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IOP1601/001 STRUCTURE MOTIVATION GROWTH ADJUSTMENT Humanistic, etc. Ego/Self Self-actualisation Progressive stages, social environment Inherent potential, will to positive regard meaning Self-concept Experiences Congruency Trait Traits, measurable Dynamic traits Progressive Type of traits dimensions Needs Stages Autonomy Inherent potential Environment Past Cognitive Constructs, rational interpretations of self and world Inherent, knowledge, Forming and changing Valid and applicable perceptions, of constructs constructs expectancies and predictions Behaviourism Responses Drives Learning principles Incorrect learning Habits Reinforcement Environment Chapter 13: Foundations of personality Personality is a complex phenomenon, which consists of cognitive and non-cognitive elements. The cognitive elements involve more than intelligence only. They include all methods and procedures used by people to collect and process information, such as perception, learning and decision making. The study field of cognitive psychology comprises the cognitive aspects of human functioning. Non-cognitive personality elements include factors such as emotions, motivation, interpersonal behaviour, perception, learning and physiology. Module IOP1501 includes nearly all these cognitive and non-cognitive elements of human behaviour. Most personality theories include most of these elements as well. All personality concepts are theoretical abstractions. These concepts become useful to us when we can recognise and measure appropriate behaviours and apply assumptions and concepts. 9