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AMZ_TAIUH_2017_ prijevodi na engleski

CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL

CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS IN CROATIA Site name: Mandalina - Sv. Marija Magdalena (St. Mary Magdalene) Position: Sv. Marija Magdalena Place/Municipality: Starigrad Paklenica Head of excavations: Timka Alihodžić and Morana Vuković Institution: Archaeological Museum in Zadar Excavation period: 2013 – 2014 Type of excavation: rescue Total excavated area: approx. 40 m 2 Chronological and cultural attribution of the site: Middle Ages, Modern Ages THE CHURCH OF SV. MARIJA MAGDALENA (ST. MARY MAGDALENE) The church of Sv. Marija Magdalena (St. Mary Magdalene) is located below the Velebit Mountain in a natural hollow. As a result of long periods of heavy rainfall, stones brought by torrents from the mountain have buried the church up to the roof. The rectangle-shaped church is 5.5 m wide and 8.13 m long, and has an apse of the same rectangular layout that is about 3 m wide and 3.20 m long. The church was built using smaller and larger, unprocessed, semi-processed and processed square stones, which were evenly stratified and bound with coarsegrained mortar. Alongside the north-western part of the church, 26 graves with around 30 skeletons were discovered. While the majority of the graves lack grave architecture, some have simple grave architecture that consists of unprocessed stone and stone slabs set up vertically. All the deceased were buried horizontally, with their legs stretched out and hands placed in different positions. When it comes to grave goods, the finds included a variety of bronze clasps and glass beads, rosary parts and a single bronze devotional medal that depicts the Virgin Mary on the one side and Jesus on the cross on the other. Based on the devotional medal, the church has been provisionally dated to the 17 th and 18 th centuries. As stated in the Schematism of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Zadar, the church was built in 1181(?) and restored in 1865, and requires urgent excavation. According to the locals, the church altar featured an oil painting that depicted St. Mary Magdalene with a Glagolitic inscription underneath it. Further research conducted around and inside the church will provide answers for many questions, including the date of construction and the time span in which the cemetery was in use. Translated by Livia Mohorić

CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS IN CROATIA Site name: Marina Position: Drid Head of excavations: Tomislav Jerončić, and Vedran Katavić Institution: Kaukal d.o.o. Excavation period: 2016 and 2017 Type of excavation: Systematic archaeological excavation Total excavated area: 250 m 2 Chronological and cultural attribution of the site: Prehistory, Late Antiquity, Early Middle Ages DRID HILL, MARINA ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS The Drid hill, along with the remains of its late Roman and early medieval fort, is located north-east of the town of Marina and its bay, at an altitude of 176 m above sea level. From what can be seen or assumed, the Roman fortification ramparts encompass the surface of at least 13,400 m 2 . The excavation of the Marina-Drid site in 2016 involved: Structure 1 on the eastern part of the upper plateau of Veli vrh, the top of Drid hill, and the interior of Crkva Gospe od sniga (St. Mary of Drid Church or Our Lady of the Snow), a church that is located at the centre of the upper plateau of the hillfort. The interior of the church (around 66 m 2 ) was fully excavated, while Structure 1 (cistern), with its total surface of around 130 m 2 , was only partially excavated. The excavation reached floor level in the vicinity of the walls. The central part of Structure 1 (around 45m 2 ) was excavated in 2017, along with a trench (2x7 m) on the north-east terrace. The small longitudinal church with a bell cote on its western façade, Crkva Gospe od sniga, is located on the most prominent position of the Drid hillfort site. The apse of the church is rectangular and placed on the eastern side. Together with its apse, the church is 17 m long and 5.7 m wide. Structure 1 (cistern) is surrounded by walls, giving it an elongated trapezoid shape, with its longer sides oriented in the south-east to north-west direction. The walls of the structure are built from a more or less regularly carved stone, bound by mortar containing crushed brick fragments. The remains of the northern rampart of the Drid fort were uncovered after the surface soil level on the northern part of the north-east terrace trench was removed. Despite the Roman provenance of the assumed northern rampart (visible from the bottom terrace), the excavation of the deeper layers inside the trench uncovered archaeological material from the prehistoric period. The outer face of the northern Roman rampart leans against a dry-stone structure, made from rough, mostly unprocessed stones, which had also been covered with this soil layer. Translated by Ida Novko

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