leaders who established petty chieftaincies inthe Vanni districts seem to have acknowledged the authoriti ofthe new kingdom. However, the northern ki ngdom was not a Tamil kingdom at the beginning, ,though Tamils and Ker4as probably formed a substantial section ofthe population. It was with the advent ofthe Aryacakravartins that it became a kingdom ruled by a dynasty from the Tainil country and. gradually evolved into a kingdom ofthe Tamil-speaking people. Ipl,. 41(0
CHAPTER VII 477 THE BEGINNflGS OP THE XIDOI4 OP JAPPNL - II The Dynasty of 4ryacakravartlns The Tamil chronicles do not mention any Klizga or J5vaka ruler as having ruled over the northern kingdom. It is the ryacakravartins who are described as the first princely rulers of this kingdom and. are given the credit for its establishment on a firm footing. In his paper entitled 'The Lrya Kingdom North Ceylon', Paranavitana has dealt with the origins ofthe dynasty of ryacakravartins andtheir rule in northern Ceylon This paper forms the latest contribution to this subject and revises in many ways the views held earlier by Rasanayagam and other writers on the history oftheJaffna kingdom. We are inclined to agree inthe main with the conclusions of Paranavitaua, aLthougb we find some of his arguments unacceptable. His contention that the 4ryacaJavartins ofJaffna came from Rnfvaram in South India is convincing and is supported by evidence not adduced by him. The earliest source in which an ryacakravartin is mentioned is an inscription from ChaturvdixnafLga.am, inthe Tiruppattr 1. J.RA.S. (C.B.), N.S., VII, pt.2,, 1961, p. 17k-22k.