In the light ofthe meagre evidence that is available to us w may not be wrong in locating the kingdom of Candrabbnu somewhere inthe northern part ofCeylon. In all probability, it was the kingdom ofJaffna which the 4ryacakravartins inherited 1. The Saziskrit inscription from Anurdbapura mentioned earlier (see supra, p.43 ) refers,to a Candrabhnu as the ruler of Subhapatana (Jaffna). If this is an authentic record and if Candrabhnu is identified as the son ofthe vaka who invaded the Sinhalese kingdom, the identification ofthe Jvaka's kingdom with Jaffna will be beyond dispute. See infra, p. 4c9 In the Vaiypal (v.36) occurs the following reference:- 'Tanikkal eum varaiyatail Cakarr eurn Kar!r enruin nta kula v'ar pat ai_uta!_ki tara ilCkXum_njil' (1ihen the Cka, with the army of low caste hunters called Cakarr and Karr, were ruling this world from TaikkAl). The only manuscript ofthe Vaiypal now extant, from which this chronicle has been edited, and published, is full of copyist's errors. The words Cka vum can be emended as Ckavarum by adding one letter ra which would then mean 'being ruled by the Ckavar' (a varia nt of Cvakar). If this is admissible, the reference here may be taken to preserve some memory of Jvaka rule in Taikkal, inthe Northern Province. But we cannot be certain that only this emendation is possible. Cka vum is obviously an error.
457 If, as we have suggested earlier, theinvasion of Javarman Sundara Pya I, some time before 1258, was directed against this new kingdom, its foundation has to be placed before that date. We have already laid down that the upper limit for the establishment of an independent kingdom in northern Ceylon is 1236. The lower limit may now be reckoned as 1258. Our sources do not mention anything about the events in northern Ceylon between these two dates, except for the defeat of gha, which, we believe, occurred some time before 12k7. In the present state of our knowledge we can only resort to conjecture in reconstructing the course of events that led to the foundation ofthe new kingdom in northern Ceylon. The only basis for our conjecture is the vague evidence ofthe Tamil chronicles. Although gha was ousted from Polonnaruva some time after 1236, be seems to have continued to exercise authority further north. The Linhalese monarch was in no position to recover the whole of jaraha or even to secure his position at Polonnaruva for a long time. The reason for ParkramabIhu's failure appears to have been the presence ofthe enemy inthe northern part ofthe island. The failure ofthe Sinhalese to oust the foreigners from the island was an important factor that led to the rise ofthe new kingdom in