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CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL

CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS IN CROATIA Site name: Krk – Vorganjska peć Position: Vorganjska peć Place/Municipality: Baška Head of excavations: Filomena Sirovica and Sanjin Mihelić Institution: IEC Processus Montanus, Archaeological Museum in Zagreb Excavation period: 22/10 – 3/11/2016 Type of excavation: revision archaeological excavation Total excavated area: 4.5 m 2 Chronological and cultural attribution of the site: prehistory REVISION ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS OF VORGANJSKA PEĆ ON THE ISLAND OF KRK The archaeological site of Vorganjska peć is located on the slope of Organ hill, above the town of Batomalj on the island of Krk, at an altitude of 251 meters above sea level. Vorganjska peć is a small cave consisting of an elongated cavity measuring around 7x4 meters with an entrance facing north-east. For a short time in the mid-20th century, excavations of this significant prehistoric site were headed by Vladimir Miroslavljević. His excavations showed that it was a site rich in archaeological remains from the Neolithic period, i.e. the Early Stone Age. With that discovery, Vorganjska peć became one of the three cave sites located on the islands of the Kvarner archipelago, which have been the most important source of information for the mentioned period in the Kvarner area for the last six decades. Considering that the excavation of the site was never resumed, this archaeological excavation was conducted in order to verify the data collected in the past on the life that took place in the cave during prehistory. For that purpose, two archaeological trenches, located next to the south-eastern wall, were dug. During the excavation, the researchers collected different samples of organic remains and sediments, numerous fragments of pottery vessels, great quantities of animal bones and a chipped stone assemblage. A smaller portion of pottery vessel fragments indicate the activities that took place in the cave during the later prehistory periods, while a larger part of the finds can be attributed to the period of the Early and Middle Neolithic. Even though the analyses of the collected finds and samples are ongoing, it can be pointed out that the new excavations have irrefutably confirmed the significance of Vorganjska peć for our understanding of this early period of human history. Translated by Željka Gligora

CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS IN CROATIA Site name: Kupinovik Position: Kupinovik Place/Municipality: Dol/Stari Grad Head of excavations: Andrea Devlahović Institution: Agency for Managing the Stari Grad Plain (public institution) Excavation period: September 2014 Type of excavation: rescue Total excavated area: 420 m 2 Chronological and cultural attribution of the site: Classical Antiquity RESCUE EXCAVATIONS AT THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE OF KUPINOVIK IN 2014 The archaeological site of Kupinovik has been known for many years as the most preserved building complex dated to Classical Antiquity on the Stari Grad plain, which was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2008. At the site, a discovery was made of an Ancient Greek epitaph dated to the 3rd century BCE which mentions the name Komon (son of) Filoxenides. The site was excavated in its current size in the late 1970’s, when a part of a stone architrave with an inscription was discovered, mentioning Gaius Cornificius Carus, the councillor of the Roman settlement of Pharus. Already at first glance, it can be concluded that the preserved architectural complex was used over a longer period, with particular areas of structures having been altered and reallocated numerous times. A detailed documentation of the architecture has established that the site extends beyond its current dimensions, which was assumed even during the initial excavations. Archaeological testing carried out on the northern edge of the site in 2012 proved that it extends further to the north, meaning that the current large tumulus is located on top of some additional remains of the building complex. This year, work has primarily focused on site presentation, which is one of the ultimate goals of this project. This included preparations for cleaning up the access path, and removal of the upper part of the large tumulus on the northern edge of the site. In addition to the sporadic finds of tegula fragments and other ceramic material, a single capital fragment was discovered within the large tumulus, which confirms the hypothesis that the tumulus mostly accumulated as a result of the cleaning up of the surrounding plots. More importantly, the removal of the upper part of the tumulus has created conditions for the next campaign to explore a smaller area of untouched stratigraphy, which will definitely allow for new insights into this remarkable archaeological site on the Stari Grad plain. Translated by Tomo Jurlina

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