101 amounts of money The occurrence ofthese Taniil inscriptions at Periyak4ant clearly suggests the presence of Tanii]. settlers in that area inthe Ca period. It is not possible to say whether there were any Tamil settlers in this region before the Ca period. Presumably the Tamil settlement of Periyakuain originated during the period of Ca rule. Four Ca inscriptions have been found on the north-western littoral. Three ofthem are from Nahtittha (ntai). One is a fragmentary record and only the praasti of 2jndra I is preserved in it The second inscription is the longest of those belonging to this period, running into more than ninetyfour short lines with the first andthe last few lines missing It is a grant by one Ti Kumara, the headmen of Citu-1ra-nall1!r in Vr -ntu, inthe K atr iya4 i chmai-v4anu of Ca-maalam. The grant was made to the temple of Rjarãvaram at ttam alias RjarIjapurain (Mahltittba), which was built by the donor himself. Certain provisions made by him for the seven-day celebration ofthe festival of Vickam (Vi]tha) as well as the grant of a plot of tax-free land. andthe assignment 1. Unpublished - Nos. 775 B, 776 B, 357 etc. 2. S.I.I., IV, lklk A. 3. Ibid., No, 1k12.
of certain taxes for the coat ofthe daily offerings are recorded in this inscription. Though a headman of a village in South India, Ti Kumara appears to have held an important post inthe island, as is suggested by the powers he had of assigning portions ofthe public revenue for the upkeep of a temple built by him. The epigraph provides some useful information about the revenue system andthe temple rituals inthe Ca period. The name of RjarIja looms large inthe local nomenclature. Not only was the temple of }tam named after him (Rjarjvaram), but the town itself and a. main street (perun-teru) were named Rjarjapuram and Rjarja-perun-teru respectively. Besides this information, theinscription does not give any details about the Tamils settled in Mahtittha. Only one Tamil settler, Kua, Ema, who was a citizen (kui) of ZtVtam owning a mansion (ikai), a house (v!u) and a garden (tam), is referred to inthe record. The third inscription from Mahtittha records the arrangement made for the buraing of a street lamp outside the Tiru-irmivaram temple at }ttam, by ..... Tva, the utaiy of Ciu-k4att'ttr and an official ofthe Peruntaam of Rjendra Ca It is not possible to say whether Ciu-k$attr was a place inCeylon or South India. Probably it was in South India, for 102 1. S.I.I., IV, No. lklkB ; see infra, p. rj,.