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AMZ_TAIUH_2017_ prijevodi na engleski

CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL

CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS IN CROATIA Site name: Lovas Position: Orlinac, Kovači Place/Municipality: Lovas Municipality Head of excavations: Filip Franković and Sanjin Mihelić Institution: Archaeological Museum in Zagreb Excavation period: 10 th May – 18 th June 2017 Type of excavation: test archaeological excavation, systematic field survey Total excavated area: excavation: 52 m 2 ; systematic field survey: 10 km 2 Chronological and cultural attribution of the site: prehistory, Classical Antiquity, Middle Ages, Modern Ages ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS IN THE LOVAS AREA IN 2017 The area around Lovas contains a very large number of archaeological sites from different periods of human history. Although it is undoubtedly one of the most important sites in the Syrmia region, unfortunately, no larger systematic excavations have been conducted there. In addition to the hoard of bronze and golden finds from Lovas, significant sites include Kalvarija, Orlinac-Staro groblje and Gradac, which are protected as cultural heritage. Led by the Archaeological Museum in Zagreb, the excavations in Lovas began in 2011, when a few test trenches were dug at the Kalvarija and Staro groblje positions. Within a year, a systematic field survey was conducted over a large part of the Lovas municipality and a number of positions were recorded with sites which had been previously unknown. The excavations continued in 2017 in order to conduct a systematic field survey over an area which had not yet been explored and to identify the rest of the potential sites in that area. Test archaeological trench excavations were also conducted at two different positions, Orlinac and Kovači, sites discovered during the 2011 field survey. At the Orlinac position, three test trenches were opened. In one of them, a ditch was found, and, according to the pottery found in its fill, it can be dated to the period of transition from the Late Iron Age (the so-called La Tène period) to early Classical Antiquity. In another trench, two graves dated to the Modern Ages were found, which is not surprising considering the fact that the Staro groblje position is located right next to the Orlinac position. The first grave contained a skeleton of a man, and the second one a skeleton of a woman holding a bronze cross in her hands. One trench was opened at the Kovači position, where evidence of a settlement from the Late Iron Age and different phases of the Bronze Age was found. Although a large part of the layers were destroyed by later agricultural activity, the collected material points to the existence of a settlement dated to the Bronze Age at this position. Translated by Karla Kurtoić

CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS IN CROATIA Site name: Lovreć Position: Bošnjakova gradina Head of excavations: Andreja Nađander Institution: Kaukal d.o.o. Excavation period: 2016 and 2017 Type of excavation: Systematic archaeological excavation Total excavated area: 80 m² Chronological and cultural attribution of the site: Bronze Age, Iron Age, Middle Ages LOVREĆ: BOŠNJAKOVA GRADINA SYSTEMATIC ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS The archaeological site of Bošnjakova gradina is located at 631 m above sea level, north of the town of Lovreć. This area has seen a continuity of cultural life since prehistoric times up to the present day. Bošnjakova gradina was a strategic point that protected the natural communication between Sinjsko polje and Imotski. First a prehistoric hillfort with a large dry-stone rampart was built, and, in the Middle Ages, a fort was erected at that position. The top of the hill was dominated by a rectangular tower with fortification walls extending towards the south part of the fortified area. On the west side, a long subsidiary rampart extended out from the main rampart to defend access to the fort. The east side of the main rampart guarded the adjoining residential area. Finds excavated below Bošnjakova gradina indicate that Roman settlements of Tronum, and perhaps Labineca or Laurentium, were once located there, along a Roman path that led to the settlement of Novae (Runovići), transversing the area of Lovreć municipality. Systematic excavations of the site began in September 2016. Two rooms located along the east rampart, with the area of 43 and 37 m², were excavated. During the excavation of Room 1, the remains of a partition wall and a floor with remains of wooden boards were discovered and documented. Inside Room 2, located to the north of Room 1 and adjoining the east rampart, a dry-stone structure of prehistoric character that could belong to the prehistoric rampart was discovered. In the same room, archaeologists found layers with fragments of pottery vessels characteristic of the Early, Middle and Late Bronze Age. In addition to the pottery finds, bronze finds, such as bracelets made of a spiral bronze ribbon with curved ends and three pins with an annular head and a biconical bead, were also excavated. These finds can be attributed to the Central Dalmatian cultural group (7 th to 4 th century BC). The restoration, and conservation, of immovable archaeological finds and structures was carried out simultaneously with archaeological excavations. After the excavations were concluded, the site was protected from the influences of the weather. Excavations at the Bošnjakova gradina site will continue with resources provided by the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Croatia. Translated by Petra Lučić

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