27 inscriptions, from Tirupparafkuam and Sittaaval, occurs the Prit form of this name, namely Evidently it is from this Prkrit form that the Tamil Tam is derived. It could be shown that a is derived from Si*h4a through the Pli STh4a, or more probably through another Prkrit form Sihi.a. The name Siñh4a has two elements, s14 a and a. The Sanskrit siria becomes sha in Pli STha becomes sihi and a! (the consonant Ii is dropped when its position is between two similar vowels andthe two vowels coalesce) in Sinhalese Si*h4a could, therefore, have become Sihija and later SIa in early Sirthalese, aJr4. probably even in other Prakritic languages, although no record of such a form has survived in Sinhalese It is not difficult 1. C.Narayana Rao,'The BrThini Inscriptions of South India', N.I.A., I, pp. 367, 368, 375. 2. ., 6:10. 3. S.Paranavitana, Sigiri Graffiti, I, p.xci. Siiha- in becomes Si-ginin Sinhaleae. I. Cf., Sihila (Sih4a) and Sihilaka (Si*h4aka) in a aroh inscription from Loriyn Tangai, in Wsat Pakistan, belonging to about the second century LD. S.Konow, Kharoth! Inscriptions, p. 110; U.C.H.C, I, pt.l, p. 90. j., also Sielediba in The Christian Topography of Cosmas Indicopleustes, ed. F.O.Winstedt, p. 250.
28 to derive the forms Tja and Iam from Sja. In the early period, when Sanskrit and Prkrit words were borrowed into Tamil, those with theinitial letter a often dropped that consonant The name Sja, when used inthe Tamil country, would, therefore, have become a, as indeed it occurs inthe pre-Christian Brhm* inscriptions there Since the a in Prkrit andthe a in Tamil are interchangeable a would become a andthe final form am is derived front this by the addition ofthe consonant in, which too is in keeping with the rules governing the form of borrowed Sanskrit and Prkrit words ending with the vowel a, 14. especially the neuter nouns or those designating inanimate objects. Thus, am could be derived from the name Sih4a and would, therefore, mean the landofthe Sinhalese rather than indicate that Ceylon was originally settled by Tamils. Guanapragasar's arguments, on this score, will become groundless. The derivation l.., Pkt. sipp (Skt. sukti)> Tiinil ippi ippi in Maimkalai, XXVII, 1.6k; Cittnta-cikmaçi, 23:5 ; Madras Tamil Lexicon,I,p.297; cf. also Pkt. slsa>Tamil jyant ; Skt. san hi> Tamil anti. •This probably occurred inthe Prakritic languages,too. Cf. Skt. Sih4a> Sinh. He or Heja > E.n and Skt. Si* 4a seems to have become Ia in Ia-nga (My . ,35:l5). 2. C.NarayanaRao, . p. 375. 3. ., Damia> Tamiar ; Co'a > C1ar. i. Skt. mafig4a ) mafik4am ; Skt. si*ha , cifikam