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CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL

CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS IN CROATIA Site name: Lasinja Position: Talijanovo brdo Place/Municipality: Lasinja, Karlovac County Head of excavations: Jacqueline Balen, PhD Institution: Archaeological Museum in Zagreb Excavation period: 2010 – 2017 Type of excavation: systematic excavation Total excavated area: 109 m 2 Chronological and cultural attribution of the site: Copper Age, Bronze Age, Iron Age, period of the Lasinja culture, period of the Vinkovci culture SYSTEMATIC ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS AT TALIJANOVO BRDO, LASINJA Talijanovo brdo (Vidakovo brdo) is a hill positioned in the vicinity of the River Kupa, on its southern side. The site, which is of a hillfort type, has unfortunately been heavily destroyed by the quarry south-west of the site. The south-west side of the plateau has been destroyed, while the north-east side is covered by a forest, where a great number of pottery fragments and stones, ascribed to the Copper Age are to be found on the surface. In 1928 and 1929, Vjekoslav Dukić conducted smaller excavations at the site, unfortunately, leaving no record of the position of the trenches. During that time, material dated mostly to the period of the Lasinja culture was found, although there were also some finds ascribed to the period of the Vučedol culture (Dimitrijević, S., Prilog daljem poznavanju vučedolske kulture [Contribution to the knowledge about the Vučedol culture], Opuscula Archaeologica I, 1956: 16, sl. 95, 96. Zagreb; Dimitrijević, S., Problem neolita i eneolita u sjeverozapadnoj Jugoslaviji [Question of the Neolithic and the Copper Age in the north-west Yugoslavia], Opuscula Archaeologica V, 1961: 29-30. Zagreb). Systematic excavations have been conducted in continuity since 2010. So far, 11 trenches positioned in different places on the hillfort have been excavated, depending on forest and other vegetation dnsity and ground configuration. In one of the trenches (Trench 2), burials from the Bronze Age and Iron Age have been found. This datation is also supported by movable finds of pottery, and AMS dates. However, most finds are ascribed to the Copper Age Lasinja culture. So far, no above-ground structures have been found, but only buried ones, probably used as working areas. Fragments of daub suggest that some above-ground structures existed, which, however, cannot be confirmed with certainty. The site is of a single-layer type; under the surface layer, a layer of Lasinja culture and a sterile layer, into which most of the objects are buried, have been identified. Translated by Matea Kladarić

CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS IN CROATIA Site name: Lokvičići Position: Grad Place/Municipality: Lokvičići Head of excavations: Tomislav Jerončić Institution: Kaukal d.o.o. Excavation period: 2015-2016 Type of excavation: Systematic archaeological excavation Total excavated area: 122 m 2 Chronological and cultural attribution of the site: Classical Antiquity, Late Middle Ages, Modern Ages SYSTEMATIC ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS AT THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE OF GRAD IN LOKVIČIĆI The archaeological site of Grad in Lokvičići is located at the very top of an almost vertical gorge. The gorge was formed as a result of the collapse of Mamić Lake and Knezović Lake, two deep karst lakes. The upper flattened area, which contains the remains of a fort, has an irregular elongated shape. The area measures ca. 70x30-40 m. In its original form, the total area of the fort, with its defensive wall, could have covered up to 2100 m 2 . Of that surface area, at least some 300 m 2 is missing from the north-eastern part. The archaeological excavations carried out in 2015 covered an area of 50 m 2 on the highest, north-western part of Grad’s upper plateau. The finds include the ruins of stone walls of two rooms (Trenches 1 and 2). The 2016 excavations covered an area of ca. 72 m 2 in three separate trenches (Trenches 3, 4 and 5). Judging by the movable archaeological finds unearthed thus far, as well as their distribution within the interconnected stratigraphic units, a large number of archaeological finds dated to Classical Antiquity have been found in the earliest layers (SU 22 and SU 24). On the other hand, the later layers, the ones closer to the surface, belong to the late medieval period, when the fort was reconstructed, used and demolished again, along with its accompanying structures. In other words, the deepest (i.e. earliest) excavated cultural layers can be dated to Classical Antiquity, whereas the upper (i.e. latest) layers are dated to the Late Middle Ages. Therefore, it may be concluded that the earliest structures, as well as the fortification system itself, were built during the Roman expansion over the eastern Adriatic coast and the province of Dalmatia. Furthermore, in a somewhat altered condition and with certain additions, alterations and reconstructions, these structures continued to serve as a strategic fort throughout the Late Middle Ages. Despite the proximity to the prehistoric site of Glavica in Gradina, so far no prehistoric archaeological finds which might testify to an earlier human presence at the site have been found at Grad. Translated by Jelena Končar

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