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The Intelligence Review | volume 2 | issue 4 |

This volume is the product of a collaboration between the European Intelligence Academy (EIA) and the Chanticleer Intelligence Brief (CIB), a student-run initiative supported by the Department of Politics at Coastal Carolina University in Conway, South Carolina, United States. Four CIB analysts tackle some of the most pressing and timely questions confronting intelligence observers today. Topics in this volume include the possibility of a war with North Korea, and the rise of far-right militancy in the United States. The volume also includes an assessment of the impact of the Islamic State in the relations between Russia and the United States, and a discussion of Turkish politics and its effect on NATO's cohesion.

here?”, referring to

here?”, referring to developing countries such as Haiti and countries in Africa. President Trump then reportedly went on to say, “Why do we need more Haitians? Take them out” (Phillip and Watkins 2018). It is comments such as these that arguably give the American far-right the perception that the President of the United States supports elements of their ideologies. In the past year, there have been three attacks in the US, perpetrated by supporters of the far-right, resulting in casualties. The first was the death of Timothy Coughman, who was stabbed with a sword by James Jackson in March 2017. Police later confirmed that Jackson traveled from Maryland to New York with the intent of killing black men in order to stop interracial relationships between white women and black men (Southall 2017). The second attack occurred in May 2017. Jeremy Christian stabbed and killed two people and injured two more, when he was confronted for uttering racial slurs aimed at two teenage girls (Becker and Parker 2017). The third violent incident occurred in August 2017. James Fields allegedly drove his car into a group of counter-protestors at the Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, which was organized by far-right groups, killing one and injuring nineteen others (Heim 2017). In addition to these violent events, there have been several non-violent events. In early October 2017, Spencer led another march in Charlottesville that only lasted about 20 minutes due to a large counter-protest that was held in the same area (Chaitin 2017). The White Lives Matter rally occurred later that month in Tennessee, but was also cut short. One violent incident was reported after the event, at a pub, where several White Lives Matter protestors harassed a white woman for sitting with a black man that ended in a physical altercation between a protestor and the woman (Liebelson 2017). According to Ian Allen, editor at IntelNews, far-right activist Taylor Wilson attempted to derail a passenger train in Nebraska on October 22, 2017. The FBI reported that Wilson entered the engine room and activated the emergency brakes, bringing the train to a complete halt. No one was reported injured or killed. Allen also refers to an FBI indictment that states: “Wilson traveled to Charlottesville, Virginia, in August of last year to attend the ‘Unite the Right’ rally, which was organized by various white supremacist, white nationalist, neo-Nazi and militia groups.” There have also been reports of Wilson being a member of the NSM (Allen 2018). Information was recently uncovered by the investigative website ProPublica regarding today’s far-right groups and their organizational capabilities. According to the website, far-right groups are sharing information and documents via online chatrooms about manufacturing and using bombs, grenades, mines and other explosive devices. These documents contain information ranging from instructions on how to detonate dynamite, to US military-issue manuals for making improvised explosives and booby traps (Thompson and Winston 2017). 30

More recently, far-right posters have appeared on college campuses in what appears to be a new recruitment technique. More specifically, Clemson University, in Clemson, South Carolina, has seen alt-right-themed posters attempting to appeal to white people who feel they are being oppressed (Silvarole 2017). Emerson College, in Boston, Massachusetts, has seen fliers sponsored by Vanguard America, proclaiming: “Take Your Country Back!” (Anon. 2016). The Patriot Front website is displayed on the flyers at the University of Utah in Salt Lake City, Utah, bearing the words: “Stop the rapes. Stop the crime. Stop the murder. Stop the blacks”, along with crime statistics (Anderson 2017). Coastal Carolina University, in Conway, South Carolina, has also seen white supremacy flyers on its campus. Early flyers displayed the message “It’s okay to be white” (Boschult and Broyles 2017). However, later versions, created by Jared Taylor, state: “Men of the West, don’t give in to hate. Love your people. Love your culture. Love your heritage. Embrace white identity today!”. One recent flyer found on Coastal’s Campus, which has reportedly been seen on several other campuses, states, “Make America White Again”; this is clearly an alteration of one of President Trump’s campaign slogans, “Make America Great Again”. These are only a few examples of flyers that are popping up on college campuses across the country. Since March of 2016, the SPLC has tracked over 300 racist fliers on over 200 different college campuses in the US (Hatewatch). There are also reports of college campus computer systems getting hacked —specifically libraries— in order for far-right activists to print their fliers remotely without getting caught (Markovich 2016). Hackers are finding a way into university computer systems and connecting to their printing software in order to print their racist propaganda from the comfort of their own homes. The goal behind these actions appears to be to instill the perception of a large presence of the far-right on campuses. Fear comes into play when students and faculty try to silently figure out who the anonymous supporters of these groups may be. Analytical Projections Members of the American far-right consistently interpret the views of the Trump administration as tacit support for their beliefs, which in turn fuels their actions. The leaders of these groups can no longer be dismissed as “racist rednecks”. They are well educated and understand how to encourage —and sometimes manipulate— their followers into carrying out violent acts in the name of their ideologies. Additionally, it was not until the first Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville that the US saw large-scale collaboration between far-right groups post 9/11. After seeing the second Tennessee rally canceled due to the small turnout and overwhelming amount of counter-protesters, far-right leaders made recruitment adjustments by targeting college students via racist propaganda. Now that there are open lines of communication and cooperation between the various groups, the far-right aims to build upon that by recruiting new members in hopes that there will be more joint events in the future. 31

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The Intelligence Review | vol. 1 | iss. 1 |