392 Cava.aikkrar, a caste of weavers inthe Tinnevelly district He also oints out the similarity betwe n the name Zvlakkra andthe Tamil Cav4akkrar, a class of fishermen or ferrymen The Svlakkrar are not mentioned inthe South Indian sources among the mercenary bodies. Perhaps they were a minor body of mercenarie • In the fourteenth century, oo, there were Tamils inthe army ofthe Sinhalese ings, as is evidenced by the Gaaldei inscription of Bbuvaneka Thu IV (l3kl-l35l) No Tarnil inscription ofthe thirteenth century has been found inthe area covered by the Sinhalese kingdom. But Tamil inscriptions ofthe fourteenth, fifteenth and sixteenth centuries have been found in some places there. There is, however, an inscription written inthe Sinhalese and Tamil scripts and datable to the thirteenth century, found at ?iysnkndura inthe Kamdehna Tea Estate at Naniunukula, Badulla district The Tamil script has been 1. M.B.Ariyapapal, ociety in Medieval Ceylon, p. 161. 2. Ibid. 3. S.Paranavitana, 'Gaaldei ock Inscription of .bhuvanekabThu IV', r.z., Iv, p. 106. k. A.S.C.A.R. for 1952, p. 1f2.
393 used intheinscription for 'words specialising magical power' This is hardly evidence for any Tamil settlement in that area. In the unsettled conditions ofthe thirteenth century few Taznil settlers would have found their way into the Sinhalese kingdom which was at war with the foreign invaders. The only Tamil settlers there were probably the mercenaries. In the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries when better conditions prevailed inthe south and new ports were epened up for foreign trade the South Indians who were affected by the Muslim invasions as well as Tamil traders seem to have settled inCeylon, not only inthe Tamil kingdom but inthe ports and towns ofthe Sinhalese kingdom as well. This is attested to by the Tamil inscriptions, Sinhalese literary sources and Saiva arcliaeolo ical .2 remains. 1. A. .C.A.R. for 1952, p.k2. 4 . Tamil inscriptions: a) S.Paranavitana 'The Tamil Inscription on the Galle Trilingual Slab', (1kb), .Z., III, p.335; b) In cription from Nyimmra, A.D. lk22, see S.Pa.ranavitana, Upulvan emple, Memoirs ofthe Archaeological urvey ofCeylon, VI, pp. 71-75; inscriptions from Cob bo, Kalutara and Kurunigala districts, S.Paranavitanal3 'Epigra hical Summary', C.J.Sc. (G), II, pp. 189, 191, 212. iva te les: a) H.C.P.Be].l, Kigalla eport, pp. 63-65; b) S.Paranavitana, 'Epigra hical Summary', .J.Sc. (G), II, p. 191;