483 that they were scions ofthe PIya family. The Kai1yalai statement may be an exaggeration. That the ancestors ofthe Iryacakravartins ofJaffna cxnae from the Pya country is further etidenced by certain traditions relating to them which are recorded inthe Cekarca-ckara-nlai • In the jappupiram (introductory section) of this work, an eulogistic description ofthe achievements ofthe ancestors of Cekarca-ckara, theJaffna ruler in whose time this work was composed, is given. In this account, there is an allusion to 'the king who fought and defeated the KrunI Lkar (1Car1as) at Antaravalli' (ce Karunakarai Antaravalliyil porutu ceyitta vntu) 1 and to 'the king who, having dismembered the trunk ofthe rutting elephant that dashed angrily towards him, defeated the Pc4a, (Boysaja)' (i varum mata vam karam tuittu Pc4ai_katinta_vntu) These two statements appear to be allusions to the achievements of one person. It is not known that a ruler ofJaffna ever got involved in a battle against the Hoys4as, the last of whom ended his rule around l3k3 It is not possible that a ruler of i1- Jaffna carried out a succesful expedition against p powerful Koys4as. The reference is evidently to an 4ryacakravartinof 1. Ccm., v.6. 2. Ibid. 3. K.A.Nilakanta Sastri, A History of South India, 1958, p. 231.
489 Ramnad who, as the ally ofthe P4yae, probably won certain victories over the Eoys4as. This was probably before 1310, for by that date there were internal dissensions inthe Pra kingdom andthe Piya princes were in no position to attack their neighbours The epigraphic sources inform us of victorious P4ya campaigns against the Hoys4aa only after the accession of 11avarma, Sundara P4ya in 1251. In an inscription of his seventh regna]. year, Sundara P4ya claims ba have inflicted a severe defeat on the aoys4as Following this success, the Pfras seem to have been in occupation of Kaaür, the Hoys4a capital, for quite some t1me The second time we hear of a campaign against the ops4as is inthe time of }avarma Ku1akhara I (1268-1310). In an inscription from Tinnevelly, Ku].akhara claims the subjugation ofthe Uoys4as After this we do not hear of any successful Pya campaigns against the Hoys4a neighbours. The Iryacakravartin, whose achievement in a battle against the Hoys4as is alluded to inthe Cekarcackara-n1ai, may have been fighting on the side ofthe Pyas in one ofthese campaigns. Probably he was involved inthe 1. K.ANilakanta Sastri, The Pyan Kingdom, p. 201 ff 2. Ibid., p. 161 If. ; .E.R. for 1 9k, No. 166 of 189k. 3. LA.Ni]akanta Sastri, he P.yan Kingdom, p. 16k ; El., III,pp.11f 11. . . for 1926/27, No. 29 of 1927.