97 A few other short epigraphe of little or no value also come from the city andthe vicinity of Polonnaruva. One such inscription is engraved on a bell found in Siva DvIle No.VI and has the name of SrT 4piai Perum alias Ton ......, the donor. Palaeographically, it has been assigned to the Ca period Another, registering the grant of Adhikaraia Craa,, a 'Vaikkra ofthe )u-kai division, comes from Ga]. Oya, near Polonnaruva The title Adhikaraa may suggest that the donor was an administrative officer among the Vaikkras. An analysis ofthese inscriptions from Polonnaruva and its surroundings reveals that almost all those in which the donors' names are preserved are grants by persons who may have been C,a officials. This perhaps explains the occurrence of many Tam!]. inscriptions in this region. Since Polonnaruva was the capital ofthe island under the Cas, several officilas from the C]a country were presumably stationed there. The occurrence of several Tam!]. inscriptions here may not necessarily indicate the presence of many Tamil settlers. The absence of grants by traders is rather surprising, for one would normally expect them to figure prominently among the donors of grants to temples. There is no evidence in our inscriptions ofthe existence 1. A.S.C.A.R. for 1908, p. 15. 2. S.I.I,, IV, No. 1398.
98 of a 6trong civilian population of South Indian extraction inand around Polonnaruva. Nevertheless, the organization of some ofthe Ca temples at Polonnaruva on the lines of those of South India suggests that these temples catered for theinterests of more than a handful of Ca officials and some troops. There may have been peaceful Tamil settlers, too, inthe city during the Ca occupation. Outside Polonnaruva, Periyak4am inthe Trincomalee district has yielded the largest nuber of C1a inscriptions. More than a dozen Tamil inscriptions of this period have been found at the site ofthe well-known Rjarija-perum-p4i or Velgzn-vehera at Periyak4am. The Rjarja-perum-p4.i is an interesting example, and perhaps the only one, of a Sinhalese Buddhist vihra being converted into a Tamil Buddhist after the C 1a conquest. The existence of a Buddhist vihra at this site as early as the second century A.D. is known from an inscription ofthe time of Bhika Tissa in one ofthe caves near the present The old Sinhalese name of this pfl was Velgain-vehera, which is also given inthe Tami]. inscriptions along with the Tamil na*e of Rjarja-perum-pai. 1. A.S.C.A.R. for 195k, p. 1k; the occurrence of a brick with BrhmT letters at this site seems to place the origina.]. foundation ofthe stipa here inthe pre-Christian times (ibid., p.13: