and Kutiraimalai may be a Tamil rendering of later times However, the identification of Hipporos with Kutiraimalai is itself in doubt. It is admitted by critical scholars that the legendary accounts inthe Pli chronicles about the Igaa are quite unreliable Even if there were a people called 1gas, there is no evidence to suggest that they were Tamfl- in language and culture. There were persons with the name Nga all over India. Even to this day we find a people called Ngas living in Northeast India. The Ngas ofthe chronicles, like those of many Pli and Sanskrit works, seem to be superhiinn beings Rasanayagam' s arguments for the existence of Taniil settlements inCeylonin pre-Christian times, therefore, are wholly unacceptable1 Ceylon's geographical proximity to and close contacts with the Tami]. country and. early conquests by TRnr1 adventurers have been often used as the basis for the assumption that Tamils were settled inthe islandinthe early centuries of its history. 35 1. There are other place-names on the north-western coast of 6eylon which are Tamil renderings of Binhalese names. Cf., Si13.h. J4agult o a-mune >Tamil Kaliy;a-tuai-mukam. 2. S.Paranavitana, 'The irya Kingdom in North Ceylon', pp. 180-183; U.C. •C., I, pt.l, p. 95. 3. See infra, p. 11oIt. k. See infra, pp.
Our sources undoubtedly indicate that Tamils had established 36 contacts with Ceylon by about the second century B.C., if not earlier. There is reliable data in our sources relating to the commercial, cultural, political and religious connections between South India andCeyloninthe early centuries ofthe island's history. One ofthe earliest references to such contacts occurs inthe Akitti taka This taka story alludes to theintercourse between Kvripattinam, inthe C1a country,and K.radipa, near NgadIpa. Ngadipa is identifiable with theJaffna district which was known by that name inthe pre-Christian and early Christian centuries Kradipa appears to be the islandof Kraitivu, about two miles west oftheJaffna peninsula The Dlpavai1lsa andthe Mahvaisa refer to the two Tamil usurpers, Sena and. Gutta.ka, who ruled from Anurdhapura inthe second century B.0 They appear to have been connected with the horse-trade inthe island. According to the I4ahvasa, their father was an a sa-nvika or ship's captain dealing with horses Sena and Guttaka were followed by the Tamil poli. tical adventurers, Era, Pulahattha, BAhiya, Panay nira, Piaymra 1. The Jtaka, IV, ed. E.B.Cowell, tr. W.K.D.Rouse, p. 150. 2. G.P.Malalaaekera, Dictionary of Phi Proper N nies II, p.k2. 3. C.W.Nicbolas, . cit., p. 8k ; Malalasekera has i entified it as 'an islandinthe Dami4a country', . cit., I, p. 570. k. Dv., l8:k7 ; Mv., 21:10. 5. Mv., 21:10.