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The Intelligence Review | volume 2 | issue 4 |

This volume is the product of a collaboration between the European Intelligence Academy (EIA) and the Chanticleer Intelligence Brief (CIB), a student-run initiative supported by the Department of Politics at Coastal Carolina University in Conway, South Carolina, United States. Four CIB analysts tackle some of the most pressing and timely questions confronting intelligence observers today. Topics in this volume include the possibility of a war with North Korea, and the rise of far-right militancy in the United States. The volume also includes an assessment of the impact of the Islamic State in the relations between Russia and the United States, and a discussion of Turkish politics and its effect on NATO's cohesion.

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The Effect of Turkey’s Political Instability on the NATO Alliance Katelyn Montrief The United States and Turkey are the two largest military powers in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), a US-led military alliance formed in 1949 by 12 Western countries to provide security in Europe against the Soviet Union and to prevent the spread of communism. Turkey joined NATO in 1952, a development that strengthened relations between the predominantly Muslim country and other NATO members. Turkey is often seen as bridging the gap between the Western-oriented NATO and the Muslim World as a whole. This is crucial for NATO, which wants to project an image of itself as more than just an alliance of predominately Christian nations. Turkey’s entry into NATO also shaped drastically the relationship between the US and Turkey. The two countries remained allies through the decades, even though they did not always agree on a host of regional and even global issues. For example, Washington and Ankara differed on their approach to the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis. Today, the US and Turkey share an overall goal of defeating terrorism and promoting stability and security. However, Turkey’s deepening political uncertainty is leading to potential conflicts between it and its NATO allies. The current tensions between Turkey and the US, as well as between Turkey and other countries in NATO, can be traced back to the time of the Cold War. They continue to exist today for a variety of reasons. 45

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The Intelligence Review | vol. 1 | iss. 1 |