one or other ofthese early colonists It is, therefore, quite possible that the author ofthe Kailyani]. was bang his account on reliable traditions. As mentioned before, the l44avar chieftains had attained prominence inthe Pya country inthe twelfth and thirteenth centuries as feudatories ofthe Pyas. As the first ryacakravartin came from the Pya country, it is possible that he took with him or invited some liaavars to be his administrators. According to our account, a personage called aava was sebtled in Tirunelvli. In this village there is still an estate called P i-ma1avarya-va4avu This may mean that was one ofthe early Tamil colonists in that village and may confirm the statement inthe KaiIyamlai. It is not impossible, however, that the author of this work was depending on such place names for some of his statements. This seems unlikely. Another place name with the personal element Naavariya,, namely Maavarya-kuricci, occurs in Vaa-marcci A family in this place claims descent from one Kaaka Ma1ava, who is said to have settled there inthe time ofthe first ryacakravartin Kaaka }Iaava is not mentioned 30J 1. K.Velu pillai, , cit., p 2o2 2. S.Kumaracuvami, . cit., p. oP 3. 14• K.Velup illai, .2• cit., p.
301 in our sources. In view of such traditions, it may be reasonable to hold that some at least ofthe colonists mentioned inthe Kailyaiu].ai are true personalities. It appears that Puvankavku,who is referred to in our sources as a minister ofthe first Lyacakravartin, is a later personage. He has been identified with Prince Sapumal Kurnray who conquered Jaffnainthe midd].e ofthe fifteenth century Some later traditions seem to have been confused with earlier ones in our chronicles. Some ofthe persons mentioned inthese accounts may very well be later colonists. The foregoing account ofthe Tamil chronicles seem to contain some historical information in spite oftheir obvious errors. We may be justified in placing some reliance on their general story, There is hardly any epigraphic or archaeological evidence to confirm o supplement the above account. The only information outside the Tamil chronicles about the Tamil occupation ofJaffnainthe thirteenth century comes from the P1jAvaliya andthe Clavaisa . This relates to the Keraja and Dami.a garrisons maintained by gha and his associate JayabThu in V1ikg.ma (Valikmam) and Skaratittha (rtota ) The -'- tenance of garrisons inthese two places, in addition to the 1. Cf., S.Paranavitana, 'The irya Kingdom of North Ceylon', . cit., p. 193 ; see infra, p..5.2 2. Cv., 83:17 ; p. )I