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Georgia Experience Teacher Toolbox SAMPLE - Grade 5

GEORGIA EXPERIENCE |

GEORGIA EXPERIENCE | GRADE 5 | CHAPTER 11 THE BERLIN WALL Leveled Literacy At the end of WWII, the Allied Powers wanted to be sure that Germany did not rebuild its military and attempt to take over Europe again. So, the Allied Powers divided Germany into four parts, and they also divided Germany’s capital city, Berlin, into four parts. The U.S., Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union each selected one of the parts to be responsible for. Each country sent military forces to occupy and oversee their part of the country and their part of the capital city. The Americans, British, and French occupied the three most western parts of Germany and Berlin. The Soviet Union occupied the eastern parts of Germany and Berlin. Over time, the three western regions merged together, forming West Germany and West Berlin. West Germany established a new democratic government and capitalist economy, like that of its occupiers. Once this stability was in place, the American, British, and French forces left West Germany so German citizens could rebuild their lives and country. The Soviet Union established a communist and authoritarian government in East Germany, similar to the structure of other countries in the region that it also occupied. Soviet military forces did not actually leave East Germany and East Berlin, but remained there in control. SAMPLE Under Soviet rule, East Germans were only allowed to travel to other communist countries. But democratic West Berlin sat right in the middle of East Germany! To prevent East Germans from traveling to West Berlin to escape communism and the power of the Soviet Union, the Soviets built a massive, fortified wall surrounding West Berlin. The Soviets controlled who went in and out of West Berlin! Except for by airplane, nothing could go in or out of West Berlin without going through communistcontrolled East Germany. How did the wall affect people in East Berlin? How did the wall affect people in West Berlin? GL ©Gallopade • All Rights Reserved • www.gallopade.com Permission is granted to use Toolbox only with students for whom a current-year Experience Class Set is purchased. 9

GEORGIA EXPERIENCE | GRADE 5 | CHAPTER 11 THE BERLIN WALL Leveled Literacy The Allies won World War II. Germany and Japan lost. The Allies told Germany it could not make a new army. The Allies did not want Germany to start a new war. Who would make Germany obey the Allies’ rules? The Allies would! Four Allies took charge. They split Germany into four parts. They split Germany’s capital city, Berlin, into four parts too. Each Ally was in charge of one part. Each Ally sent its army to its part. The four Allies in charge were: • The United States • France • Great Britain • The Soviet Union The United States, France, and Great Britain helped their three parts form a new country. The new country was called West Germany. The new capital was called West Berlin. People had many rights and freedoms in their new country. West Germany was a democracy. That means people can vote! People in West Germany could choose how to use their money. That is called capitalism. East Germany was not like West Germany. The Soviet Union had its own plan. The new country was communist. The government had authority to make the rules. People in East Germany did not get rights and freedoms. The Soviet Union kept control. SAMPLE East Germans were not allowed to go to West Germany or West Berlin. Why not? East Germans were not allowed to go to places with democracy. Why not? The Soviet Union did not want East Germans to leave and not come back. There was a problem: West Berlin was in the middle of East Germany. The Soviet Union built a very tall wall around West Berlin. East German soldiers worked at the wall. They decided who could enter and who could exit. How did the wall affect people in East Berlin? How did the wall affect people in West Berlin? ©Gallopade • All Rights Reserved • www.gallopade.com Permission is granted to use Toolbox only with students for whom a current-year Experience Class Set is purchased. LL 10