The name ofthe Vanni chief appointed by Ki4akka is given inthe K!car-kalveu andthe ri-cala-purarn as PtTpla,. Ppla Vanimai ofthe Vaiypal appears to be the same person as Pp].a Vaniya. Like the chronicles of Trincomalee, the VaiypIal mentions Kaukk4am, Trinconialee and Koiyr among the places where Immigrants were settled and NarukUr among the places from where settlers Ident to Ceylon. Some ofthe traditions inthe Vaiypal may have been based on those of Trincomalee. The Maakk4appu-mmiyam deals with only the originofthe castes of Batticaloa. The creation ofthese castes as well as the assignment of duties to them are attributed to lgha. Except inthe case of a few, it is not stated whether these castes migrated to Batticaloa inthe time of gha or earlier. The Mukkuva Vaniyar are stated to have gone from K3ikaam (unidentified). They belonged to the Paaiyci (military caste) and it was the X1iñka (Kalix' a ruler) who chose the best among them (eñk4flattrai) and took them to the island as commanders of his army The Kuru-ntar (Skt. uru Nthas) similarly went to Ceylon with the Kliñka Those ofthe 34i 1. Nm., p. 10k. 2. Ibid., p. 105.
347 Ppla Kttiram (Bh' la Gotra) andthe Pvaciyar (a mercantile community) also went to the island with the ____ It is difficult to reconclie these different versions and separate the historical sections from tile re8t. As we have already noted, the chronicles of Trincomalee and Batticaloa seem to preserve a more reliable tradition than those ofJaffna. An analysis ofthe above versions reveals certain important points. In the first place, it becomes doubtless clear that there has been a confusion of traditions relating to ?1.gha, K4aa and possibly other prominent personalities connected with either the Tamil settlements or the creation of petty chieftaincies in or about the thirteenth century. Shorn oftheir details, the accounts of K4akka and ZrAgha appear very similar. In the akk4appu-m.flmiyam, the account of }igha has four main strands which are similar to those ofthe account of Kuakka, inthe chronicles of (varam. Firstly, }gha is described as an ardent Saiva who was intolerant of Buddhism and even the Vaiiava faith K4akktta,, too, is stated to have been a very devoted aiva although there is nothing inthe Trincomalee chronicles to indicate that he was a bigot. It is inthe Maakk4ppu-mmiyam, where he is 1. Mm., pp. 105-106. 2. Ibid., pp. 53, 70.