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IDI.2018

The Jerusalem ReportR

The Jerusalem ReportR MARC ISRAEL SELLEM IDI 3 The Democracy Pavilion Greetings from Thaddeus (Tad) N. Taube 4 The Jewish State’s balancing act Justice Dorit Beinisch and Yohanan Plesner voice optimism about Israel’s future by Steve Linde TABLE OF CONTENTS 8 A people’s army amidst social change A round- table discussion with Yuval Shany, Maj.-Gen. (ret.) Orna Barbivai and Amichai Cohen by Arieh O’Sullivan 10 Israel needs to invest in the skills of the future Shraga Brosh and Daphna Aviram-Nitzan urge the government to train workers for the future job market by Steve Linde 12 Media in crisis: Who should decide what enters the public domain? by Tehilla Shwartz Altshuler 13 Women in local government: The 2018 municipal elections are a golden opportunity by Ofer Kenig 14 A balanced policy: The key to ultra-Orthodox integration by Gilad Malach and Lee Cahaner 15 The ultra-Orthodox community in Israel Select facts and figures 16 Progress in informal education plan: A victory for Israel and its Arab youth by Nasreen Hadad Haj-Yahya 17 Jews and Arabs: A conditional partnership 18 Israeli democracy at 70: Facts and figures from the 2017 Israeli Democracy Index 20 IDI in numbers YOCHEVED LAUREN LAUFER 6 The rift between religion and state Yedidia Stern and Alan Hoffmann recommend an ‘all in the family’ perspective to overcome challenges between Jews in Israel and the Diaspora by Maayan Hoffman Magazine Editor: STEVE LINDE Copy Editors: ILANIT CHERNICK Manager of Business Development: REUT LEVY LAURSEN IDI Director of International Communications: DANAE MARX CALLAF Graphic Artists: DARIA LEMESHKIN and DANIELA MICHAL GLEISER Cover photo: Illustration of the planned Democracy Pavilion in Tel Aviv; Planning and production: Disk-In; Architecture and Design: Ollech Studio 2 70 YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE

Dear Friends, APRIL 19 th marks the 70th anniversary of the establishment of the State of Israel. The return of the Jewish people to their ancestral homeland and the creation of an independent state after the Holocaust is one of the greatest miracles of the twentieth century. Israelis have overcome tremendous odds, made the desert bloom, absorbed millions of immigrants, created a thriving first-world economy, and founded a flourishing democracy in a sea of authoritarian hostility. Part of my life’s mission, and the mission of Taube Philanthropies, is to support the survival of Jewish life and culture in the face of unprecedented global threats to the Jewish people, especially in Israel. The resilience exhibited by Israelis over the last seventy years owes much to the extraordinary vision put forth by their founding fathers in the Declaration of Independence of May 15, 1948. I am therefore very proud to support IDI’s exciting initiative to showcase the values embedded in the Declaration on the occasion of Israel’s 70th anniversary. The Democracy Pavilion – a joint venture between IDI and the City of Tel Aviv – is a world-class exhibition designed to share the principles upon which the state was founded with millions of visitors from Israel and abroad. Situated in the heart of Tel Aviv, at the very site of Israel’s birth, outside Independence Hall, where David Ben-Gurion signed the Declaration of Independence, the pavilion will offer an evocative audiovisual experience grounded in that sacred text. It will also serve as the starting point for the city’s Independence Trail – modeled after Boston’s Freedom Trail – on a 1 km stretch of the historic Rothschild Boulevard. At this moment, it is important to underscore Israel’s many challenges and triumphs, while highlighting its moral contributions to the world of nations and reinforcing the unshakable bond between Israel and the Diaspora. I am proud to be a part of this opportunity to display Israel’s democracy to the world, and hope the Pavilion will inspire pride in Israelis, Jews and supporters of Israel everywhere. This timely initiative reaffirms the enduring value of these founding principles for present-day Israel. May these values continue to guide Israel and its people through the next 70 years of achievement. Happy Independence Day, Thaddeus N. “Tad” Taube Welcome to the Democracy Pavilion! TO CELEBRATE Israel’s 70th birthday at the scene of its birth, the Israel Democracy Institute and the City of Tel Aviv are building a world-class visitors’ center outside Independence Hall. The cover photograph of this special magazine is an illustration of what the center will look like. The center will feature an inspiring multi-media experience, showcasing the values embedded in Israel’s Declaration of Independence. It will serve as a gateway for millions of Israeli citizens and visitors from around the world as they embark on the new Independence Trail, Tel Aviv’s hottest new tourist attraction. The center will be inaugurated this coming April 10th, 70 years after David Ben-Gurion, the country’s first prime minister, read out Israel’s Declaration of Independence, founding the State of Israel. It will serve as the first station of Tel Aviv’s Independence Trail, which is modeled after Boston’s Freedom Trail. “We aim to design a profound audiovisual experience that will evoke the values upon which Israel was founded,” said Yohanan Plesner, the President of the Israel Democracy Institute. “The experience will An illustration of the projected interior of the Democracy Pavilion in Tel Aviv showcase Israeli democracy to the world while impressing upon millions of Israelis the critical importance of preserving Israel’s democratic vitality – at a time of mounting challenges to democracy globally. Ultimately, we aim to reinforce the values and institutions that have driven Israel’s success story over the last seven decades.” IDI 70 YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE 3