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CES-MED Publication EN-final 2018-WEB

Morocco Benslimane The

Morocco Benslimane The Green Heart of the Region Global Strategy of the SEAP With regards to the issues faced and an assessment of the works already carried out with the technical services and municipal actors, the commune of Benslimane has committed itself to a 20% reduction of emissions by 2020. As a first exercise in climate planning, the SEAP action plan aims to structure and strengthen the ability of municipal teams to intervene through partnerships with all public and private actors. The roll out of this ambitious strategy over the whole territory will be focused around four main areas: • Strengthening the “Green City” status of Benslimane by working on determining factors in urban growth and understanding all the activities that reduce GHG emissions. This will require creating a global vision of the environmental impact of projects and public policies carried out by the commune, not only the energy savings; and to anticipate future changes to the municipal area. • Carrying out a detailed analysis of the potential to add value to energy from the STEP in Benslimane, in close partnership with the company SEPGBS that is responsible for promoting golf in Benslimane; • The move towards a multidisciplinary, cross-cutting, integrated approach in the fight against climate change, requiring the creation of a series of scalable “tools” and the strengthening of the commune skills in diagnostic solution, public policy and intervention; • Affirming the leading role of the commune in the municipal area to allow local teams to intervene on all of the GHG-producing activities and industries. This goal, requires, on the one hand, that the image of public powers as an example to follow be strengthened and on the other, that participative and partner focused approaches are piloted with all actors across the municipal area (in particular in the residential, industrial and tertiary sectors). As part of the SEAP action plan, 6 intervention axes were defined: • Strengthening the model “Green City” status of the commune; • Guaranteeing the energy efficiency of the commune real estate assets and taking control of urbanisation; • Supporting the development of the tertiary sector and industrial activities leading to lower Greenhouse Gas Emissions; • Making soft mobility a corner stone of the transport policy; • Adding value to solid and liquid waste; • Involving actors in the municipal area and raising awareness. Structuring actions around “intervention axes” will facilitate the creation of an integrated multi-disciplinary vision of action on climate change within municipal teams. It will also ensure better understanding of how the various actions chosen are structured and staggered over time. Overall results of the Baseline Emissions Inventory (BEI) • Consuming Sectors: The transport sector represents less than half of the energy consumption in the municipality (48%); in second and third place are housing and industry. • Emitting Sectors: Transport (33%), housing (25%), and industry (21%) are the sectors that produce the most GHG emissions and are, as a result, the focus of any action. • Municipal assets’ emissions: The management of waste water is responsible for 75% of GHGs and public lighting is responsible for 23%. Actions and results • At times “standalone” actions are difficult to measure, but by implementing a full set of actions it will be possible to reach the 2020 target of reducing GHG emissions by 20.0% compared with current trends. • Total emissions avoided without taking into consideration any secondary effects (only the actions that are found in the action plan) correspond to 20,278 t CO2 eq/year. SEAP Priority projects and costs in Euros 32

Morocco Oujda Greater Oujda 2020 Global Strategy of the SEAP With regard to the issues faced and following an assessment of the works already carried out with the technical services and municipal actors, the commune of Oujda has committed itself to a 20% reduction of emissions by 2020. As a first exercise in climate planning, the SEAP action plan aims to structure and strengthen the ability of municipal teams to intervene through partnerships with all public and private actors. The roll out of this ambitious strategy over the whole territory will be focused around three main areas: • Defining a model of low carbon urban development by working on the determining factors in urban growth and understanding all the activities that reduce GHG emissions in the long-term. The SEAP will thus contribute to strengthening the status of Oujda as a pilot city across Morocco. • The move towards a cross-cutting, integrated approach in the fight against climate change while continuing the work undertaken as part of the Jiha Tinou project involves the creation of a series of “tools” that strengthen abilities in diagnostics, creating public policies and monitoring the impact of actions as well as boosting the intervention of the muncipality. • Establishing the leading role of the muncipality in the municipal area to allow local teams to intervene across all activities and sectors that produce GHG. This requires, on the one hand, that the image of public powers be strengthened so as to be an example to follow, and on the other, that participative and partner focused approaches are piloted with all actors across the municipal area (in particular in the residential, industrial and tertiary sectors). Structuring actions around the above “intervention axes” will facilitate the creation of an integrated multi-disciplinary vision of action on climate change within the municipal teams. It will also ensure better understanding of how the various actions chosen are structured and staggered over time. Overall results of the Baseline Emissions Inventory (BEI) • Consuming Sectors: The transport sector represents more than half of the energy consumption in the municipality (54%), after that comes housing (28%), the tertiary sector (7%) and industry (7%). • Emitting Sectors: Transport (42%), housing (35%), and the tertiary sector (9%) are the sectors that produce the most GHG emissions and are, as a result, the focus of any action. • Municipal assets’ emissions: Public lighting is responsible for more than 40% of the emissions coming from municipal assets. Actions and results • At times “standalone” actions are difficult to measure, but by implementing a full set of actions actions it will be possible to reach the 2020 target to reduce GHG emissions by 20.3% compared with current trends. • Total emissions avoided without taking into consideration any secondary effects (only the actions that are found in the action plan) correspond to 155,956 t CO2 eq/year. SEAP Priority projects and costs in Euros Within the action plan proposed, there are 6 axes of intervention that each include a series of predefined measures. • Making the commune an example to follow in terms of its assets and services; • Developing sustainable urban mobility to transport people and merchandise; • Getting energy consumption linked to urbanisation and household behaviour under control; • Establishing a low-carbon economy across the territory; • Knowing, managing and mobilising potential renewable energy sources or energy recuperation methods; • Involving all actors across the area and raising awareness. 33

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