BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTE Quotations from Freud have been taken from the following two editions of his work: SE: Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of SigmundFreud (1953–74), trans. James Strachey, London: Hogarth Press and Institute of Psychoanalysis. The standard work in English. PFL: Penguin Freud Library (1991–93), ed. Angela Richards and Albert Dickson, London: Penguin. Less complete, but more easily available. When a work not included in the Penguin Freud Library is referred to in the text, the page reference is to the Standard Edition. Penguin have begun an entirely new translation of Freud’s works with Adam Phillips as general editor. For simplicity’s sake I have confined myself to the earlier Penguin Freud Library edition, which reproduces the Strachey translations of the Standard Edition. Freud’s output was enormous. Writing an introduction to his work necessitates taking material from many different sources. Because so many of Freud’s texts are referred to in detail and in passing in the body of this volume, what follows is a selected list of some of his most important and most accessible works. The ‘Works cited’ section at the end of the volume includes the complete list of works that appear in this volume.
WORKS BY SIGMUND FREUD Freud, S. and Breuer J. Studies on Hysteria (1895), SE 2; PFL 3. These fascinating case studies are an excellent starting point for understanding the origins of psychoanalysis. See particularly Breuer’s case of Anna O., who coined the phrase ‘talking cure’, and Freud’s cases of Emmy von N. and Elizabeth von R. Freud, S. The Interpretation of Dreams (1900), SE 4–5; PFL 4. His Dream book was the work that Freud himself saw as his most significant. It is long – read it selectively if you are in a hurry – but there’s no better place to look for the psychoanalytic reading technique laid out. ———The Psychopathology of Everyday Life (1901), SE 6; PFL 5. Freud’s exploration of the workings of unconscious desires in our everyday experience, through slips of the tongue, forgotten words and mistaken actions, makes entertaining reading. Like Jokes and their Relation to the Unconscious (which, despite its title, is not at all funny), The Psychopathology of Everyday Life primarily consists of a few excellent theoretical points hidden amongst an extended list of examples. ———‘Fragment of an Analysis of a Case of Hysteria (Dora)’ (1905), SE 7:1– 122; PFL 8:29– 164. This is the classic case study that shows Freud at his least able to answer the question ‘What does woman want?’ It has been a taking-off point for many important feminist analyses – see Bernheimer and Kahane (1985). ———Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality (1905), SE 7:123–245; PFL 7:32–169. Along with The Interpretation of Dreams this is probably Freud’s most important and ground-breaking work. He revised it continuously over his lifetime. It is the main place to go for his theories of the stages of sexual development and the perversions. ———‘Civilized Sexual Morality and Modern Nervous Illness’ (1908), SE 9:177–204; PFL 12:27–55. This is Freud’s earliest discussion of the conflict between civilisation and instinctual life which becomes central to his theories in works such as Civilization and its Discontents. ———‘Notes upon a Case of Obsessional Neurosis (the Rat Man)’ (1909), SE 10:155–249; PFL 9:33–128. Of Freud’s major case histories, this is undoubtedly his most successful. His readings of the Rat Man’s obsessive ideas are stark and original. ————Five Lectures on Psychoanalysis (1910), SE 11:13–55. These were given as a series of lectures by Freud in America in 1909. This slim collection is still the best very short introduction to Freud’s major ideas that you can find. ————‘Leonardo da Vinci and a Memory of his Childhood’ (1910), SE 11:57–137; PFL 14:145–231. Freud analyses one of Leonardo’s paintings and discovers homosexuality and a mother complex. It probably won’t convince you that psychoanalytic interpretations of art are worth the paper they’re printed on, but there are some interesting ideas about mother love hidden in here. ————‘Psychoanalytic Notes on an Autobiographical Account of a Case of Paranoia (Schreber)’ (1911), SE 12:1–82; PFL 9:131–223. Freud analyses the writings of a psychotic judge who was hospitalised for many years before publishing his story. It is a fascinating piece, and there has been some good recent criticism about it. This is the place to go for Freud’s controversial theorising of the linkage between paranoia and homosexuality. ————Totem and Taboo (1912–13), SE 13:1–162; PFL 13:49–235. Freud’s most speculative foray into the field of anthropology; this piece reads like a fairy story, but a fascinating one.