330 The evidence ofthe Tamil chronifles is not strong enough for such an identification. Though the traditions concerning the Kvaram temple were preserved by the temple authorities for a long time, it may be difficult to base our conclusion on the evidence ofthe late works which embody these traditions. It is not impossible that Gajabhu and Kua&a lived in &Lffereut periods, as indeed the Tkia-kailca-puramandthe Tiri-kcalapurazn treat them, but were brought together by late tradition owing to their close association with the Kvaram temple. Coagaftgakumra who lived inthe court of GajabThu II may, therefore, be different from K4a.kta. The Kaliñga prince Coagafga who seized power in 1196 is said to have been a nephew of Nii3ki Na1la it is not stated in our sources whether he invaded the islandin 1196 or whether he had gone there some time before that date and captured power in 1196. If he had gone to Ceylonin 1196, it is unlikely that he is the same as the C4agafxga who effected repairs to the K3!varam temple and settled Vaiyars inCeylon, for he was ousted from the throne within a year and it is hard to think that under very insecure conditions he would have undertaken the task of re airing temples and settling peo le from South India. Moreover, if he was a nephew of NLañka halla 1. 2x. ° :
331 and aspired to the kingship ofthe island be may have been a Buddhist and not a aiva. It seems unlikely that he is the Co.agañga whom we are seeking to identify. The Sanskrit inscription from Trincomalee, discovered among the ruins ofthe Kvaram temple, refers to a personage 1 named Coagañga who went to Ceylonin 1223. Paranavitana has i identified this person with Ku.ak1Za. The inscription is fragmentary and is engraved on a part of a stone door jamb. Among the decipherable words is the name Gokara, the ancient name of Trincomalee andthe root from which the name ofthe temple is derived (Gokarevara). Since the epigraph is inscribed. on a part of a building, Paranavitana feels that it ' may reasonably be assumed to have recorded the building ofthe monument of which it formed a part' He therefore argues that 'it is very unlikely that there were two Coagaftgas who both came from a foreign country, landed at Trincomalee and busied themselves effecting improvements to the Saiva shrine there' He adds further that the date of CoagaAga's arrival being 1223, it 'agrees with the statement ofthe Yvm. that this prince had dealings with chieftains known as Vanniyars, 1. E.Z., V , p.fl3 2. S.Paranavitana, 'The Arya Kingdom of North . cit., p. 179. 3. Ibid.