atw 2018-04v6


atw Vol. 63 (2018) | Issue 4 ı April

Rosenergoatom had planned to

build two BN-1200 units at Beloyarsk

with commercial operation scheduled

by 2025. But construction depended

on the results of operating the pilot

Beloyarsk-4 BN-800 plant, which

began commercial operation in

October 2016.

There is another commercially

operational sodium-cooled FBR at

Beloyarsk, the BN-600. Both the

BN-600 and the BN-800 are smaller

versions of the BN-1200. There are

also two permanently shut-down

light-water reactors at the site.

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| | Kursk II passed construction milestone.

21st century. Just a few Russian

regions have such opportunities,” he


Vyacheslav Fedyukin, Director

of Kursk NPP, noted it was symbolic

that the event happened on the

25 th anniversary of RosEnergoAtom

and 10 years after the foundation of

Rosatom, the companies that shaped

the newest history of Russia’s nuclear

industry. “Construction of Russia’s

first VVER-TOI-based power unit

proves that the national nuclear

power industry is always at the

cutting edge of science and engineering.

The new generation VVER-TOI

units are state-of-the-art facilities

made to the best of Russia’s nuclear

engineering knowledge,” he added.

At the moment, other operations

are also underway at the construction

site of Kursk II. Among them is excavation

of 1.2 million cub m of soil

to be completed in 2017, with over

800,000 cub m of sand, gravel

and aggregate already put in the

foun dation of Kursk II buildings

and structures. Construction of a

330/10 kV substation and preparation

of technical documents for its commissioning

are also drawing to a


For reference:

Kursk II is designed to replace the

existing Kursk Nuclear Power Plant

that will be taken out of operation in

the years to come. Its first two units

with VVER-TOI, a new-type reactor,

will be commissioned simultaneously

with decommissioning of Units 1 and

2 of the existing nuclear station.

According to the master schedule of

Kursk II, Unit 1 will be commissioned

in late 2023 to be followed by Unit 2 in

late 2024.

| | (18791501),

Russia Confirms Plans to

Revive BN-1200 Fast Breeder

Reactor Project

(nucnet) Russia plans to begin construction

of its first industrial-sized

sodium-cooled fast neutron reactor in

the 2020s after saying three years ago

that the project had been postponed,

the head of state nuclear corporation

Rosatom Alexei Likhachev told president

Vladimir Putin.

According to a transcript of a

meeting posted on the Kremlin’s

website, Mr Likhachev told Mr Putin

that fast breeder reactors (FBRs) have

significant advantages over existing

reactor types and Rosatom is proposing

that Russia goes ahead

with its plans for the Generation IV


FBRs have been and are being

explored or constructed in Russia,

France, India, China, Japan and the

US. They allow a significant increase

in the amount of energy obtained

from natural, depleted and recycled

uranium. The technology also enables

plutonium and other actinides to be

used and recycled.

Russia operates the BN-600 and

BN-800 FBR units at Beloyarsk and

the BOR-60 fast breeder research

reactor at the Research Institute

of Atomic Reactors (RIAR) site in

Dimitrovgrad, southwest Russia.

BOR-60 is used to test fuel cycle,

sodium coolant technologies and a

range of design concepts for fast

breeder reactors.

In 2015, Rosatom said construction

of the planned BN-1200 at the

Beloyarsk nuclear power station in

central Russia had been postponed

until at least 2020, with state

nuclear operator Rosenergoatom

citing the need to improve fuel

for the reactor and questioning the

project’s economic feasibility.

Austria Begins Legal Action

Against EC Over Hungary’s

Paks Nuclear Project

(nucnet) Austria has filed a legal

complaint against the European Commission

with the European Court of

Justice in Luxembourg for allowing

Hungary to expand its Paks nuclear

power station.

Austrian minister of sustainability

and tourism Elisabeth Köstinger said

in a statement that nuclear power

“must have no place in Europe” and

Austria will not “not budge one

centimetre” from its anti-nuclear


The EC started an investigation

into state aid given to the Paks 2

project in November 2014. Last March

it approved the project to build two

new reactors, to be financed with the

help of Russia’s state atomic energy

corporation Rosatom, after regulators

said Hungarian authorities had

agreed to several measures to ensure

fair competition.

In January 2018, Austria announced

it planned to sue the EC over

the decision. “EU assistance is only

permissible when it is built on common

interest. For us, nuclear energy is

neither a sustainable form of energy

supply, nor is it an answer to climate

change”, a statement by the ministry

of sustainability said at the time.

The two planned units at Paks 2

nuclear power station are expected

to begin commercial operation in

2026 and 2027, Attila Aszódi,

the Hungarian government’s commissioner

for the Paks 2 project,

told a conference in Brussels late l

ast year.

An agreement signed in 2014

will see Russia supply two VVER-

1200 pressurised water reactors for

Paks 2 and a loan of up to €10bn

($12.3bn) to finance 80% of the

€12bn project.

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