81 Council Chamber inscription is identifiable. This al].Qn1ent, according to theinscription, was inthe village of Kogm, inthe district adjoining Mahara, inthe province of Ginvaiunn-danaviya Nicholas has identified this village with the present Kogan-vela, in }tal Eaet In the Giritale Pillar inscription of Udaya III some Tamil lands are stated to have been situated inthe Panisk4iya district ofthe Eastern Province This Parisk$iya district, according to the identification of Nicholas, extended over the Giritale areas Dem4inheihaya ofthe Ayitigvva inscription has been identified by Nicholas with the present Ayit1gv!va, inthe flurulu division ofthe Anurdhapura distnict It has not been possible to identify Dem4-ki4igam mentioned inthe R jmigva inscription of Nahinda IV. According to theinscription, this place was inthe Eastern Province Probably it was situated somewhere inthe region east of Anurdhapura. There is a KiLigama to the southeast of Anurdhapura but it is rather difficult to identify this 1. E.Z., IV, p. 36. 2. C.W.Nicholas, . cit., p. 3k. 3. E.Z., III, p . 139. 1, C.W.Nicholas, p. 18k. 5. E.Z., II, p. 38 ; C..Nicholas, p. 168. 6. E.Z., Ii i p. 56.
82 b4 with the Xi4igani ofthe above inscription, for, the mo&ern Kiigama seems to fail outside the limits ofthe ancient Eastern Province. The village named Kerellgama inthe Kuurumahan-dmna Pillar inscription was inthe district of Valapu, inthe Western Province ofthe Anurdhapura 1cingdoni It baa not been possible to identify this village exactly. Since the provenance oftheinscription is 14al1iinau, inthe Vilpattu National Park, which lies inthe area ofthe ancient Western Province, we have to seek the ancient Kerelgama soniewere in that region. The ripixuiiyva and RabUva inscriptions ofthe time of Sena II (853-887) refer to the impost, Dem4e-ku2, in connection with the villages of Posonavull and Gliduru-gomaala, which have been identified as !ripinniyva and RaMblva respectively The Vihrgama Pillar inscription of Kassapa IV also refers to Deme in connegtion with another village, the name of which is not preserved Another inscription of Kassapa IV, mentioning Dem4e-kulI comes from Sgiriya The nature ofthese possible Tamil settlements andthe strength ofthe Tamil population inthe island caxu.ot be determined with the help ofthe meagre evidence available to us. 1. E.Z., II , pp. 22-23. 2. E.Z., 1 pp. 167, 175 ; C.W.Nicholas, p. 169. 3. E.Z, IV, p . 52. k. A.S.C.A.R. for 1911/12, p. 108.