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AMZ_TAIUH_2017_ prijevodi na engleski

CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL

CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS IN CROATIA Site name: Romualdova pećina (Romuald’s Cave), Abri kontija 002, Lim 001, Pećina kod Rovinjskog sela (Cave near Rovinjsko Selo) Position: Lim Channel Place/Municipality: Kanfanar, Vrsar Head of excavations: Ivor Janković, PhD Institution: The Institute for Anthropological Research, Zagreb Excavation period: 10/07 – 20/08/2016 Type of excavation: systematic/test Chronological and cultural attribution of the site: Prehistory ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS OF LATE PLEISTOCENE AND EARLY HOLOCENE IN THE LIM CHANNEL IN ISTRIA (ARCHAEOLIM) As part of the project “Archaeological excavations of late Pleistocene and early Holocene in the Lim Channel in Istria (ARCHAEOLIM)”, funded by the Croatian Science Foundation, archaeological excavations of four sites were resumed during July and August 2016. Excavations of Trench 3 were resumed in Romauldova pećina, where Bronze and Iron Age, as well as Upper Palaeolithic material had been found previously. During the excavation, Pleistocene fauna was found, as well as a chipped stone assemblage, which can be dated to Middle Palaeolithic based on typological features. On the Abri kontija 002 site, excavation of the trench which had been dug during the previous excavations was resumed. Plenty of chipped stone material, traces of fire, and Pleistocene fauna were found in every layer. Based on the typological features and the fauna, the finds can be dated to the Upper Palaeolithic period. The abundance of finds suggests that the site was continuously inhabited. Lim 001 is a smaller abri, where chipped stone finds suggesting Mesolithic attribution had been found during earlier excavations. The excavation of the existing trench was resumed during this year’s excavations. Chipped stone finds and fauna were discovered in the trench, and samples for radiometric dating of strata were collected. An extensive geophysical survey was conducted in the Cave near Rovinjsko Selo, especially of the plateau near the entrance. During earlier excavations, archaeological material from Late Upper Palaeolithic or Mesolithic had been found there. During this year’s test trench excavations very few finds were discovered (several chipped stone finds of smaller dimensions and fragments of shells and animal bones). For more details on the ARCHAEOLIM project visit http://www.inantro.hr/ hr/2016/12/27/archaeolim/ Translated by Matilda Peršić

CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS IN CROATIA Site name: Sisak, railway station Position: railway station Location: Sisak Heads of excavations: Tomislav Jerončić, Maris Kristović, Ante Paro Institution: ARHEO PLAN d.o.o., KAUKAL d.o.o. Excavation period: 2013 and 2014 Type of excavation: rescue archaeological excavation Total excavated area: 2812 m 2 (450 m 2 of the area designated for the construction of the planned underpass and 2362 m 2 of the area planned for the construction of platforms, eaves and the reconstruction of tracks) Chronological and cultural attribution of the site: the 1 st century BC to the 19 th century; the Late Iron Age, Classical Antiquity, the Modern Ages RESCUE ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS OF THE SISAK RAILWAY STATION IN 2013 AND 2014 During the excavation of the Sisak railway station site, 2362 m 2 were excavated (not including 450 m 2 on the location of the future underpass, where excavations had not been finished yet). The site itself is located north of the existing station building and is in the shape of an elongated rectangle, around 210 m in length and around 10 m in width west of the position of the underpass, and around 35.60 m in length and around 11.20-14 m in width east of the position of the underpass. A total of 12 test trenches were excavated during the excavation. Considering that the average relative level of the pedological sterile layer on the site ranges between 4.10 and 5.25 m, it was not possible to excavate the whole envisaged area to the sterile level because of the densely spaced architectural elements and safety reasons. Therefore, only test trenches on certain positions were excavated. In the deepest pre-sterile layers, characterized by wooden architectural constructions, finds which could be dated to the period before the Roman conquests (1 st century BC) were found. As far as the Roman Siscia is concerned, parts of seven Roman quarters (insulae), grouped together into four larger Roman building complexes, were excavated. In the east there was probably a public open-space area (square) covered with stone slabs, whose construction is roughly dated to the 3 rd century. Below that are partially preserved solid walls, wall footings and buttresses belonging to public buildings dated to Early Classical Antiquity (1 st -2 nd century). The central forum area was situated at a lower level and was connected with the eastern square by steps. The construction of this stone paving can be dated to the 3 rd century. This central forum area was excavated in its full length of 70 m (east-west direction) on its northern edge, while the width of its southward extent is still unknown. West of the western edge of this area bounded by a Roman city street (cardo) with its sewer collector, lies the western open public space (square). It was also most likely covered with stone slabs, of which, unfortunately, nothing but mortar bed and chipped stone remains. This public space probably used to contain public structures of larger dimensions, of which nothing has been preserved. Structures dated to the Modern Ages have been dug in, which caused a systematic disintegration of the earlier buildings. The western edge of this western square was bounded by another city road with its drainage system, which is almost identical to the one found about 69 m to the east. The stone slabs on this road were completely removed during a devastation dated to the Modern Ages, and the road’s existence can be assumed due to the discovery of some evidence of a sewage system. The fourth building complex is likely to have been a group of private residential structures, extending westwards from the western open space and consisting of numerous architectural elements such as walls, wall footings, floors and drainage canals. Translated by Ivana Pribanić

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