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Carnet Bleu 2018_EN_BD / Das blaue Heft

Blue Handbook- "Blaues Heft" - 2018 In dieser Übergangszeit werden neue Kältemittel entwickelt, um jene mit hohem GWP zu ersetzen. Darum wurde soeben das Blue Book, dieses für alle Kältemittelbenutzer unerlässliches Tool, neu herausgegeben.

Thermodynamic properties

Thermodynamic properties of R-22 - (superheated vapour) - Entropy (kJ/kg.K) Sat. Temp. °C Sat. Pressure bar Superheat (°C) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 -100 0.020 2.054 2.069 2.083 2.096 2.110 2.123 2.137 2.150 2.163 2.175 2.188 2.200 2.213 2.225 2.237 2.249 2.261 2.272 2.284 2.296 2.307 -95 0.032 2.025 2.039 2.053 2.066 2.080 2.093 2.106 2.119 2.132 2.144 2.157 2.169 2.181 2.194 2.205 2.217 2.229 2.241 2.252 2.264 2.275 -90 0.048 1.998 2.012 2.026 2.039 2.052 2.065 2.078 2.091 2.104 2.116 2.129 2.141 2.153 2.165 2.177 2.188 2.200 2.211 2.223 2.234 2.245 -85 0.072 1.973 1.987 2.001 2.014 2.027 2.040 2.053 2.065 2.078 2.090 2.102 2.115 2.127 2.138 2.150 2.162 2.173 2.185 2.196 2.207 2.218 -80 0.104 1.951 1.964 1.978 1.991 2.004 2.017 2.029 2.042 2.054 2.066 2.079 2.091 2.102 2.114 2.126 2.137 2.149 2.160 2.171 2.182 2.194 -75 0.147 1.930 1.943 1.957 1.970 1.983 1.995 2.008 2.020 2.033 2.045 2.057 2.069 2.080 2.092 2.104 2.115 2.126 2.138 2.149 2.160 2.171 -70 0.205 1.911 1.924 1.937 1.950 1.963 1.976 1.988 2.000 2.013 2.025 2.036 2.048 2.060 2.072 2.083 2.094 2.106 2.117 2.128 2.139 2.150 -65 0.279 1.893 1.906 1.919 1.932 1.945 1.957 1.970 1.982 1.994 2.006 2.018 2.030 2.041 2.053 2.064 2.075 2.087 2.098 2.109 2.120 2.130 -60 0.375 1.877 1.890 1.903 1.916 1.928 1.941 1.953 1.965 1.977 1.989 2.001 2.012 2.024 2.035 2.047 2.058 2.069 2.080 2.091 2.102 2.113 -55 0.496 1.862 1.875 1.888 1.901 1.913 1.925 1.938 1.950 1.962 1.973 1.985 1.997 2.008 2.019 2.031 2.042 2.053 2.064 2.075 2.085 2.096 -50 0.645 1.848 1.861 1.874 1.886 1.899 1.911 1.923 1.935 1.947 1.959 1.971 1.982 1.993 2.005 2.016 2.027 2.038 2.049 2.060 2.070 2.081 -45 0.829 1.835 1.848 1.861 1.873 1.886 1.898 1.910 1.922 1.934 1.946 1.957 1.969 1.980 1.991 2.002 2.013 2.024 2.035 2.046 2.056 2.067 -40.82 1.013 1.825 1.838 1.851 1.863 1.876 1.888 1.900 1.912 1.923 1.935 1.947 1.958 1.969 1.980 1.992 2.003 2.013 2.024 2.035 2.045 2.056 -40 1.052 1.823 1.836 1.849 1.861 1.874 1.886 1.898 1.910 1.922 1.933 1.945 1.956 1.967 1.978 1.990 2.001 2.011 2.022 2.033 2.043 2.054 -35 1.320 1.812 1.825 1.838 1.850 1.862 1.875 1.887 1.898 1.910 1.922 1.933 1.945 1.956 1.967 1.978 1.989 2.000 2.010 2.021 2.032 2.042 -30 1.639 1.802 1.814 1.827 1.840 1.852 1.864 1.876 1.888 1.900 1.911 1.923 1.934 1.945 1.956 1.967 1.978 1.989 1.999 2.010 2.021 2.031 -25 2.014 1.792 1.805 1.817 1.830 1.842 1.854 1.866 1.878 1.890 1.901 1.913 1.924 1.935 1.946 1.957 1.968 1.979 1.989 2.000 2.010 2.021 -20 2.453 1.783 1.796 1.808 1.821 1.833 1.845 1.857 1.869 1.881 1.892 1.904 1.915 1.926 1.937 1.948 1.959 1.969 1.980 1.990 2.001 2.011 -15 2.962 1.774 1.787 1.800 1.812 1.825 1.837 1.849 1.861 1.872 1.884 1.895 1.906 1.917 1.928 1.939 1.950 1.961 1.971 1.982 1.992 2.002 -10 3.548 1.766 1.779 1.792 1.804 1.817 1.829 1.841 1.853 1.864 1.876 1.887 1.898 1.909 1.920 1.931 1.942 1.953 1.963 1.974 1.984 1.994 -5 4.218 1.758 1.771 1.784 1.797 1.809 1.821 1.833 1.845 1.857 1.868 1.880 1.891 1.902 1.913 1.924 1.934 1.945 1.956 1.966 1.976 1.987 0 4.980 1.751 1.764 1.777 1.790 1.802 1.814 1.826 1.838 1.850 1.861 1.873 1.884 1.895 1.906 1.917 1.927 1.938 1.949 1.959 1.969 1.980 5 5.841 1.744 1.757 1.770 1.783 1.796 1.808 1.820 1.832 1.843 1.855 1.866 1.877 1.889 1.899 1.910 1.921 1.932 1.942 1.952 1.963 1.973 10 6.809 1.737 1.750 1.764 1.777 1.789 1.802 1.814 1.826 1.837 1.849 1.860 1.871 1.882 1.893 1.904 1.915 1.926 1.936 1.946 1.957 1.967 15 7.893 1.730 1.744 1.757 1.770 1.783 1.796 1.808 1.820 1.831 1.843 1.854 1.866 1.877 1.888 1.899 1.909 1.920 1.930 1.941 1.951 1.961 20 9.100 1.724 1.738 1.751 1.765 1.777 1.790 1.802 1.814 1.826 1.838 1.849 1.860 1.871 1.882 1.893 1.904 1.915 1.925 1.935 1.946 1.956 25 10.439 1.717 1.732 1.746 1.759 1.772 1.784 1.797 1.809 1.821 1.832 1.844 1.855 1.866 1.877 1.888 1.899 1.910 1.920 1.930 1.941 1.951 30 11.919 1.711 1.726 1.740 1.753 1.766 1.779 1.792 1.804 1.816 1.828 1.839 1.850 1.862 1.873 1.883 1.894 1.905 1.915 1.926 1.936 1.946 35 13.548 1.705 1.720 1.734 1.748 1.761 1.774 1.787 1.799 1.811 1.823 1.834 1.846 1.857 1.868 1.879 1.890 1.900 1.911 1.921 1.932 1.942 40 15.336 1.698 1.714 1.729 1.743 1.756 1.769 1.782 1.794 1.806 1.818 1.830 1.841 1.853 1.864 1.875 1.885 1.896 1.907 1.917 1.927 1.938 45 17.292 1.692 1.708 1.723 1.737 1.751 1.764 1.777 1.790 1.802 1.814 1.826 1.837 1.848 1.860 1.871 1.881 1.892 1.903 1.913 1.923 1.934 50 19.427 1.685 1.702 1.717 1.732 1.746 1.759 1.772 1.785 1.798 1.810 1.821 1.833 1.844 1.856 1.867 1.878 1.888 1.899 1.909 1.920 1.930 55 21.751 1.678 1.695 1.711 1.726 1.741 1.755 1.768 1.781 1.793 1.805 1.817 1.829 1.841 1.852 1.863 1.874 1.885 1.895 1.906 1.916 1.926 60 24.275 1.670 1.689 1.705 1.721 1.736 1.750 1.763 1.776 1.789 1.801 1.813 1.825 1.837 1.848 1.859 1.870 1.881 1.892 1.902 1.913 1.923 65 27.012 1.662 1.682 1.699 1.715 1.730 1.745 1.759 1.772 1.785 1.797 1.810 1.821 1.833 1.845 1.856 1.867 1.878 1.888 1.899 1.909 1.920 70 29.974 1.653 1.674 1.693 1.709 1.725 1.740 1.754 1.768 1.781 1.793 1.806 1.818 1.829 1.841 1.852 1.863 1.874 1.885 1.896 1.906 1.916 75 33.177 1.642 1.666 1.686 1.703 1.720 1.735 1.749 1.763 1.776 1.789 1.802 1.814 1.826 1.837 1.849 1.860 1.871 1.882 1.892 1.903 1.913 80 36.638 1.630 1.657 1.678 1.697 1.714 1.730 1.744 1.759 1.772 1.785 1.798 1.810 1.822 1.834 1.845 1.857 1.868 1.879 1.889 1.900 1.910 85 40.378 1.614 1.646 1.670 1.690 1.708 1.724 1.739 1.754 1.768 1.781 1.794 1.806 1.819 1.830 1.842 1.853 1.864 1.875 1.886 1.897 1.907 90 44.423 1.592 1.634 1.661 1.682 1.701 1.718 1.734 1.749 1.763 1.777 1.790 1.803 1.815 1.827 1.839 1.850 1.861 1.872 1.883 1.894 1.904 95 48.824 1.549 1.621 1.651 1.674 1.694 1.712 1.728 1.744 1.758 1.772 1.786 1.798 1.811 1.823 1.835 1.846 1.858 1.869 1.880 1.891 1.901 HCFC R-22 I Entropy (kJ/kg.K) 8

R-23 Molecular weight (g/mol) 70.01 Melting point (°C) -155.13 Boiling point (at 1.013 bar) -82.0 Temperature glide at 1.013 bar (K) 0 Critical temperature (°C) 26,14 Critical pressure (bar absolute) 48.32 Specific heat (liquid) at + 25°C (kJ/kg.K) 18.871 Specific heat (vapour) at 1.013 bar and + 25°C (kJ/kg.K) 0.737 Thermal capacity ratio (Cp/Cv) at + 25°C and 1.013 bar 1.201 Viscosity (liquid) at + 25°C in Centipoise (10- 3 Pa.s) 0.044 Surface tension at + 25°C in dyne per centimetre (10- 3 N/m) 0.04 Classification NF-EN 378 A1 GWP (IPCC 4) 14800 TRIFLUOROMETHANE - CHF 3 9 Main applications R-23 is a hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) suited for very low temperature systems (-60°C to -100°C) fitted with piston or rotary compressors. This refrigerant is suited for use in the second stage of a cascade refrigeration system. The first stage of such a system is often R-448A or R-407F which are replacement refrigerants for R-404A and R-507A (temperature conditioning cabinets, freeze-drying systems). Commercial specifications Purity: ≥ 99.5 % weight. Water content: ≤ 10 ppm weight. Non-condensables (gas phase): ≤ 1.5 % volume. Acidity (HCl): ≤ 1 ppm weight. Chloride ion test: negative High boiling residue: ≤ 0.01 % volume. Oils Use a polyol ester (POE) oil. Check with Climalife regarding the viscosity of the oil selected for your application, and the miscibility with the fluid under consideration. Regulation The use and implementation of R-23 are governed by EU Regulation n° 517/2014. The recovery of R-23 is mandatory under EU Regulation n°517/2014. (Refer to the regulations in each country). HFC R-23