of thths community (apai-peuk4) found service intheinner apartments ofthe palace andinthe teniples The name AkanrpaiyIr is a compound ofthe Taml-1 words akampu (inside or inner apartment) and 4iyr (servants) and this community may have originated as a class of servants intheinner apartments ofthe palace andthe temples, and evolved into a caste. This caste has survived to this day in Arcot, Pudukktai and Nadural districts and is variously known as Akampaiyr, Akaniui and AkamufiyL In Ceylon, too, this caste was existent inthe Tamil areas till very recent times As in some parts of South India, the members of this caste seem to have gradually mixed with the Vear and given rise to the saying that 'the K4.ar, Maavar andthe staunch Akaiup4iy.r have gradually become Vetar' (K4ar Maavar kaatta Akampatiyr niella india Vear ki This saying is prevalent in South India as well as inCeylon Some sections ofthe Jkampati caste inthe Madurai district are 'regarded as a more civilized section 179 l.11.E.R. for 1913, No, 506 of 1912. 2. A.F.Cox, }'Ianual of North Arcot, I, P. 211; N.Thiagarajan, A Manual ofthe Pudukai State, pp. 202-203. 3. K.Velupillai, a-vaipava-kaumuti, p. 108; M.B.Ariyapala, . cit., P. 162. 4. A.F.Cox, , . cit, p. 211.
180 ofthe southern Maavars' In Ceylon, too, certain writers consider the Agampai to have been South Indian Maavar who were taken to the island as znercenaries There is, however, no evidence on this point. Whatever their origin may have been, it seems certain that by the twelfth or the thirteenth century they had become an exclusive caste and that several oftheir members bad gone to Ceylon as mercenaries. After the twelfth century, our sources record the presence of some other Dravidian mercenary communities serving under $inha].ese rulers. Of these, the Nukkuvas andthe Kurukulas, who in modern times are among the major castes inthe Tanhil regions ofCeylon, appear prominently But it is not known whether they bad already begun their migration to the islandinthe twelfth century, The Dabadei-aana gives the earliest reference to the Mukkuvae. It is recorded here that they formed part ofthe troops employed by ParlkramabThu II (l236-l27O) The Kurukulas may have been inthe island as early as the time ofthe Ca occupation. As pointed out earlier, the earliest reference to the presence ofthe Kurukulas inCeylon may be said to be found l.A.P.Cox, . cit., p. 211. 2. Pufiflarataha Thera, Lañkv! Pur' Tattvaya, p. 95. 3. Dabadei-asna, p. I. ; Nukkuva-haana, p. 175 ff. k. DaMbadepi-asna, p. .