390 as the mercenaries ofthe later invaders like Chan rabhnu probably established settlements in parts ofthe North-central Province. The Clavawa has references to Sinhalese Vanni rinces ruling in Rj raha inthe thirteenth century. Probably there were also Vanni chieft ins ofthe Taniils in this area at that time. It is difficult to determine with t e evidence at our disposal how extensive or strong the new Dravidian settle ents were inthe thirteenth century. The North-central Province was lar ely abandoned after the thirteenth century by both Tamils and Sinhalese and only a few pockets of Tamil and Sinhalese settl ments seem to have been left. In the thirteenth century theDravidians were probably scattered all over the province in small groupá. These settlers have not left behind Tamil inscriptions or Dravidian-style temples. The only evidence oftheir settlement is found inthe local nomenclature. The disa earance ofthe earlier Sinhalese names s eaks both for a su den and a violent occupation ofthe area by the forei ners as well as for settle ent by Tamils after the total abandonment ofthe area by the earli r settlers. Th retention ofthe Taniil na es by the resent-day opulation which is largely Sinbalese- eakin , shows that the Ta is, howev r small in number, bad continu d to live in this province till the ti e ofthe Sinhale e resettlement- 1. .C. . •, I, pt. , pp. 713-71k.
391 The wi e rea occurrence of Tamil p1 ce n s sugge te that the province w s at one time extensively settled by Taxnils. This was certainly not before the thirteenth century when the Northcentral Province was the heart ofthe Sinhalese kingdom. Tamil settlements on such a wide seal would not have taken lace long after the thirteenth century wh n this region was ab n oned to a great extent and was covered with jungle. The Tamii.l settle ents that were res onsible for many ofthe new lace names have to be dated to the thirteenth century. In conrse of ti e several ofthe settlers ap ear to have drifted to the Taniil kiagdom inthe north, where there was soon a concentration of Tamil population. But small groups seem to have lingered on inthe jungle viflages In the Sirthalese kizgdom ofthe southi there is little evidence of any Dravidian settlem nt inthe thirteenth century. The only evidence relating to the presence of Tamils is that concerning the mercenaries. Tamil ercenary forces continued to be inthe service of Sinhalese rulers inthe thirteenth century as in earlier times. ih aba e'i-as a refers to twelve thousand amil soldiers, doubtless an exagg rate number, who drew their pay from the p u]. chest inthe tim of Parkramabhu 4ong theni were the Agamp i forces andthe Svlakkr s. 1.B.Ariyapa1a attempts to relate theto the 1. vidence of this found inthe adzninistr tion reports ofthe Dutch an British erio s. 2. Da adei-asna. p.