223 From Moragahavela comes a Tamil inscription of A.D.fl38 recording the gift of a piece of land at PatL1ya to a Buddhist temple by one UakakkittaD. Patlya is stated to have been received as a jvita by the donor. This may mean that the donor was an official inthe service of Gajabhu II, in whose reign this inscription was set up. The occurrence of th&s Tamil inscription at !4oragahavela, therefore, may not necessarily indicate the presence of Tamil settlers there. But since this site is within about fifteen miles of nuriIura, V'!ragala and Safigili-kanadarva, where Tamil inscriptions and Saiva remains of this and earlier periods have been found it is possible that there were Tamil settlers at Noragahavela in this period. The Tamil inscription from Kanadarva is unfortunately fragmentary and only the na e of Sri Ca!Lkabodhi-(val3xuar alias Cakravatti SrI ParkramabThu Tva, who was probably the first ruler of that na e, has been decipherable It is unlikely that the ruler mentioned here is Parkramabhu II for the site of our inscription is outside his de facto realm. 1. 13.1.1., IV, No.1k06; K.Kanapathi Pil].ai, 'APil].ar Inscription from Moragahavela', U.C. ., XVIII, Jan.-April, 1960, p.k6 ff. 2. See supra, 3. .1.1., IV, No.]Ji07.
224 About a mile away from Kanadarva is Mahakanadarva where a bas-relief ofthe goddess Cmu was unearthed inthe vicinity of a ruined dv] Several statuettes ofthe 3aptamtk goddesses were also discovered inthe same village At Vragala, about ei ht miles north-west of ahakanadarva, a unique bronze image of iva inthe Ardhanrivara form was discovered It is possible that this image was originally housed in a iva temple in that area. Though these aiva finds from Ziahakanadarva and Vragala cannot be precisely dated, they could be roughly assigned to this period on grounds of style. Their presence may be taken to indioate Tamil aiva settlements inthese places near Anurdhapura. The evidence ofinscriptions and archaeological remains discovered inand around Polonnaruva points to South Indian mercenary and mercantile settle ents in this region. The V!].aikkra inscription from Polonnaruva andthe Clavaisa attest to the presence of V.aikkras, Ker4as and other mercenary forces inthe capital in this period Probably some members of 1. A. .C.A.I?. for 1961/62, p.59. 2. Ibid. 3. A.S.CA.R. for 1 56, p.k. k. See supra, pq.-gJ..