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The Intelligence Review | volume 2 | issue 4 |

This volume is the product of a collaboration between the European Intelligence Academy (EIA) and the Chanticleer Intelligence Brief (CIB), a student-run initiative supported by the Department of Politics at Coastal Carolina University in Conway, South Carolina, United States. Four CIB analysts tackle some of the most pressing and timely questions confronting intelligence observers today. Topics in this volume include the possibility of a war with North Korea, and the rise of far-right militancy in the United States. The volume also includes an assessment of the impact of the Islamic State in the relations between Russia and the United States, and a discussion of Turkish politics and its effect on NATO's cohesion.


Introduction: Major Security Challenges for the Trump Administration Dr. Joseph Fitsanakis Associate Professor, Intelligence and National Security Studies, Coastal Carolina University Deputy Director, European Intelligence Academy Political scientists in Europe and the United States began employing the term superpower in the final months of World War II. During that time, there was a widespread feeling among experts that the global nature of the war against Nazism had prompted the leading allied nations of the day —the United States, the Soviet Union and the United Kingdom— to project worldwide dominance on an unprecedented scale. The use of the term became commonplace during the Cold War, as the United States and the Soviet Union exceeded the historical confines of the term great power. For nearly half a century, Washington and Moscow competed in efforts to spread their economic, military, political and cultural influence to the remotest regions of the Earth, and even into space. The conclusion of that tumultuous period left the United States as the planet’s sole superpower. America’s victory in the Cold War was unquestionable and resounding. However, Washington has seen its global dominance challenged on numerous levels in the post-Cold War era —not least on September 11, 2001, when an attack on American soil by al-Qaeda killed nearly 3,000 people. That tragic event demonstrated the unpredictable nature of the post-Cold War period and triggered what became 11

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The Intelligence Review | vol. 1 | iss. 1 |