Vanguard Newspaper 07 April 2018
14—SATURDAY Vanguard, APRIL 7, , 2018 BY SOLA OGUNDIPE Sex between any family members that are too closely related to marry is considered incest. Sex with a close relative such as one’s parent, child, or sibling (even in-laws), is widely considered depraved, detrimental and stigmatising for any offspring from such a union. Incest may also refer to sexual intercourse between family members who are not blood-related, such as stepsiblings or cousins by marriage. A social taboo, incest is unethical and criminal. It readily sparks strong negative emotions in many cultures, yet sex between parents and their offspring, among siblings and between other blood relations occurs quite regularly. Close study of the bible around incestuous relationships is a revelation. One of the most popular biblical stories of incestuous father-daughter relationship is told in Genesis 19 about Lot’s daughters that seduced their father and bore him sons – Moab (Hebrew for “from the father”), and Ben-Ammi (Son of my people). Nowadays, incest is becoming commonplace that ever before, but it is still aberration. Records of close-kin marriages – between fathers and daughters and between siblings – abound over the course of history, but this has not been enough to legitimise the act because scientific, medical, theological, ethical, social, economic and legal concerns persist. Numerous controversial incest cases have made the rounds in recent times, but whether it is consensual or not, familial sexual relationships remain illegal, even criminal, both within social and cultural context. There are concerns in some circles that incest is largely underreported, and many reports of incest have been written off as fabricated even as stigma surrounding INCEST: Greatest taboo flourishing Medical experts speak incest is partially responsible for reluctance of victims to report cases. Some victims may not report because of threats, embarrassment or shame. In Nigeria and many parts of the world, incest is a form of sexual abuse, says Dr Princess Olufemi-Kayode, an expert in child sexual abuse and other forms of sex crimes and sexual violence. Common reasons a man would want to have sex with his biological daughter ranges from sex addiction, occult fetishes either for power, wealth or longevity and psychological issues. She argues that incest should attract criminal penalty, pointing out that several fathers that engage in exploitative incest committed against their own children have been brought to book. Dr. LeslieBeth Wish, a social worker based in Sarasota, Florida, notes that childhood sexual abuse could include mother-child incest, but records show more men commit child-family member sexual abuse. Wish, author of Incest, “Work and Women: Understanding the Consequences of Incest on Women’s Careers, Work and Dreams,” however noted that the most frequent male family offenders are stepfathers, fathers, uncles and grandfathers. Wish says warning signs of incest may include sudden or increased physical contact that might pass as acceptable with a family member, or even blatantly sexual. “Childhood sexual abuse can include fondling of breasts, rubbing up and down against a child and sexual comments. Children often have a good sense that something is wrong, but they may not tell anyone about these sexual experiences. “When a family member abuses a child sexually, the abuse is not solely about sex. Offenders are often looking for comfort, closeness and approval from someone whom, in the mind of the offender, offers an opportunity for unconditional love. The closeness and need for comfort can rapidly become sexualized. Many offenders are, however, also looking for sexual gratification, power and control, Wish explains further.” Roughly 1 in 25 women will experience some kind of sexual abuse by age 18. For men, the numbers are about 1 in 7or 8. Since sexual abuse carries such a high degree of shame, it’s highly likely that clients will not mention it. Long-term effects of incest include suicide attempts, depression, substance abuse, fear of emotional and sexual intimacy, promiscuity, prostitution and runaways, lack of career identity, inability to function at work, among others. PENGASSAN Applause for Baru The Petroleum and Natural Gas Senior Staff Association of Nigeria (PENGASSAN) has felicitated with the Group Managing Director of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), Dr. Maikanti Baru, on his recent conferment of award as the 2018 NewsDirect Man of the Year. In a congratulatory message signed by Comrades Francis Johnson and Lumumba Okugbawa, President and General Secretary, respectively of PENGASSAN, the association described the award as another landmark on Dr. Baru’s much decorated cap. “It is a sterling acknowledgement of your unmatchable industry and experience, impeccable character and capacity as an astute manager of men and resources to achieve set goals and objectives,’’ the statement read. The association commended the NNPC GMD for dedicating the award to the tireless and ever A Charge to Action The Group Managing Director of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), Dr. Maikanti Baru, has challenged the consultant to the National Assembly on Petroleum Industry Reform Bill to take a comprehensive look at the issues in the oil and gas sector and make bold recommendations that could engender enduring reforms. The GMD gave the charge today at a consultative meeting with the consultants to the National Assembly led by the lead consultant and former Director of the Department of Petroleum Resources (DPR), Mr. Osteen Olorunsola. He said with the passage of the Petroleum Industry Governance Bill which deals with the governance structure of the industry by the National Assembly, the remaining two segments of fiscal terms and host communities would require extensive consultation to aggregate views and indefatigable staff of NNPC, noting that the leadership of the union was elated to share in the moment of exemplary recognition and distinction the award accorded Dr. Baru. NewDirect Newspaper, a Lagos based tabloid and online publication, Saturday 17 March, 2018 gave its Man of the Year Award to Dr. Maikanti Baru in a wellattended event held in Lagos. While thanking the Management of NewsDirect Newspapers for the award, PENGASSAN found encouragement in the wordings of the award citation which celebrates Baru’s attribute of transparency, his commitment to the revamp of downstream infrastructure, opening of inland basins, growing crude reserve as well as maintenance of strategic communications amongst stakeholders in opinions of industry stakeholders in order to strike a balance that could attract investments while ensuring a decent government-take in terms of oil and gas revenue. Speaking specifically on the fiscal terms, Dr. Baru said the major complaint by operators in the industry was that of multiple taxation which include statutory contributions to the Niger Delta Development Commission (NDDC) and Nigerian Content Development and Monitoring Board (NCDMB) as well as sundry expenses on security. “We have to be able to design a system that works. If the 3%, 13% or any other statutory allocation for development is not working, then you should not be afraid to recommend a percentage that could work to replace the present system where operators pay multiple taxes and yet have to pay much more extra to secure their investments,” he said. the Nigeria oil and gas industry. PENGASSAN said it aligned itself with ongoing strategic discussions between the NNPC management and various consortia on the best possible funding option for the overhaul of the nation’s refineries. ‘’We are also aware that under your management and leadership, the NNPC has made remarkable progress in resuscitating other critical downstream infrastructure by making it a key component of your corporate vision of the 12 Business Focus Areas, (BUFA) geared towards ensuring uninterrupted supply of petroleum products nationwide,’’ PENGASSAN said. He said NNPC was interested in the segment of the PIB relating to the fiscal terms and was ready to spend considerable time and efforts to ensure that the National Assembly got it right in the interest of the nation. He said NNPC would work very closely with the consultants to arrive at models that can respond to future challenges in the industry. On his part, the lead consultant, Mr. Osteen Olorunsola, thanked the GMD for the opportunity to rob minds on the critical issues surrounding the remaining segments of the Petroleum Industry Bill. He said their mission was to seek input to come up with a comprehensive and balanced report to guide the National Assembly in its legislative work with regards to the Petroleum Industry Reform Bill. Global Crude Oil Outlook Oil Inches Lower On Expectations For U.S. Crude Stock Build Oil prices slipped on Wednesday on expectations for a build-up in U.S. crude inventories, but Russian government comments on prospects for stepping up cooperation with OPEC to coordinate output cuts braked steeper declines. Brent crude futures dipped to $67.94 per barrel, down 18 cents, or 0.26 percent, after it rose 0.7 percent on Tuesday. U.S. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures were at $63.36 per barrel, down 15 cents, or 0.24 percent, from their previous settlement. U.S. crude inventories likely saw a build for the second straight week, while refined product stockpiles were forecast to have declined last week. Industry group the American Petroleum Institute, however, said on Tuesday U.S. crude stocks have unexpectedly fallen last week as refineries boosted output. Meanwhile, Russian Energy Minister Alexander Novak said on Tuesday that a joint organization between the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and non-OPEC countries may be set up after the current deal on production cuts expires at the end of this year. Oil has risen from a multi-year low near $27 a barrel in January 2016, helped by production cuts led by OPEC and Russia, which began in 2017 in order to rein in oversupply and prop up prices. Top producer Russia’s oil output rose in March to 10.97 million barrels per day, up from 10.95 million bpd in February, official data showed earlier this week, prompting some traders to worry the OPEC-non-OPEC alliance to help balance oil markets was under threat.
SATURDAY Vanguard, APRIL 7, 2018 — 15