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EACVI Echo Handbook - sample

Discover the EACVI Echo Handbook

Index H

Index H haematochromatosis 555–6 haemodynamic assessment aortic valve stenosis 202 coronary flow reserve (CFR) 46–8 intracardiac flows 38–46 mitral regurgitation 280 heart transplantation (HT) 416 indicators of rejection 419 normal echocardiographic findings 418 role of echocardiography 417 suggested reading 420 heart valve disease see aortic regurgitation; aortic stenosis; infective endocarditis; mitral regurgitation; mitral stenosis; multivalvular disease; prosthetic valves; pulmonary regurgitation; pulmonary stenosis; tricuspid regurgitation; tricuspid stenosis hepatic vein flow 42, 300–1 hernia hiatalis 489 HIV (AIDS) 572–3 hypereosinophilic syndrome (Löffler) 568–9 hypertensive heart disease 366 hyperthyroidism 570 hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) associated findings 360 asymmetrical septal hypertrophy (ASH) 358 clinical profiles ‘AF and stroke’ profile 369 ‘heart failure’ profile 368–9 obstructive-MR profile 369 DDD pacing 370 diagnostic accuracy 368 diagnostic findings 358–9 differential diagnosis HCM vs athlete’s heart 365–6, 540 HCM vs cardiac amyloidosis 367 HCM vs hypertensive heart disease 366 echocardiographic check list 364 echo treatment guidance 369 increased filling pressures 363 interventricular septum morphology (IVS) 358 myocardial function diastolic function 363 systolic function 362 obstruction left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) 361 mid-cavitary/apical obstruction 362 obstructive HCM 361 risk stratification 368 surgical myectomy 370 hypotension 428–32 hypothyroidism 571 hypovolaemic shock 429, 430 I iatrogenic material 488 idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) 541 infective endocarditis (IE) 112–13, 123 abscess 338, 339, 341 anatomic and echo findings 339 cardiac device-related IE 350–1 definition 338 Duke echographic criteria 338 echocardiography 3D 342 indications for 342–3 prognostic markers 343 embolic risk 347 follow-up 344 indications for surgery 345–6 cardiac device-related IE 351 prosthetic valve IE 349 infectious complications 346 prosthetic valve IE 348–9 right-sided IE 352 vegetation 338, 339, 340, 488 interatrial septum: 3D imaging 130 intracardiac flows 38–46 intracardiac pressures 44 ischaemic cardiac disease acute myocardial infarction see acute myocardial infarction chronic ICD: prognosis 196 pregnancy 549 role of echo in ICD 188 suggested reading 197 isovolumic acceleration (IVA) 387 isovolumic relaxation time (IVRT) 387 K Kawasaki disease 566–7 L Lambl’s excrescence 488 left atrial (LA) measurements 2D echo assessment 154–6 580

3D echo imaging 156 internal linear dimensions 153–4 recommendations 156 left ventricle 3D imaging 129 see also LV Löffler’s syndrome 568–9 longitudinal strain 60, 66, 146–7, 385 Luminity 89, 95 LV non-completion (LVNC) 373 LV aneurysm 191 LV assistance device (LVAD) 433 follow-up after LVAD implant 437 peri-LVAD implant assessment 434–5 post-LVAD implant assessment 435–7 pre-LVAD implant assessment 434 LV diastolic function athlete’s heart 539 colour-flow M-mode Doppler 179–81 echocardiographic assessment 163–4 presence and severity of diastolic dysfunction 181–4 factors influencing LV filling 162–3 flow propagation velocity assessment 179–81 mitral annulus velocity 175–9 mitral inflow analysis 169–70 assessment 165–7 influencing factors 170 pattern 167–8 M-mode and 2D/3D echocardiography 164 principles and basic physiology 162–3 pulmonary venous flow analysis 174 assessment 171–2 influencing factors 175 morphology 173 structural assessment of LV size and mass and of LA volume 163–4 suggested reading 185 LV diastolic pressure (LVDP) 45–6 LV dyssynchrony 86–7 LV ejection fraction (LVEF) 146 LV inflow 39–40 LV opacification: contrast see contrast echocardiography LV outflow 38–9 LV outflow tract (LVOT) diameter 203–4 obstruction 465–6 velocity 204–6 LV pseudoaneurysm (PSA) 191–2 LV segmentation 519 2D 19, 20, 21, 22 3D 81–3 LV systolic dysfunction aortic annulus/aortic root: dimensions 157–9 athlete’s heart 538 global function cardiac output 147 dP/dt 147 fractional shortening 144–6 global longitudinal strain (GLS) 60, 66, 146–7 LV ejection fraction (LVEF) 146 myocardial performance index 147 left atrial (LA) measurements 2D echo assessment 154–6 3D echo imaging 156 internal linear dimensions 153–4 recommendations 156 left chamber quantification 3D echo imaging 144 area-length 143 biplane disc summation 142 endocardial border enhancement 143–4 linear measurements 140 volumetric measurements 141–2 LV mass 149 2D: truncated ellipsoid (TE) or arealength (AL) 150–1 3D echo mass estimation 151–2 assessment: recommendations 152 linear measurements 150 regional function: segmental analysis 147–9 suggested reading 159–60 LV thrombus 192–3 LV wall motion assessment 518 M Marfan syndrome 548, 563–4 mechanical index 3 mitral annulus velocity 175–9 mitral inflow analysis 169–70 assessment 165–7 influencing factors 170 pattern 167–8 Index 581

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