The universe is not a world of separate things and events but is a cosmos that is connected, coherent, and bears a profound resemblance to the visions held in the earliest spiritual traditions in which the physical world and spiritual experience were both aspects of the same reality and man and the universe were one. The findings that justify this new vision of the underlying logic of the universe come from almost all of the empirical sciences: physics, cosmology, the life sciences, and consciousness research. They explain how interactions lead to interconnections that produce instantaneous and multifaceted coherence–what happens to one part also happens to the other parts, and hence to the system as a whole. The sense of sacred oneness experienced by our ancestors that was displaced by the unyielding material presumptions of modern science can be restored, and humanity can once again feel at home in the universe.
The String Theory (2) At school, we learned that the material is composed of molecules, which are constituted by atoms. In turn, the atoms are composed of smaller particles: protons, neutrons and electrons which as well arise from combinations of tiny “quarks”. The General Theory of Relativity teaches us that every piece of material equals to an amount of energy (Ε=mc 2 ) and all these elementary particles are nothing more than expressions of specific amounts of energy. In other words, what we understand as material is nothing more than energy that is vibrating at a “slow pace”. Here comes the Superstring theory to lead us a lot further, as it describes the material, even its tiniest particles as the result of a vibration of infinitesimal cosmic strings or “superstrings”! These strings may be closed, as loops, or open as hair. A string is smaller than an electron as a mouse is smaller than the whole solar system! Theoretically speaking, such a string has a length of 10-33 cm (!) and includes force equal to 1039 tones (!). Something as tiny as it gets is capable of structuring the universe! According to Superstring Theory, the matter at its whole and the forces of nature are nothing more than results of the vibrations of these infinitesimal strings! It is something similar to a guitar string which depending on its voltage and the frequency with which it vibrates, it produces specific musical notes. In that way, the Superstring Theory brings us at the threshold of the music of the World about which Pythagoras, who believed in the mathematical harmony of the universe, talked about thousands of years ago. According to Pythagoras, the Numbers, as cosmic archetypes, keep the secret of the creation of the universe and all contribute to a cosmic harmony. Heraclitus prevails Finally, the findings of Einstein may also have put an end to classical controversy between the Greek schools of Heraclitus and Parmenides. The latter philosopher held that all is One and that motion is an illusion, while Heraclitus stated just the 23
opposite, namely that motionlessness is an illusion and that everything is always in a permanent state of motion and change. While the Parmenidean argument may be given some credit for using clever metaphors (from an arrow‟s perspective the archer is moving away), it is now firmly established that the physical world looks much more Heraclitean than Parmenidean. Even if an object appears to be at rest in a designated reference frame, it still travels through time. 24