24.4.3 DRIED FLOWER ARRANGEMENTS Dried flowers may be arranged in dry vases just as fresh cut flowers are arranged. They may be arranged in bouquets and wall displays after fastening them to decorative bands. Pressed leaves and flowers may be laminated, which extends the life of the product, and arranged in an album. Dried flowers should be handled with care since they are more delicate than fresh flowers. SUMMARY Flowers can be enjoyed in the garden, in the landscape, and as potted plants. They can also be enjoyed as cut flowers when they are detached from the parent plant and displayed in containers. Florists employ basic principles similar to those that govern landscape design (balance, proportion, scale, focal point, accent, contrast, and unity) to create attractive floral designs for a variety of occasions. There are five basic designs in floral arranging. To increase the longevity of cut flowers, they first need to be properly raised in cultivation and then given proper postharvest care that includes provision of water, high humidity, cool temperature, and absence of ethylene gas. In a basic floral design, four categories of flowers are used: Line flowers are used to set the height and width of the arrangement, form flowers are used for creating the focal point, mass flowers provide the bulk of the flowers in the arrangement, and filler flowers are used to dress up the general arrangement to smooth roughness and fill in gaps. Cut flowers may be used fresh or dried. Dried flowers are arranged in the same way as fresh flowers. REFERENCES AND SUGGESTED READING Armitage, A. M. 1993. Specialty cut flowers: The production of annuals, perennials, bulbs, and woody plants for fresh and dried cut flowers. Portland, Oreg.: Varsity Press/Timber Press. Belcher, B. 1993. Creative flower arranging: Floral design for home and flower show. Portland, Oreg.: Varsity Press/Timber Press. PRACTICAL EXPERIENCE FIELD TRIP Visit a florist’s shop to observe how a variety of floral arrangements are created. During these trips, note the kinds of equipment used for creating the arrangements, the storage facilities for prolonging the lives of cut flowers, the training required to do the work, and the like. LABORATORY WORK 1. Select any five cut flower species. Obtain cut flowers for these species and conduct an experiment to study the differences in the vase lives of the various species. 2. Collect, press, and dry cut flowers from the landscape. Create an album of dried flowers. 3. Collect and dry flowers from the landscape. Practical Experience 701
OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT 1. Discuss the methods used to extend the vase life of cut flowers. 2. Explain why cut flowers are recut under water prior to placing in a vase. 3. Discuss the principles of floral design. 4. Give five examples of species used as cut flowers. 5. Describe how cut flowers may be preserved by drying. 702 Chapter 24 Cut Flowers and Floral Design
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