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Diplomatic World_nummer 56.

Abualli Ibn Sino

Abualli Ibn Sino (Avicenna) and many others had considerably contributed to the development of world’s civilizations. Today, globalization processes, in particular technical and economic development progresses, rapidly impact on cultural interchange and facilitate global communications. Thus, economic and social development of the regions will significantly expand the possibilities for promoting cultural and intellectual ties. The realization of the Silk Road projects, which aim to connect Asia and Europe, will foster intercultural exchanges and strengthen the relationship between the nations. Will this initiative promote stability in the region and ensure prosperity? It is noted that Central Asia is in close proximity to unstable zones, and therefore, ensuring security and stability in the region is a primary task of the local governments. Central Asians recognize that socio-economic development of societies is the most important factor of peace and stability in the region. Hence, national strategies of the countries of the region are directed towards the socioeconomic development to improve the living conditions of the people of the region. In Tajikistan, we are confident that strengthening security, further positive and progressive development, continuation of the reform of the various sectors of economy, raising the living standards and a gradual transition to the formation of the middle class are the main driving factors of stability. In this regards, the Government is making every effort to ensure the stable development of the economy, based on the needs of its population. To this end, implementation of the One Belt One Road projects with the involvement of Central Asia and neighboring regions can open up new possibilities for promotion of national economies and creation of employment. This will improve the living conditions of all societies and contribute to strengthening of peace and stability in the area. Barbara Dietrich and H.E. Mr. Erkinkhon Rahmatullozoda Indeed, we have to recognize that in today’s interdependent world and globalised challenges a country will not be able to ensure its security and economic development on its own. Joint coordination and consensuses will aid in creating a better environment for addressing regional and global challenges. I am of the opinion that a joint action could bring more benefits for Central Asia. The common history, culture, traditions, and spiritual values will greatly contribute to the processes of our development. The regional economic integration can be a key factor for stable development. Central Asia has enormous potential, and could act as an economic bridge between Asia and Europe and provide opportunities for our prosperity. That would contribute to Afghanistan’s development as well. In view of the recent positive developments in the area, I believe that a joint approach to our regional priorities, which is in line with the policy and aims of our European partners, would considerably benefit the countries of Central Asia. 38 In Europe, some experts think Tajikistan like other Central Asian countries will gain more benefits from Europe if there are better relations and cooperation between the countries of the region. What is your opinion on this topic? President Emomali Rahmon has declared 2018 as the Year of Tourism in Tajikistan. What is the aim of this initiative? Thanks to consistent efforts of President Emomali Rahmon, Tajikistan has made remarkable achievements in its

domestic and foreign affairs. It is of particular importance to the Government to enhance economic growth through prioritizing each sector of the national economy. To that end, the President has signed a decree on declaring 2018 as the Year of Tourism and Folk Crafts in Tajikistan to promote development of tourism in the country. In fact, Tajikistan has a fabulous and beautiful landscape and nature and is one of the best tourist destinations in the world. The hospitability, climate, weather, landscape, sky-high mountains, delicious fruits, wonderful glaciers, healing waters, lakes and springs with pure water, flora and fauna make the country one of the fastest-growing tourist destinations. Therefore, it would be appropriate to mention that the BBC News Agency placed Tajikistan among 10 top tourist destinations in the field of adventure tourism. The Government has been making a lot of efforts to develop tourism infrastructure by constructing new terminals and hotels. It has adopted the National Tourism Development Program and created Tourism Development Zones. One of the practical steps that the Government has taken was the launch of the electronic visa system “e-Visa” to increase the number of tourists visiting Tajikistan. This system will allow foreign citizens to receive Tajikistan visa online, relieving them from unnecessary arrangements in the Tajikistan consulates or at the borders. Tajikistan has the opportunity to develop different types of tourism, however, since the country has one of the highest peaks in the world, which is about 7.000 meters above sea level, the focus is given to mountaineering and hunting. The Pamirs — a big node almost in the center of the Asian continent — is situated among the biggest mountain systems: Tien Shan, Hindu Kush, Kunlin, and Karakorum. Almost the entire territory of the Western Pamir is occupied with ridges of latitudinal directions. A wide high mountain desert has stretched from the southern slopes of the Zaalay ridge in the north to the banks of the river Pyanj in the south as well. The Tajik National Park, which is an UNESCO World Heritage Site, is one of the largest mountainous terrains in the world. Also, the longest and the most powerful glaciers of Central Asia are nested here. The country is rich with wonderful lakes that have various origins. There are many unique areas in Tajikistan such as the Seven Lakes, which reflect different colors. The ancient Penjikent City, also known as the Pompeii of Central Asia, which was once an important historical town on the Great Silk Road, the Hissar Fortress and other historical places are the best archeological sites to visit. Tajikistan has a collection of mineral waters, which consist of 72 cold, warm, and hot springs of different chemical composition, saturated with carbon and nitrogen gases. The temperature in warm and hot springs, such as Garmchashma, varies from 35° to 62°C. Tourists visit these and many other balneological resorts to get cured. Also, tourists can enjoy the beauty of Dushanbe, the capital of Tajikistan, which is known for its full-grown tree lined avenues, public parks, museums, and the traditional tea houses. Kokhi Navruz, the grandest and largest tea house in Central Asia, is in Dushanbe. It should be noted that mainly tourists from the European Union and the USA have visited the country during the last years. It is gratifying to see the increase in the number of European tourists coming to Tajikistan. In March we celebrate Navruz, one of the most important and beautiful holidays in Tajikistan. You may know that on these days the people go to the squares to watch shows, serve guests with traditional dishes, and finally the Tajik mountains can be seen in their glory. Well, I invite everyone to visit Tajikistan during the Navruz Holidays and discover the incredible beauty of my country. It should be noted that there are about 1450 lakes in the territory of Tajikistan. Some of them are located at the height of more than four thousand meters above sea level. © Embassy of the Republic of Tajikistan 39