Charles Street became

home to a factory owned by

a Canadian manufacturing giant—

the T. Eaton Company. Like many

other buildings in Oshawa’s downtown,

it was originally constructed

for industrial purposes, in sharp

contrast to the current, repurposed

facility UOIT operates today.

At the time the first workers were

brought into the building, the T.

Eaton Company was quickly becoming

Canada’s leading department

store. Eaton’s operated the

building as a textile factory, manufacturing

mainly ladies’ clothing

items, including bras and undergarments.

Women made up most of the

work force at Eaton’s underwear

factory, which operated until 1917,

according to historical records.

That year, it was sold to the William

Millichamp’s Oriental Textile

Company to serve as a space

to manufacture fabrics for automobiles.

By this time in history, General

Motors had become a permanent

feature of the local economy. 61

Charles St. was no exception and

many of their fabrics went toward

manufacturing seats for the company.

As recent as December 2017,

UOIT has fostered partnerships

with General Motors, so the trend

of collaboration continues even


After just one year of operations

An archival image of 61 Charles Street, combined with a current picture.

under the Oriental Textile Company,

a fire tore through the building,

completely decimating the interior.

Historical records show the

blaze occurring in April of 1918.

Undeterred, Millichamp rebuilt

the factory and, by 1921, had

achieved moderate success.

By the early 1930’s, Oshawa had

begun to feel the effects of the nation-wide

economic depression.

Oriental Textiles Company fell

victim to the economic crisis, and

ceased operations at 61 Charles St.

in 1934. The building began to represent

the economic decline of the

area, and Oriental’s former workers

felt the burn of unemployment

which had scorched the nation.

The building remained vacant

for some time following the closure

of Oriental. It was bought and

sold a handful of times to various

enterprises, each with little success.

In 1939, for instance, the building

at 61 Charles St. was purchased

by a Pennsylvania-based company

that manufactured glass bottles—

Knox Glass Company. According

to records, Knox operated

the company for just over a year,

manufacturing “a number of wine,

soda, vinegar, sauce and mayonnaise


The company’s supply of bottles

quickly surpassed demand for

them, and the property was sold

to the Dominion Glass Company,

who “continued to sell the existing

stock of bottles until 1942.”

When Canada entered the

Second World War, General Motors

Canada halted regular production

at its factories, instead they

manufactured war vehicles to assist

the Allied forces overseas. Oshawa

had become an integral part of the

Canadian war effort.

As the war raged on, 61 Charles

St. was purchased by General

Motors. The facility played a role

in making parts for General Motors

vehicles such as the Otter armoured


When the war ended, General

Motors was ready to sell off wartime

assets like 61 Charles St.

In 1946, on the precipice of the

post-war economic boom, Alger

Press Limited opened a printing

and bookbinding company in the


Alger would be the longest tenant

of the building, operating there

You wouldn’t

even think it was

in the same area.

Photograph by John Cook

until 1993.

Materials printed in the new,

so-called “Alger Press Building”

included local newspapers, periodicals,

advertising materials,

textbooks, and novels.

Margaret Leach began working

for Alger Press starting in 1980.

She found work in the packing

department of Alger Press’ downtown

facility. She says work was

steady, but labour-intensive.

“The men did all the heavy lifting…

Women did the packing and

made sure everything was ready to

be shipped out,” said Leach.

After a long run in the Charles

Street building, Alger Press declared

bankruptcy in 1993, stopping

the presses for good.

A variety of factors contributed

to Alger’s demise including

changing technology, increased

free trade with the United States

and a serious economic recession.

For the remainder of the 1990’s,

61 Charles St. was used mostly for

miscellaneous storage, and gave

the appearance of an abandoned


In 2006, Oshawa city council

agreed to designate the “Alger

Press Building” as a class-A Oshawa

heritage site, which provides

legal protection from it being torn


UOIT agreed to purchase the

building in 2009 as part of their

plan to expand the downtown

campus. An expansive renovation

process took place over the following


The current building at 61

Charles St. is a fully functioning,

three-story educational complex,

with classrooms, study spaces, a

student services centre, and a library

dedicated to social science

and humanities. It first opened to

students in 2010, but had a grand

opening ceremony in March 2011.

Importantly, UOIT retained

much of the building’s historical

charm during the renovation process.

Critically, the looming metal

smokestack at the East side of the

building was also retained. In 2011,

Joe Stokes, a representative of the

university, said there was talks of

restoring the smokestack at a later


Leach got a chance to see the

new Alger Press building this year,

and was blown away by the transformation.

“Everything looks so clean,” she

said. “The floors used to be covered

in sawdust and scrap papers.

I hardly recognize it anymore.

You wouldn’t even think it was in

the same area,” said Leach of the

sweeping changes to the exterior.

The old service elevator, which

was raised and lowered by manually

pulling levers, is the site of the

modern student services offices.

The main entrance for students and

visitors was once the side door for

the factory’s top brass and foremen.

According to Leach, the old

Alger Press building had a large

basement, used mostly for storage.

However, during UOIT’s restoration

of the building, the basement

was rendered inaccessible, and

no longer exists on the building’s


“Good,” said Leach. “I never

liked it down there anyway.”

UOIT’s building at 61 Charles

St. is vastly different from previous

iterations of the structure. Although

similar in appearance, the clientele

utilizing the space has dramatically


It had always served its purpose

as a factory—a centre for manufacturing

and creation.

It still serves mostly the same

purpose today. Just instead of

underwear and newspapers, modern

production chiefly yields highly-skilled

university graduates and

their degrees.

From underwear to undergrads,

61 Charles St. remains an important

part of downtown Oshawa’s industrial

history, and a part of our

local heritage.

Follow us @DCUOITChronicle and

use #landwherewestand to join the conversation,

ask questions or send us more


Campus chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 27 - April 2, 2018 The Chronicle 21

Do you know the signs of pernicious anemia?

Kaatje Henrick

The Chronicle

“I started taking meals up to my room because

I didn’t want to eat in front of people,”

says Teresa Avvampato, a professor at Durham

College who woke up with Bell’s Palsy

at the age of 19.

Avvampato was in the first year of Health

and Sciences at Western University. She was

living a normal student life. She worked at the

local bar as a bartender, she had a boyfriend

and many friends.

“I remember being out the night before

in my home town,” says Avvampato. “I had

said something to my mom about my mouth

not working right, and she just blew it off.”

The following morning Avvampato woke

up with no feeling in half of her face. It wasn’t

until she had showered and was applying

make-up that she noticed her mouth was

slightly off center.

She says it was like when you go to the

dentist and half your mouth is frozen. “When

I smiled, only half my face would move,” says


When she noticed something wasn’t right,

she called her boyfriend to come look. She

opened up the door and just by the look on

his face, she could tell something wasn’t right.

During the trip to the hospital, the doctors

had told her it was Bell’s Palsy.

Bell’s Palsy occurs because the nerve in the

facial structure, called cranial nerve seven,

expands and presses up against the brain,

leading it to block all movement in the face.

“Being in university with only half your

face working is a hard thing to do,” says Avvampato.

“I was trying to live my day- to daylife

like I usually would. But it was really hard

because half my face wasn’t working. Being a

bartender was extremely hard because I had

to constantly smile and talk to people which

I couldn’t do properly.”

Pernicious anemia occurs when the body has a lack of vitamin B12.

Avvampato was one of the lucky ones, so

she thought. The Bell’s Palsy only lasted three

weeks then her face returned to its original

state, but that’s when she noticed something

else. “I had lost all feelings in my hands and

they went completely numb,” says Avvampato.

“I went to the hospital and they told me

nothing was wrong.”

Avvampato was diagnosed with pernicious

anemia just after the Bell’s Palsy.

Pernicious anemia is when the body has

a lack of vitamin B12 because the lining in

the stomach is unable to absorb the vitamin.

Vitamin B12 produces red blood cells for

Illustration by Kaatje Henrick

the body. Bodies absorb B12 by eating foods

such as poultry, shellfish and dairy products.

Avvampato’s lack of vitamin B12 is controlled

by monthly B12 shots to her leg. Although

it just reduces the effects of the anemia.

It doesn’t stop it. “When I get tired,

my eye will start to droop a little bit and my

hands and feet go kind of numb,” says Avvampato.

When we become tired, our brains

need to work harder to stay awake and to

concentrate. But in Avvampato’s case, her

brain needs to work extra hard to make sure

her body is keeping up with her movements.

“When we’re walking, we don’t pay attention

to our feet, our feet just pick themselves

up on their own, but when Teresa gets tired,

she has to use all her concentration to pick

up her feet, and to focus on where her feet

are stepping,” says Laura Maybury, her office

mate, and a professor of the School of

Health and Community Services at Durham


“My son bought one of those hover boards

and I nearly killed myself on it, that’s not

something you want to do when you have

impaired balance,” says Avvampato.

Avvampato will live with pernicious anemia

for the rest of her life, but she stays quite

positive about it.

“It really only affects me when I start to

get tired, and when I play sports,” says Avvampato.

Avvampato tries to continue to be the active

person she used to be.

“I wish I could play hockey and soccer the

way I could before, but I just have to be more

cautious about what I do,” says Avvampato.

“I can’t make it go away, so I just stay positive

with what I have.”

If she could take one thing out of her life

experience with pernicious anemia and Bell’s

Palsy, it would be to listen to her patients.

Avvampato is now the Occupational

Therapist professor at Durham College. She

teachers her students to listen to patients even

when they’re not making sense, or having

trouble explaining their symptoms.

She remembers her trip to the hospital

quite well. “They had no idea what was

wrong with me, they sent me home and a

year later, I had pernicious anemia,” says


While walking through the halls of Durham

College, students would never know

the mysterious past of Teresa Avvampato,

the professor who woke up when she was 19

having no idea that pernicious anemia was

going to affect the rest of her life.

Students use their creativity for marketing competition

Aly Beach

The Chronicle

Put your “creative, innovative and business

minds into practical use” with the Durham

College Marketing Competition (DCMC).

The 15th annual DCMC is open to Marketing

and Entrepreneurship students and

will include original products, prototypes,

marketing plans, product pitches and presentations.The

event is not unlike CBC’s

Dragon Den, which visited Durham in late

February. Registration ends March 29.

“Every student has something to offer and

deserves a real chance at making a change

in this world,” says event coordinator Althea

Grant in a letter.

The DCMC is coordinated and planned

by marketing management students. This

year’s event has been organized by Peter

Abolarin, Althea Grant, Brad Short, Imina

Edbiri, Krista Holder and Sarah Tracey.

According to Grant, students come out of

the competition with “a sense of pride and a

better understanding of marketing.”

There will be a theme for participants

to follow, and they must submit a plan that

outlines the team’s product/service, their

target market and competition, how and

where they will distribute, their marketing

communications strategy, the action plan

and the financial side of their plan. In the

competition, participants must prepare a

20-minute presentation of their product and

a marketing plan. They are evaluated on the

product, marketing plan and how well they

present the information. Teams will present

four times to four different panels. After the

presentation, there will be a 10-minute question-and-answer

session with judges.

Judges will have $70,000 of pretend money

to invest with the maximum per team being

$40,000. The team that receives the most

money wins the competition.

Grant says 2018’s DCMC will be great

practice for Durham’s entry in the Ontario

Marketing Competition 2019. Registration

ends March 29th. The DCMC takes place

April 3 from 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. at Durham College

followed by a banquet for participants.

Contact thedcmc2018@gmail.com for

more information and to sign up.

22 The Chronicle March 27 - April 2, 2018 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca


Jordy...a balancing actress

Michael Bromby

The Chronicle

“Do you know the difference between

a pizza and a Canadian

actor? A pizza can feed a whole

family,” says Jordan Todosey, an

actress living in Oshawa.

If you grew up watching Life

with Derek or Degrassi: The Next

Generation, Jordan (Jordy) Todosey,

23, is a name you might

remember. However, you may not

have known she lived in Oshawa.

She enjoyed growing up on the big

screen, but she says the industry is

a tough place to come of age.

Todosey has lived in North

Oshawa her entire life, but began

acting when she was eight- yearsold.

She loves living in Oshawa

because it has a lot of forest. She

likes to skateboard and do outdoor

sports and says her favourite thing

about living in Oshawa is the different

places to explore.

“When I was very young, I was

the nature explorer type of girl

who liked digging in the creek in

my backyard,” says Todosey. “Also

just being able to walk down the

street and find a forest to go explore.”

When Todosey was eight-yearsold

she pursued acting by having

her mother Terri get an agent

through Actra in Toronto. Her

first acting job was at nine, as a

girl scout in the Disney movie The

Pacifier. However, her mom says

it was her daughter’s persistence

which launched her into acting.

“She was fascinated by the

whole concept,” says her mother.

“We looked at different agents in

Toronto but it was her persistence,

for sure.”

Todosey starred as Lizzie in Life

with Derek, and played a transgender

character, Adam Torres, in

Degrassi. However, the industry is

changing. This has impacted the

roles she gets. Todosey says there

are more opportunities for people

from different industries to transfer

into an acting career. For example,

Rebecca Romijn, a sport illustrated

model who played “Mystique”

in the early X-men films, and

Cara Delevingne, a former model

turned actress.

“The biggest thing right now is

the social media platforms,” says

Todosey “For a model to transfer

into acting now is not uncommon.”

When it comes to choosing

a role to play, Todosey looks for

something out of the ordinary.

However, Todosey says a lot of the

roles are based on nudity and sexuality.

She says this is something

many child actors who grow up

on the big screen have a hard time

adjusting to. This has also been a

struggle of her own because many

of the roles she is offered have at

least one scene with nudity.

Todosey calls the industry “a

man’s world,” because of the different

pressure put on women

compared to men, especially when

it comes to being naked on screen.

“I am just not ready to have

my grandparents see me naked on

screen,” she says.

Todosey has struggled with selfesteem

in the industry because of

the pressure they put on actors.

She has seen many people struggle

with body image and she says it

brought her to a dark place in her

life, and she has seen it with many

other female actors.

“It’s not a big deal to have tits

out, and it’s normal to see a girl

orgasiming (on screen),” says Todosey.

“Little things like this have a

subconscious effect on the way we

perceive ourselves and others.”

In 2011, Todosey won a Gemini,

a Golden Sheaf, Peabody and

was nominated for a prime-time

Emmy award for her role as Adam

Torres in Degrassi. While, winning

these awards was an accomplishment,

Todosey says being an artist

in Canada can leave you “starving,”

which is why she now finds

balance with yoga.

Photograph by Michael Bromby

(From left to right) Terri Todosey, Jordan Todosey, Dylan Donnelly. Terri is Jordan's mom and Dylan is Jordan's boyfriend.

Photograph by Michael Bromby

Todosey is also a yoga instructor, and used yoga to help overcome past troubles in her life.

Todosey says yoga allowed her

to feel free during a rough point in

her life.

“I had issues with my body image,

I was suffering with an eating

disorder and dabbling into dark

things,” says Todosey “Slowly

through meditation and yoga, I literally

did a complete turnaround.”

Todosey has worked with Power

Yoga Canada for over a year and

has trained to become a certified

teacher. She teaches every Tuesday

at 6a.m. and 9a.m.

Lisa Reid is a fire fighter from

Vaughn who attended a recent

9a.m. class and says she left feeling


“It was challenging, it was open

and gave me an opportunity to

try a couple things that I wouldn’t

have normally tried,” says Reid. “I

felt like I could not be judged by

the environment in the room.”

Dylan Donnelly has been dating

Todosey for just under a year,

and says one of his favourite memories

is practicing yoga with her.

“I took her to see a waterfall,

we brought the guitar, did some

sketchy yoga right at the edge of

the waterfall and my heart was

beating,” says Donnelly.

Todosey plans to keep auditioning

to get her next big role, but until

then she will keep teaching yoga

in Oshawa.

She says her boyfriend changed

her life for the better when she met

him. She is excited for their future


“I fell in love with him but it

was also me falling in love with

myself again,” says Todosey.

Entertainment chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 27 - April 2, 2018 The Chronicle 23

A reel name change

Cassidy McMullen

The Chronicle

The Music Business’s annual event,

the Reel music festival, is changing

its name this year to Oshawa’s music


“We want to make it more inclusive,”

Kyle Wilton, a student in

the Music Business program says.

“That’s the real goal.”

This isn’t the first time the festival

has had a name change either. The

festival has been rebranded over the

eighteen years it has been running,

according to Tony Sutherland, an

MBM professor who runs the event

with the students.

When Sutherland first started

teaching in the then Entertainment

business administrative program,

they already had an annual event

put on by students but it wasn’t like

the Oshawa Music Week.

“One year from the next, the event

would have been anything from put

on a play, do a press conference, do a

record release, it could have been any

number of things,” Sutherland says.

“I was really ambitious and really

naïve when I first came,” Sutherland

says. “So we booked bands,

we booked venues from Pickering to

Peterborough, I kid you not.”

“It was crazy, it was amazing. The

students rose to the occasion,” Sutherland

says. “They just killed it.”

It was a week-long event, similarly

structured to the current music week,

with live local bands, multiple venues

and student run.

“We’d throw parties on Sundays

just to celebrate we had done this

and I think on Mondays no one

was ready to come to class … or do

anything for the next week,” says


Originally the event was called

Durham Music and Film expo

(DMFX) before it was changed to

Rock ’n’ Reel says Sutherland.

In 2002, along with the music

showcases, they had film components

too. Guest speakers, like makeup

artists gave talks, short film critics

by industry members and 24-hour

film festivals.

“I wanted students to understand

that the two were related and they

can leave here, use the same skills

in music as they can in films,” Sutherland


In the early 2000’s, the program

went through some changes itself.

The program started to focus more

on the music industry side of entertainment.

“It was so exciting, students were

so excited and I think a big part of

it at that time too was many of the

students were interested in the music

industry,” Sutherland says. “Students

really wanted to hear about the

music industry and we had a couple

of profs here that were really excited

about music industry.”

“It’s a sexy business,” he says.

In 2007, the then Entertainment

Business Administration program

was renamed the Music Business

Administration program. Despite

being the music business program

now, they still kept the film components

to the festival.

In 2010, the name was changed

to the Reel Music festival because

some felt Rock ’n’ Reel wasn’t inclusive

enough of other genres of music.

“What we were running into

with Rock ‘n’ Reel is that some

students felt alienated,” Sutherland

says. “When you use the word rock,

you tend to, you know when people

identify themselves, if they are a jazz

artist they are not a rock artist or if

they’re a hip hop artist they are not

a rock artist. So we thought, let’s rebrand

this thing.”

The Music Business students held

a contest for the community to pick

a new name and logo for the event.

They had around 25 submissions for

the name and eight submissions for

the logo. In the end, the Reel Music

Festival won out.

The name came with a few problems.

After they did the rebranding,

they found out that an American

Brand had the same name. So, if you

googled the Reel Music Festival, the

American link would come up first.

The program and event has also

moved away from having film components,

so including the reel just

didn’t make sense anymore.

The students picked up on this,

and when they came to Sutherland

about ideas for the festival this year,

Sutherland says, they suggested a

name change.

“The students asked me ‘Why not

change it to something local? Maybe

something like Durham Music Festival?

Oshawa Music Week?’” Sutherland


The idea was inspired by the Toronto

music event, Canadian Music

Week, says Sutherland. They decided

to make it Oshawa Music week

because “we’re in Oshawa after all.”

The program is hoping to get the

City of Oshawa on board with the

event since they’ve rebranded.

“We want to start to partner with

the city itself,” Kyle Wilton, a student

in the Music Business program says.

With the name change, Wilton says,

that they can better reach the community

this way.

Sutherland says Oshawa is rebuilding,

and they want to be a part

of that.

“There’s lots of stuff here in their

Culture and Heritage Plan and the

arts is a big part of it, music is a big

part of it. So we want to be a big part

of what they are doing and we want

them to know we are here to help

them move that forward,” Sutherland


Along with the rebranding, students

have added in new events like

international music, which will take

place on the Oshawa campus in The

Pit and an award show.

DC graduates managing the sound of music

Michael Bromby

The Chronicle

“It was a day before my birthday, in

my grade twelve year that I got accepted

into the program. It was one

of the best moments of my life,” says

Matthew Layne, a 2017 graduate of

the Music Business Management

(MBM) program at Durham College.

At that time, Layne did not

know how the program would help

him become successful in the music


This program has seen many

graduates advance in the music

industry. Music Business Administration

(MBA) is a two-year diploma

that teaches students about

networking and planning. Music

Business Management (MBM) is a

three-year advanced diploma that

helps students learn about how to

manage events and artists within

the industry.

Both programs only accept 72 students

per year but there is a wait list

of hundreds of applicants waiting to

enter, according to Marni Thornton,

the program coordinator. Thornton

is passionate about music because she

says it can help people get through

tough times in their lives.

“It can bring back good memories

or bad memories. It is powerful in

that way, there is nothing else like

it,” says Thornton.

Thornton began teaching in the

MBM program in 2006, but before

this she worked for Factor for 20

years. Factor Canada is a non-profit

organization which provides funding

to artists and distributors. Thornton

says other professors in the program

have also had experience in the industry,

which benefits the students.

For example, professor Greg Jarvis

has helped manage artists such as

David Bowie, Dolly Parton and


Students in the program are

taught about each part of the industry

including networking, management,

and marketing.

This teaches the students about

each aspect to get them prepared

for the industry. Jennifer Archibald,

a second-year student in the MBM

program, says the professors are fantastic.

“If you need a connection, if

you’re looking for someone’s name

that you need, they are always there

to help you,” says Archibald.

Archibald grew up in Halifax,

Nova Scotia, and studied biology at

Dalhousie University. She received

her degree but realized it was not the

career for her.

Photograph by Michael Bromby

Marni Thornton, Music Business Management program


A Reel Music Festival event poster from 2012.

Growing up, her parents would

play music throughout their home,

and she slowly grew into music. She

decided to consider the music industry

but not as a musician. She looked

at different schools but Durham College

stood out.

“There is not a whole lot of programs

in the country that are specifically

about the business part of

it,” says Archibald. “I’m really interested

in the business and behind

the scenes, Durham College was my

top choice.”

Each year, the MBM program

hosts a festival. This year, the name

was changed to Oshawa Music

Week. This event focuses on local

artists in Durham Region and gives

them a platform to showcase their

own music. The professors allow the

students to do a lot of the work in

preparations for the event while providing

insight and advice. Archibald

nominated herself to be the Marketing

and Advertising director and her

class chose to vote her into the role.

“I was able to bring in my past

education experience and apply

it to the marketing position,” says


For students working the event, it is

critical to their learning to work this

event. However, in the third-year of

the MBM program they must complete

a co-op placement which has

landed many students a job. Samantha

Mcneilly graduated from the

MBM program in 2016 and says it

launched her into the best career.

“I got my internship, which I got

my job through,” says Mcneilly.

Mcneilly works as a music supervisor

at Supergroup Branding in

Toronto but she is originally from

Oshawa. She says Durham College

helped her network and gain knowledge

of how the industry works.

She says networking is essential to

the success in the industry, and it is

important to maintain relationships

with students from your class.

She says the program is family-oriented

and you gain close friendships

which carry on in life.

“I have some of the teachers on

Facebook, I communicate with my

classmates, I am actually engaged to

one of my classmates,” says Mcneilly.

Matthew Layne got accepted into

the program a day before his birthday

while he was in grade 12.

He never knew he would be managing

artists such as Crown Lands

and Hot Lips. In 2017, Layne graduated

from the MBM program and

he says his success is because of the

experience he received from the program.

Photograph by Manjula Selvarajah

“If you take the opportunities that

are thrown at you and make good

connections with people it will help

you out,” says Layne. “The MBM

program will help you if you put in

the effort.”

Layne says this program offers

hands-on experience compared

to other music business programs

in Canada. He says the professors

have life experience in the industry

which helps students to understand

the industry. Layne says one of the

best parts of the program is the support

he received from professors and

classmates as he entered a dark time

in his life.

“I received so much support from

the MBM program, I was getting

emails from the professors and text

messages from classmates,” says Layne.

“The emotional support has been


Mcneilly and Layne are only two

of the graduates who found success.

One graduate is working with the

Canadian Country Music Awards,

while another manages pop star

Alessia Cara.

The MBM is a competitive program

by taking in 72 students each

year to the program, but it has built

the reputation as one of the best

music programs in Ontario.

“The MBM program is one of the

best in Canada, if not the best,” says


Thornton says she is proud to

make a difference through teaching


“I just like being able to hopefully

make a difference in their career

path, and help them know what they

need to know,” says Thornton.

24 The Chronicle March 27 - April 2, 2018 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca

chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 27 - April 2, 2018 The Chronicle 25


Photograph by Cameron Black-Araujo

The Michigan Wolverines played the Ohio State Buckeyes in November, which drew more than 100,000 fans at Michigan Stadium.

Canadian athletes benefit from NCAA


in facilities,


lure talent

south of the

border to

big schools

This is part one of a two-part series

on relationship between Canadian and

American college athletics. Part two will

appear in Issue 11.

Cameron Black-Araujo

The Chronicle

The vibe around Louisville, Kentucky

is the same as it is every year

when their local university’s basketball

team brings in a nationally regarded,

conference opponent.

Tense, electric, on-edge.

University of Louisville forward,

Adel Deng, lays the ball

into the University of North Carolina

basket and the 21,210 packed

into the KFC Yum! Center erupt

as they cut the deficit to seven.

The crowd remains standing

as North Carolina’s, Joel Berry II,

carries the ball into Louisville territory

with 3:51 remaining, seeing

nothing but white from the crowd

and hearing nothing but “DE-


North Carolina works the ball

around for the full 30-second shot

clock and Luke Maye heaves one

up from three-point range as the

shot clock expires…


The ball finds its way through

the hoop and regains the Tar

Heels ten-point lead with just over

three minutes remaining as the

Cardinal faithful begin to head

for the exits.

Despite dropping a huge home

game to a top-15 team in the

country and Michael Jordan’s

alma mater, it’s difficult to consider

Louisville a loser on this night.

The school’s basketball arena

was just about at max capacity,

22, 000, which holds more than

any NBA arena. Just about every

Louisville fan in attendance was

also rocking white Louisville gear

as they hosted their always rowdy

and annual, “white-out” game,

which sees campus bookstores

push out as much white apparel as


Meanwhile, a sell-out for a

Durham Lords basketball game

would consist of 1,000 people,

something many students on campus

have never seen.

The main differences between

the top U.S. programs to

the top ones in Canada comes

down to the funding. Not only do

schools put all their athletic profits

back into athletic facilities and

other athletic costs such as travel,

they also all receive funding

from the NCAA, who generated

995.9-million in revenue in 2016,

according to Google. Most of that

revenue comes from a 14-year

contract with CBS and Turner

Broadcast to televise the NCAA’s

Division I Men’s Basketball Tournament

(March Madness) worth


Just about every top Division-I

program, no matter the sport, will

travel on an airplane to at least

one event throughout the year

while Canadian teams typically

won’t unless they’re attending a

national championship. If Canadian

university athletic programs

racked in over $100-million, like

28 universities in the U.S. did in

2015-2016, they would travel luxuriously

as well.

Canadians choose to play collegiate

athletics in the U.S. for

many different reasons, but funding,

money and competition seem

to be the main attraction. The

top level of NCAA will put you

against the top competition, at the

top schools with the top facilities.

Not only do they provide these

perks, they also provide far more

varsity teams than Canada. It’s

easy to see why some Canadian

athletes may be tempted, but why

is it so important that the top

athletes compete in U.S. and not


Canadian female track-star

Lanny Marchant ran track at the

University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

for five years until 2007

when she returned to the University

of Ottawa. She couldn’t compete

in Canada because she was

ineligible at that point but it did

open her eyes to college athletics

on both sides of the border. Like

most other athletes who attend a

Division-I university from Canada,

it was the scholarship that

lured her.

“I’m one of seven kids so to get

school paid for was a huge bonus,”

said Marchant in an interview

with CBC.

Marchant says small Division-I

schools like hers at the time would

compare to some Canadian institutions

with high-quality facilities

like Western, Guelph and Ottawa.

She also noted a lot of the top

American athletic programs have

facilities on par with the four major

professional sporting leagues

in America (NHL, MLB, NFL,


“I feel like the Canadian system

has stepped up in general,”

added Marchant. “But for a while

they weren’t close to any of the big

U.S. schools.”

On par and maybe even beyond…

On November 25th, 2017,

The University of Michigan Wolverines

hosted The Ohio State

University Buckeyes in a football

game that is considered by many

as the biggest rivalry in all of

sports at Michigan Stadium. The

game marked the teams 280th

consecutive home game with over

100,000 fans in attendance (team

plays about 6-8 home games a

year) while not one NFL game in

2017 reached that number.

More so, the 16 biggest football

stadiums in America all belong to

colleges teams, or a stadium that

plays exclusively college games,

while the Los Angeles Rams

currently share one of those 16

stadiums with the University of

Southern California (USC) until

their new home is built.

USC students, fans and alumni

also had the privilege of watching

a young O.J. Simpson tear up that

same gridiron in sunny Los Angeles

through the 1967 and 1968


Other hall-of-famers in their

respective sports and considered

a few of the best all-time, Michael

Jordan and Randy Johnson, both

played in the NCAA, just like almost

every other American playing

professional sports in North


At the end of the day, it’s even

harder to get Canada excited

about it’s college athletics when

the best the country has to offer

is taking advantage of a better

system south of the border. While

students don’t mind getting into

games free in Canada or at worst

paying $25 for national championship

games such as the Vanier

Cup, they don’t have the ability to

watch future professional sports

stars’ day in and day out.

There are three levels to the

NCAA. Division I, Division II

and Division III.

And then there’s Junior College

(JUCO), also known as community


2015 National League MVP

Bryce Harper (MLB), 2015 NFL

MVP Cam Newton, baseball

legend Jackie Robinson and Blue

Jays favourite, Jose Bautista. All

four were JUCO athletes at one


Even some of their lower levels

of college athletics are producing

incredible talents.

Even Minnesota Timberwolves

star, Jimmy Butler (NBA), played

JUCO before moving onto a big

time basketball university, Marquette

University, where a $100

ticket to a big game would be no


Tell a Canadian that Americans

pay over $100 for a college

basketball ticket and they may not

believe you.

Find a college basketball hotbed

and that same $100 ticket

looks dirt cheap, like in Durham,

North Carolina, home of

the Duke University Blue Devils

basketball team.

The average price for a Blue

Devils regular season home game

in 2013 was $409, according to

Forbes, with their rivalry game

against North Carolina going for

an astronomical average price of

$1,728 that same year. It would

have cost more money to attend

this regular season college hoops

game than it would have to attend

a World Series baseball game that

same year.

Not only do many of the top

events go for this price each year

and draw in massive crowds, overall

through the three levels of the

NCAA there are 1,117 schools

compared to 56 in U-Sports.

How can Canada compete

with that?

26 The Chronicle March 27- April 2, 2018 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Sports

The women's soccer team placed fourth in the OUA championships in 2017.

Photograph courtesy of UOIT Athletics

UOIT athletics enjoys solid year



advances to





fourth in


Shanelle Somers,

Tracy Wright and

Cameron Black-Araujo

The Chronicle

UOIT athletics enjoyed a solid

2017-2018 season and finished on

a strong note, as members of the

badminton team advanced to the

national championships

“All in all great season on the

fields and on the courts,” says Scott

Barker, UOIT athletic director.

The men’s hockey team made

it to the playoffs but was swept by

Concordia in the first round. This

is the second time they have made

it to playoffs and had their season

end in Quebec.

The Ridgebacks, however, were

excited to announce the recruitment

of two new members to the

men’s hockey team.

Jake Bricknell and Austin Eastman

of the Aurora Tigers have

committed to playing for UOIT

for next season.

Barker says from a performance

standpoint all of the teams had

their moments. He says winning

championships is obviously the goal

of any team and program. But having

those milestones in goals that

you can accomplish as a team are


He also says the student enthusiasm

from the stands this year was


“The student-athletes really

gravitate to that,” says Barker.

The men’s and women’s curling

team also had a similar story as

the men’s hockey team making it

to the Ontario University Athletics

(OUA) playdowns before being


The men’s team finished its season

with an overall record of 3-6

and the women’s team finished 2-9.

The women’s soccer team, however,

turned things around for the

Ridgebacks by placing fourth at

the OUA championships, hosted

by UOIT at the Oshawa Civic.

The women ended their soccer

season 15-2-2.

The Ridgebacks also turned

heads with their badminton team.

They have quickly become a dominant

force in the OUA.

In their second year of existence,

the Ridgebacks have set high records

and won the OUA provincial

championship in February.

Sheng Chen, Zhiyi Chen and

Wil Hausenblas competed in the

the 2018 Yonex Canadian National

College-University Championships

in Laval, Quebec March 10-11, the

first time UOIT was represented

at a national level in badminton.

The three players representing

UOIT had positive results competing

in the singles and men’s doubles


In men’s singles, freshman Hausenblas

reached the round of 16 in

the main flight, but was injured in

his final match, forcing him to default

and end his tournament.

In round one, Hausenblas defeated

Philip Choi (Waterloo) 21-

12, 21-17. In round two, he went on

to defeat Olivier D'Amours (Laval)

21-15, 21-18.

Chen also participated in the

men’s singles competition, but lost

his opening round match to Montreal’s

Anthony Nguyen 13-21, 13-

21. In the consolation round, Chen

easily defeated Jonathan Chang

(Western) 21-8, 21-13. Chen’s final

match was in the second round of

consolation where he played Samuel

Doucet (Laval). In this match

he got off to a very quick start but

as the match progressed, was not

able to keep up the pace and by

the third game, was visibly fatigued

making a number unforced

errors and eventually lost 21-19,

13-21, 13-21.

Chen also paired with his brother

Sheng Chen in the men’s doubles

event. Despite falling behind in the

first set of the opening round, the

duo rebounded to beat Kael Boucher

and Samuel Doucet (Laval)

14-21, 21-16, 21-19.

In the round of 16, they squared

off against Western's top doubles

team of Jack Hall (OUA MVP) and

Sean McGowan. In what coach

Wayne King described as “our

team's best match of the year,” the

pair lost 21-16, 21-17.

Barker says UOIT tries to recruit

not only exceptional athletes but

exceptional students as well.

“You want a student-athlete that

can compete at a high level, that

can handle the pressure of going

to school and the transition into


Not a one-year wonder,” says


Ridgeback athletes succeeded

this year by having high academic


Barker says UOIT has student-athletes

having success

academically and being recognized

provincially and nationally

for academic efforts.

Barker says they also believe it

is good to give back to the community.

The Ridgebacks leadership team

initiated ways to give back to charity.

The Ridgebacks do that by

coaching minor hockey and soccer,

spending the day at Grandview

Children’s Centre and helping out

in the community.

“Having the chance to give back

as role models is something we take

pride in,” says Barker.

Just as Ridgeback athletes believe

it is important to give back to the

community, UOIT also believes

it’s important to give back to their

Photograph courtesy of UOIT Athletics

The 'Backs men's hockey team made the playoffs in 2017-18.

athletes; recognizing their athletic

accomplishments at the UOIT athletic

banquet March 29.

Barker says it’s a great night of


“This year we have a special

night where we are connecting

back with alumni and trying to

bring more alumni back to the

event where we have a Ridgeback

ceremony,” says Barker.

Alumni athletes are also eligible

to purchase a ring commemorating

their time spent as a Ridgeback.

The athletic banquet will be held

at the Regent Theatre.

Overall, the Ridgebacks believe

they have had a successful season.

“All of our teams were very competitive,

we have had lots of success,”

says Barker.

Sports chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 27 - April 2, 2018 The Chronicle 27

Pre-Service Firefighting wins Justice Cup

Conner McTague

The Chronicle

Late in the school year can be a

stressful time for both professors

and students, but members of the

School of Justice and Emergency

Services (SOJES) were able to put

their stress aside, for at least one

night, to compete in the sixth annual

Justice Games at the Campus

Recreation and Wellness Centre.

The event, which began in

2013, was created by the Jason

Vassell, manager of SOJES. It

has grown to six events from three

since its inaugural year. This

year’s events included three-point

shooting, push-ups, shuttle run,

arm wrestling and tug of war contests,

as well as a ball hockey tournament.

The Dean of the School of

Justice and Emergency Services,

Stephanie Ball, praised Vassell for

his organization of the event and

how the planning has evolved over

the years. “He (Vassell) did the

first year all on his own and since

then he’s developed a committee,”

she said. “So we now have a committee

of alumni, faculty and students

who help put it together.”

The original concept of the

games was to have members of

different disciplinaries in SOJES

get together and have a night of

fun and meet colleagues.

The 2018 version of the event

saw nine programs participate.

The most first and second place

finishes was crowned the Justice

Games winners and received the

Justice Cup.

Last years winners, PFET, successfully

defended its title, as they

accumulated 13 points from all


In the process they became

the second program to repeat as

champions in the games’ short

history, after the PSI program

won it in both 2015 and 2016. PFP

finished as the runner-up.





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28 The Chronicle March 27 - April 2, 2018 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca

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