pleased in sin le villages in Iyratha and that Vijayabhu III drove them a ay from there The Puttalazn-Chilaw region, which formed part of Nyraha, was under the direct rule ofthe Sinhalese rulers in DaThadeiya and it is doubtful that there erc- Tamil chieftaincies in that region during the thirteenth century. The place-name evidence in this coastal region claarly indicates that at one time a large part ofthe present Puttalam district was occupied by Tamils. The high percentage of Tamil names along the coast may mean that there was a concentration of Tamils there. One ofthe revenue divisions of this district still continues to be called Demaa Hatpattu (Seven Tamil Divisions) although a large section of this division is now occupied by Sinhalese speakers. Traditions in this area preserve the memory of Tamil chiefs having ruled inthe 2 Ravanni and Kunravanni Pattus ofthe Dema.a Hatpattu. This was probably after the thirteenth century. The vara-znmiyam contains a detailed account ofthe Tamil settlements established by K4akk t a inthe region of varam, inthe Chilaw district. According to this account, akka after having completed the renovation ofthe temple of Kvaram went to Nu.varam inthe Kali 382 ].. V., l:J.k. 2. S.Casie Chetty, eylon azetteer, p. 86.
383 year 512 (2590 .c.) and undertook the renovation ofthe Mivaram temple. After the completion of this work, the Brhaaa It1akaa ivcriyr, hi8 wife Vislaki AmriAj. and several learn d Br.haas were invited from the Ca country to con uct the Kunibhb1i.eka festival. In order to ensure the continuance ofthe various services inthe temple, Kujakka decided to invite settlers from South India. He, therefore, went to places like Nadurai, To4aimyalam, Eraikkl, Tiruccirppa.i, K'alUr NarufikIr, selected people from among the Pirmyar (BrThmaas), Caivar (aivas), Ceis, Ve.3ar (cultivators), VTra-niuti Cakmr (a class of VTra aivas), Ttar (Vaiava mendicants)ofthe Sdra caste), Kollar (blacksmiths), Kar (braziers), Tab (goldsmiths), Cipar (sculptors), Taccar (carpenters), Ypi (minstrels), Eai-viyar (oil mongers), Akampaiyr (Agampai mercenaries or servants oftheinner apartments), Nul1ai-Naapp4iyr, Caruku-Maappa4iyr, Cañku- Maappa Uiyr1 , Kaikkar (weavers, also temple officials and Loldiers ), Cniyar C a class of weavers), Ilai-viyar (sellers of betel-leaves), Viaku-vei (wood-cutters), Ttar (me sengers) vitar (barbers), Va4r (washermen), Timilar (boatmen), Valaifiar (caste of fishers), Varua Kulattr (those ofthe Va.ra kula), 1. See supra, p. 2' 2. See supra, p. ; Travancore Archaeological Series, VI, pt. 2, p. 116.