Views
1 month ago

African-American Youth in The Juvenile Justice System

African-American Youth in The Juvenile Justice System

Types of Incarceration

Types of Incarceration Some inmates of the juvenile system are or were "status offenders", children who committed acts that are not crimes for adults, but can get juveniles in trouble with the law. Status offenses include consensual sexual acts, truancy from school, smoking cigarettes, curfew violations, drinking alcohol, running away from one's residence, chronic disobedience of parents, guardians, and/or other authority figures, waywardness, and ungovernability. Trends as of 2000 Recently, forty-seven states have made it easier to be tried as an adult, calling attention to the growing trend away from the original model for treatment of juveniles in the justice system. A recent study of pretrial services for youth tried as adults in 18 of the country's largest jurisdictions found that the decision to try young offenders as adults was made more often by legislators and prosecutors (at a rate of 85%) than by judges, the people originally endowed with the responsibility for such discretion. The decreasing distinction between how youth and adults are tried in the criminal justice system has caused many within the legal system, as well as other activists and organizers, to criticize the juvenile justice system. The "tough on crime" attitudes of these recent legislative events reflect the stance's popularity in public opinion. This is true of the majority of criminal justice reform policies in the past couple decades, including California's infamous Three Strikes Law. Reforms in criminal justice reforms, and juvenile justice in particular, are often fought in the court of public opinion. The popular news media plays a crucial role in promoting the myth of a new generation of young "super-predators" threatening the public. Despite documented decreases in youth crime, particularly in violent crime which indicate a 68% decline in youth homicide in the 1990s, overall media coverage of youth crime is increasing. [10] Despite evidence to the contrary, 62% of respondents in a 1999 survey on youth delinquency believed that youth crime increased. Advocates for juvenile justice reform focus considerable attention on amending public opinion and adjusting the gap between the threats people perceive and the reality of juvenile crime. Profiles of Youth in Custody A report by the federal Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention and U.S. Department of Justice, "Survey of Youth in Residential Placement: Youth's Needs and Services", used data from more than 7,000 youth in custody gathered during interviews. The report's findings include: 70% of youth in custody reported that they had "had something very bad or terrifying" happen to them in their lives. 67% reported having seen someone severely injured or killed; 26% of those surveyed said felt as if "life was not worth living", and 22% reported having tried to commit suicide at some point in their lives; 84% of the youth surveyed said they had used marijuana, compared to a rate of Page 28 of 114

30% among their peers in the general population; 30% reported having used crack or cocaine, compared with only 6% in the general population. The report noted a significant gap between the profiles of boys and girls, with girls often reporting more pronounced difficulties: 63% of girls reported having problems with anger, whereas 47% of boys did; 49% of girls reported having hallucinatory experiences, whereas only 16% of boys did; 37% of girls reported having suicidal thoughts and feelings, whereas only 18% of boys did. Facilities that treat such youth also were shown to be inadequate in some core areas, according to the Justice Department. Among youth who reported four or more recent substance-related problems, only about 60% said they had been provided with substance abuse counseling in their current facility. Many youth in custody reported having attention problems and difficulties in school. Once in custody, only 45% report spending 6 hours a day or more in school, meaning that their learning time is below that of the general population. Criticism of Juvenile Justice Critics of the juvenile justice system, like those in the wider prison abolition movement, identify three main markers of the system for critique and reform. They hold that the juvenile justice system is unjust, ineffective, and counter-productive in terms of fulfilling the promise of the prison system, namely the protection of the public from violent offenders. Criticisms of Racism Critics of the juvenile justice system believe that the system is unfairly stacked against minority youth. Minority youth are disproportionately represented in incarcerated Page 29 of 114

Latino and Hispanic Youth in the Juvenile Justice System
Native American Youth In The Juvenile Justice System
Juvenile Justice System and Risk Factor Data - Illinois Criminal ...
Understanding the Juvenile Justice System and IDEIA - The Family ...
Minnesota Juvenile Justice Advisory Committee - Minnesota State ...
Juvenile Justice Involved Youth: Issues and Models of Coordination
ReEngineering Juvenile Justice
Juvenile Justice System and Risk Factor Data 2008 Annual Report
Meeting the Health Needs of Youth Involved in the Juvenile Justice ...
Juvenile Case Management System - Texas Juvenile Justice ...
Disproportionate Minority Confinement - National Criminal Justice ...
State-Level Detention Reform - The Coalition for Juvenile Justice
Juvenile Justice Spring 08
The Comeback States - National Juvenile Justice Network
Your Guide to the Juvenile Justice System in Illinois - National ...
Presnt. on Juvenile Justice System Ordinance, 2000..pdf - Reunite
A SYSTEM PRIORITY - Georgia Department of Juvenile Justice
Landmark Cases in US Juvenile Justice (New Jersey)
Juvenile Justice System Improvement - JDAI Helpdesk
2006 National Report - Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency ...
Landmark Cases in US Juvenile Justice (Pennsylvania)
NEBRASKA TRENDS IN JUVENILE JUSTICE - University of ...
Juvenile Justice Handbook - Texas Attorney General
Differential treatment in the youth justice system - Equality and ...
Building Community for Youth in the Juvenile Justice and ... - IIRP
improving outcomes for youth with disabilities in the juvenile justice ...
A PUBLICATION OF THE VIRGINIA JUVENILE JUSTICE ...
Virginia Advisory Committee on Juvenile Justice: 2006 - 2007
OJJDP Journal of Juvenile Justice - Underage Drinking Enforcement ...