Kvaram at Trincomalee, contain traditions ofthe time of Gajabhu II, probably preserved originally inthe annals of Kvaram. With the help of all these sources it is possible to locate several, if not all, ofthe Tamil settlement sites of this period. Two regions have yielded the majority ofthe Tamil inscriptions and aiva archaeological materials for this period. One is the north-eastern littoral, forming the northern part ofthe present eastern Province, from the Kokkuly Lagoon down to Verukal with a width of about twenty-five miles from the sea to theinterior. The other is the northern part of ancient Dakkhiadesa, now comprising largely the southern regions ofthe North-western Province. In the former region, Tamil inscriptions have been discovered at Padaviya, h1ka, Kanta]iy, Paaznai and MafLkai. aiva archaeological remains datable to this period are found at Kumpakaia-malai, Kandasmi-malai, horagoa, Kantaly, P4anzftai, Pta-ku and Tampalakmam. In the literary sources we get traditions pointing to the presence of Tamils at TrincomaJ.ee, Tampalak niin , KantalAy and Verukal. In the previous chapters we have seen that there is a certain amount of evidence which points to Tainil settlements at Padaviya, Moragoa, Paragiyaiya, Periyak4am and Trincomalee 197 1. See supra,
The evidence relating to this period not only points inthe same direction but also indicates an extension ofthese settle ents. The area around the anciant port of Gokaa, the modern Trincomalee, seems to have had a fairly strong Tamil element in its population in this period. The Tainil settlements of this region seem to have extended from Trincomalee to Periyak$azn and Nakai inthe north, Kant aily arid Pta-k4u inthe south-west and possibly Verukal inthe south. Kantaly, Pta-ku and P4an1ai, lying within three miles ãf each other, have yielded three Tamil inscriptions and some aiva remains dating back to this period. Two Taniil inscriptions ofthe time of Gajabhu II (1132-1153) come from Kantaly One records the setting-up of a boundary stone at a sacrificial ground (ii naçanta bhmi) inthe brahmadeya of Kantaly, by Laikevara, Gajabahu Dvar. The other epigraph also records the setting-up of a boundary stone by one K4ivai Apinia nip, who bore the title of Laflai Vijaya Ceaviruttar (the victorious commander of Lafk), at the request of Lafikvara Gajabhu Dvar, at Kanta1y The Tamil inscription from Pa.amai, 198 1. .1.1., IV, No.1397; the other inscription is unpublished and is listed as No. I 359 ofthe e igraphical collection inthe Department of Archaeology, Ceylon. 2. Unpublished - Inscription No.1 359. 3. 3.1.1., IV, 10.1397.