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CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS IN CROATIA Site name: Solin Position: Radićeva ulica (Stjepan Radić Street) Head of excavations: Andrej Nađander and Tomislav Jerončić Institution: Kaukal d.o.o. Excavation period: 2016 and 2017 Type of excavation: rescue archaeological excavation Total excavated area: 2000 m2 Chronological and cultural attribution of the site: Classical Antiquity, Middle Ages SOLIN – RADIĆEVA ULICA (STJEPAN RADIĆ STREET) RESCUE ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS During the construction and installation of the gas distribution system in the Split-Dalmatia County along the Klis-Solin route, the archaeological supervision, and later during the nearly 800m-long rescue archaeological excavation, movable finds and archaeological features were discovered and documented. The excavation and documentation activities were conducted by Kaukal d.o.o., an archaeological excavation company based in Split. The trench for the gas pipeline stretched along the western edge of the southern part of what is today the Prince Trpimir Street and along the western or south-western edge of the Stjepan Radić Street, inside an area that used to be the Roman city of Salona, between the south-eastern corner and southern part of the city walls. Due to the conservation of north-eastern city gate complex remains (Porta Andetria), and after identifying, documenting and conserving the finds and the backfilling of the trench, the pipeline installation was carried out by drilling at the depth of 9 meters below the surface, and placing the pipeline a few meters below the deepest discovered foundations. This method should primarily ensure the conservation of all immovable finds such as the system of walls, wall foundations, fortification walls and tilling. At other parts of the excavation, where the trench was not deep enough for the pipeline, the level of the now reconstructed road was raised by 30-40 cm. At the point where the Stjepan Radić Street turns south-east, and the line of walls continues to stretch south or south-east, these walls are still partially visible in the eastern part of the plot of grassy land between the Stjepan Radić and King Zvonimir Streets. In early 20th century the ruins of the walls and towers at this location were still quite visible and preserved above the surface. Due to their demolition and the levelling of the surface with collapsed ancient building material, the surface was significantly raised at this microlocation. Certain large stone architectural finds were discovered within cultural layers and numerous buried structures, such as waste pits. They were analysed and photographed primarily in situ, and were then entrusted to the Archaeological Museum in Split. Among the significant movable finds discovered, the golden coins from the time of Constantine the Great, a marble female portrait, and a tombstone, are noteworthy. Translated by Mateo Radić

CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS IN CROATIA ARCHEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS OF THE SOLIN RUPOTINE CRIKVINE SITE Site name: Crikvine Position: Rupotine Location: Solin Head of excavation: Nikolina Uroda Institution: Museum of Croatian Archaeological Monuments in Split Excavation period: October-November 2014 Type of excavation: Systematic excavation and revision excavation Total excavated area: ca 50 m 2 Chronological and cultural attribution of the site: Early and Late Antiquity, Middle Ages Since 2007, the staff of the Museum of Croatian Archaeological Monuments has been conducting systematic excavations at the Solin Rupotine Crikvine site. The site is located near the old Solin-Klis road and the well-known Rižinice site, with which it is connected by the ancient road route through Solinsko Polje. Excavation of the complex was launched in the early 20 th century by Don Frane Bulić and was continued in the 1930s by Ejnar Dyggve, after whose work the site was abandoned. The more recent excavation has focused on the classical building with an apse on the west side (a part of the Roman villa rustica), the church of Sv. Ilija (St. Elijah), whose morphological characteristics date it to the Late Middle Ages, and the cemetery around it, which was built in the period between the 11 th to the 16 th century. This year, the area west of the church was excavated, where in earlier research a corner of a building was found with preserved lime mortar on the inside. In order to start the excavation of the complete perimeter of the building, several graves had to be excavated first, because they partly lay on top of the building’s walls. The graves showed features of late medieval burials; two of them contained an in situ skeleton in the lowest layer, and displaced bones of earlier burials above the in situ skeleton. One of the graves contained a bronze ring and a fragment of a whetstone, while the other had an iron buckle ring with no tang and a belt buckle. The third grave contained two in situ skeletons; the upper layer skeleton was conserved completely and seven pairs of bronze and iron belt buckles were discovered by its lower leg bones. The in situ skeleton found below the previous one had a displaced right upper arm and displaced upper leg bones as well as a few short bones, while the rest of the skeleton was found to be anatomically correct. The fourth grave contained the bones of a child, and no remains of clothing or grave goods were found with it. To the east, the grave was leaning against the wall of the aforementioned building, while the other side had sunk due to insufficient support (it was laid on the ground). The fifth grave contained only the lower leg bones and its condition suggests that it was destroyed by the construction of the superimposed grave. After the removal of the remains of the buried persons and the grave architecture, excavation of the building assumed to have been the ancient complex’s cistern began. The building measures 144 x 155 cm, and leaning against its east side is a wall 60 cm thick. Inside the building, several stratigraphic layers of varying composition were found, but the ceramic, mortar and other material remains found in all of them can be dated to the Late Antiquity. Partially preserved remains of a skeleton were found in the upper layer, laid by the west wall with no grave architecture. In the upper, as well as the lower layers, a lot of displaced bones were discovered. The lowermost layer of the building was made out of large stones (ca 50 x 60 cm) and black soil of organic origin. Among the amorphous stones, the lower part of a carved stone vessel was found; it may have served for storing oil. Several finds from earlier excavations (e.g. parts of an olive press) confirm the assumption that an economic complex once stood at the site, and this fragment fits the image of such a complex. On the bottom of the cistern, the remains of a floor were found, made of lime mortar with ground brick, with edges connected to the wall mortar. During the excavation, students took part in the analysis of skeletal remains exhumed from the graves as part of their fieldwork for the Department of Forensic Sciences at the University of Split, with which the Museum of Croatian Archaeological Monuments has cooperated on several projects over the years. Translated by Marin Stipković

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