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CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS IN CROATIA Site name: Cvijina gradina Position: necropolis Place/Municipality: Kruševo Head of excavations: Natalija Čondić Institution: Archaeological Museum in Zadar Excavation period: 24/04/2017 – 19/05/2017 Type of excavation: systematic Total excavated area: 30 m 2 Chronological and cultural attribution of the site: prehistory (Iron Age) CVIJINA GRADINA — LIBURNO-ROMAN NECROPOLIS Four seasons of excavation have so far been conducted in the area of the Liburno-Roman necropolis spreading along the southern and southeastern foothill of Cvijina gradina: in 2010, 2012, 2016 and 2017. The trench excavation of the necropolis covered a combined area of 150 m 2 by opening a series of mutually connected individual trenches, 5x5 m in size. This approach was chosen because the grave structures had been badly demolished and their parts had been strewn over the area, which is why the exact position of every individual grave could be determined only by a systematic and careful arbitrary excavation of the wider area. Most of the graves in the necropolis were damaged in the devastations committed by the local population in search of treasure after a hoard of Roman money had been discovered in the vicinity of Gradina in 1897. For this reason, the upper and side slabs of the graves, today visible on the surface, are frequently displaced and the grave contents are thrown out. Despite this fact, the main goal of the trench excavation was achieved to a great extent: multiple graves were identified and their remains were used to determine their size, initial position and construction method. Additionally, a large quantity of grave goods was found, clearly showing that these were Liburnian burials. For the time being, these burials can be roughly dated to the period between the 6 th and the 1 st century BC. Among these predominantly Iron Age graves, two Roman child inhumations in amphoras were also discovered, which revealed the continuity of the necropolis in later periods. Most of the excavated graves are of unusually large, almost monumental dimensions. They were built using stone slabs of considerable size that were implanted deep into the soil. Besides the trench excavation, excavations of several individual graves were also carried out. It was evident that these graves had also been demolished, but their structures were in better condition than the others. During the four seasons conducted, a total of 12 graves were excavated. Significant finds were discovered in 10 of the graves. Among the grave goods, bronze and amber ornaments of all kinds predominated: a large number of fibulas of different types, rings, pendants, buttons, amber necklaces and bracelets, etc. The excavation of the necropolis also included the excavation of several burial mounds positioned in the immediate vicinity of the hillfort. One of them was excavated in 2016. Unfortunately, there were no finds. Translated by Marijan Brkić

CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS IN CROATIA Site name: AN 6 Donji Miholjac-Đanovci Position: the Donji Miholjac southern bypass Place/Municipality: Donji Miholjac Head of excavations: Dr. Tatjana Tkalčec Excavation period: 23 rd March – 22 nd April 2015 Type of excavation: Rescue archaeological excavation Chronological and cultural attribution of the site: prehistory, Classical Antiquity, the Middle Ages RESCUE ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS OF THE AN 6 DONJI MIHOLJAC-ĐANOVCI SITE In March and April of 2015, the Institute of Archaeology conducted a rescue archaeological excavation of the AN 6 Donji Miholjac-Đanovci site, on the southern bypass around the town of Donji Miholjac (chainage 2+790-3+120) in the Osijek-Baranja County. The site covered an area of 6600 m 2 and the excavation uncovered numerous finds from different periods. The finds include pit houses, houses and working structures, wells, hearths and kilns, storage pits and waste pits, as well as channels from the Copper Age, the Classical Antiquity and the Early and Late Middle Ages. The area of the site was first inhabited in the Copper Age by the prehistoric communities of the Baden and Lasinja cultures. Two characteristic houses ascribed to the Lasinja culture were found. The space of the larger structure is divided in a more complex way. It is separated by a double row of densely placed columns on one side and a more irregular row of columns on the other. The site also showed evidence of a bustling life in the Roman period, as early as the first decades of this millennium. Some finds show that the settlement also existed in the period directly preceding Roman times, that is, the Late Iron Age (the La Tène period). The Roman settlement continued to exist there until the Late Roman period and Late Antiquity. Some structures show the area was also inhabited in the Early and High Middle Ages, but the medieval settlement did not fully blossom until the Late Middle Ages (the 14 th and 15 th centuries). The prehistoric settlement shows evidence of intense growth in the western parts of the site. Structures from the Late Roman period and the Early Middle Ages are grouped in three locations in the central part, the western central part and the western part of the site. The Roman and late medieval settlements are the largest; they cover almost the entire site. The late medieval settlement spreads further east. The settlement ceased to exist in the Modern Ages. There is no evidence of violence being the reason for this. It was not uncommon for medieval settlements to cease their existence at the end of the 15 th century due to structural and economic changes. In the case of Donji Miholjac, such changes could have been directly caused by the Ottoman rule in the town itself. Translated by Ana Delač

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