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Instructions: We have

Instructions: We have worked through the chapter and now we will test how much you understand from the content. Please test your knowledge on Chapter 13 by: • Completing the MCQs in your prescribed book • Completing the self-assessment on myUnisa for Chapter 13 - feedback on submission • Completing the additional exercises in Additional Resources on myUnisa on Chapter 13 • The feedback for the additional resources will be added once we start with exam revision Please note: These activities are for your own assessment; no formal marks will be awarded. 6 Week 3: Work through Chapter 14 Instructions: Work through Chapter 14 in prescribed book and complete the MCQs. After this, complete the Self-assessments and Additional Resources on myUnisa for Chapter 14. Discuss any content issues on the Discussion Forum. Chapter 14: Key outcomes Instructions: At the end of this chapter, you must be able to do the following: • Identify the central themes in psychoanalytical theories • Recognise the value of psychoanalysis when applied to work behaviour • Describe the structure of personality as delineated by the main psychoanalytic theorists • Explain what directs and motivates personality, as well as its origins • Explain the development of personality as postulated in the main psychoanalytic theories describe the healthy personality as viewed by psychoanalytic theorists • Describe abnormal behaviour as viewed by psychoanalytic theorists 14

IOP1601/001 • Outline the major criticisms of psychoanalysis • Discuss the main contributions of psychoanalysis with reference to future directions to be taken. Chapter 14: Key concepts Instructions: Study these key concepts to understand the terms for this chapter. You need to enable pop-ups to see the file. Chapter 14 KEY CONCEPTS.pdf (Available online) Chapter 14: Introduction Instructions: The aim of the chapter is to discuss how personality is explained by unconscious and related processes, and the value of this approach in the work context. Psychodynamic theory attempts to explain the unconscious forces at work in human behaviour and motivation. • Freud and Jung are mostly similar in their ideas and concepts, especially in the emphasis on the influence of the past and the unconscious. • Freud's emphasis on unconscious motivation and the deterministic influence of past events is a somewhat negative approach to personality. He described a "weak" ego, dominated mostly by the id impulses and the super-ego’s control. • Jung, in contrast to Freud, emphasises peoples' future-directedness and ability for self-actualization. The theory is therefore more positive and employs the terms introversion and extroversion. • The neo-Freudians and social psychological theories were influenced by Freud. They also differ from those of Freud in that they place less emphasis on the unconscious and the psycho-sexual influences, and more emphasis on a stronger ego and on the role of interpersonal and social influences. Chapter 14: Basic assumptions of psychoanalysis 15