146 ANTI-SEMITISM IN AUSTRIA theless more sympathetic to me than the Protestant minister who drinks from the poisoned spring. Pure Christianity—the Christianity of the catacombs—is concerned with translating the Christian doctrine into facts. It leads quite simply to the annihilation of mankind. It is merely whole-hearted Bolshevism, under a tinsel of metaphysics. 77 i yth December 1941, evening SPECIAL GUESTS: DR. GOEBBELS AND HIMMLER Pan-Germanic supporters and the Austrian Christian Socialists—Schönerer and Lueger—A great mayor— Anti-Semitism in Vienna—Opposition to the Habsburg— Richard Wagner and the mayor of Leipzig—Other mayors. There was a man in Vienna, before the first World War, who was always in favour of an understanding with anti-Semitic Rumania—and he saw in it the best way of preventing Hungary from acquiring too much importance. That was Lueger. Lueger was also of the opinion that it was possible to maintain the Austrian State, but on condition that Vienna regained all its supremacy. Schönerer, on the other hand, took as his point of departure the idea that the Austrian State ought to disappear. His attitude towards the house of Hapsburg was brutally radical. From that time dates the first attempt to oppose the Germanic racial community to the monarchy. On that point, Lueger and Schönerer parted company. Lueger, whp had belonged to the Pan-Germanist movement, went over to the Christian-Social party, for he thought that anti-Semitism was the only means of saving the State. Now, in Vienna, anti-Semitism could never have any foundation but a religious one. From the point of view of race, about 50 per cent of the population of Vienna was not German. The number of Jews, amongst a million eight hundred thousand inhabitants, was close on three hundred thousand. But the Czechs of Vienna were anti-Semitic. Lueger succeeded in filling thirty-six of the hundred and forty-eight seats of the Vienna Municipal Council with anti-Semites. When I arrived in Vienna, I was a fanatical opponent of Lueger. As a Pan-German, and as a supporter of Schönerer, I
LUEGER, MAYOR OF VIENNA 147 was accordingly an enemy of the Christian-Socials. Yet in the course of my stay in Vienna I couldn't help acquiring a feeling of great respect for Lueger personally. It was at the City Hall that I first heard him speak. I had to wage a battle with myself on that occasion, for I was filled with the resolve to detest Lueger, and I couldn't refrain from admiring him. He was an extraordinary orator. It's certain that German policy would have followed another direction if Lueger hadn't died before the first World War, as a result of blood-poisoning, after having been blind for the last years of his life. The Christian-Socials were in power in Vienna until the collapse in 1918. Lueger had royal habits. When he held a festivity in the City Hall, it was magnificent. I never saw him in the streets of Vienna without everybody's stopping to greet him. His popularity was immense. At his funeral, two hundred thousand Viennese followed him to the cemetery. The procession lasted a whole day. Lueger was the greatest mayor we ever had. If our Commons acquired a certain autonomy, that was thanks to him. What in other cities was the responsibility of private firms, he converted in Vienna into public services. Thus he was able to expand and beautify the city without imposing new taxes. The Jewish bankers one day hit on the idea of cutting off his sources of credit. He founded the municipal savings-bank, and the Jews at once knuckled under, overwhelming him with offers of money. Schönerer and Lueger remained opponents until the end, but they were both great Germans. In their dealings with the house of Habsburg, they both had the habit of behaving as one great power treating with another. Schönerer was the more logical of the two, for he was determined to blow up the Austrian State. Lueger, on the other hand, believed that it was possible to preserve this State within the German community. A city like Hamburg is supremely well governed. The lowest point was reached in Leipzig, at the time when Kreisleiter Dönicke was mayor there. He was an excellent Kreisleiter, but a mere cypher as a mayor. I have several original scores of Richard Wagner, which was something that not even Dönicke could overlook. The result
Vaishali Shah has visited many places to promote our Indian cultures. On the holy Makar Sankranti day this year the traveler Vaishali Shah was fortunate to be at the haveli of Mahaprabhuji. The journey to Champaranya was so refreshing and beautiful.