442 expressly mentions that the Parkramabhu in whose reign it was set up had the surname Niki Malla it is not clear why Paranavitana prefers to identify him with another ParkramabThu who is known to us only from a South Indian inscription. 'om his Siniialese inscriptions we know that Ni Aka Malla had the name ParAkrainabThu as wel1 Since it has been discussed elsewhere in detail, we do not propose to enter into a discussion of this point. But we would like to point out here that it it erroneous to take Teilakai to mean the southern part ofCeylonand, on that basis, to build up a theory ofthe ruler of South Ceylon ranging himself on the side ofthe enemies ofthe Cas andthe ruler of North Ceylon tk1-rg the side ofthe Cas. Tei1afkai has been used in Tamil literature as well as ininscriptions 1. S.Paranavitana, 'A Slab Inscription of NitaM )ialla at Polonnaru, wrongly attributed to Viayabhu II', E.Z., V, pt.2, p.202. 2. a) Tiru-flacampantar Tvra Tiruppatikaikaj, Ka 1aka ed., No.243, p. 520 (7th century); b) Cuntarar Tiruppatikam, No.147 (c.8th century c) ikkavcakar Tiruv'cakam, ed. C.Pillai (Mad. 1949), p. 326j Cc. 9th century); 4) M.E.R. for 1923, No.505 of 1922 (12th century); e) M.E.R. for 1915, No.406 of 1914 (13th century); f) mid., No.407 of 1914 (13th century); g) ., Ciappuppyirani & v.k, p.k (c.l5th century); h) Km., P . 6 (c.l6th century); i) ., vv .90 , 91 (c.l6th century); j) ., pp. 18, 170 (c.l8th century); k) Mni., Tta.,- ka1veu, p. 18 Cc. 18th century).
443 almost always in poetry, for a long time since the seventh century. In all these instances this name stands for the whole ofCeylonand not for any part of it. The name IlsAki was also used for some places in south India, besides Ceylon The prefix tea,, meaning south, was used to distinguish Ceylon from the other Ila.kais. In the early centuries ofthe Christian 2 era, one ofthe South Indian Ilañkais had the prefix n (-ilki). In the Ca period, we find that it had the prefix uttara, meaning north (Uttara Laz.k) The Lek inthe south was, therefore, known as Te-ilakai (Lañk inthe South). Perhaps the best example that one can show to prove that Te-ilkii does not stand for the southern part ofCeylon only is its occurrence inthe ailyanilai. In this Tamil chronicle ofCeylon, one ofthe kings ofJaffna with the throne or consecration name of Cekarcacka.ra is styled CekarcaTei1añkai mapav (Cekarca, the king of Teilakai) No one would contend that the king ofthe northern part ofthe island is here referred to as the king of southern Ceylon. What is really meant is that the ln.g ofJaffna is the monarch ofthe whole ofCeylon. Teilafkei, in 1. See supra, p. 32. 2. Thid.; there was also a }yilafigai in }'sore, E.G., III, pp.1k7-].kB. 3. M.E.R. for 1913, No.77 of 1913; K.A.Nilakanta Sastri, The Cas, p. kk3, n83. k. Km., p. 6.