213 We have already noticed inthe last chapter that there were several C]a strongholds in this area which had to be first controlled before Vijayabhu could march on Polonnaruva We also surmised that there may have been Tainil settlers, especially mercenaries, inthese strongholds during the Ca occupation. The Tamil inscriptions of this period seem to confirm this supposition. The Ca strongholds in this region, as given inthe C!lavaisa, were Nuhunnaru (Nuvarakl), Badalatthala (Batalagoa), Vpnagara (Vnaru), Tilagulla (Talagall-la), Nahgalla (}galla or Nikavr4i), Naagalla (Nahamaagala) and Buddhagma (nikdea) Only one Tamil inscription ofthe Ca period was discovered in this area. This was at Eriyva, nearly- eight miles north-west of Nahainaagalla But the number of Tamil inscriptions ofthe tweLfth century coming from this area is These are from }iahananneriya, Mahakirinda, Budumuttva, Pauvasnuvara and VihrThinna, which are all within a few miles ofthe Ca stronghol s mentioned above. In fact, the stronghold of Mahga1la is specifically referred to in one ofthe Budumuttva inscriptions as a place where there was a iva temple inthe time of Gaabhu II 1. Cv., 58:k2-k5. 2. .1.1., IV, No.1k15. 3. S.Paranavitana, 'Two Tanill Inscriptions from Budumuttva', E.Z.,II, p . 311.
214 We also learn that the site oftheinscription, the present Budumuttva, was part of Mahgalla inthe twelfth century. In this epigraph Nahgalla appears in its Taniilised form of }ka]. and its other name is given as Vikkirama-calinka-puram, evidently the same as Vikkamapura ofthe Clavaisa which has eluded identification by scholars This new name seems to have been given after Vikramabhu I who would have bad the consecration name of Calnika (Sinh. Salmvan) The iva temple of Iahgalla was also evidently named after Vikramabhu fr it was known as Vikkirama-calmka-ivarain. Perhaps it was built inthe reign of Vikramabhu. The existence of this temple points unmistakably to the presence of Tamil settlers in this area. The settlement may have originated inthe time ofthe Ca occupation. It is ofinterest to note that our inscription was set up to record certain gifts to the §iva temple by Cuntamlliyvr (Cuttamaliyvr 3 ), the daughter of Ku]Zttufiga I and wife of Virapperuni., a Paya prince. No remains ofthe temple have come to light inthe area. The present inscription was found 1. Cv., 72:1k7. 2. See upr , p. j- 3. This is the for in which the name ap ears inthe South Indian inscriptions; cf., M.E.R.for 1931/32, No.67 of 193]J32.